PITAYA (() DRAGON FRUIT ) - (() DRAGON FRUIT ) ... The ancient Chinese called this cut theThe ancient Chinese called this cut the ... PITAYA
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<ul><li><p>PITAYA</p><p>( DRAGON FRUIT )( )</p></li><li><p>THE LEGEND OF THE DRAGON FRUIT(Th i di hi f b l f i b ib d(The sensation surrounding this fabulous fruit can be attributed to a</p><p>legend created by ingenious Asian marketers.)</p><p>A di t th l dAccording to the legend The fruit was created thousands of years ago by fire breathing dragons During a battle when the dragonbreathing dragons. During a battle when the dragon would breathe fire the last thing to come out would be the fruit. After the dragon is slain the fruit is collected and presented to the Emperor as a coveted treasure and indication of victory. The soldiers would then butcher the dragon and eat thesoldiers would then butcher the dragon and eat the flesh. It was believed that those who feasted on the flesh would be endowed with the strength and f it f th d d th t th t ld bferocity of the dragon and that they too would be coveted by the Emperor. </p></li><li><p>It is written that the dragons flame originates s e a e d ago s a e o g a esdeep within its body near the base of itstail The meat from this part of the dragontail. The meat from this part of the dragon was the most desirable and most sought after portion Only the officers of eachafter portion. Only the officers of each division would be privy to this cut of meat. The ancient Chinese called this cut theThe ancient Chinese called this cut the jaina, which translates literally to the sweetest and best tasting sweetest and best tasting.</p></li><li><p>The jaina was treasured by all who were privileged enough to taste it, and it is believed p g g ,that mans thirst for the jaina is what led to the destruction and eventual extinction of all of the dragons.</p></li><li><p>Pitaya Pitahaya Dragon FruitPitaya, Pitahaya, Dragon FruitVining epiphytic cactus from subtropical and tropical g p p y p pregions of Central Mexico south through Central America and into South America as far south as Peru and as far east as Guyana. It is found on nearly every island in the y y yCaribbean and is cultivated throughout the tropics. </p></li><li><p>Hylocereus and SelenicereusHylocereus and Selenicereus24 to 26 species of </p><p>Hylocereus with many y ycultivars and hybrids. More than 100 varieties in California alone, with </p><p>h f imuch confusion on identification.</p><p>The major species of Hylocereus which areHylocereus which are grown commercially are H. polyrhizus, H. undatus and hybrids of these andand hybrids of these and other Hylocereus species </p><p>One species of Selenicereus, S.Selenicereus, S. megalanthus, is grown comercially for its fruit.</p></li><li><p>VinesVinesStems may grow y g</p><p>more than 20 feet. Three ribs normally occur ybut four ribs per stem are common in somecommon in some species. Stems may be straight or undulating andor undulating and may have spines arising from the areoles or beareoles or be nearly spineless.</p></li><li><p>FlowersFlowers Flowering occurs in </p><p>waves during warm months As many asmonths. As many as 4-8 flowering cycles may occur in tropical areas,tropical areas, however in California's cooler climate it is more </p><p>l fnormal for an average of 2-3 cycles to occur.Fl i d f it Flowering and fruit set is dependant on temperature and photoperiodphotoperiod.</p></li><li><p> Flower buds may be from 9 12 long in Hylocereus and up to 14 long in Selenicereusand up to 14 long in Selenicereus.</p><p> Unopened flower buds are sometimes cooked and eaten as vegetables.It takes an a erage of 30 45 da s from b d initiation It takes an average of 30 45 days from bud initiation until the flowers open.</p></li><li><p> In Southern California, the flowers open at night for only one night. In the tropics, they are said to flower for two nights with one species opening and closing for threeone species opening and closing for three days. </p><p>Fl hit i l f tFlowers are white in color, fragrant and up to 12 in diameter</p></li><li><p> Flowers are perfect. pSome species, varieties, and cultivars of Hylocereus are selfof Hylocereus are self-fruitful whereas many others require cross-qpollination from another species, variety or cultivarvariety or cultivar.