Point of View. Dialogue and Narration Dialogue = when characters speak. Narration = when the narrator speaks. “Quotation marks” separate narration from

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Point of View Slide 2 Dialogue and Narration Dialogue = when characters speak. Narration = when the narrator speaks. Quotation marks separate narration from dialogue. Example: Help, my cousin Jack said. 1 2 Slide 3 Identifying Point of View It's about the narrator (who tells the story). We're not looking at dialogue. We don't care what characters say. Only the narrator's voice matters. Slide 4 Signal Words First-PersonI, me, my, mine, we, us, ours, Second- Person you, your Third- Person he, she, her, they, them (also characters names) Signal words help us figure out the narrator's viewpoint on the story. Points of View Signal Words Slide 5 First-Person Narrator is a character in the story. Uses I or we. Example: I went home. Tim came over. I couldn't play. Slide 6 Second-Person Usually for instructions, but can be used in stories too. Uses you; from your perspective. Example: You are walking to the portable on a rainy day, juggling your books with your umbrella, and all of a sudden your books have fallen on the ground. Thankfully your friend helps you pick them up. Slide 7 Third-Person Narrator usually isnt involved. Tells others stories. Uses he, she, and character names. There are three types of third- person narration. Does the narrator tell Thoughts and Feelings of Characters? Slide 8 Third-Person Omniscient Narrator is all knowing. Omni = AllScient = Knowing Narrator tells thoughts and feelings of more than one character. Example: Tim was mad at Shay. He blamed her. Shay knew Tim would be mad, but she wanted to be happy. Slide 9 Third-Person Limited Narrator is limited to one character. Tells thoughts and feelings of one character. Example: Tim was mad at Shay. He blamed her. Shay just left without saying anything. She left a note. Slide 10 Third-Person Objective Narrator does not reveal any characters thoughts or feelings. Only characters dialogue and actions are revealed. Example: Tim slammed the door. He walked upstairs and read the note from Shay. He kicked the trashcan and started crying. Slide 11 Tips on Identifying POV Check 1 st - or 2 nd -person before worrying about objective, limited, or omniscient. Ask, Whose story is the narrator telling: his, mine, or someone elses? Focus on narration, not dialogue. Slide 12 Practice 1. Read the following 5 passages. 2. Determine the narrators point of view. 3. Write down your answer for each passage. If the passage is third- person, write which character(s)s thoughts and feelings are revealed (or if its objective). Slide 13 1 When I was four months old, my mother died suddenly and my father was left to look after me all by himself... I had no brothers or sisters. So all through boyhood, from the age of four months onward, there was just us two, my father and me. We lived in an old gypsy caravan behind a filling station - Roald Dahl, Danny the Champion of the World Slide 14 2 Harold Davis took a deep breath... Hold on, Grandma. Im almost done, he said quietly. Dont worry, baby. It doesnt hurt too much, she quietly replied. Just take your time. Harold glanced up at his grandmother lying on the couch. He could tell she was in pain from the way she gripped the cushions, but still she managed to smile back at him. - Peggy Kern, No Way Out Slide 15 3 The previous night, make your plans for the next day and write them down If you attend an exclusive Samurais party and feel timid, you cannot do your part in making it a successful party. You had first better prepare by convincing yourself that you will have a grand time. And you should feel grateful for the invitation. - Tsunetomo Yamamoto, Bushido: The Way of the Samurai Slide 16 4 The huge man dropped his blankets and flung himself down and drank from the surface of the green pool. The small man stepped behind him. "Lennie!" he said sharply. "Lennie, for God sakes dont drink so much." Lennie continued to snort into the pool. The small man leaned over and shook him by the shoulder. "Lennie you gonna be sick like you was last night. Lennie dipped his whole head under, hat and all... "Thas good," he said. "You drink some, George." He smiled happily. - John Steinbeck, Of Mice and Men Slide 17 5 The Scarecrow found a tree full of nuts and filled Dorothys basket with them, so that she would not be hungry for a long time. She thought this was very kind and thoughtful of the Scarecrow, but she laughed heartily at the awkward way in which the poor creature picked up the nuts... But the Scarecrow did not mind how long it took him to fill the basket, for it enabled him to keep away from the fire, as he feared a spark might get into his straw and burn him up. - L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz