Political Parties in Australias

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<ul><li><p>8/11/2019 Political Parties in Australias</p><p> 1/6</p><p>Political Parties in Australia</p><p>Liberal Party of Australia</p><p> History</p><p>A very important 3 day meeting held in a small hall not far from Parliament in 1944.</p><p>This meeting would affect Australias political landscape for eternity as it introduced</p><p>the Liberal Party of Australia. The meeting was organised by Sir Robert Menzies who</p><p>was then the leader of the opposition for the United Australia Party and had already</p><p>been Prime Minister from 1939. Menzies strongly believed that all non-Labor parties</p><p>should unite to provide an alternative to Labors unpopular post-war socialist</p><p>reforms. Eighty men and women from 18 non-Labor parties and organisations united</p><p>under the belief that mainstream Australians whose goals, needs and aspirations</p><p>that had been ignored by the Labor Party needed to be addressed.On October 16,</p><p>1944, the name The Liberal Party of Australia was adopted, the word Liberal was</p><p>chosen deliberately for its associations with progressive nineteenth century free</p><p>enterprise and social equality.</p><p> Core Beliefs and Ideology</p><p>The core beliefs and ideology of Liberal is better stated by what it does not support.</p><p>It does not support Socialism in its place the party applies economic liberalism. What</p><p>socialists see as helping therich the rich get richer, Liberals seem this as helping</p><p>everyone get richer as a strong economy in the Liberals opinion takes care of its</p><p>people. Aside from the free-market reforms, Liberals also believe in social</p><p>conservatism in the preservation of peoples freedom from government interference,</p><p>choice of mutual obligation and maintenance of traditional family values.</p><p> Current Policies</p><p>One of the major Liberal Party policies is the creation of a diverse 5-pillar economy in</p><p>which the government aims to build on Australia economic strengths in</p><p>Manufacturing Innovations, Agriculture Exports, Advanced Services, world-classeducation and research and finally Mining Exports. This 5-pillar economy aims to</p><p>deliver 1-million new jobs over the next five year. The Liberal party has issues it</p><p>wants to address in each of its pillars such as repealing the carbon tax in the</p><p>manufacturing pillar.</p><p> Current Party Member</p><p>Joe Hockey</p><p>Joe Hockey is the Member of Parliament for North Sydney and the current treasurerof Australia. Hockey was born in North Sydney and attended St Aloysius' College,</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Political Parties in Australias</p><p> 2/6</p><p>Milson's Point and the University of Sydney graduating with a Bachelor of Arts and a</p><p>Bachelor of Laws.Upon graduating, Hockey worked as a banking and finance lawyer</p><p>at Corrs Chambers Westgarth and subsequently as the Director of Policy to the</p><p>Premier of New South Wales, before entering politics.Hockey became Shadow</p><p>Treasurer in February 2009 when Julie Bishop stepped down from the portfolio andwhen the Liberals assumed government in 2013, Hockey became Federal Treasurer.</p><p> Liberal Representation Status in federal and state parliament</p><p>The Federal Liberal is currently in a collation-government with Tony Abbott as the</p><p>prime minister. The party itself has 58 seats in the House of Representatives and 23</p><p>Seats in the Senate. The NSW Liberal party is also a collation government with Mike</p><p>Baird as the Premier. The party has 59 seats in the legislative assembly and 12 seats</p><p>in the legislative council.</p><p> Major issues facing the Liberal Party</p><p>The major issues facing the Federal Party mainly stem from the introduction of the</p><p>2014 Federal Budget. The tough fiscal message in the Budget saw the Liberal fall</p><p>behind in 2 party preferred polls to 55-45 in favour of Labour and PM Abbotts</p><p>popularity rating being reduced to 31%. The tough economical measures introducedin the Budget take government funding away almost all citizens in Australia in order</p><p>to help cut back Australias debt for future generations however many voters with</p><p>selfish ambitions are unable to appreciate what the government is trying to do</p><p>hence the poll ratings fall. This is not aided by policies displeasing different</p><p>organisations all around Australia such as environmentalist, university graduates and</p><p>healthcare advocates with the repealing of the Carbon Tax, deregulations of</p><p>university fee and $7 co-payments for GP visits. With these major issues at hand, PM</p><p>Abbott faces a tough uphill climb to show Australia that his policies are correct and</p><p>improve his popular rating.