photo flash and camera timer controller - high speed photography

Click here to load reader

Post on 03-Feb-2022

2 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

Microsoft Word - Universal Timer User Manual_RevA2.docPHOTO FLASH AND CAMERA TIMER CONTROLLER
USER GUIDE
Rev A2.
1. WARNINGS............................................................................................................................ 3
4. QUICK START GUIDE ......................................................................................................... 6
5. DESCRIPTION OF MENUS................................................................................................ 15
3
1. WARNINGS
To prevent damage to the product or injury to yourself or to others, read the following safety
precautions in their entirety before using this equipment.
KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDRENKEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDRENKEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDRENKEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN
Failure to observe this precaution could result in injury.
TURN OFF IMMEDIATELY IN THE EVENT OF TURN OFF IMMEDIATELY IN THE EVENT OF TURN OFF IMMEDIATELY IN THE EVENT OF TURN OFF IMMEDIATELY IN THE EVENT OF
MALFUNCTION.MALFUNCTION.MALFUNCTION.MALFUNCTION.
from the equipment remove the battery immediately,
taking care to avoid burns. Continued operation could
result in injury.
DO NOTDO NOTDO NOTDO NOT USE IN THE PRESENCE OF FLAMMABLE USE IN THE PRESENCE OF FLAMMABLE USE IN THE PRESENCE OF FLAMMABLE USE IN THE PRESENCE OF FLAMMABLE
GASGASGASGAS
flammable gas, as this could result in explosion or fire.
OBSERVE PROPER PRECAUTIONS WHEN OBSERVE PROPER PRECAUTIONS WHEN OBSERVE PROPER PRECAUTIONS WHEN OBSERVE PROPER PRECAUTIONS WHEN
HANDLING BATTERIESHANDLING BATTERIESHANDLING BATTERIESHANDLING BATTERIES
Batteries may leak or explode if improperly handled.
Observe the following precautions when handling
batteries for use in this product:
- Use only batteries approved for use in this
equipment.
- Be sure the product is off before replacing the
battery
- Do not expose the battery to flame or excessive heat.
- Do not immerse batteries or the product in or
expose to water.
DO NOT USE THE DO NOT USE THE DO NOT USE THE DO NOT USE THE TIMERTIMERTIMERTIMER WITH AC POWERED WITH AC POWERED WITH AC POWERED WITH AC POWERED
FLASH OR STROBE UNITSFLASH OR STROBE UNITSFLASH OR STROBE UNITSFLASH OR STROBE UNITS
Failure to observe this precaution could result in injury.
OBSERVE CAUTION WHEN USING THEOBSERVE CAUTION WHEN USING THEOBSERVE CAUTION WHEN USING THEOBSERVE CAUTION WHEN USING THE FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH
Do not operate the flash with the flash window
touching a person or object. Failure to observe this
precaution could result in burns or fire. Using the
flash close to the subject’s eyes could cause temporary
visual impairment. Particular care should be observed
when photographing infants.
flash cables. Some flash or strobe units can generate
voltages in excess of 250V on its contacts. Do not
connect or disconnect the flash from the timer or hot
shoe while the flash is powered or charged. Touching
the flash contacts or connectors may result in injury.
It is recommended to use a flash unit with low voltage
contacts or to use slave hot shoe wireless adapters.
BALLISTICS PHOTOGRAPHYBALLISTICS PHOTOGRAPHYBALLISTICS PHOTOGRAPHYBALLISTICS PHOTOGRAPHY
Do not use any type of firearms with this product as it
may result in injury or death.
VERIFY EQUIPMENT COMPATIBILITY BEFORE VERIFY EQUIPMENT COMPATIBILITY BEFORE VERIFY EQUIPMENT COMPATIBILITY BEFORE VERIFY EQUIPMENT COMPATIBILITY BEFORE
USING THE USING THE USING THE USING THE TIMERTIMERTIMERTIMER WITH YOUR FLASH WITH YOUR FLASH WITH YOUR FLASH WITH YOUR FLASH, , , , CAMERACAMERACAMERACAMERA
OR ANY OTHEROR ANY OTHEROR ANY OTHEROR ANY OTHER EQUIPMENTEQUIPMENTEQUIPMENTEQUIPMENT
Incorrect connections of the Universal Photo Timer to
your equipment or operation of your equipment
outside its designed limits may cause loss of warranty
or damage to your equipment. Universal Timer Ltd.
does not take any responsibility for a damage of your
equipment or loss of warranty.
4
2. INTRODUCTION
The Universal Photo Timer is a hand-held photo flash and camera timer controller.
