Photojournalism and Documentary Photography

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<p>PHOTO-JOURNALISM</p> <p>PHOTO-JOURNALISM by alexandra copley </p> <p>WHAT IS PHOTOJOURNALISM?Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a story..http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O-3HiLyjUy8</p> <p>2 words.photoa representation of a person or scene recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material (digital censor)</p> <p>JOURNALISMthe timely reporting of events at the local, provincial, national and international levels. Relevant. </p> <p>THE PHOTO TELLS A COMPLETE STORY IN AN IMAGE</p> <p>Photojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (such as documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by the qualities of:</p> <p>Timeliness the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events.SOLDIERS AFGHANISTAN WAR</p> <p>Objectivity the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both content and tonePOST-ELECTION PROTEST, IRAN</p> <p>Narrative the images combine with other news elements to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.DHARAVI SLUM, MUMBAI</p> <p>The images in a photojournalism piece may be accompanied with explanatory text, or shown independently, with the images themselves narrating the events they depict</p> <p>GAZA STRIP, JERUSALEM</p> <p>WHAT IS A PHOTOJOURNALIST?A photojournalist uses pictures instead of words to tell a story. They can also accompany their images with some text to elaborate on the details or events. </p> <p>What makes a photojournalist different from a photographer?</p> <p>Photographers take pictures of nouns (people, places and things)</p> <p>Photojournalists shoot action verbs ("kicks," "explodes," "cries," etc.)</p> <p>Photojournalists do shoot some nouns.</p> <p>However, the nouns we seek still must tell a story.</p> <p>WORLD PRESS PHOTO OF THE YEARSHOUTING PROTESTS FROM ROOFTOPS, IRAN</p> <p>DOCUMENTING THE ANTARTIC</p> <p>EVENTS, EMOTIONS, EVERY LITTLE BIT OF INFORMATION</p> <p>An image has no age, language or intelligence limits</p> <p>1. ANTICIPATION2. TIMING3. COMPOSITION</p> <p>PHOTOJOURNALISTSEddie AdamsMathew BradyRobert CapaHenri Cartier-BressonWalker EvansLauren GreenfieldEd KashiAndr KertszDanny Lyon</p> <p>Susan Meiselas</p> <p>James Nachtwey</p> <p>Sebastio Salgado</p> <p>W. Eugene Smith</p> <p>Peter Turnley</p> <p>Gordon Parks</p> <p>Lewis Hines</p> <p>Jacob Riis</p> <p>Steve Mccurry</p> <p>Diane Arbus</p> <p>The Decisive MomentHenri Cartier-Bresson</p> <p>PHOTOJOURNALISTS CHANGING LIVES</p> <p>LEWIS HINES</p> <p>AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHER</p> <p>EXPOSED CHILD LABOR PRACTICES</p> <p>BECAUSE OF HIM, LAWS WERE CHANGED</p> <p>SEBASTIAO SALGADO</p> <p>BAZILIAN PHOTOJOURNALIST</p> <p>BOOKS</p> <p>GORDON PARKS</p> <p>AMERICAN PHOTOJOURNALISTAMERICAN GOTHIC, HARLEM</p> <p>FLAVIO DE SILVA, BRAZIL</p> <p>SERIES FOR LIFE MAGAZINE IN RIO DE JANEIRO, 1961</p> <p>CHANGING LIVESIn 1961, Parks did a series for LIFE on the slums of Brazil and found himself in what he describes as "dead center in the worst poverty I have ever encounteredin the favela of Catacumba, a desolate mountainside outside of Rio de Janeiro." In true Parks fashion, instead of giving a broad view without much depth, he focused on an individual affected by the larger story, just as he had done with Red Jackson, from the Harlem gang series.At just 12, Flavio da Silva was already dying, from tuberculosis. Flavio lived with his parents, brothers and sisters in a one-room shack. The images Parks created while living with the da Silva family illustrated the family's reliance on their dying son. "What Flavio cared most about," says Parks, "was that his younger brothers and sisters were taken care of. It