Plant fibres

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<ul><li>1.The mostThe most common plantcommon plant fibres are-fibres are- </li></ul> <p>2. Cotton Flax Coir Silk Cotton Hemp Jute 3. CottonCotton Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber thatCotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll around the seeds of thegrows in a boll around the seeds of the cotton plant. The plant is a shrub native tocotton plant. The plant is a shrub native to tropical regions around the world,tropical regions around the world, including the Americas, Pakistan, Indiaincluding the Americas, Pakistan, India and Africa. The fiber most often is spunand Africa. The fiber most often is spun into yarn or thread and used to make ainto yarn or thread and used to make a soft, breathable textile, which is the mostsoft, breathable textile, which is the most widely used natural-fiber cloth in clothingwidely used natural-fiber cloth in clothing today. The English name derives from thetoday. The English name derives from the Arabic (al) qutnArabic (al) qutn , which began to be, which began to be used circa 1400. The botanical purpose of 4. Cotton is use to make cloths like-shirts ,sarees, trousers etc especially for wearing in summers 5. JuteJute Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fibre that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fibres and is second only to cotton in amount produced and variety of uses. Jute fibres are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose (major component of plant fibre) and lignin (major components of wood fibre). It is thus a ligno-cellulosic fibre that is partially a textile fibre and partially wood. It falls into the bast fibre category (fibre collected from bast or skin of the plant) along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. The industrial term for jute fibre is raw jute. The fibres are off-white to brown, and 14 metres (312feet) long. For centuries, jute has been an integral part of culture of Bengal , in the entire southwest of Bangladesh and some portions of West Bengal. 6. Jute is used to make sacks,Jute is used to make sacks, slippers etcslippers etc 7. CoirCoir Coir fibres are found between the hard, internal shellCoir fibres are found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. The individual fibreand the outer coat of a coconut. The individual fibre cells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls madecells are narrow and hollow, with thick walls made of cellulose. They are pale when immature but laterof cellulose. They are pale when immature but later become hardened and yellowed as a layer of lignin isbecome hardened and yellowed as a layer of lignin is deposited on their walls. There are two varieties ofdeposited on their walls. There are two varieties of coir. Brown coir is harvested from fully ripenedcoir. Brown coir is harvested from fully ripened coconuts. It is thick, strong and has high abrasioncoconuts. It is thick, strong and has high abrasion resistance. It is typically used in mats, brushes andresistance. It is typically used in mats, brushes and sacking. Mature brown coir fibres contain more ligninsacking. Mature brown coir fibres contain more lignin and less cellulose than fibres such as flax and cottonand less cellulose than fibres such as flax and cotton and so are stronger but less flexible. They are madeand so are stronger but less flexible. They are made up of small threads, each about 1mm long and 10 toup of small threads, each about 1mm long and 10 to 20 micrometers in diameter. White coir fibres are20 micrometers in diameter. White coir fibres are harvested from the coconuts before they are ripe.harvested from the coconuts before they are ripe. These fibres are white or light brown in color and areThese fibres are white or light brown in color and are 8. Coir is used to make ropes andCoir is used to make ropes and matsmats 9. Silk cottonSilk cotton Silk cotton is a type of native cotton. Silk cotton is found in India, tropical southern Asia, northern Australia and tropical Africa. The fruit, the size of a ping-pong ball, on maturity appears during March and April. These are full of cotton-like fibrous stuff that are silk cotton fibres . It is for the fibre that villagers gather the semul fruit and extract the silk cotton substance called "kapok". This fibre is used for filling economically priced pillows, quilts, sofas etc. the tree on which they are grown are known as silk cotton trees or kapok trees. 10. Silk cotton used to make-Silk cotton used to make- towels etctowels etc 11. HempHemp Hemp is the name of the soft, durable fibre that is cultivated from plants of the Cannabis genus, cultivated for commercial use. In modern times, hemp has been used for industrial purposes including paper, textiles, biodegradable plastics, construction, health food, fuel, and medical purposes with modest commercial success. In the past three years, commercial success of hemp food products has grown considerably. 12. Hemp is used to makeHemp is used to make ropes, sacks etc.ropes, sacks etc. 13. FlaxFlax Flax (also known as common flax or linseed) is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. It is native to the region extending from the eastern Mediterranean to India and was probably first domesticated in the Fertile Crescent. Flax was extensively cultivated in ancient Ethiopia and ancient Egypt. In a prehistoric cave in the Republic of Georgia, dyed flax fibers have been found that date to 30,000 BC. New Zealand flax is not related to flax but was named after it, as both plants are used to produce fibers. 14. Flax is used to make handkerchiefs, ropes and high quality paper 15. Name-Vishal Thakur Class-VI Section- Phoenix Roll no.-22 School-Venkateshwar Global School Address- Sector13,Rohini Delhi 85 </p>