Prehistoric Paleolithic Paintings - Payne's Fine Arts ? PALEOLITHIC ERA (STONE AGE) ... Oldest
Post on 05-Jun-2018
Prehistoric Paleolithic Paintings THE HISTORY OF PAINTING DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. What did ancient people use to paint and record their images? 2. What causes a cave painting to deteriorate? 3. How were these cave paintings preserved for thousands of years? PALEOLITHIC ERA (STONE AGE) Lower Paleolithic: 2.5 Million B.C. 200,000 B.C. Middle Paleolithic: 200,000 B.C. 45,000 B.C Upper Paleolithic: 45,000 B.C. 10,000 B.C. EUROPEAN CAVE PAINTINGS El Castillo Cave 33,000 B.C. Aurignancian Period Red Discs Oldest Painting in the World Red Ochre Paint made from red dirt containing iron EUROPEAN CAVE PAINTINGS El Castillo Cave 33,000 B.C. Discovered in 1903 By Hermilio Alcalde del Ro, the Spanish archaeologist EL CASTILLO CAVE NORTHERN SPAIN EL CASTILLO CAVE NORTHERN SPAIN EL CASTILLO CAVE NORTHERN SPAIN EL CASTILLO CAVE NORTHERN SPAIN EUROPEAN CAVE PAINTINGS Chauvet Cave 30,000B.C. 25,000 B.C Aurignancian and Gravettian Period Spectacular in quality and quantity Predatory Animals Lions, Hyenas, bears, panthers, rhinos EUROPEAN CAVE PAINTINGS Chauvet Cave 30,000B.C. 25,000 B.C Discovered in 1994 Cave hunters walking along the hillside Colors: Carbon Black Made from burnt stuff Red Ocher White Scraped by rocks CHAUVET CAVE SOUTHERN FRANCE CHAUVET CAVE SOUTHERN FRANCE CHAUVET CAVE SOUTHERN FRANCE CHAUVET CAVE SOUTHERN FRANCE LASCAUX CAVE PAINTINGS Lascaux Cave 18,000 B.C. 11,000 B.C Magdalenian Period End of Ice Age These people didnt live in the caves. They made huts from animal skins 2,000 figures in three groups: animals, humans, and abstract signs LASCAUX CAVE PAINTINGS Lascaux Cave 18,000 B.C. 11,000 B.C Discovered in 1940 4 kids and a dog chasing a rabbit into a hole Colors: Red Ochre Yellow Ochre Yellow Dirt Umber Brown Dirt Carbon Black CHINESE HORSE Lascaux Cave 18,000 B.C. 10,000 B.C HALL OF BULLS Largest Cave Mural in the World HALL OF BULLS Largest Cave Mural in the World OIL LAMP Cooked animal fat for light ALTIMIRA CAVE PAINTINGS Altimira Cave 18,500 B.C. 14,000 B.C Upper Solutrean and Upper Magdalenean Period 13,000 B.C. a rockslide sealed he entrance to the cave Polychrome figures Paintings so good the discoverer was accused of forgery Very Detailed Used shapes of rocks to paint ALTIMIRA CAVE PAINTINGS Altimira Cave 18,500 B.C. 14,000 B.C Discovered in 1879 9 Year old daughter of an archeologist Northern Spain ALTIMIRA CAVE ALTIMIRA CVE ALTIMIRA CVE ALTIMIRA CAVE AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL ART Ubirr Cave 40,000 6,000 B.C. Red Ocher Paintings X-Ray Figures UBIRR CAVE UBIRR CAVE UBIRR CAVE UBIRR CAVE SOUTH AMERICA ARGENTINA Cave of Hands 13,000 9,000 B.C. Iron Oxide (red and purple), Kaolin (white), natrojarosite (yellow), manganesse oxide (black) Hunting Techniques All hands are left hands CAVE OF HANDS CAVE OF HANDS CAVE OF HANDS BHIMBETKA ROCK SHELTER AFRICA - NAMIBIA Apollo 11 Cave 27,500 25,500 B.C. Oldest known stone canvas painting Lion on stone with charcoal APOLLO 11 STONE AFRICA - EGYPT Gilf Kebir Plateau Cave of Swimmers 10,000 B.C. Swimming in a once wet land. The mountains of the Liberian Desert CAVE OF SWIMMERS CAVE OF SWIMMERS CAVE OF SWIMMERS CAVE OF SWIMMERS INDIA Bhimbetka Rock Shelter 30,000 B.C. Earliest painting depicting dance BHIMBETKA ROCK SHELTER BHIMBETKA ROCK SHELTER TOP TEN CAVE PAINTINGS #10 MAGURA CAVE BULGARIA BAT GUANO #9 CUEVA DE LAS MANOS - ARGENTINA #8 BHIMBETKA - INDIA #7 SERRA DA CAPIVRA - BRAZIL #6 LAAS GAAL - SOMALIA #5 TADRART ACACUS - LYBIA #4 CHAUVET CAVE - FRANCE #3 KAKADU ROCK PAINTING - AUSTRALIA #2 ALTAMIRA CAVE - SPAIN #1 LASCAUX CAVE - FRANCE DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. What did ancient people use to paint and record their images? DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 2. What causes a cave painting to deteriorate? 1. Carbon Dioxide From human breath 2. Humidity 3. Microorganisms Need light, warmth, and humidity 1. Bacterial and Fungal growth 2. Black Mold 3. Tracked in on shoes DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 3. How were these cave paintings preserved for thousands of years? 1. Cave collapse sealed the cave like a tomb 2. Rise in sea level TOUR THE CAVE OF LASCAUX HTTP://WWW.LASCAUX.CULTURE.FR/?LNG=EN#/FR/00.XML GOOGLE: CAVE OF LASCAUX VIRTUAL TOUR http://www.lascaux.culture.fr/?lng=en/fr/00.xmlhttp://www.lascaux.culture.fr/?lng=en/fr/00.xmlTOUR THE CAVE OF CHAUVET HTTP://ARCHEOLOGIE.CULTURE.FR/CHAUVET/ GOOGLE: CAVE OF CHAUVET VIRTUAL TOUR http://archeologie.culture.fr/chauvet/http://archeologie.culture.fr/chauvet/
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