positional flashcards

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  • 8/8/2019 Positional Flashcards

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    Simms Position (supported)

    Lateral position supportedBody is turned to side, both arms in front of body, weight resting primarily on

    laterals aspects of scapula and ilium. Upper arm and shoulder are rotatedinternally, and adducted

    Upper thigh and leg are rotated internally and adducted

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    Low Fowler's

    Orthopneic position

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    Dorsal recumbant position (supported)

    Prone position supported

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    Extension (plantar flexion)

    Point the toes of each foot downward

    Foot Gliding

    Eversion Turn the sole of each foot laterally.Inversion Turn the sole of each foot medially

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    Toes: Interphalangeal joints Hinge; Metatarsophalangeal Joints Hings;Intertarsal Joints Gliding

    Flexion Curl the toe joints of each foot downwardExtension Straighten the toes of each foot

    Lateral flexionBend the trunk to the right and to the left

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    Trunk Gliding JointFlexion Bend the trunk toward the toes

    Extension Straighten the trunk from a flexed position

    Hyperextension Bend the trunk backward

    Trunk Gliding Joint

    Rotation

    Turn the upper part of the body from side to side

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    Thumb Saddle JointOpposition Touch each thumb to the top of each finger of the same hand.The thumb joint movements involved are abduction, rotation, and flexion

    Hip Ball and Socket JointFlexion Move each leg forward and upward. The knee may be extended or

    flexed

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    Hip Ball and Socket Joint

    Extension Move each leg back beside the other

    Hyperextension Move each leg back behind the body

    Abduction Move each leg out to the side

    Adduction

    Move each leg back to the other leg and beyond in front of i t.

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    Circumduction Move each leg backward, up to the side, and down in a circle

    Circumduction Move each leg backward, up to the side, and down in acircle.

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    Knee Hinge JointFlexion Bend each leg, bringing the heel toward the back of the thigh

    Elbow Hinge JointFlexion Bring each lower arm forward and upward so that the hand is at the

    shoulder

    Extension Bring each lower arm forward and downward, straightening thearm.

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    Rotation for supination Turn each hand and forearm so that the palm isfacing upward

    Rotation for pronation Turn each hnd and forearm so that the palm is facingdownward.

    Wrist Condyloid JointFlexion Bring the fingers of each hand toward the inner aspect of the

    forearm

    Extension Straighten each hand to the same plane as the arm

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    Wrist Condyloid Joint

    Hyperextension Bend the fingers of each hand back as far as possible

    Radial flexion (abduction) Bend each wrist laterally toward the thumb sidewith hand supinated

    Ulnar flexion (adduction)

    Bend each wrist laterally toward the fifth fingerwith the hand supinated.

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    Hand and Fingers: Metacarpophalangeal Joints Condyloid;Interphalangeal Joints Hinge

    Flexion Make a fist with each hand.

    Extension Straighten the fingers of each hand.

    Hand and Fingers: Metacarpophalangeal Joints Condyloid;Interphalangeal Joints Hinge

    Abduction Spread the fingers of each hand apart

    Adduction Bring the fingers of each hand together

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    Thumb Saddle Joint

    Flexion Move each thumb across the palmar surface of the handToward the fifth finger

    Extension Move each thumb away from the hand.

    Thumb Saddle Joint

    Abduction Extend each thumb laterally

    Adduction Move each thumb back to the hand

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    Neck

    Pivot JointFlexion Move the head from the upright midline position forward, so thatthe chin rests on the chest

    Extension Move the head from the flexed position to the upright position

    Hyperextension Move the head from the upright posi tion back as far aspossible

    Neck Pivot Joint

    Lateral flexion Move the head laterally to the right and the left shoulders

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    Neck Pivot Joint

    Rotation Turn the face as far as possible to the right and left.

    Shoulder Ball and Socket Joint

    Flexion Raise each arm from a position by the side forward and upward to aposition beside the head

    Extension Move each arm from a vertical position beside the head forwardand down to a resting position at the side of the body.

    Hyperextension Move each arm from a resting side position to behind thebody.

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    Shoulder Ball and Socket Joint

    Abduction Move each arm laterally from a resting position at the sides to aside position above the head, palm of the hand away from the head.

    Adduction (anterior Move each arm from a position at the side across thefront of the body as far as possible. The elbow may be straight or bent.

    Shoulder Ball and Socket Joint

    Circumduction Move each arm forward, up, back, and down in a full circle.

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    Shoulder Ball and Socket Joint

    External rotation With each arm held out to the side at shoulder level andthe elbow bent to a right angle, fingers pointing down, move the arm

    aupward so that the fingers point up.

    Internal rotation With each arm held out to the side at shoulder level andthe elbow bent to a right angle, fingers pointing up, bring the arm forward

    and down so that the fingers point down.

    Flexion Decreasing the angle of the joing (eg bending the elbow)

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    Extension Increasing the angle of the joint (eg straightening the arm at the elbow)

    Hyperextension Further extension or straightening of a joint (eg bending the head backward)

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    Abduction Movement of the bone away from the middling of the body

    Rotation Vement of the bone around its central axisMo

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    Inversion Turning the sole of the foot inward by moving the ankle joint

    PronationMoving the bones of the forearm so that the palm of the hand faceds

    downward when held in front of the body

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    SupinationMoving the bones of the forearm so that the palm of the hand faces upward

    when held in front of the body.

    Differentiate between line of gravity and center of gravity