It contains the following functions:
WIRELESS SHUTTER RELEASEWIRELESS SHUTTER RELEASEWIRELESS SHUTTER RELEASEWIRELESS SHUTTER RELEASE AND TIMER AND TIMER AND TIMER AND TIMER
Acts as an infra-red wireless shutter release capable of instantly triggering the shutter
without disturbing the camera. It can be used for long exposures (bulb mode) with
many SLR cameras. The controller can also be programmed to be trigged at regular
intervals to perform time lapse photography.
CAMERA AND FLASH TRIGGERCAMERA AND FLASH TRIGGERCAMERA AND FLASH TRIGGERCAMERA AND FLASH TRIGGER
It allows you to trigger the shutter of your camera or fire an electronic flash with a
programmable delay in response to a trigger.
FLASH SLAVE UNITFLASH SLAVE UNITFLASH SLAVE UNITFLASH SLAVE UNIT
Acts as a flash slave. Select between normal flash or pre-flash synchronization used
with digital cameras.
Universal Photo Timer allows you to capture rare split second events such as falling
drops, popping balloons or ballistics shots. In addition, you can setup the timer for
unattended operation to help you capture wild life pictures, or perform time lapse
photography.
The timer learns infra-red codes from your existing camera remote. It comes pre-
programmed with Nikon and Cannon camera codes. As an option, you can connect the
Timer to your camera with a shutter release cable (refer to section 8 for more
information).
The timer contains a number of built-in sensors and functions allowing you to capture
special photographic effects. Refer to Quick Start Guide Section for more information.
This manual provides information allowing the user to operate more advanced functions
such as camera and flash trigger. It is a tool allowing photographers to perform high
speed captures or wild life photography.
The manual assumes good familiarity with your photographic equipment.
5
Notes:
- The timer requires a 3.5mm jack to PC flash sync cord and/or hot shoe adapter (not included) for some
functions. By default flash sync output 2 is configured for high voltage, flash sync output 1 for low voltage.
- Sensors or IR extension cables require a 2.5mm jack (sensors and other accessories sold separately).
- The timer requires one 9V alkaline battery (not included).
- Infra-red transmitter is located at the front of the timer.
6
Using the timer as a wireless shutter release remote.
Using the timer in bulb mode.
Using the timer for time lapse photography.
Using the timer as a flash slave.
Learning new camera codes.
Learning new flash codes.
The user interface consists of a 4 digit numeric LED display and four buttons. Buttons
include MENU (M), SELECT (S), UP (+) and DOWN (-).
The MENU button is used to turn the unit on. (If the timer does not turn on after
pressing the MENU button, please replace the battery.)
The MENU button is used to return to the main menu.
The SELECT button is used to navigate through parameters.
The UP and DOWN buttons are used for editing values and cycling through main
functions.
Refer to section 4 for more details on menus and configuration.
7
Guide to high speed photographyGuide to high speed photographyGuide to high speed photographyGuide to high speed photography
The goal of the high speed photography is capturing objects in motion. You can
photograph events that follow a predictable sequence. In all cases you want to be able
to detect a trigger, wait for an event and take a picture.
For example, in order to capture a falling drop hitting the surface of water, first you
need to detect the time when the drop starts falling. Next, you create a delay between
the trigger and the event. Finally you take the picture. This is where the Universal
Photo Timer is used.
There are two methods for performing high speed photography with the timer. The first
method uses a shutter of a camera. The second method uses an electronic flash.
The main advantage of the shutter method is that it can be used outdoors. The subject
and the background can be fully illuminated. However, since the shutter is used to
freeze the motion of the subject, it offers a limited speed. Maximum speed of a shutter
could range from 1/4000sec to 1/8000sec, in some cases it may not be fast enough
(fast moving objects will become blurred).
Moreover, in cameras that have a focal plane shutter, a small slit moves across the
photographic plane at much slower speeds (1/250), thus exposing different parts of the
photographic plane at slightly different times.
Finally, there is a delay between the shutter release and the actual exposure. It could be
as much 100ms or more (depending on camera). In addition there could be a small
variation in timing, each time the camera takes a picture. Therefore this method should
not be used when high timing accuracy is required.
A simple way of determining your camera shutter lag is to take a picture of a falling
object. Place a measuring tape in the background. You can calculate the time based on
the distance traveled and its known acceleration.
The second method of high speed photography is the flash method. The picture is
taken by opening the shutter of the camera, activating the flash and closing the shutter.
