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  • Minerals Policy Guidance for Europe

    MIN-GUIDE receives funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 689527

    Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe

    Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

  • Authors Andreas Endl, Sara Louise Gottenhuber, Gerald Berger (Vienna University of Economics and Business), Michael Tost, Peter Moser (Montanuniversität Leoben), Jan Rosenkranz, Johan Frishammar (Luleå University of Technology), Maria Taxiarchou, Eirini Tsertou (National Technical University of Athens), Luis Menezes Pinheiro, Filomena Cardoso Martins, Teresa Fidélis (University of Aveiro), Luis Jordá Bordehore, Manuel Maria Regueiro (IGME Geological Survey of Spain), Darko Vrkljan, Anamarija Grbes, Zlatko Briševac, Mario Klanfar (University of Zagreb), Veronika Cerna, Caroline Cochaux (GOPA Com.), Riikka Aaltonen (Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland), Johan Woltjer (University of Westminster)

    2.1 Exploration and Extraction Michael Tost, Peter Moser (Montanuniversität Leoben), Darko Vrkljan, Mario Klanfar (University of Zagreb)

    2.2 Deep Sea Mining Luis Menezes Pinheiro, Filomena Cardoso Martins, Teresa Fidélis (University of Aveiro)

    2.3 Mineral and Metallurgical processing Jan Rosenkranz, Johan Frishammar (Luleå University of Technology), Darko Vrkljan, Anamarija Grbeš (University of Zagreb)

    2.4 Waste management and mine closure Maria Taxiarchou, Katerina Adam, Eirini Tsertou (National Technical University of Athens), Darko Vrkljan, Zlatko Briševac (University of Zagreb)

    2.5 EU Minerals Data Luis Jordá Bordehore, Manuel Maria Regueiro (IGME Geological Survey of Spain)

    2.6 Minerals Policy Governance Andreas Endl, Sara Louise Gottenhuber, Gerald Berger (Vienna University of Economics and Business), Johan Woltjer (University of Westminster)

    Language proofreading Eric Thomas Mulholland (Vienna University of Economics and Business)

    Layout GOPA Com.

    Project coordination and editing provided by Gerald Berger & Andreas Endl Institute for Managing Sustainability Vienna University of Economics and Business Welthandelsplatz 1, A-1020 Vienna, Austria

    Phone: +43-1-31336-0 Email: info@min-guide.eu www.min-guide.eu

    Manuscript completed in November 2018 - © 2018 MIN-GUIDE project

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT & DISCLAIMER

    This publication is part of a project that has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 689527.

    This publication reflects only the author’s view. Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of the information contained in this publication.

    This report is based on the MIN-GUIDE deliverable D1.3 EU Minerals Policy Guide. The content of this report is pending approval by the European Commission.

    Reproduction and translation for non-commercial purposes are authorized, provided the source is acknowledged and the publisher is given prior notice and sent a copy.

  • Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    1

    Table of Contents MIN-GUIDE Project Partners 2

    About MIN-GUIDE 3

    List of Acronyms 4

    1. Introduction 5

    1.1 OVERVIEW AND TARGET AUDIENCE 8

    1.2 THE MIN-GUIDE ONLINE POLICY GUIDE 9

    1.3 THE MIN-GUIDE COMMON APPROACH 11

    2. Cornerstones of an Innovation Friendly Policy Framework 13

    2.1 EXPLORATION AND EXTRACTION 16

    2.2 DEEP SEA MINING 20

    2.3 MINERAL AND METALLURGICAL PROCESSING 23

    2.4 WASTE MANAGEMENT AND MINE CLOSURE 27

    2.5 EU MINERALS DATA 32

    2.6 MINERALS POLICY GOVERNANCE 37

    3. Circular Economy 45

    References 51

  • Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    2

    MIN-GUIDE Project Partners

    Institute for Managing Sustainability, Vienna University of Economics and Business (Coordinator) Vienna, Austria

    University of Westminster London, United Kingdom

    Montanuniversität Leoben Leoben, Austria

    Luleå University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering Luleå, Sweden

    National Technical University of Athens Athens, Greece

    Instituto Geológico y Minero de España Madrid, Spain

    University of Aveiro Aveiro, Portugal

    GOPA Com. Brussels, Belgium

    University of Zagreb Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering Zagreb, Croatia

    Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland Helsinki, Finland

  • Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    3

    Are you part of the public administration, business, research, geological survey or civil society organi- sation interested in one or more aspects of the mining value-chain?

