PMDG Boeing 747-400 Type Rating Course [lesson 4]

Download PMDG Boeing 747-400 Type Rating Course [lesson 4]

Post on 11-Mar-2016




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Type rating course lesson 3 of PMDG Boeing 747-400


  • PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV-VNAV 4 - 1

    Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved For use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLY

    PMDG 747-400 Type Rating Course Introduction

    What is the PMDG Type Course?: This type course is designed to help you learn and explore various aspects of the PMDG 747-400 that you might not otherwise have discovered after reading the supplied documentation. Please note that this type course will assume that you have read the documentation we supplied with the airplane. This course will also assume that you have printed the Chapter 5 Normal Procedures checklists, and the Flight Use Checklist to use and follow during the type course. The entire type course will consist of several lessons broken into pieces. These pieces will roughly reconstruct the entire type rating maneuver evaluation conducted for certification in the 747-400 type aircraft. Please note that this type course is written very generally for the learning and interest of our flight simulator customers and does not reflect the actual operating procedure of any specific carrier or training techniques taught by any specific training facility. This type course may contain errors and omissions which we may correct from time to time at our discretion. Additionally it stands to reason that no aspects of this course should be used for any purpose other than the enjoyment of our PMDG 747-400/400F simulation products. Lesson Plan Overview: The PMDG Type Course will begin at KBFI, where you will learn to power up the PMDG 747 from a parked and de-powered state. You will be taken through programming of the FMC for a flight from Boeing Field in Seattle, Washington, (KBFI) to Moses Lake, Washington (KMWH) where you will learn to conduct various visual and instrument approaches in order to improve your proficiency with the PMDG 747-400. Along the way some lessons may require repetition in order to help you learn specific tasks. To help with this repetition process, we will provide specific saved flights that you should load and run in order to ensure that your experience matches the teaching materials for the course. Please remember at all times that in the complex field of aviation there are many different regulatory bodies, corporate policies and personal operating procedures that vary from others, and sometimes they even conflict with one another. Do not be intimidated by different techniques, as it is always valuable to expand your skills as a pilot but we recommend that you use the techniques we teach in this course at least initially until your grain comfort with the airplane. Our hope is that upon completion of this Type Course, you will have gained sufficient experience with the operation of the PMDG 747-400 to dramatically increase your enjoyment of this simulation. It has been our experience that many customers never take the time to really learn the depths of this simulation and subsequently miss out on the true simulation value and learning experience of this product. We hope that this type course will help you to experience just how complex this PMDG 747-400 simulation truly is!

  • 4 - 2 PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV - VNAV

    For use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLY Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved

    PMDG 747-400 Type Rating Course Lesson Four: LNAV-VNAV

    Lesson Four Overview: For this exercise we are going to return to our originally scheduled flight plan from KBFI KMWH. We will fly the majority of the flight to Moses Lake, while making some modifications to the flight plan and to our climb/descent profile along the way. The purpose of this lesson is to familiarize you with the operation of LNAV and VNAV in order to simplify your navigation through 3D space. I have provided a series of saved flights. These flights are designed to work with specific sections of this lesson, and you will be prompted which saved flight to load during each phase of the lesson. Each saved flight will be used to demonstrate a different technique for takeoff. Some of the saved flights may be reused a few times in order to demonstrate different techniques. This lesson picks up where Lesson Two ended, so you will notice that the aircraft/FMS setup is familiar! This lesson will take you through a normal takeoff using one of the takeoff profiles that you have already used. You will then use LNAV and VNAV with the airplane coupled to the autopilot in order to learn some of the finer operating techniques of these high level pitch/roll modes. Reading the lesson in steps and conducting the procedures discussed according to the schedule laid out in this lesson plan will greatly improve your handling and confidence when using the autopilot. What you will need: The following items are needed in order for you to gain the most benefit from this course:

    You must have a copy of the Type Course source files. (You should have them if you are reading this!)

    You should print ALL of Chapter 5: Normal Procedures and keep it nearby for reference. (Hint: Windows START menu, ALL PROGRAMS, then PMDG Simulations, PMDG 747-400 Operating Manuals.)