The picture needs to be taken in a dark room. Because the room is dark, the long
exposure time will not have any effect on the final output. The flash light duration now
becomes the actual exposure time.
The main advantage of the flash method is the exposure speed and better timing
consistency. Electronic flashes are capable of light strobes with durations of 1/10,000
or faster (lower the power setting of the flash, the shorter the flash duration).
8
The lag between the trigger and the flash strobe is insignificant. The disadvantage of
this method is that the picture needs to be taken in a dark room to avoid the over
exposure. Also since the flash is used to make the exposure, it may be more difficult to
provide a uniform lighting or to illuminate the background.
The timer contains a number of useful features that take advantage of the integrated
flash and camera control. In particular FL-2 camera mode allows you to automatically
open the camera shutter, activate the flash in response to a trigger and automatically
close it immediately after the flash is activated. Refer to Section 5 for more information.
Always take the first pictures at a wide angle to asses the timing. For example with
falling drops you want to start with short delay and roughly establish the delay before
zooming in and fine tuning the delay. Always start with short delay. Locate your object.
Increase the delay and observe the changes.
In all cases you want to be able to create a setup for your photography with consistent
timing. You want to be able to remove all variation in timing.
Setup your flash for manual mode. Some flash units have a stand-by mode (to conserve
power). Make sure to turn this feature off (so that that your flash is always turned on),
otherwise it takes an additional time for it to activate.
Camera setup is critical. You will need to set it up for manual mode with fixed aperture
and shutter speed. Focus your lens and turn off auto focus. Make sure that such
features as delayed exposure are turned off.
Picture preview in digital cameras is extremely useful, however it may change your
timing. It takes longer for your camera to activate the shutter when the picture preview
is displayed on the screen. You can turn off the automatic preview after an exposure or
just make sure than the last picture is not displayed while taking a new picture.
9
Using the Using the Using the Using the timertimertimertimer as as as as a a a a wireless shutter release remotewireless shutter release remotewireless shutter release remotewireless shutter release remote....
When using the timer as a wireless shutter release, configure the camera for infra-red
remote operation. Familiarize yourself with your camera and confirm the location of the
IR receiver. In remote mode, your camera will stay active for a limited time before it
switches to stand-by mode. Increase this timeout as needed.
The wireless shutter release works by sending an infra-red code to the camera (similar
to codes sent to your TV from your remote control). The best results are achieved when
operating the timer in the line of sight of the camera IR receiver. Test the operating
distance first, since it will vary depending on your camera model and ambient
conditions.
The following setup configures the timer as a wireless shutter release (verify and change
the settings if required):
• If you want trigger a camera that uses an IR code other than the pre-
programmed code in the timer - learn the required codes through Fn-4 menu
(refer later sections on code learning).
• Fn-4 -> CAM CODE -> select actual code to be used C1, C2, C3-N or C4-N or
ALL. This selects the IR code to be transmitted when triggering camera.
• Fn-3 -> SCALE -> 1000. This configures timing to be edited in 0.1 sec steps.
• Fn-3 - > SOURCE - > MAN. This selects manual operation – trigger occurs when
the user presses select button.
• Fn-3 -> DEAD TIME -> 000.1 – re-trigger can occur every 0.1sec
• Fn-3 -> INC DELAY -> 0000 – the auto delay increment is disabled.
• Fn-3 -> REPEAT -> 0000 – once triggers occurs there are no repeated
exposures.
• Fn-3 -> MODE > STND – single exposure, exposure time controlled by camera.
• Fn-3 -> BULB ZERO DEL -> YES. – in bulb mode, the delay from the trigger to
the camera exposure is zero.
• Fn-3 -> SHUTOFF -> 4H. – in trigger mode, the unit will turn itself off after 4
hours without user input. In setup menus the timeout remains 15 minutes.
• Fn-3 -> WAKEUP CAM -> OFF. – the unit contains a feature to automatically
take a picture so that the infra-red receiver in the camera does not time out.
This turns off the feature.
Once configured with the settings as described above, the timer will always power-up
with the same settings.
• Fn-1, press SELECT to accept
• You should see DELAY, 000.0. Press SELECT to accept
10
• You should see a small LED on the left side of the display blinking. You are
ready now to take pictures. Point the front of the timer towards the camera and
press the SELECT button.
• Press the MENU button to exit.
Using the Using the Using the Using the timertimertimertimer inininin bulb mode. bulb mode. bulb mode. bulb mode.
Follow camera and timer setup instructions for wireless shutter release remote.
Configure your camera for BULB mode. Your camera needs to support bulb mode, such
that the first IR code sent from remote opens the shutter, the second code closes the
shutter.
