powerpoint presentation ap history of art terra cotta warriors from mausoleum of the ï¬پrst qin...

Download PowerPoint Presentation AP History of Art Terra Cotta Warriors from Mausoleum of the ï¬پrst Qin Emperor

Post on 10-Aug-2020

0 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • POWERPOINT By: Tristen Hernandez

    1Friday, February 19, 16

  • Required Works ❏ Great Stupa at Sanchi

    ❏ Great Stupa at Sanchi

    ❏ Detail ❏ North Gate ❏ Plan and Elevation

    ❏ Funeral Banner of Lady Dai

    ❏ Terra Cotta Warriors from Mausoleum of the first Qin Emperor of China ❏ Terra Cotta

    Warriors 1 ❏ Terra Cotta

    Warriors 2

    2Friday, February 19, 16

  • Buddhist 3Friday, February 19, 16

  • Great Stupa at Sanchi

    4Friday, February 19, 16

  • Culture Time Period: ❏ Buddhist Culture ! Found by Suddhartha

    Guatman about 2,500 years ago

    ! Teaches to balnce one’s personality

    ! Blieve in the Four Noble Truths and kharma

    ! Mandala- symbolic picture of the univverse

    ❏ 300 B.C.E-100 C.E

    5Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium ❏ King Ashoka

    ❏ first ruler to embrace Buddhism

    ❏ built 84,000 stupas ❏ divided Buddha’s

    ashes on all stupas

    ❏ Stone Masonry ❏ Sandstone on dome

    6Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made? ❏ provided new converts ❏ contains Karma benefits ❏ to peform rituals and achieve

    enlightenment

    7Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject Style ❏ height- 91m ❏ has 4 gateways in

    different directions ❏ includes carvings

    of the Buddha’s relics

    ❏ Buddhist Architecture

    8Friday, February 19, 16

  • Historical Context ❏ Ashoka built stupas where is was difficult for people to

    reach them. ❏ a practitioner who built a stupa would not be reborn in

    poverty. ❏ the yasti at the top of the stupa symbolizes the Earth’s

    center.

    9Friday, February 19, 16

  • Specific Notes ❏ instead of entering the Stupa you must

    circumbulate as a meditational practice. ❏ circumbulation shows the cycle of rebirth ❏ small offerings were made to improve one’s

    karma.

    10Friday, February 19, 16

  • Great Stupa in detail

    11Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium: !unknown ❏ Stone Masonry

    12Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject: Style: ❏ The Stupa was

    walked around in a circle-like way

    ❏ while walking you could see the many carvings

    ❏ Buddhist design on architecture

    13Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made? ❏ used to create stories of the Buddha’s life ❏ images made of the patrons who

    comissioned the work. ❏ carvings on the Stupa appear on four

    gateways.

    14Friday, February 19, 16

  • Historical Context: ❏ images give us insight into beliefs and

    customs of ancient times. ❏ yakshis are female fertility spirits that bring

    auspiciousness. ❏ Buddha’s image is not used instead his

    presence.

    15Friday, February 19, 16

  • Specific Notes: ❏ includes images of Buddha’s

    footprints, umbrella, empty seat, ect. ❏ images of animals and people

    worshipping sacred sites of the Buddha.

    16Friday, February 19, 16

  • North Gate

    17Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium: ❏ Unknown ❏ stone masonry

    18Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject: Style: ❏ two pillars were

    supported by three crossbeams

    ❏ the ends of the crossbeams were round and hypnotizing

    ❏ Buddhist architecture

    19Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made? ❏ it shows how Buddhism

    incorporated indigenous beliefs in the practices of Buddhism.

