post colonial study of "the reluctant fundamentalist"

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Post Colonial study of "The reluctant fundamentalist" by Muhammad Azam Sarwar


  • 1. Postcolonial Study of The Reluctant Fundamentalist By Azam Sarwar

2. Glocal identity (A mixture of global and local) A term newly coined by Postcolonial scholars toshow the ever clashing mixture of global and local dualities in immigrants personalities. Dress Language 3. In this photograph child (from Hunza) can be seen donning a traditional local cap, while dressed in Western dress. 4. Name: CHANGEZ Country/City: USA, New York Nationality: American Occupation: Underwood Samson Mission: Focus on the fundamentals Special traits: businessman, suitName: CHANGEZ Country/City: Pakistan, Lahore Nationality: Pakistani Occupation: university lecturer Mission: advocate for a disengagement from the USA Special traits: beard, kurta 5. Glocal Identity in The Reluctant Fundamentalist I was not certain where I belonged---- in New York, inLahore, in both, in neither. Excuse me, sir, but may I be of assistance? Ah, I see I have alarmed you. Do not be frightened by my beard: I am a lover of America.(p.1) I am both a native of this city and a speaker of your language, (p.1) 6. Changezs multiple identities Changez leads demonstrations against US 7. The East writes back Edward Said: the East writes back This novel is a reaction to the discourse of colonizationfrom the Pakistani side (which stands for the East) and welcomes de-colonization. Changezs reaction to American attack on Afghanistan Afghanistan was Pakistans neighbour, our friend, anda fellow Muslim nation. p.114 8. East meets West/ East vs West ChangezEricaEast West (Pak) (US) Dismantle relation Are you missing Chris? She nodded, I said, pretend I am him. 9. Pak-US relations 10. Hegemony Hegemony is the power of the ruling class to convinceother classes that their interests are the interests of all. domination by consent. (Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. Postcolonial Studies: The Key Concepts. New York: Routledge, 2001. Print.) Globalization is a myth and what is actually takingplace is the spread of American values, power and products across the globe. Or in other words the American hegemony. 11. Hegemony Cont Economic hegemony Underwood Samson Juan-Bautista: may I ask you rather personalquestion? Changez: Certainley Jaun-Bautista: Does it trouble you to make your living by disrupting the lives of others? 12. "Hybridity" Hybridity has frequently been used in post-colonialdiscourse to mean simply cross-cultural exchange. Hybridity commonly refers to the creation of new transcultural forms. (Ashcroft, Bill, Gareth Griffiths, and Helen Tiffin. Postcolonial Studies: The Key Concepts. New York: Routledge, 2001. Print.) Hybridization takes many forms: linguistic, cultural,political, racial, etc. 13. Cultural hybridity Changez drinks wine As we took our seats for the meal, he lifted a bottle of redwine and said to me, You drink? Hes twenty-two, Ericas mother said on my behalf. p.32 Girlfriend 14. Neo-liberalism A type of liberalism that believes in a global freemarket, without government regulation, with businesses and industry controlled and run for profit by private owners Underwood Samson, in Changezs view, is the clear example of the soullessness of the West. Their job epitomizes capitalism to its very core through the ability to place value. 15. Neo-liberalism cont Does it trouble you to make your living by disruptingthe lives of others? We just value. 16. Diaspora The voluntary or enforced migration of peoples fromtheir native homelands. Diaspora literature is often concerned with questions of maintaining or altering identity, language, and culture while in another culture or country. ( 17. White & western superiority vs. coloured & colonial inferiority I flew to New York uncomfortable in my own face .p.44 When we arrived, I was separated from my team at immigration. They joined the queue for American citizens; I joined the one for foreigners. p.44 18. Alterity The state of being different or other(Ashcroft, Griffiths and Tiffin 11) The state of being other or different; diversity, otherness. (Oxford English Dictionary) After 9/11 attack Changez fails to feel like he fits in as apart of his community.