ph.rcps. viewWord Bank: - Mediterranean Sea ... - Old Stone Age- First invented fire- Created cave art- Advanced tools- New Stone Age- Domesticated plants/animals ... Stone Ages ...

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Benchmark Study Guide: (- Carbon Dating- Polytheism- Enlightenment- Economic- Pharaoh- Imperial Bureaucracy- Nomadic- Archeology- Diaspora- Missionary- Empire- Agriculture- Civilization- Karma- Vedas and Upanishads)Section 1: Vocabulary Review1. ________________: Moving from place to place in search of food, water and shelter2. ________________: A formal title for the ruler of Egypt.3. ________________: The study of ancient people and cultures.4. ________________: The scattering of the Jews.5. ________________: The belief in multiple gods.6. ________________: A tool used by archeologists to date artifacts and/or fossils7. ________________: The practice of raising crops and animals.8. ________________: Pertaining to monetary exchanges or the trading of goods and services.9. ________________: A highly advanced and developed settlement of people.10._______________: The ultimate goal of Buddhism.11. ______________: The idea that all thoughts and/or actions have future consequences.12. ______________: A large group of states and/or countries under the control of one authority or leader.13. ______________: A person/group sent to spread their religious beliefs (ex. Asoka sent missionaries to spread Buddhism from India to China).14. ______________: Dividing roles and responsibilities within an empire.15. ______________: The holy or sacred texts of HinduismSection 2: Label the following rivers, oceans, mountains and civilizations on the map below (India, Indian Ocean, Indus River, Ganges River, Huang He River, China, Hindu Kush Mountains, and Himalaya Mountains). (A) Political Patterns1) ____ Tigris and Euphrates RiversB) Hammurabis Code2) ____ Huang He RiverC) Social Patterns3) ____ Centralized government, and written law codesD) Mesopotamia4) ____ Water for agriculture, protection from invadersE) Phoenicians5) ____ Great traders and invented the alphabetF) Persia6) ____ Natural resource of the EgyptiansG) Economic Patterns7) ____ Trading, agricultural surplus, slaveryH) India8) ____ Hindu Kush and Himalaya MountainsI) China9) ____ Civilization located along the Upper NileJ) Nile River10) ___ Brought the caste system to IndiaK) Nubia11) ___ Area consisting of rich soil in MesopotamiaL) Aryans12) ___ Harsh legal system in MesopotamiaM) Reasons for settling in river valleys13) ___ Established an imperial bureaucracyN) Fertile Crescent14) ___ Rigid class systems and hereditary rulers)Section 3: River Valley Civilizations (- Torah- Persia- Enlightenment- Ten Commandments- Hebrews- Reincarnation- India- Buddhism- Siddhartha Gautama- Hinduism- Zoroastrianism- Abraham)Section 4: Religions1) _______________ The Hindu belief that when one dies, they are reborn2) _______________ Where Zoroastrianism originated from3) _______________ The sacred text of Judaism4) _______________ The father of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam5) _______________ Religion that believes in two opposing forces in the universe6) _______________ Beliefs include Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path7) _______________ Law code of the Hebrews8) _______________ Founder of Buddhism9) _______________ Where Buddhism and Hinduism originated10) ______________ People that created the worlds first monotheistic religion11) ______________ The ultimate goal of Buddhists12) ______________ Religion that beliefs in karma and follows the cast systemSection 5: River Valley Mapping (Word Bank:- Mediterranean Sea- Huang He River- China- Ganges River- Nile River- Indus River- Mesopotamia- Egypt- Euphrates River- Nubia- Tigris River- Hinduism- India- Buddhism- Aryans- Pharaoh- Ziggurats) (- River A = _________________- Which two religions originated in 4: - Body of water B= __________________- River C= _____________________- The title for the ruler of 1: - River D= _________________________- River E= __________________________- Group that invaded 4: - River F= ________________________- River G= _______________________- Which religious temple comes from 3: - Civilization 1= ____________________- Civilization 2= ____________________- Civilization 3= ____________________- Civilization 4= ____________________- Civilization 5= ____________________) (G) (5) (F) (4) (E) (C) (D) (3) (1) (B) (2) (A) (- Old Stone Age- First invented fire- Created cave art- Advanced tools- New Stone Age- Domesticated plants/animals- Weaving skills- Simple tools- Pottery- First developed oral language- Settled communities- Nomadic clans)Section 6: Stone Ages and Archaeology (Paleolithic Era:- Also known as the _____________________- People lived in _____________________- Characteristics include:__________________________________________________________________________) (Neolithic Era:- Also known as the _____________________- People lived in _____________________- Characteristics include:__________________________________________________________________________) (S= StonehengeAJ= Aleppo and JerichoC= Catalhoyuk)1) ______: Located along the Fertile Crescent2) ______: Located in Anatolia (modern-day Turkey)3) ______: Located in England4) ______: Currently under excavation5) ______: Archaeologist are unsure as to how and why this site was built6) ______: Building were connected via rooftopsSection 7: Forms of writing (Image #1Civilization=Form of writing=) (Image #3Civilization=Form of writing=) (Image #2Civilization=Form of writing=)

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