Photojournalism and Documentary Photography

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PHOTO-JOURNALISMPHOTO-JOURNALISM by alexandra copley WHAT IS PHOTOJOURNALISM?Photojournalism is a particular form of journalism (the collecting, editing, and presenting of news material for publication or broadcast) that creates images in order to tell a story.. words.photoa representation of a person or scene recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material (digital censor)JOURNALISMthe timely reporting of events at the local, provincial, national and international levels. Relevant. THE PHOTO TELLS A COMPLETE STORY IN AN IMAGEPhotojournalism is distinguished from other close branches of photography (such as documentary photography, street photography or celebrity photography) by the qualities of:Timeliness the images have meaning in the context of a recently published record of events.SOLDIERS AFGHANISTAN WARObjectivity the situation implied by the images is a fair and accurate representation of the events they depict in both content and tonePOST-ELECTION PROTEST, IRANNarrative the images combine with other news elements to make facts relatable to the viewer or reader on a cultural level.DHARAVI SLUM, MUMBAIThe images in a photojournalism piece may be accompanied with explanatory text, or shown independently, with the images themselves narrating the events they depictGAZA STRIP, JERUSALEMWHAT IS A PHOTOJOURNALIST?A photojournalist uses pictures instead of words to tell a story. They can also accompany their images with some text to elaborate on the details or events. What makes a photojournalist different from a photographer?Photographers take pictures of nouns (people, places and things)Photojournalists shoot action verbs ("kicks," "explodes," "cries," etc.)Photojournalists do shoot some nouns.However, the nouns we seek still must tell a story.WORLD PRESS PHOTO OF THE YEARSHOUTING PROTESTS FROM ROOFTOPS, IRANDOCUMENTING THE ANTARTICEVENTS, EMOTIONS, EVERY LITTLE BIT OF INFORMATIONAn image has no age, language or intelligence limits1. ANTICIPATION2. TIMING3. COMPOSITIONPHOTOJOURNALISTSEddie AdamsMathew BradyRobert CapaHenri Cartier-BressonWalker EvansLauren GreenfieldEd KashiAndr KertszDanny LyonSusan MeiselasJames NachtweySebastio SalgadoW. Eugene SmithPeter TurnleyGordon ParksLewis HinesJacob RiisSteve MccurryDiane ArbusThe Decisive MomentHenri Cartier-BressonPHOTOJOURNALISTS CHANGING LIVESLEWIS HINESAMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHEREXPOSED CHILD LABOR PRACTICESBECAUSE OF HIM, LAWS WERE CHANGEDSEBASTIAO SALGADOBAZILIAN PHOTOJOURNALISTBOOKSGORDON PARKSAMERICAN PHOTOJOURNALISTAMERICAN GOTHIC, HARLEMFLAVIO DE SILVA, BRAZILSERIES FOR LIFE MAGAZINE IN RIO DE JANEIRO, 1961CHANGING LIVESIn 1961, Parks did a series for LIFE on the slums of Brazil and found himself in what he describes as "dead center in the worst poverty I have ever encounteredin the favela of Catacumba, a desolate mountainside outside of Rio de Janeiro." In true Parks fashion, instead of giving a broad view without much depth, he focused on an individual affected by the larger story, just as he had done with Red Jackson, from the Harlem gang series.At just 12, Flavio da Silva was already dying, from tuberculosis. Flavio lived with his parents, brothers and sisters in a one-room shack. The images Parks created while living with the da Silva family illustrated the family's reliance on their dying son. "What Flavio cared most about," says Parks, "was that his younger brothers and sisters were taken care of. It was very noble of him. . . . I definitely learned more from Flavio about character than Flavio learned from me."After the story ran, LIFE readers contributed money to help with Flavio's medical care. Parks says that people sent in roughly $30,000 to bring Flavio to America. "I went back to Brazil and the doctors told me that Flavio would die on my hands if I took him to America.I took him anyway and after living there for two years, he was cured." When Flavio went back home to Brazil, Parks bought Flavio's father a new truck with the money everyone had sent in, and then LIFE donated $25,000 so that Parks could help the family buy a new home.BORN INTO BROTHELSCALCUTTA, INDIA5 PHOTOGRAPHY ESSAY TIPS1. FIND A TOPICPhoto essays are most dynamic when you as the photographer care about the subject. Make your topic something in which you find interest.LOOKING FOR WHAT OTHERS DONT SEE2. DO YOUR RESEARCHFor example, if you document a newborns first month, spend time with the family. Discover who the parents are, what culture they are from, whether they are upper or lower class. These factors will help you in planning out the type of shots you set up for your story.LOOKING FOR STORIES THAT HAVENT BEEN TOLD3. FIND THE REAL STORYAfter your research, you can determine the angle you want to take your story. The main factors of each story create an incredibly unique story.NOT AFRAID TO BE WHAT YOU ARE PHOTOGRAPHING4. Every dynamic story is built on a set of core values and emotions that touch the heart of its audienceJoy. Fear. Hurt. Excitement. The best way you can connect your photo essay with its audience is to draw out the emotions within the story and utilize them in your shots. This does not mean that you manipulate your audiences emotions. You merely use emotion as a connecting pointDOCUMENTARY/ TERU KUWAYAMA semi functional Polaroids and toy camera (its the photographer not the camera that makes the photo)Looks for the counter narrativeHas compassion for his subjects/ topics5. PLAN YOUR SHOTSVisualize each shot of the story, or simply walk through the venue/place/event in your mind, you will want to think about the type of shots that will work best to tell your story.ENVIRONMENTALPORTRAITURE5 SECOND PORTRAIT5 MINUTE PORTRAITFEELING THE LIGHTSUNARTIFICIAL REFLECTIONGLOWTIPSTry to avoid posed photos. No Snapshots!Try to capture emotion. Photograph faces not backs.Let your picture tell the story.Use different angles and perspectives.Avoid inanimate objects. Focus on people.Dont forget the Rule of Thirds.The Decisive Moment INANIMATE OBJECTSVS.DONT PHOTOGRAPH BACKSFACES FOR EMOTIONLET YOUR PICTURE TELL A STORYMore Mags In The FrayBlue Eyes MagazineSocial Documentary.netLunaticF-Stop MagazineVewdLens Culture & InterviewsThe Digital JournalistMedia Storm (audio & visual)File MagazineTravel Photography NetworkColours MagazineDeep SleepSee SawPhoto Eye MagazineAperture.orgReutersEVER WANT TO BE A NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC PHOTOGRAPHERYour ShotThis online contest allows photographers of all skill levels to submit their favorite images for possible publication in National Geographic. Each day a panel of editors selects 12 outstanding photographs to be published as part of the Daily Dozen.OTHER Freelance (blogging)Agency (getty, redux)Gallery ( Photography ( ME FOR INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION: 976 9842 976