power point presentation of convention

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    PLACE: MOMBASA, KENYAVENUE: SAROVA WHITESANDS

    BEACH RESORT & SPADATE: 18TH 22NDJULY

    ORGANISED BY:EAST AFRICA TEA TRADE ASSOCIATION

    (EATTA)

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    1. To introduce African tea to the world2. The world does not know enough about

    African tea when: some of the best tea in the world comes

    from Africa 55% of all tea consumed in UK

    originates from Africa 90% of all tea consumed in Egypt

    originates from Africa3. Brings together members of the tea trade

    from all over the world

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    MAIN THEMES

    The tea boom in Africa

    The threat of climate change

    Tea and health

    Cheap teas flooding the market

    Tea tasting sessions

    Visit to live Mombasa tea auction

    Exhibition

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    GLOBAL PRODUCTION

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    GLOBAL EXPORTS

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    THETEA BOOM IN KENYA - THE LARGEST

    FOREIGN EXCHANGEEARNER.

    A SUCCESS DRIVEN BY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

    CROP IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM. i.e REPLANTING

    OLD TEA PLANTATIONS WITH NEW CLONALSELECTIONS THAT ARE MORE PRODUCTIVE ANDRESISTANT TO PEST, DISEASE AND DROUGHT

    LARGE SCALE EXPANSION OF NEW TEA

    PLANTATIONS (125,000 hectares in 2001 to187,000 hectares in 2010)

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    UPROOTING LARGE SCALE COFFEEPLANTATIONS AND REPLANTING WITHSELECTIVE CLONAL TEA PLANTATIONS

    AFRICAN TEAS ARE GROWN NEAR THEEQUATER. STABLE ENVIRONMENTALCONDITIONS ENSURE CONSISTENCY INPRODUCT.

    205 TEA FACTORIES ARE IN OPERATION

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    Country Altitude(m.a.m.s.l)

    Kenya 1500-2700mMalawi (Nkhata bay, Mulanje and Thyolo) 600-1900mTanzania (Iringa region) 1400-1700mUganda (Kabarole Western) 1000-1500mRwanda (Southern, Western and Northern provinces) 1500-1900mBurundi (Muyinga province) 1600-1700mCameroon (North west province, Boyo division) 800-900mSouth Africa (Cederburg region) 700-1200m

    Mauritius (Nouvelle France, Curepipe, Bois Cheri) 500-600m

    Zimbabwe (Honde valley) 1200-1400mNigeria (Mambilla and Obudu Plateau) 1500mEthiopia (Souhtern regions) 1200-1500mDemocratic Republic of Congo (northeastern areas) 600-700mMozambique (Zambezia province) 200-300m

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    CLIMATE CHANGE

    CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST SERIOUSTHREATS TO AGRICULTURE

    IMPACTS ARE EXPECTED ON: ENVIRONMENT, HUMANHEALTH AND PESTS AND DISEASE DYNAMICS, FOODSECURITY, ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES, NATURAL

    RESOURCES AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE

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    INDICATORS OF CLIMATE CHANGE

    TEMPERATURE RISES

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    DECREASING RAINFALL AND IRREGULAR TRENDS

    INCREASING FREQUENCY OF EXTREME CLIMATE

    EVENTS E.G DROUGHTS, FLOODS, HAIL, FROST, ETC.

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    MELTING AND RETREAT OF THE MOUNTAIN GLACIER

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    Effects of climate change on Tea enterprises.

    Shifts in crop distribution.Yield decline or increase in some catchments. Quality decline in some catchments. Harvest losses due to Unpredictable risks of

    increasing extreme weather events e.g droughts, hail Soil fertility decline and degradation/landslidesdue to erosion. Shift in disease and pest dynamics- e.g. Increaseof pest infestation in some catchments (Helopeltis,Mites) and resurgence of some diseases like highlandmalaria Loss of biodiversityand desertification

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    WAY FORWARD

    Global warming will persist.

    Adaptation is the only option

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    TEA AND HEALTH

    WHY HEALTH?It is inherent in the consumers mind that tea is good forhuman health.

    This Powerful message differentiates teafrom other competitive beverages.

    (water, coffee etc.)

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    TEA

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    CHEAP TEAS FLOODING THE MARKET

    There is a growing concern over the amount of cheap teas(rubbish teas) from some countries that is flooding themarket. These are available for a few shillings from themarket shelves.FAO is working in the adoption and implementation of aminimum standard for both Black tea (ISO 3720) and Greentea (ISO 11287).

    Problem encountered:

    Countries like China, Vietnam, Cambodia, etc haveexpressed their reservation on this issue.

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    TEA TASTING

    BLACK TEAS

    GREEN TEASORTHODOX TEAS

    The colour of the infused leaf was given prime importance followed by theliquor and the make.

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    VISIT TO THE LIVE MOMBASA TEA AUCTION

    IT IS THE LARGESTTEA SELLING AUCTION IN THEWORLD

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    CONCLUSION

    LESSONS LEARNED

    1. After 50 years it becomes necessary to replace oldplantations because

    a. Yield decreasesb. Decline in qualityc. Decline in soil fertility/ degradation due to soil

    erosion

    d. Decrease in the income of farmerse. Increase of pest manifestation and diseases

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    2.Adopt selective clonal varieties that are moreproductive and adaptable to the regions

    a. Yield are better between 8,000 kg to 15,000 kg G/Lper acre

    b. Better inherent qualityc. In built resistance to pests, diseases, etcd. Growing of low water demand (drought resistant)

    tea clones /varietiese. Better income to farmersf. Growth achieved by replanting (seedlings)

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    (Rs 14.24)

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    3.Farmers education on judicious use of inputs e.g fertilizers

    Govt. to Review or Subsidise cost of inputs to help farmers

    improve their conditions of living.

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