    Do you want to contribute to the development of a minerals policy framework that promotes innova- tion as well as a secure and sustainable supply of minerals in Europe?

    If your answer is “Yes” to these questions, join the MIN-GUIDE project!

    MIN-GUIDE is a Horizon 2020 project that aims to establish a coherent and innovation friendly minerals policy framework in Europe by developing a Minerals Policy Guide and engaging diverse stakeholders in the mineral sector and related areas.

    About MIN-GUIDE

    MIN-GUIDE DOES MIN-GUIDE BRINGS TOGETHER

    Minerals Policy Guide Providing comparable information about mineral policies and innovation potential of the 28 Member States and the EU

    5 Policy Laboratories Fostering experience exchange and knowledge co-creation on different aspects across the mining value-chain

    3 Annual Conferences Disseminating the project results and enhancing community building

    Policy Makers

    BusinessBusiness

    Research Civil Society

    Geological Surveys

  • BREF Best Available Techniques Reference

    CE Circular Economy

    CRIRSCO Committee for Mineral Reserves International Reporting Standards

    CRM Critical Raw Material

    EC European Commission

    EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

    EIP European Innovation Partnership

    EoL End-of-Life (product)

    ETS Emission Trading System

    EU European Union

    HPI Horizontal Policy Integration

    ISA International Seabed Authority

    MIN-GUIDE Minerals Policy Guidance for Europe (EU-funded Horizon 2020 project)

    MS Member State

    NEC National Emissions Ceiling (directive)

    NEEI Non-energy extractive industry

    NIMBY Not In My Back Yard

    NMS National Minerals Strategy

    OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

    R&D Research and Development

    R&D&I Research, Development and Innovation

    RMI Raw Materials Initiative

    SIP Strategic Implementation Plan

    SLO Social Licence to Operate

    SME Small and Medium Enterprises

    UNFC United Nations Framework Classification for Resources

    VPI Vertical Policy Integration

    WEEE Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

    WP Work Package

    Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    4

    1IntroductionList of Acronyms

  • 1 Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    Introduction

  • Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    6

  • Policy and Innovation for Raw Materials and Minerals in Europe - Challenges, Characteristics and Good Practices

    7

    The Horizon 2020-funded MIN-GUIDE project (www.min-guide.eu) supports the secure and sustainable supply of minerals in Europe through the development of a major online knowledge repository, outlining guidance and the latest in good practices for minerals policy decision makers.

    The project’s key objectives are:

    1. to provide guidance for EU and EU Member States’ minerals policy;

    2. to facilitate minerals policy decision- making through knowledge co-production for the transferability of best practice minerals policy; and

    3. to foster community and network building for the co-management of an innovation- catalysing minerals policy framework.

    MIN-GUIDE profiles relevant policy and legisla- tion in Europe, identifying innovation-friendly good practices through quantitative indica- tors, qualitative analysis of country-specific framework conditions, and the compilation of minerals statistics and reporting systems. These insights will form the basis of the project’s key output: an online Minerals Policy Guide (referred to in this document as ‘the Online Guide’).

    The project is divided across 8 work packages (WPs) (see Table 1). The content-rich work packages are WPs 2-6: WP2 produced a compre- hensive and well-structured knowledge repo- sitory of the EU level’s and EU Member States’ mineral policies and governance frameworks; WPs 3-5 identified, benchmarked, and elabo- rated on good practices on policy driving inno- vation along the whole mining value chain (permitting, exploration, extraction, cross-border exploitation, processing

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