</p><p> Pollen may be stored in the refrigerator for gup to two weeks and can be kept in the freezer for up to 30freezer for up to 30 days.</p></li><li><p>Fruit DevelopmentFruit Development It takes an average of 45 days for fruit to develop </p><p>after pollination occurs in Hylocereus species and p y pup to 150 days for Selenicereus. Fruit ripening may be prolonged if the weather is cool.</p></li><li><p>Cultural RequirementsCultural Requirements Well drained soil, </p><p>hi h i ihigh in organic matter.</p><p> Plants are cold hardy t f 28to an average of 28 degrees. Some species, varieties and cultivars may beand cultivars may be more or less cold tolerant.</p><p> Full sun wellFull sun well increase flower and fruit production but 5% - 30% shade may ybe required to prevent sunburn in hotter areas.</p></li><li><p> Trellising is required to support plants Trellising is required to support plants. </p></li><li><p> Trellis is generally 5 - 8 feet high.</p><p> Spacing of plants is an average of 8 feet apart.</p><p> Heavy pruning about 1Heavy pruning about 1 month before flowering (May) has been found to stimulate heavier flowering and fruitheavier flowering and fruit production.</p><p>Arial roots will not attach toArial roots will not attach to metal, or chemically treated (pressure treated) wood. B rlap is sometimes rappedBurlap is sometimes wrapped around posts to facilitate attachment of arial roots.</p></li><li><p>FRUIT Two or three crops fruit of Hylocereus fruit will be produced </p><p>in summer and into fall. Selenecereus will produce fruit in late summer or falllate summer or fall.</p><p> Hylocereus species normally have a hot pink or reddish outer shell and flesh which is white, pink or red. </p><p> Fruit shell may have prominent scales.</p></li><li><p> Fruit size of Hylocereus species will range y p g pond each to over 3 pounds each.</p><p> The brix sugar content of fruit will average g gfrom 12% to 21% sugar.</p></li><li><p>Fruit may sell for as much as $12 - $25 each.</p></li><li><p> Red fleshed and pink fleshed fruit containRed fleshed and pink fleshed fruit contain relatively high levels of antioxidants.</p></li><li><p>Israel has developed one cultivar of H l hi h h ll kiHylocereus which has a yellow skin.</p></li><li><p>YELLOW DRAGON FRUIT(Selenecereus megalanthus)</p><p> Fruit is smaller but sweeter than other PitayaPitaya.</p></li><li><p> Plants of Selenicereus are more cold sensative,Plants of Selenicereus are more cold sensative, more sun tolerant and are sweeter than most Hylocereus species.</p><p> Plants are self-fruitful. Fruit have spines which fall off when the fruit is p</p><p>ripe.</p></li><li><p>Hybrid of Hylocereus and E i h llEpiphyllum</p></li><li><p>Nutritional ValuesNutritional Values100 grams of edible part contains: </p><p> 85.4 gr. Water 0.4 gr. Proteing 0.1 gr. Fat 13.2 gr. Carbohydrates 0 5 gr Fiber 0.5 gr. Fiber 16 mg. Phosphorous 0.3 mg Iron 0.04 mg. Riboflavin 0.2 mg. Niacin 4 mg. Ascorbic Acidg 50 Calories</p></li><li><p>Hylocereus X Stendatus Connie MMayer</p><p> A new species cross by German hybridizer, Eckhard Meier. It is the only red-purple species that is nocturnal. The parent plantsthe only red purple species that is nocturnal. The parent plants are H.stenopterus and H. undatus.</p><p>(Plants are available from Gray Davis Epiphyllums) </p></li><li><p>Edgar Valdivia, Paul Thomson and Leo Manuel</p></li><li><p>DRAGON EGG (PITAYA)Cereus peruvianusCereus peruvianus</p><p> A branching, columnar cactus with moderate growth rate. Height to g g10 feet.</p><p> The variety monsterosus ismonsterosus is smaller, bluish in color with ribs irregularly broken up into knobs and crestsand crests.</p><p> Spectacular 5- 6 white flowers open at pnight in late spring or summer.</p><p> Fruit is sweet pleasant Fruit is sweet, pleasant and mild in flavor but somewhat grainy in texture.</p></li><li><p>PITAYAPITAYA</p><p>( DRAGON FRUIT )( )Tom Del Hotal</p></li></ul>
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