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  • Ghazi Yehia

    PPR Situation in the Middle East

    OIE Regional Representation for the Middle East

    13th Joint Permanent Committee of the REMESA 3-4 November 2016, Byblos,Lebanon

  • PPR background in the Middle East

    PPR situation in the Middle East

    1st PPR roadmap meeting for the Middle East

    Contents

  • PPR background in the Middle East

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 4

    10% worlds sheep herd

    105 million heads Iran: 4th sheep herd worldwide

    5% worlds goat herd 55 million heads

    PPR background in the Middle East Small ruminants (SR) population

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 5

    Egypt 6%

    Iraq 5%

    Syria 11%

    KSA 8%

    Yemen 12%

    Iran 50%

    4th world sheep herd

    Near

    East 20%

    Iran 50%

    Arabian Peninsula

    25%

    PPR background in the Middle East Small ruminants geographical distribution

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 6

    Egypt 6%

    Syria 11%

    KSA 8%

    Yemen 12%

    Iran 50%

    Iraq 5%

    small ruminants population

    in countries with severe

    political disturbances

    PPR background in the Middle East Political disturbances

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 7

    Small holders mainly in traditional extensive production systems vulnerable human and animal populations +++ in countries with severe political disturbances

    Impact of major SR diseases Livestock production Livelihood of populations Food security

    PPR background in the Middle East Socio-economics aspects

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 8

    Africa

    Europe Asia

    PPR background in the Middle East Crossroads of 3 continents

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 9

    50 M SR slaughtered yearly for consumption 20-30% of total meat consumption No regional self-sufficiency Intense international trade

    14 M heads imported yearly High season (religious) From Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan)

    Middle East (Iran, Syria, Turkey) and Australia 90% to the 6 GCC countries (KSA: 7.8 M) Risks linked to uncontrolled trade (traditional

    transboundary transhumance, smuggling, refugee populations).

    PPR background in the Middle East Small ruminants regional trade

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 10

    PPR situation in the Middle East

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 11

    Egypt

    Iraq

    Syria

    KSA

    Yemen

    Iran

    Endemic

    Egypt

    Iraq

    KSA

    Yemen

    Iran Last

    occurence Lebanon

    1997 Jordan

    2000 UAE 2009

    Bahrain 2011 Syria Qatar

    Syria

    PPR in the Middle East Reporting to OIE / WAHIS

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 12

    Iran

    Egypt

    Iraq

    Syria

    KSA

    Yemen

    Iran

    Egypt

    Ring vaccination

    Syria

    No vaccination

    Iraq

    KSA

    Yemen

    Mass vaccination

    PPR in the Middle East Vaccination

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 13

    PPR in the Middle East PPRV lineage distribution

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 14

    Live attenuated PPRV vaccine

    (strain Nigeria 75/1) Imported Produced in Jordan, Egypt, KSA & Iran Estimation of 20-30% vaccinated

    population at the regional level

    PPR in the Middle East Vaccination

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 15

    1st Regional meeting of the PPR Control Roadmap for the ME

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 16

    1st PPR Roadmap meeting for the ME Doha, Qatar (1-3 Dec. 2015)

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 17

    1st PPR Roadmap meeting for the ME Doha, Qatar (1-3 Dec. 2015)

    1. Presentation Global Control

    and Eradication Strategy

    PCP approach Tools (PCMAT) Abidjan conf.

    recommendations

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 18

    1st PPR Roadmap meeting for the ME Doha, Qatar (1-3 Dec. 2015)

    Countries 2015 Bahrain 2 KSA 2 Kuwait 2 Oman N.A Qatar 1 UAE 2 Iraq 2 Jordan 2 Lebanon 2 Palestine N.A Syria N.A Yemen N.A Egypt 1

    2. First PPR assessment Countries

    situation (self -assessment)

    Capacity of veterinary services to control PPR

    Provisionalbaseline

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 19

    1st PPR Roadmap meeting for the ME Doha, Qatar (1-3 Dec. 2015)

    Priority 1 Priority 2 Priority 3 Brucellosis 4 1 3 SGP 1 6 2 CCPP 1 0 0 FMD 3 1 1 Enterotoxemia 0 1 3

    Brucellosis &

    Sheep and Goat Pox

    3. identification of other small ruminant diseases that could be controlled together with PPR

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 20

    Presidency: Saudi Arabia

    Vice Presidency: Lebanon & Qatar

    Epidemiology network leader: Kuwait

    Laboratory network leader: Jordan

    1st PPR Roadmap meeting for the ME Doha, Qatar (1-3 Dec. 2015)

    4. Nomination

    of the voting members of the PPR Regional Advisory Group (RAG)

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 21

    1st PPR Roadmap meeting for the ME Doha, Qatar (1-3 Dec. 2015)

    5. Formulation

    of the regional roadmap for the ME & Countries adoption

    Countries 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025Bahrain 2 2 3 4KSA 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4Kuwait 2 2 3 3 3 4Oman N.AQatar 1 2 2 3 3 4UAE 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4Iraq 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 4Jordan 2Lebanon 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4PalesIne N.ASyria N.AYemen N.AEgypt 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 3 4

    Provisionalbaseline Provisionalroadmap

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 22

    Outcome 1:The laboratory diagnostic capacity is established 1A: in-country lab diagnostic capacity is established

    1B : laboratory diagnosis is outsourced internationally Outcome 2: A surveillance system is progressively established Outcome 3: Ability of field veterinarians to relate health events

    to PPR is improved Outcome 4: A national PPR committee is established to

    coordinate all activities related to PPR prevention Outcome 5: The legal framework is improved during this stage

    to ensure that the VS have the authority to take action.

    PPR PCP situation progress in ME

    Assessment format for stage 1

  • World Organisation for Animal Health Protecting animals, Preserving our future | 23

    February 2017 in Cairo or Amman (TBC)

    Back to back with:

    Meeting of the GF TADS Regional Steering committee for the Middle East (TBC)

    PPR PCP situation progress in ME

    2th FAO/OIE PPR-PCP regional Roadmap Meeting

  • Thank you for your attention

    12, rue de Prony, 75017 Paris, France www.oie.int

    media@oie.int - oie@oie.int

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