plant life cycles modern biology chapter 32. alternation of generations: the overview

Download Plant Life Cycles Modern Biology Chapter 32. Alternation of Generations: the overview

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  • Slide 1
  • Plant Life Cycles Modern Biology Chapter 32
  • Slide 2
  • Alternation of Generations: the overview
  • Slide 3
  • Mosses: Structures involved What you associate with mosses is a gametophyte Gametophytes are haploid
  • Slide 4
  • Slide 5
  • Because repetition is the spice of life!
  • Slide 6
  • Mosses: Development/ Growth Mitosis occurs producing a diploid sporophyte Sporophyte remains attached to the gametophyte Diploid Sporophyte cannot feed itself, but is genetically different than the gametophyte
  • Slide 7
  • Mosses: The next generation Diploid sporophyte produces cells that undergo meiosis; this produces haploid organisms, or gametophytes.
  • Slide 8
  • Ferns
  • Slide 9
  • Ferns: Structures involved What you associate with ferns is the sporophyte Sporophyte grows from gametophyte Gametophytes are tiny (10 mm) Antheridium Archegonium
  • Slide 10
  • Slide 11
  • Ferns: Development/ Growth Mitosis occurs producing a diploid sporophyte with fronds Sporophyte remains attached to the gametophyte, crushing it as it increases in size
  • Slide 12
  • Ferns: The next generation Specialized cells, usually on the underside of the fronds, undergo meiosis and produce spores.Specialized cells, usually on the underside of the fronds, undergo meiosis and produce spores.
  • Slide 13
  • Conifers
  • Slide 14
  • Slide 15
  • Conifers: Fertilization Typically the conifers much reach maturity before they can reproduce sometimes up to 30 years. Conifers can reproduce without water for the sperm to swim in. Sexual reproduction can actually take years
  • Slide 16
  • Flowering Plant Life Cycles Modern Biology Chapter 32
  • Slide 17
  • Flowering plants: Structures involved
  • Slide 18
  • Slide 19
  • Slide 20
  • Slide 21
  • Slide 22
  • Ovule: female sex cell Consists of a mega sporangium surrounded by two integuments
  • Slide 23
  • Ovule: female sex cell One large diploid megaspore mother cell undergoes meiosis and produces 4 haploid megaspores
  • Slide 24
  • Ovule: female sex cell One megaspore enlarges and the other three wither away.
  • Slide 25
  • Ovule: female sex cell Remaining mega spore undergoes three mitotic divisions to produce 8 haploid nuclei
  • Slide 26
  • Ovule: female sex cell Two nuclei move to the center of the cell while the remaining 6 move to the polar ends- three to each side
  • Slide 27
  • Ovule: female sex cell Cell walls form around the 6 nuclei at the ends One of these 6 cells becomes the egg, (the others die at fertilization) Embryo sac consists of 7 cells and 8 nuclei- this is the mature female gametophyte
  • Slide 28
  • Slide 29
  • Pollen: male sex cell Microspore mother cells undergo meiosis and produces 4 haploid microspores, each of which undergoes mitosis to form two haploid cells
  • Slide 30
  • Pollen: male sex cell Wall develops around microspores and the two celled structure is a pollen grain- this is the mature male gametophyte
  • Slide 31
  • Pollen: male sex cell The larger cell will produce the tube cell containing the tube nucleus. When attached, the tube nucleus will make a pollen tube The smaller cell is the generative cell It will undergo yet another mitotic division to produce two sperm
  • Slide 32
  • Flowering plants: Fertilization (Double Fertilization) Pollen tube grows from pollen (takes about a day)
  • Slide 33
  • Flowering plants: Fertilization (Double Fertilization) The two cells produced from the generative cell enter the ovule through the pollen tube One of the sperm fuses with the egg to form a diploid zygote This will be the embryo
  • Slide 34
  • Flowering plants: Fertilization (Double Fertilization) The two cells produced from the generative cell enter the ovule through the pollen tube The other sperm fuses with the two nuclei in the megaspore to produce a triploid nucleus. This will be the endosperm- the nutrients contained within a seed so that the embryo has energy to remain alive and begin the growth process
  • Slide 35
  • Video!!
  • Slide 36
  • Slide 37
  • Flowering plants: Seed structure
  • Slide 38
  • Flowering plants: Seed germination Seeds can remain dormant for many years When the conditions are right, the seed will germinate
  • Slide 39
  • Flowering plants: Seed germination Typically roots come before leaves
  • Slide 40
  • Slide 41
  • Slide 42
  • Flowering plants: fruit

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