[ppt]diapositiva 1 viewreported speech – tense changes direct speech reported speech present past...

Download [PPT]Diapositiva 1  viewReported Speech – Tense changes DIRECT SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH PRESENT PAST ‘We study ’, she said. She said that they studied. ‘We are studying ’ , she said. She said that they

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Diapositiva 1

Reported speech

Reported Speech

Reported Speech

Reported Speech

Reported Speech Tense changes

DIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECH

PRESENT-------------------------------------------------------------PAST

We study , she said. She said that they studied.

We are studying , she said. She said that they were studying.

FUTURE---------------------------------------------------CONDITIONAL

We will study , she said. She said that they would study.

MODALS---------------------------------------------------MODAL PAST TENSE

We cant study, she said. She said that they couldnt study.

We must study, she said. She said that they had to study.

PAST-----------------------------------------------------PAST PERFECT

We studied, she said. She said that they had studied.

We were studying, she said. She said that they had been studying

Reported Speech Tense changes

TENSEDIRECT SPEECHREPORTED SPEECHTENSEPRESENT SIMPLEWe eat healthy foodShe said that they ate healthy foodPAST SIMPLEPRESENT CONTINUOUSWe are eating healthy foodShe said that they were eating healthy foodPAST CONTINUOUSPRESENT PERFECT SIMPLEWe have eaten healthy foodShe said that they had eaten healthy foodPAST PERFECT SIMPLEPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSWe have been eating healthy foodShe said that they had been eating healthy foodPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSPAST SIMPLEWe ate healthy foodShe said that they had eaten healthy foodPAST PERFECT SIMPLEPAST CONTINUOUSWe were eating healthy foodShe said that they had been eating healthy foodPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSPAST PERFECT We had eaten healthy foodShe said that they had eaten healthy foodPAST PERFECT SIMPLEPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSWe had been eating healthy foodShe said that they had been eating healthy foodPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSFUTURE SIMPLEWe will eat healthy foodShe said that they would eat healthy foodFUTURE SIMPLE

Reported Speech Time / Place changes

Direct SpeechReported Speechtodaythat daynowthenyesterdaythe day beforedays agodays beforelast weekthe week beforenext yearthe following yeartomorrowthe next day/ the following dayheretherethisthatthesethose

Reported Speech - Statements

Reported Speech - Statements

1. Al hacer una frase en afirmativa o negativa, se han de tener en cuenta los cambios antes mencionados y hacerlos.

2. Podemos utilizar la palabra that para introducir la frase en estilo indirecto. 'That' se puede omitir:

She told him that she was happy.

She told him she was happy.

3. No usamos las comillas.

4. Pondremos quien dijo la frase seguido de los verbos SAY o TELL en pasado. La diferencia entre ellos es que despus de tell tenemos que decir la persona a quien se lo dijo.

Direct Speech: Peter said, Ann, Im very ill.

Reported Speech: Peter told Ann that he was very ill.

Peter said to Ann that he was very ill.

Adjectives with three or more syllables.

For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

Adjective with Three or More SyllablesComparative FormSuperlative Formgenerousmore generousmost generousimportantmore importantmost importantintelligentmore intelligentmost intelligent

John is more generous than Jack.

John is the most generous of all the people I know.

Health is more important than money.

Of all the people I know, Max is the most important.

Women are more intelligent than men.

Mary is the most intelligent person I've ever met.

Comparatives and Superlatives

Reported Speech - Questions

Reported Speech - Questions

Reported Speech - Questions

Seguimos manteniendo los cambios que mencionabamos al principio:

Tiempo verbal

Expresiones temporales y de lugar

Pronombres personales

En las REPORTED QUESTIONS ya no utilizamos la forma interrogativa. La frase adquiere la forma de una afirmativa:

Sujeto + verbo + complemento

Tom asked: Are you coming to the party tonight, jane?

Tom asked Ann if she was coming to the party that night.

Reported Speech - Questions

Ahora tenemos que prestar atencin al tipo de pregunta que es:

YES/NO QUESTIONS

IF / WHETHER + SUJETO + VERBO + COMPLEMENTO

Peter asked : "Do you play football?"

Peter asked me whether (if) I played football.

QUESTION WITH QUESTION WORDS: PARTCULA INTERROGATIVA + SUJETO + VERBO + COMPLEMENTO

Peter asked: "When do you play football?"

Peter asked me when I played football.

Reported Speech Reporting Verbs

Son verbos que vamos a utilizar en estilo indirecto a parte de SAY y TELL. Algunos ya los hemos visto anteriormente.

Estos verbos dan informacin extra de lo que estamos hablando y la mayora de las veces nos sirven para hacer el cambio a estilo indirecto de manera ms libre.

He denied doing it.

Vamos a dividir los reporting verbs segn el tipo de oracin que va a ir tras ellos.

Reported Speech Reporting Verbs

Tipos de REPORTING VERBS (Algunos pueden estar en ms de un grupo)

Verbos seguidos de una condicional: IF / WHETHER + frase:

ASK (preguntar)

REMEMBER (recordar)

SAY (decir)

Verbos seguidos de THAT + frase:

ANSWER (responder)

BOAST (alardear / presumir)

COMPLAIN (protestar)

DENY (negar)

REPLY (responder)

SAY (decir)

SUGGEST (sugerir)

TELL (contar)

WARN (advertir)

Reported Speech Reporting Verbs

Verbo seguido de THAT + frase o infinitivo:

CLAIM (reclamar)

PROMISE (prometer)

THREATEN (amenazar)

Verbos seguidos de THAT+ frase conteniendo should

ADVISE (aconsejar)

BEG (suplicar)

DEMAND (demandar)

RECOMMEND (recomendar)

SUGGEST

Verbos seguidos de complemento + infinitivo

ADVISE

ASK

BEG

INVITE (invitar)

ORDER (ordenar)

SHOUT (gritar)

WARN

Reported Speech - Commands

Reported Speech - Suggestions

Reported Speech - Requests

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