Political Map of South Asia Physical Map of South Asia

Download Political Map of South Asia Physical Map of South Asia

Post on 27-Dec-2015

215 views

Category:

Documents

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<ul><li><p>Political Map of South Asia</p></li><li><p>Physical Map of South Asia</p></li><li><p>Population Density if South Asia</p></li><li><p>Mt. Everest of the Himalayan Mts. </p></li><li><p>Formation of the Himalayas</p></li><li><p>Hindu KushWestern part of the Himalayas, separating Pakistan from Afghanistan and kept neighboring tribes from invading India. The only way through is the Khyber Pass. </p></li><li><p>Deccan PlateauEastern and Western Ghats block moister from reaching this interior plateau, so it is rather arid. </p></li><li><p>Major Rivers: used for farming and energy productionIndus River: West and South through PakistanGanges River: Northern India, sacred, polluted</p></li><li><p>More RiversBrahmaputra River: E, W, &amp; S through BangladeshBangladesh Delta: formed by Ganges &amp; Brahmaputra Rivers</p></li><li><p>Indo-Gangetic PlainOne of the largest farming regions in the world. Home to 3/5 of Indias population. Includes New Delhi, Kolkata, &amp; Dakha</p></li><li><p>Off Shore IslandsSri Lanka: tropical island south of IndiaMaldives: 1,200 islands, 200 inhabitable, most are atolls</p></li><li><p>Minerals in South AsiaIndia is 4th largest in world coal productionUranium, oil, iron ore &amp; diamonds also found in IndiaMica also found here- necessary for electrical equipment which allows for the major computer industrySri Lanka has sapphires and rubies</p></li><li><p>Climate Zones in South AsiaTropical Wet, Tropical Wet and Dry, Desert, Semi-arid, humid subtropical, and highlandMonsoons: heavy rains in the summer, dry in the winterEcosystems: rainforests, temperate grasslands, desert scrub</p></li><li><p>Weather IssuesSevere monsoon seasonSummer Monsoon: June September severe floodingWinter Monsoon: October February severe droughtCyclones are a major problemBuild houses on stilts to combat the monsoon flooding</p></li><li><p>Ancient Empires of IndiaCivilization began in the Indus Valley (Pakistan)Mauryan Empire (321 BCE) spread BuddhismGupta Empire (400 CE)Mughal Empire (1700 CE) spread Islam</p></li><li><p>British Rule of IndiaBritish East India CompanyRaj: period of direct British control lasted for 90 yearsGandhi and nonviolent resistanceAugust 14, 1947 India became independent and division of India (Pakistan &amp; Bangladesh)</p></li><li><p>Democracy in IndiaJawaharal Nehru- 1st Prime Minister of India (follower of Gandhi)Federation, Parliamentary Democracy1st female Prime Minister Nehrus daughter, Indira Gandhi (1980s)</p></li><li><p>Life in Modern IndiaMarriage is center of Indian life and most are arrangedMost are vegetariansHindi is the official language but 18 are recognized and &gt; 1,000 spoken80% Hindu, but also have Muslims, Sikhs, Tamils, &amp; Buddhists</p></li><li><p>HinduismOriginated in Indus Valley CivilizationsPolytheisticBelief in unity of everything BrahmanGoal to achieve enlightenment through reincarnation caste system KarmaOnly Brahmans can perform religious ritualsMost are vegetarians</p></li><li><p>SikhismFounded by Guru Nanak Dev in the Punjab area of India, now PakistanBelieve in karma &amp; reincarnationMost are vegetariansReject caste systemStandard Beliefs:1 immortal being10 gurusThe Guru Granth SahibThe teachings of the 10 gurusThose who do not hold allegiance to another religion are sikh</p></li><li><p>BuddhismSiddharta Gautama reached enlightenment &amp; became BuddhaMiddle WayReincarnationWay of life, no Gods, no need to pray, no eternal life after death4 Noble TruthsEightfold Path</p></li><li><p>Four Noble Truths1. Life means suffering. 2. The origin of suffering is attachment3. It is possible to end suffering4. ending of suffering is through the Eightfold Path</p></li><li><p>Eightfold PathPerfect Understanding through 4 noble truthsPerfect Thought avoid jealousy or angerPerfect Speech no harsh words or mindless chatterPerfect Action observe 5 PreceptsPerfect Livelihood dont harm othersPerfect Effort determined disciplinePerfect Mindfulness awareness of the selfPerfect Concentration purification of the mind</p></li><li><p>Indias Caste System outlawed in 1947, but still widely practicedBrahmans: priests and scholarsKshatriyas: rulers and warriorsVaisyas: farmers and merchantsSudras: artisans and laborersDalits: untouchables</p></li><li><p>Indias PartitionSplit b/w Hindu India and Muslim East and West PakistanMuslims moved into Pakistan and Hindus in India1971 East Pakistan becomes Bangladesh</p></li><li><p>Nepal and BhutanVery mountainous and secludedConstitutional monarchiesTourism is growing in Nepal but Bhutan regulates tourismBuddhismLandlocked, unlike the other countries in South Asia</p></li><li><p>Population IssuesMany people in India lack food, clothing, and shelterIlliteracy is a problemHigh infant mortality rate, but small families are encouragedEducation is key, but rarely available for girls</p></li><li><p>Kashmir IssueArea found over by India and Pakistan (12 million ppl live here)Most ppl who live here are Muslim, but controlled by HindusBoth have nuclear weapons, fear of nuclear warIndus River Valley area</p></li><li><p>Farakka Barrage DisputeDam on the Ganges RiverBuilt by India 16 km from the Bangladesh borderResult: diverted much needed water from downstream Bangladesh causing desertification and contaminated fisheriesBangladesh launched a complaint against India with the United Nations</p><p>*</p></li></ul>