personality attributes

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PersonalityPersonality AttributesPersonality TraitsPersonality typesPersonality featuresSelf-evaluation techniques


  • Major Personality Attributesthat influencing Behavior


    Anam Rauf GCUF

  • Attributes that affect PersonalityCore Self-EvaluationMachiavellianismNarcissismSelf-MonitoringRisk TakingType A vs. Type B PersonalityProactive Personality

  • Personality Attributes1. Core Self-EvaluationThe degree, about which an individual keep views about himself that can be positive and negative. There are two components:Self esteem: the degree to which person likes and dislikes himself.Locus of control

  • 1. Core Self-EvaluationLocus of control: A persons perception of the source of his fate is termed as locus of controlInternals: People who believe that they are masters of their own fate that is positive core self-evaluation. Externals: Individuals who believe that what happens to them is controlled by outside forces such as luck or chance i.e. negative self core-evaluation.

  • 1. Core Self-EvaluationPositive core self-evaluation:They are people with internal locus of control.They attribute organizational outcomes to their own actions.Outcomes of positive core self evaluationmore motivated to achieve make a greater attempt to control their environment do well on sophisticated tasks.more suited to jobs that require initiative and independence of action

  • 1. Core Self-EvaluationFor example: They believe that health is substantially under their own control through proper habits; their incidences of sickness and, hence, of absenteeism, are lower.

  • 1. Core Self-EvaluationNegative core self-evaluation:They are people with external locus of control and low esteem.they tend to dislike themselvesHave no capabilities to do workSee themselves powerless over the environmentOutcomes:more compliant and willing to follow directions less satisfied with their jobs have higher absenteeism ratesmore alienated from the work settingless involved on their jobs

  • Example of Negative Core Self-EvaluationAs an example, a student may believes that his or her homework, assignment and test result will come out in a bad or good luck. He may think that the teacher will give him an A but it will be not necessity by his own opportunities at what he is really doing or the thing that he has done.

  • 2. MachiavellianismNamed after Niccolo Machiavelli, who wrote in the sixteenth century on how to gain and use power. Machiavellianism is primarily the term that is use to describe a person's tendency to deceive and manipulate others for personal gain. There is element of gain and use of authority.

  • 2. MachiavellianismConditions Favoring High MachsDirect interaction with othersMinimal rules and regulationsEmotions distract for othersOutcomes of High MachsHigh Machs make good employees in jobs that require bargaining skills or that offer substantial rewards for winning.High Machs manipulate more, win more, are persuaded less, and persuade others more. they want power to leads other.

  • 3. Self-MonitoringIt refers to an individuals ability to adjust his or her behavior to external, situational factors.High Self-Monitoring:Individuals high in self-monitoring show considerable adaptability. They are highly sensitive to external cues,They can behave differently in different situations,they are capable of presenting striking contradictions between their public persona and their private self.

  • 3. Self-MonitoringLow Self-Monitoring:Low self-monitors cannot disguise themselves in different way. They also value honesty about inner feelings rather than acted-out emotions for the benefit of social interaction. They tend to display their true dispositions and attitudes in every situation resulting in a high behavioral consistency between who they are and what they do .

  • 3. Self-MonitoringOutcomes of High Self-monitoringHigh self-monitor is capable of putting on different faces for different audiences.High self-monitors tend to pay closer attention to the behavior of others.High self-monitoring managers tend to be more mobile in their careers and receive more promotions. Receive better performance ratingsLikely to emerge as leaders.

  • 4.NarcissismA Narcissistic Person The name "narcissism" is derived from Greek mythology. Narcissus was a handsome Greek youth who, had never seen his reflection, but because of a prediction by an Oracle, looked in a pool of water and saw his reflection for the first time. it was then he saw his reflection for the first time, not knowing any better he started talking to it. he fell in love with his own reflection in a pool, not realizing it was merely an image, and he wasted away to death, not being able to leave the beauty of his own reflection

  • 4.NarcissismDefinition:

  • 4.Narcissism

    Has grandiose sense of self-importanceRequires excessive admirationHas a sense of entitlementIs arrogantTends to be rated as less effective

  • 5.Risk TakingThe propensity to assume or avoid risk has been shown to have an impact on how long it takes managers to make a decision and how much information they require before making their choice. High Risk-Taking ManagersMake quicker decisionsUse less information to make decisionsOperate in smaller and more entrepreneurial organizations

  • 5.Risk TakingLow Risk-Taking ManagersAre slower to make decisionsRequire more information before making decisionsExist in larger organizations with stable environments

  • 6.Personality TypesType AsAre always moving, walking, and eating rapidlyFeel impatient with the rate at which most events take placeCannot cope with leisure timeAre obsessed with numbers, measuring their success in terms of how many or how much of everything they acquire

  • 6.Personality TypesType BsNever suffer from a sense of time urgency with its accompanying impatienceFeel no need to display or discuss either their achievements or accomplishmentsPlay for fun and relaxation, rather than to exhibit their superiority at any costCan relax without guilt

  • 7.Proactive PersonalityIdentifies opportunities, shows initiative, takes action, and perseveres until meaningful change occurs.

    Creates positive change in the environment, regardless or even in spite of constraints or obstacles.

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