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<ul><li><p>Stormwater Utility Basics </p><p>Polluted Runoff is the #1 Water Quality Problem in the U.S.*</p><p>Polluted Runoff is the #1 Water Quality Problem in the U.S.*</p><p>* USEPA* USEPA</p><p>$ $ </p><p>Pat Sauer, CPESC </p><p>IAMU Stormwater Program Coordinator </p></li><li><p>The Cycle of Stormwater </p><p>It rains and sometimes it </p><p>rains heavily </p><p>Flooding occurs </p><p>Water quality regulatory </p><p>requirements/TMDL (Total </p><p>Maximum Daily </p><p>Load/Impaired Water body) </p><p>Reports are written </p><p>Costs for improvements </p><p>astonish all </p><p>Report put on shelf </p><p>Rinse and repeat </p></li><li><p>Breaking the Cycle of Stormwater </p><p>The problem is not going to disappear </p><p>Move it to the top of the priority list </p><p>Planning </p><p>Stable funding source </p><p>Program </p></li><li><p>The Evolution of </p><p>Stormwater Management </p><p>Move it on downstream quickly (surface conveyance) </p><p>But not on the street or in my yard (pipe conveyance) </p><p>And try not to flood the neighbors (detention) </p><p>While making sure the water is clean (NPDES Phase 1) </p><p>No a little cleaner (NPDES Phase 2) </p><p>A little more (Total Maximum Daily Loads TMDLs) </p><p>I want that stuff drinkable The problem is not going to disappear </p><p>Baxter-Woodman consultants </p></li><li><p>What is a Stormwater Utility? </p><p>Funding method </p><p>Program </p><p>Organization </p></li><li><p>Growth of Utilities </p><p>1975 1985 1995 2011 </p><p>500 </p><p>250 </p><p>1 </p></li><li><p>Advantages of a Stormwater Utility </p><p>Stable, adequate, sustainable source of income to </p><p>support stormwater program. </p><p>New funding source or supplemental to existing. </p><p>Funding provides program flexibility. </p><p>Equitable. </p></li><li><p>Stable and Adequate Tax-based result in peaks and valleys, </p><p>underfunded some years. </p><p>Utility-based results in a constant </p><p>increasing source of funding. </p><p>When does fee feel as though it is too </p><p>much? $1, $2, $3, $4, $5, $6, $7, $8 </p><p>What type of programincidental, </p><p>developing, advanced? </p></li><li><p>Flexibility Funding for entire program. </p><p>Credits to encourage water quantity and quality good </p><p>performance. </p><p>Cost share funding for water quality, quantity, and </p><p>streambank stabilization. </p><p>Geographically based. </p><p>Can address environmental issues and associated </p><p>costs. </p></li><li><p>Equitable User fees more equitable-not all property </p><p>owners pay taxes but ALL of them contribute </p><p>to stormwater! Fees collected are used for </p><p>intended purpose. </p><p>How is the fee calculated? </p><p>Equivalent rate unit: i.e.1 ERU = 2,500 sq. ft. </p><p>Flat rate for residential, commercial. </p><p>Combination. </p></li><li><p>What Expenses Are Involved with </p><p>Municipal Stormwater Management? </p><p>Flood management. </p><p>Maintenance and expansion of infrastructure, </p><p>capital improvements, aging infrastructure. </p><p>Inventory system and master plan for for for </p><p>for improvements. </p><p>Assessment and planning. </p><p>Stormwater quality considerations. </p><p>Stormwater Management Plan-Permit </p><p>Implementation, regulation and enforcement. </p></li><li><p>How Can You Finance Your Stormwater Management </p><p>Program? Stormwater Utility/Fee </p><p>You need to have a stormwater management </p><p>program and/or have permit requirements that </p><p>must be met. You will need a steady source of </p><p>funding for the program. </p><p>SW management typically financed by property </p><p>taxes. This usually results in SW issues being </p><p>placed in low priority. Other taxes include: sales </p><p>taxes, income tax, gasoline tax, business tax, </p><p>gaming tax, user fee. </p><p>IA Code Section 384.84 allows a city to establish a </p><p>stormwater utility. </p></li><li><p>Initial Evaluation Process </p><p>Master Stormwater Management Plan </p><p>Identify needs, problems, issues, for example; major </p><p>flooding issues that need to be addressed, i.e. aging </p><p>infrastructure-replacement and updates, NPDES </p><p>permit implementation activities. </p><p>Identify available resources and limitations, i.e. GIS </p><p>software and database available, finance department </p><p>arrangements, current staff and staff needed for </p><p>program implementation. </p></li><li><p>What are Some Stormwater Management </p><p>Problems/Concerns? </p><p>System Capacity-Flooding </p><p>Maintenance </p><p>New or existing regulatory