was very noble of him. . . . I definitely learned more from Flavio about character than Flavio learned from me."After the story ran, LIFE readers contributed money to help with Flavio's medical care. Parks says that people sent in roughly $30,000 to bring Flavio to America. "I went back to Brazil and the doctors told me that Flavio would die on my hands if I took him to America.I took him anyway and after living there for two years, he was cured." When Flavio went back home to Brazil, Parks bought Flavio's father a new truck with the money everyone had sent in, and then LIFE donated $25,000 so that Parks could help the family buy a new home.</p> <p>BORN INTO BROTHELSCALCUTTA, INDIA</p> <p>5 PHOTOGRAPHY ESSAY TIPS</p> <p>1. FIND A TOPICPhoto essays are most dynamic when you as the photographer care about the subject. Make your topic something in which you find interest.</p> <p>LOOKING FOR WHAT OTHERS DONT SEE</p> <p>2. DO YOUR RESEARCHFor example, if you document a newborns first month, spend time with the family. Discover who the parents are, what culture they are from, whether they are upper or lower class. These factors will help you in planning out the type of shots you set up for your story.</p> <p>LOOKING FOR STORIES THAT HAVENT BEEN TOLD</p> <p>3. FIND THE REAL STORYAfter your research, you can determine the angle you want to take your story. The main factors of each story create an incredibly unique story.</p> <p>NOT AFRAID TO BE WHAT YOU ARE PHOTOGRAPHING</p> <p>4. Every dynamic story is built on a set of core values and emotions that touch the heart of its audienceJoy. Fear. Hurt. Excitement. The best way you can connect your photo essay with its audience is to draw out the emotions within the story and utilize them in your shots. This does not mean that you manipulate your audiences emotions. You merely use emotion as a connecting point</p> <p>DOCUMENTARY/ TERU KUWAYAMAhttp://silberstudios.tv/videos/conflict-zone-photos-teru-kuwayamaUses semi functional Polaroids and toy camera (its the photographer not the camera that makes the photo)Looks for the counter narrativeHas compassion for his subjects/ topics</p> <p>5. PLAN YOUR SHOTSVisualize each shot of the story, or simply walk through the venue/place/event in your mind, you will want to think about the type of shots that will work best to tell your story.</p> <p>ENVIRONMENTALPORTRAITURE</p> <p>5 SECOND PORTRAIT</p> <p>5 MINUTE PORTRAIT</p> <p>FEELING THE LIGHTSUNARTIFICIAL REFLECTIONGLOW</p> <p>TIPSTry to avoid posed photos. No Snapshots!Try to capture emotion. Photograph faces not backs.Let your picture tell the story.Use different angles and perspectives.Avoid inanimate objects. Focus on people.Dont forget the Rule of Thirds.The Decisive Moment </p> <p>INANIMATE OBJECTS</p> <p>VS.</p> <p>DONT PHOTOGRAPH BACKS</p> <p>FACES FOR EMOTION</p> <p>LET YOUR PICTURE TELL A STORY</p> <p>More Mags In The FrayBlue Eyes MagazineSocial Documentary.netLunaticF-Stop MagazineVewdLens Culture &amp; InterviewsThe Digital JournalistMedia Storm (audio &amp; visual)</p> <p>File Magazine</p> <p>Travel Photography Network</p> <p>Colours Magazine</p> <p>Deep Sleep</p> <p>See Saw</p> <p>Photo Eye Magazine</p> <p>Aperture.orgReuters</p> <p>EVER WANT TO BE A NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PHOTOGRAPHERYour ShotThis online contest allows photographers of all skill levels to submit their favorite images for possible publication in National Geographic. Each day a panel of editors selects 12 outstanding photographs to be published as part of the Daily Dozen.</p> <p>OTHER Freelance (blogging)Agency (getty, redux)Gallery (caladangallery.com)Stock Photography (shutterstock.com)</p> <p>CALL ME FOR INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION: 976 9842 976</p>