    20Friday, February 19, 16

  • Historical Context: ❏ The North Gate shows an incarnation of

    an elephant into the Buddha ❏ a hunter is given a tusk from the elephant ❏ shows practices of generosity

    21Friday, February 19, 16

  • Specific Notes : ❏ the gate was aligned like a cardinal point on

    the compass ❏ there are three other gates

    ❏ East Gate ❏ South Gate ❏ West Gate

    22Friday, February 19, 16

  • Plan and Elevation

    23Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium: ❏ Unknown ❏ plan

    24Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject: Style: ❏ domed-shaped

    monument ❏ circumferential

    walkway ❏ had stairways

    leading to the upper walkway

    ❏ Buddhist Architecture

    25Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made ? ❏ served the purposes of a guideline or

    map of where specific places were. ❏ the plan outlines what the Stupa

    looks like

    26Friday, February 19, 16

  • Historical Context: ❏ outlines the elevation of the Great Stupa at

    Sanchi.

    27Friday, February 19, 16

  • Specific Notes: ❏ the yasti at the top indicates the center of the

    universe, which i s why it it in the center of the dome.

    ❏ goes in six directions; south, north, west, east, zenith, and nadar.

    28Friday, February 19, 16

  • Qin Dynasty

    29Friday, February 19, 16

  • Terracotta Warriors ( Image

    30Friday, February 19, 16

  • Culture Time Period: ! It was the first dynasty of a

    unified China ! Qin Shihuangdhi overthrew

    the memebers of the Zhou dynasty

    ! Named himself the first emperor of China

    ! He set up military control in each region of China so that nobleman would not rebel against eachother

    ❏ 221-209 B.C.E

    31Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium: ❏ unknown ❏ painted

    terracotta

    32Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject: Style: ❏ warriors had

    serious faces ❏ none of them

    looked the same ❏ each one carried a

    weapon

    ❏ Chinese architecture and sculpture from the Qin Dynasty

    33Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made? ❏ Qin Shihuang wanted to conquer

    death ❏ created Terracotta Warrior as a way

    to protect him in the afterlife.

    34Friday, February 19, 16

  • Historical Context: ❏ Qin Shihuang took the throne at age

    13 ❏ he wanted to reach immortality ❏ Mausoleum or underground palace

    included thousands of terracotta soilders.

    35Friday, February 19, 16

  • Specific Notes: ❏ there were over 7,00o terracotta warrior

    horses ❏ the warriors had weapons and chariots to

    protect the emperor in the afterlife. ❏ each soilder had distinctive features

    36Friday, February 19, 16

  • Terracotta Warriors ( Image

    37Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium: ❏ unknown ❏ painted terra

    cotta

    38Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject: Style: ❏ some had their

    arms were out ❏ others had them to

    the side ❏ more than 8,000

    warriors

    ❏ Chinese architecture from the Qin Dynasty

    39Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made? ❏ The warriors were an army that were

    made to guard the emperor in his “palace”

    ❏ also symbolized his big accomplishments through this work

    40Friday, February 19, 16

  • Historical Context: ❏ Qin Shihuang was the first emperor of

    China. ❏ Qin united the China when it was

    divided ❏ built the Great Wall of China

    41Friday, February 19, 16

  • Specific Notes: ❏ It was found by a group of farmers in

    1974 ❏ the site had gardens, stables, jade

    jewelry, gold, and silver to indicate wealth.

    42Friday, February 19, 16

  • Han Dynasty

    43Friday, February 19, 16

  • ! Funeral Banner

    ! of Lady

    44Friday, February 19, 16

  • Culture Time Period: ! Lui Bang was a peasant who

    led the Han Dyansty ! Overthrew the Qin dynasty

    and proclaimed that Qin had lost the madate of heaven

    ! Han dynasty lasted for 400 years

    ! Civilation flourished and weath increased

    ❏ 180 B.C.E

    45Friday, February 19, 16

  • Artist: Medium: ❏ Lady Dai ❏ known as Xin Zhui

    or Marquise of Dai ❏ lived a wealthy

    lifestyle ❏ married to Li Cang

    ❏ Painted silk

    46Friday, February 19, 16

  • Subject: Style: ❏ banner included 4

    registers ❏ over six feet long ❏ excellent condition

    as of today

    ❏ Chinese silk from the Han Dynasty

    47Friday, February 19, 16

  • Why was it made? ❏ It was made so that they can live a

    comfortable life in the afterlife ❏ could be