programs </p><p>Water quality </p><p>Monitoring and planning </p><p>Funding problems </p><p>Community perception </p></li><li><p>System Capacity and </p><p>Maintenance Is capacity and construction of older systems </p><p>minimal or substandard? </p><p>Maintained properly to keep with demand? </p><p>Inadequate routine, deferred, delegated, remedial? </p><p>Inadequate information-mapping, inspection, </p><p>management, resources? </p></li><li><p>New Regulatory Programs </p><p>FEMA requirements? </p><p>NPDES federal/state program must comply with </p><p>requirements. </p><p>Potential Total Maximum Daily Load Allocations. </p></li><li><p>NPDES MS-4 City Permit </p><p>Requirements </p><p>6 minimum control measures. </p><p>Ordinances and enforcement. </p><p>Mapping, illicit discharges. </p><p>Erosion and sediment control inspections. </p><p>Post construction retrofits, good housekeeping and pollution prevention, education and outreach. </p><p>Watershed assessment and land use plan. </p><p>Need to invest in this program to comply! </p></li><li><p>Concerns Address flood control. </p><p>Address water qualitypollutants in stormwater. </p><p>Retrofits and new development. </p></li><li><p>Contaminants in Stormwater Runoff </p><p>Motor vehicle </p><p>fluids, organic </p><p>hydrocarbons, </p><p>metals </p><p>Street salt </p><p>Fertilizers, </p><p>nutrients, nitrogen </p><p>and phosphorus </p><p>Pathogens </p><p>Thermal Pollution </p><p>Polluted Runoff is the #1 Water Quality Problem in the U.S.*</p><p>Polluted Runoff is the #1 Water Quality Problem in the U.S.*</p><p>* USEPA* USEPA</p></li><li><p>Water Quality Management-low impact </p><p>development, reduce the amount of </p><p>runoff-infiltrate and percolate. </p><p>Develop effective </p><p>Ordinances-backbone </p><p>Require the effective use of </p><p>BMPs, retrofits </p><p>Watershed Assessment </p><p>Program </p></li><li><p>Rain Gardens </p><p>Conservation </p><p>Subdivisions </p><p>Bioswale Wetlands </p><p>Riparian Buffers </p><p>Along Streams </p><p>Water Quality BMPs </p></li><li><p>Monitoring and Planning </p><p>Monitoring of outfalls for illicit discharges. </p><p>Watershed assessments, data collection. </p><p>Land use plans, prioritize and identify, strategy. </p></li><li><p>What is the Status of Your </p><p>Stormwater Program? </p><p>How are you currently funding your program </p><p>and is it adequate? </p><p>Bandaids or well developed program? </p><p>What are the major deficiencies? </p></li><li><p>Community Perception </p><p>What does your community know and </p><p>understand about your storm sewer system, </p><p>management, program needs and regulatory </p><p>requirements? </p><p>Are flooding and water quality issues a priority in </p><p>your community? </p><p>How is your system being affected by upstream </p><p>communities or how are you affecting </p><p>downstream communities? </p></li><li><p>Where to go from here?...Use Existing Staff </p><p>to Create Utility or Hire Consultant? </p><p>Factor in all costs </p><p>Some cities hire a consultant-Dubuque, </p><p>Marion </p><p>Others are choosing to utilize staff to </p><p>create utility-Bettendorf, Iowa City </p></li><li><p>Where Can You Focus Your Attention? </p><p>Four recommended areas: </p><p> Public, political education and support </p><p> Program concept </p><p> Financial policies/documents </p><p> Database development and customer </p><p> service </p></li><li><p>Anticipate: Who Will Not Like The Concept? </p><p>Tax Exempt properties such churches </p><p>Owners of large paved areas </p><p>Fixed Income </p><p>Anticipate Legal Issues </p><p>Is it fair, non discriminatory </p><p>Proper procedures followed </p><p>Legal by legislation </p></li><li><p>Program Concept </p><p>Feasibility study: Take staff, council, and </p><p>citizens through key aspects of utility to build </p><p>acceptance. Test the water before committing. </p><p>Justification </p></li><li><p>Justification for a Stormwater Utility </p><p>Stormwater quality and quantity issues are real </p><p>and need to be addressed. </p><p>Problems can be addressed. </p><p>Our local government/city should lead. </p><p>Benefits will result. </p><p>Current methods are not working. </p><p>Aging infrastructure. </p><p>Adequate and stable funding is needed. </p><p>A utility is the most effective tool. </p></li><li><p>Build Your Case for Justification </p><p>Statistics </p><p>Number of complaints, issues (Flooding, </p><p>plugged outlets. </p><p>Growth in community, major impacts on </p><p>stream flows. </p><p>Of these how many are resolved vs. </p><p>unresolved? </p><p>Provide Cost