Configure one parameter differently: Fn-3 -> MODE -> BULB (instead of STND)
Once configured with settings as described above, the timer will always power-up with
those settings.
• Fn-1, press SELECT
• You should see BULB, 001.0s. Edit the value for required bulb time. Please note
that some cameras may have a maximum time limit for bulb mode. Press
SELECT
• You should see a small LED on the left side of the display blinking. You are
ready to take pictures. Point the front of the timer towards the camera and press
SELECT button on the timer. The transmitter needs to point towards the camera
during the entire exposure. Please take note of camera battery life when taking
long exposures. Very long exposures may require a noise reduction processing
at the end of exposure.
• Press MENU button to exit.
11
Using the Using the Using the Using the timertimertimertimer for time laps for time laps for time laps for time lapseeee photography. photography. photography. photography.
Follow camera and timer setup instructions for wireless shutter release remote; except
for the following:
• Fn-3 -> REPEAT DELAY -> SEL, Press SELECT
• Fn-3 -> SHUTOFF ->OFF or select maximum time needed.
• Fn-3 -> WAKEUP CAM -> 5 or more. In remote mode your camera will stay
active for limited time before it enters stand-by mode. Set the WAKEUP CAM
parameter less than your camera timeout.
Follow the steps below to operate the shutter:
• Fn-1, press SELECT
• You should see REPEAT, 0000. Edit the value for number of exposures. Press
SELECT
• You should see REPEAT DELAY, 000.1. Edit the value for delay between
exposures. If REPEAT DELAY is longer than WAKEUP CAM duration, there will be
extra exposures. Press SELECT
• You should see a small LED on the left side of the display blinking. You are
ready to take pictures. Point the front of the timer towards the camera and press
SELECT button on the timer. The transmitter needs to point towards the camera
during the exposures. Please take note of camera picture capacity and battery
life when taking time lapse photography.
• Press MENU button to exit.
12
Using the Using the Using the Using the timertimertimertimer as a flash slave. as a flash slave. as a flash slave. as a flash slave.
The timer contains two flash sync outputs. They are activated at the same time. The
timer requires a 3.5mm jack to PC flash sync cord and/or hot shoe adapter for this
function. Connect one or two electronic flashes and set them up for manual mode.
The following setup configures the timer as flash slave (verify and change the settings if
required):
• Fn-3 - > SOURCE - > IR2. This selects pre-flash synchronization operation used
with digital cameras.
• Fn-2, press SELECT
• Set DELAY zero. Press SELECT
• You should see a small LED on the left side of the display blinking. You are
ready to take pictures. Point the left side of the timer towards the master flash.
Best results are achieved if there is a clear line of sight between master flash and
the timer. Recommended to use shutter sync speeds of 1/60sec or slower.
• Press MENU button to exit.
The timer supports high voltage flashes such as Vivitar 286, low voltage flashes such as
Canon Speedlite 430EX and Nikon SB600/SB600 Speedlights. Positive hot shoe voltages
only. The timer contains two independently opto-isolated circuits.
By default flash sync output 2 is configured for high voltage, flash sync output 1 for low
voltage.
You can change the flash output configuration be placing or removing a jumper shunt
inside the timer. You can remove the top cover of the enclosure of the timer by
unscrewing 4 screws on the back of the timer. Once you open the timer, locate two
jumpers next to flash sync output connectors. Removing the jumper configures the
output for high voltage flash, inserting the jumper configures the output for low voltage
flash units.
LearnLearnLearnLearninginginging new camera codes. new camera codes. new camera codes. new camera codes.
The timer allows programming of two new codes from your existing camera infra-red
remotes. Once the code is programmed you can select them through CAM CODE
setting (available in Fn-4).
Configure your camera for remote operation. Verify that your existing remote works
with the camera before programming the code. Do not use TV or other remotes during
learning process as it will interfere with the programming. Also, please note that some
laptops or PDAs may emit IR transmissions that will cause the timer to learn an incorrect
code.
Follow the steps below to program new code (same steps apply to both codes #1 and
#2):
• Enter Fn-4 -> 1 CAM MOD -> 40. Start with this modulation (40kHz). Press
SELECT
• Fn-4 -> 1 LEARN CAM -> YES. Press SELECT to start learning.
• You should see a small LED on the left side of the display turn on.
• At this time point your remote and activate it pointing it at the timer from
distance of one to two feet. Press and release the transmitter momentarily, do
not hold it for long. You have 30 seconds to transmit the code.
• Once the code…