</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Political Parties in Australias</p><p> 3/6</p><p>Australian Labour Party</p><p> History</p><p>Up until the 1890s, workers in Australia relied on trade union organisations to fight</p><p>for workers rights, pay and working conditions. At this time, the major political</p><p>parties (the Free Traders and the Protectionists) represented the interests of</p><p>employers. Their influence in politics where then used to oppose the workers</p><p>demands and act to weaken the power of organised labour; that is, the trade unions.</p><p>To better represent their concerns, in 1891 workers decided to form their own</p><p>political party: the Australian Labor Party (ALP). The ALP became a federal party</p><p>when the former Australian colonies federated in 1901.</p><p> Core Beliefs and Ideology</p><p>The ALP core beliefs and ideology stems from its existence as a social democratic</p><p>party. In the democratic socialist world in which it presides, Labor believes that byre-distributing the nations wealth into government programs that ensure we all</p><p>enjoy the same quality of life we as a nation will all enjoy the same rights and</p><p>opportunities.</p><p> Current Platform</p><p>The policy of the Australian Labor Party is contained in its National Platform, which is</p><p>approved by delegates to Labor's National Conference, held every three years. The</p><p>last labour platform was held back in December 2011. Labors key priorities over the</p><p>coming years are:</p><p>Supporting hardworking families- labor attempts to achieve this by installingchildcare rebates, tax cuts and investments in Paid Parental Leave, disability</p><p>support and pensions</p><p> Supporting jobsand a growing economy- for Labor aims to maintain</p><p>economic discipline to ensure that our economy has continued to grow, jobs</p><p>have been created, unemployment has remained low and interest rates</p><p>remain steady</p><p> Investing in Australias future- Labor wants to deliver new infrastructure</p><p>now to empower our economy and maintain fairness in schools, hospitals</p><p>and local communities across the nation</p><p> Current Party Member</p><p>Bill Shorten</p><p>William Richard Shorten is the member for parliament for Maribyrnong, Victoria and</p><p>is currently the leader of the Australian Labor Party and the leader of the opposition.</p><p>Shorten was born in Melbourne and was educated at Xavier College and Monash</p><p>University, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws.In</p><p>2005, Shorten announced that he would seek selection as the Labor candidate for</p><p>the seat of Maribyrnong, which was already held by Labor MP and Shadow Minister</p><p>Bob Sercombe. At the election on 24 November 2007, Shorten was elected to the</p><p>House of Representatives as the Labor Member for Maribyrnong. Upon the defeat ofthe Labor Government in the 2013 election, the current leader of the ALP, Kevin</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Political Parties in Australias</p><p> 4/6</p><p>Rudd, announced that he would stand down from the position. Shorten at that time</p><p>then declared that he would declare that he would be a candidate to be Rudds</p><p>successor. Shorten then assumed the role of the Opposition Leader and Labor leader</p><p>after defeating Anthony Albanese with 52% of the votes from inside Labor.</p><p>Labor Representation Status in federal and state parliament</p><p>The Australian Labor Party is currently in opposition with Bill Shorten as the leader of</p><p>the opposition. At the last federal election in 2013, Labor managed to secure 55</p><p>seats in the House of Representatives and it currently still has 25 seats in the Senate</p><p>as well. The NSW Branch of the ALP like its federal counterpart is also in opposition</p><p>after the 2011 election which saw Labor only managing to hold on to 21 seats in the</p><p>Legislative Assembly and it currently has 14 seats in the Legislative Council</p><p> Major issues facing the Labor Party</p><p>If I was to choose between the major parties in the ALP or the LNP collation I would</p><p>choose neither of them, both major parties have major unpopular drawbacks in their</p><p>policies. For Labor, we will focus on the economy. Labor is a social democratic party</p><p>therefore it wishes to distribute wealth among citizens, however it is the way in</p><p>which Labor is applying socialism that may have been a factor in the 2013 election</p><p>loss. Labor had installed several socialist measures such as National Disability</p><p>Insurance Scheme hoping these schemes would work as catalyst in the economy to</p><p>generate more tax to fund the scheme which it installed in the first place. However</p><p>the risks which Labor have taken have not yielded results meaning it left a $257</p><p>billion gross debt when it lost power in 2013. Furthermore, Labor in attempt to payfor these debts resorted to creating unpopular taxes such as the Mining and Carbon</p><p>Taxes as well as creating unpopular taxes Labor shelved some of its election</p><p>promises such as the 2650 promised trades training centres promised at the 2007</p><p>Election. Although these economic woes might have happened some time ago</p><p>however it leaves the reputation of Labors ability to govern the economy in tatters.</p><p>Despite the Liberals losing ground in the in the two party preferred section, Labor</p><p>still has a long way to go before the Australian public can trust Labor with the</p><p>economy.</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Political Parties in Australias</p><p> 5/6</p><p>Australian Greens</p><p> History</p><p>A national Getting Together conference was held in 1986 in the University of Sydney</p><p>at which 500 green activists from various environmental groups around Australia inorder to unite and form a green-based political party. However things didnt run</p><p>smoothly, a lack of unity and diverse interests resulted in the derailment of plans for</p><p>unification. In 1992, these differences were overcome as the greens from New South</p><p>Wales, Queensland and Tasmania agreed to merge their state based organisations</p><p>into a single national organisation: the Australian Greens party. These states were</p><p>soon followed by the remaining states and as observed today, the federal greens</p><p>party confederation includes the greens from all states and territory.</p><p> Core beliefs and ideology</p><p>The Greens ideology revolves around 4 pillars:</p><p>o Ecological Sustainability- taking good care of the Earth to preserve for the</p><p>future</p><p>o Grassroots participatory democracy- all the Greens campaigns are run by</p><p>thousands of ordinary people volunteering their time, skills and support</p><p>which interact with the community inside of exclusive executives in offices</p><p>o Social Justice- the greens believe that social problems such as crime,</p><p>discrimination, disease and poverty can be eliminated by reducing extreme</p><p>inequality in Australia</p><p>o Peace and non-violence- the greens believe that Australias foreign policy</p><p>should be based on dialogue, diplomacy and cooperation, not aggression as</p><p>they believe that violence simply does not solve problems</p><p>Current platform</p><p>The Greens party platform are policies which a based around its core beliefs. The</p><p>Greens aim to address each of their beliefs through different policies, some of which</p><p>are listed below:</p><p>Minimise animal cruelty</p><p>Zero waste goal</p><p>Reduce, Reuse, Recycle</p><p>Make polluters pay</p><p>No tax cuts for the rich</p><p>Zero-carbon industriesSustainable development</p><p>Support the CSIRO</p><p> Current Member</p><p>Adam Brandt</p><p>Adam Paul Brandt is the member for Melbourne in the House of Representatives and</p><p>is also the deputy leader of the Greens. Adam Brandt was born in Adelaide, South</p><p>Australia and his family moved to Perth, Western Australia where he attended high</p><p>school and university, before moving to Melbourne. In the federal election in 2010</p><p>Brandt received 36.2% of the primary vote and won the seat of Melbourne for the</p></li><li><p>8/11/2019 Political Parties in Australias</p><p> 6/6</p><p>Australian Greens. In the 2013 election Brandt retained his seat and became the only</p><p>representative for the Greens in the lower house.</p><p> Greens in Federal and State parliament</p><p>The Australian Greens Party only managed to take 1 seat in the 2013 election but it</p><p>still has 10 senators still in service. The State greens also have one seat in the</p><p>legislative assembly but have 5 senators in the legislative council.</p><p> Issues facing the greens</p><p>The Greens had the worst election imaginable in 2013; they lost almost 450,000</p><p>voters from all over Australia. There are many factors for these poor results one of</p><p>them may be because of the resignation of Dr Bob Brown who was leader for 12</p><p>years. Another more relatable issue is the forceful nature by which they forced the</p><p>introduction of the Carbon tax by the ALP in return for agreeing to support Labor in</p><p>what was a hung parliament. Many workers and citizens did not like the economical</p><p>consequences of the Carbon Tax thus many pointed the finger at the Greens.</p><p>Although the Carbon tax is now repealed the attitudes towards the Greens certainly</p><p>has not repeal and the Greens too face a difficult journey in terms of bouncing back</p></li></ul>

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