and Infrastructure </p><p>Information </p><p>Lost revenue, Regulatory Information </p></li><li><p>Your Program </p><p>Needs, Goals </p><p>Priorities, </p><p>Objectives </p><p>Analysis Service </p><p>Costs </p><p>Organizational </p><p>Structure </p><p>Implementing </p><p>Utility </p><p>Considerations When Developing the Utility </p><p>Small, visible </p><p>projects first </p></li><li><p>Program </p><p>Defensible cost, meet real needs </p><p>Address all needs and levels </p><p>Fit revenue and staff needs </p><p>Follow logical developmental steps </p></li><li><p>What Type of Program Do You Want?? </p><p>Minimum, Moderate, Advanced, </p><p>Exception/Outstanding </p><p>Adjust program based on revenue </p><p>$1 $2 $3 $4 $5 $6 $7 $8 $9 $10 </p><p>What is your communities comfort zone? </p><p>Community demographics play a role. </p></li><li><p>Adequate Program? </p><p>$200 </p><p>$100 </p><p>For every </p><p>$/month per </p><p>household </p><p>A utility can </p><p>generate about </p><p>$20-$50 per </p><p>acre/year. </p><p>(Andrew Reese, </p><p>AMEC) </p><p>$0 </p><p>$50 </p><p>$150 </p><p>Incidental </p><p>Minimum </p><p>Making Progress </p><p>Advanced </p><p>Exceptional </p></li><li><p>Utility Program Organizational Categories </p><p>Administration </p><p>Special Programs-GIS, Mapping, Public Education, </p><p>Citizens Group </p><p>Infrastructure </p><p>Billing and Finance </p><p>Indirect Costs-Overhead </p><p>Flood Control </p><p>Stormwater Permit Program </p><p>Water Quality Control Program </p></li><li><p>Continued.. </p><p>Capital Improvements, major and minor. </p><p>Engineering and Planning </p><p>Operations </p><p>Regulations and Enforcement-General Permit </p><p>#2, Construction site erosion and sediment </p><p>control program-Ordinance. </p></li><li><p>Considerations When Developing the Utility </p><p>Your Public </p><p>Develop </p><p>Info/Ed Plan </p><p>Identify </p><p>Stakeholders </p><p>Implement </p><p>Plan </p><p>Critical!!!! </p></li><li><p>Considerations When Developing the Utility </p><p>Financial Matters </p><p>Funding Legal Aspects </p><p>Funding Policy </p><p>Rate Structure Study </p><p>Rate vs Program Expenses </p><p>Ordinance Development-</p><p>Rate </p></li><li><p>Conduct A Rate Analysis </p><p>Unlike other utilities, stormwater services to runoff </p><p>dishargers in not voluntary and cannot be metered. </p><p>Most based on percent impervious. </p><p>Compare fee structures in comparable cities to </p><p>increase comfort level of residents. </p><p>Distinguish between a user fee and a tax. </p><p>Most Midwest cities base charge on Equivalent </p><p>Runoff/Rate Units (ERU) for each property. One ERU </p><p>= the average amount of impervious area on an </p><p>average residential lot. </p></li><li><p>Rate Methods </p><p>% Impervious Area </p><p>Impervious Area and Gross Area </p><p>Gross Area with Intensity of Devel. </p><p>Flat Rates </p><p>Zoning </p><p>Residential, Commercial, Industrial, Other </p></li><li><p>Community Residential Rate Other Rate </p><p>Ames $2/mo for single family; $1/unit </p><p>for multi-structure </p><p>Commercial $2/mo base </p><p>rate .75/ERU up to 3,129 </p><p>Bettendorf </p><p>Boone </p><p>Burlington </p><p>Carroll </p><p>Coralville </p><p>Dubuque </p><p>Iowa City </p><p>Some Rates for Communities in Iowa </p><p>Currently about 23 cities with stormwater utility </p><p>fees in Iowa. </p></li><li><p>Call Your Neighbor to Get Their Rates </p><p>ButImportant to Evaluate Program </p><p>Costs Before Setting Rates. </p></li><li><p>Considerations When Developing the Utility </p><p>Database Mgmt. </p><p>Policy </p><p>Data, Information </p><p>Account File and Billing Info. </p><p>Billing System </p><p>Complaint/Issues </p><p>Quality Assurance </p></li><li><p>Billing System Considerations </p><p>Utilize Current Water/Wastewater Bill-usually best for </p><p>cities, monthly, looks like user fee. </p><p>Independent Billing-expensive, collection difficulties. </p><p>Attach to Some Tax. </p><p>Other utility System? </p></li><li><p>Fee Data Considerations </p><p>Some Options: </p><p>Geographic Information System Data </p><p>Satellite Images </p><p>Aerial Photography - (contact local </p><p>NRCS office) </p></li><li><p>Measuring Impervious Surfaces </p></li><li><p>GIS Mapping Percent Impervious Surface </p><p>http://gis.broward.org/maps/webPDFs/EnvironmentalMaps/drainbasin.pdf</p></li><li><p>Utility Development Process </p><p>Before the First Billing </p><p> -Keep politicians, public informed-no </p><p> surprizes! </p><p> -Educate/inform, get support all </p><p> directions. </p><p> -Hold meetings. </p><p>At