    You will also need to print the CHECKLIST located in the PMDG Simulations, PMDG 747-400 menu as well.

    You will find it most helpful to print this Lesson Plan before commencing. Additionally, we find that it is helpful if you keep your checklists nearby in printed format as you will reference them continually during your first few starts. You can use any PMDG 747-400/400F livery for the purpose of this course as it may suite your taste. The images within the documentation will be from the new PMDG 747-400F. Installing This Type Course Lesson: The ZIP file that contains the lesson plan should be unzipped to your main Flight Simulator directory. We have structured the zip file so that all of the required files will be appropriately placed in the correct directories for you provided that you have use directories selected in WinZip. If you have problems, just copy the following files to the correct locations:

  • PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV-VNAV 4 - 3

    Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved For use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLY

    PMDG-744-TRC-.sav -> \PMDG\747400\PanelState\ PMDG-744-TRC-.FLT -> \Flights\PMDG\ PMDG-744-TRC.WX -> \Flights\PMDG\ PART ONE: Its just basic navigation!: Note: At this point, please stop your simulation and use the FLIGHTS, Select A Flight menu in MSFS to load the saved flight PMDG_744_TRC_Lesson_4_Part_1. Goal: The point of this lesson section is to take you through a normal takeoff and climb out including a level off at intermediate altitudes. THIS LESSON SHOULD BE FLOWN BY THE AUTOPILOT WITH THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR. The auto throttle will control power for you during the initial climb. Takeoff. Youve done this a few dozen times by now, it should seem. After completing the PMDG 747-400 Type Rating Course 2 and PMDG 747-400 Type Rating Course 3, you should be able to handle your takeoffs like a professional. This flight is going to start off no differently, but today we are going to spend a bit more time focused on LNAV and VNAV for your initial departure and climb profile. Start Flight Simulator 2004 and use the SELECT FLIGHT option to load PMDG-744-TC-Lesson4_Part_One from within the PMDG folder. Your aircraft will appear sitting on the runway at Boeing Field. This is an exact replica of a setup from one of the previous lessons. This flight picks up with the aircraft ready for takeoff, and all checklists completed! The only thing left for you to do is to set the Autobrake to RTO (remember- this is one switch that just wont save its position.) Now before we go, its important to have some understanding of what we are doing, and what is about to happen. To gain this understanding, lets talk for a moment about LNAV. LNAV, for those who dont know, is the acronym for Lateral NAVigation. At some point, nearly all of us have loaded up the default Cessna or some other standard cockpit airplane and have flown courses to and from VORs within flight simulator. You will recall that in order to track the desired VOR radial, it was necessary to manage your aircraft heading in order to track the center of the selected radial to/from the VOR. This process of using heading to maintain a course is the very simple heart of LNAV. LNAV is a very complicated and grown-up-pilot way of telling the airplane to fly the course that you have programmed into the FMC. On of the great benefits of LNAV is that the airplane will follow any course that has been programmed, and it will do so through turns and changes in course until reaching the end of the programmed route of flight. Whether the course to be flown has many convoluted turns to accommodate sophisticated departure and arrival procedures- or whether the flight plan is nearly perfectly straight- LNAV will steer the course until reaching the end of your routing. To describe the task of LNAV quite simply: LNAVs function is to keep the airplane following the course as described in the FMC.

  • 4 - 4 PMDG 747-400/400F TRC 4: LNAV - VNAV

    For use with PMDG 747-400/400F ONLY Copyright 2006 PMDG All Rights Reserved

    Picture a route drawn between fixes on a map, as the route changes direction, LNAV simply commands the heading of the airplane to change until the new course leg is being tracked to a high degree of precision. LNAV will automatically adjust for winds from any quadrant. From an autopilot perspective, LNAV is a Roll Mode. This means that LNAV will roll the wings of the airplane left/right to adjust the heading of the airplane in order to follow the course defined in the FMC. To go back to our VOR tracking exercise mentioned earlier, you will find that you do the same thing when manually flying to track a VOR radial; y