First Billing </p><p> -Handle customer issues, good first </p><p> impression. </p><p>After First Billing </p><p> -Keep up support for utility, share </p><p> projects and successes, visibility. </p></li><li><p>Organize Steering Committee </p><p>Community/Political Leaders </p><p>Citizen Groups </p><p>Suggestion for Entire Utility Fee Process </p></li><li><p>Forming a Stormwater Utility </p><p>..Educate, Communicate, Gain Support </p></li><li><p>The Key to Successful Stormwater Programs </p></li><li><p>Website www.iowastorwater.org (PWP area) Meeting for members, IAMU, Eastern Iowa </p><p>Educational Toolbox Speakers </p><p>Networking Regulatory Updates </p><p>http://www.iowastorwater.org/</p></li><li><p>Members 31 City Members </p><p>3 SWCD 2 Companies </p></li><li><p>Work with cities on specific issues Audits of certain portions of program </p><p>Annual Reports GP # 1 Pollution Prevention Training </p><p>Train staff </p></li><li><p>Stormwater Design Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Control </p><p>Raincaping Iowa Annual Stormwater Conference </p></li><li><p>www.rainscapingiowa.org </p></li><li><p> Statewide educational campaign </p><p> Partners promotes urban stormwater practices Practices protect water quality and reduce runoff Advisory board that guides and endorses program </p><p> Ultimate goal Build awareness, behavioral changes, and demand Build capacity for implementation of practices </p><p> Results Improvement and protection of water resources in Iowa Help businesses grow by providing Rainscaping services </p><p>Rainscaping Iowa </p></li><li><p>You live on waterfront property! </p><p> You have waterfront property if there are storm drain inlets in the street. </p><p> Storm drains are connected to streams, ponds, and lakes. </p><p> Water is not treated before it flows to the stream. </p><p> Storm Drain Inlet &amp; Outlet in River </p></li><li><p> Rain gardens </p><p> Bioretention Cells </p><p> Bioswales </p><p> Soil Quality Restoration </p><p> Native Landscaping </p><p> Permeable Pavements </p><p> Rainwater Harvesting </p><p> Green Roofs </p><p> Streambank and Shoreline Stabilization </p><p> Tree Filter Structures </p><p>Rainscaping Practices </p></li><li><p> Rainscapers are professionals who create beautiful and functional landscapes that protect Iowas water and soil resources. </p><p> Design professionals </p><p> Contractors </p><p>What is a Certified Rainscaper? </p></li><li><p> Understand stormwater management concepts and the hydrologic footprint of landscapes. </p><p> Have undergone specific training </p><p> Have demonstrated competency in the design, installation, and/or maintenance of Rainscaping practices. </p><p> Follow the Rainscaper Code of Ethics </p><p>Certified Rainscapers: </p></li><li><p> Landscape Designers </p><p> Landscape Architects </p><p> Engineers </p><p> Contractors </p><p> Horticulturalists </p><p> Master Gardeners </p><p> Urban Conservationists </p><p> Others </p><p>Rainscaping Professionals </p></li><li><p> Attend a Rainscaper training classes </p><p> Pass a written exam for each practice </p><p> Submit two case studies per practice, 1 case study for pavement systems </p><p> Complete an application form </p><p> Case study reviewed by a designated urban conservationist </p><p> Certificate awarded to new Rainscaper as design professional or installer </p><p>Certified Rainscaper Program </p><p>5 certified Rainscapers as of 9/12 </p></li><li><p> Attend a Rainscaper training classes </p><p> Pass a written exam for each practice </p><p> Submit two case studies per practice, 1 case study for pavement systems </p><p> Complete an application form </p><p> Case study reviewed by a designated urban conservationist </p><p> Certificate awarded to new Rainscaper as design professional or installer </p><p>Certified Rainscaper Program </p><p>5 certified Rainscapers as of 9/12 </p></li><li><p> Non-engineers and non-design professionals limited to design certifications for non-engineering practices such as rain gardens, soil quality restoration, native landscaping, ecological restoration, roadway plantings. </p><p> Contractors/installers can be certified to install most practices, some practices under the guidance of design professionals. </p><p> You can be certified for more than one practice, you pay the same annual fee for one vs. more than one certification. </p><p>Certified Rainscaper Program </p></li><li><p>Rainscaper Program </p><p>Rainscapers have access to education </p><p>and marketing resources </p><p>Networ...</p></li></ul>


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