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Personality

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Personality dimension # 1: Need for stability. Personality dimension # 2: Extraversion. Personality dimension # 3: Openness. Personality dimension # 4: Agreeableness. Personality dimension # 5: Conscientiousness. Part # 6: How large a part of your personality is learned?

TRANSCRIPT

  • Personality

  • Personality dimension # 1Need for stability

    Personality dimension # 2Extraversion

    Personality dimension # 3Openness

    Personality dimension # 4Agreeableness

    Personality dimension # 5Conscientiousness

    Part # 6How large a part of your personality is learned?

  • Personality dimension # 1

    Need for stability

  • Personality with high score on need for stabilityPersonality traits Excitable.Can be perceived as Easily irritated. Short-tempered. Has difficulty coping with stress. Overreacting. Unstable. Insecure.

  • Self development tips for people with high score on need for stability Communicate emotions. Drain the anger container.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality with low score on need for stabilityPersonality traits Calm. Emotionally stable. Not easily irritated. Copes well with stress.Can be perceived as Unconcerned. Uninspiring. Laid back.

  • Self development tips for people with low score on need for stabilityCreate a mental spreadsheet to highlight why something will work, and why it may not work.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality dimension # 2

    Extraversion

  • Personality with high score on extraversionPersonality traits Sociable. Gains energy by working / being with other people. Prefers to talk and act.Can be perceived as Dominant. Crushing debate. Attention seeking. Too energetic.

  • Source: http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm Extraverted people dont mind being the center of attention.

  • Sourcehttp://academicearth.org/lectures/personality-and-social-interaction-2-b, minute 5. Extraverted people tend to smile and wave.

  • There is strong correlation between extraversion and individualism.SourcesHofstede, Geert: Cultures and Organizations, p. 114.http://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 68-69, 73.

  • Extraversion relates to qualities of self confidence in social settings, assertiveness, and social involvement. Quelle: http://books.google.com/books?id=Fy9gXBgREtQC&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=social+competence+%22five+factor+model%22&source=bl&ots=lppSqReGKy&sig=JtFPbGY0N9QQRRi-YfvGPh31cBI&hl=en&ei=FgfXTMO2G4zvsgbG2-GPCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=social%20competence%20%22five%20factor%20model%22&f=false

  • There is zero correlation between being the best talker and having the best ideas. SourceThe power of quiet.http://youtu.be/rUaj7rj6MI8

  • SourceAdam Grant, University of Pennsylvania.Pink, Daniel: To sell is human: The surprising truth about moving others, location 1108.http://www.amazon.de/Sell-Human-Surprising-Influencing-ebook/dp/B00AO3K05S/ Sales revenue by levels of extraversion

  • Self development tips for people with high score on extraversion Listen and show you have listened. When talking, limit yourself to 4 sentences.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality with low score on extraversionPersonality traits Reserved. Gains energy by being / working independently / alone. Prefers to be quiet, think / reflect, read, listen, watch, write, draw.Can be perceived as Self absorbed. Too introspective.

  • Self development tips for people with low score on extraversion Create time-outs to recharge. Find an object that reminds you to relax your face.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality dimension # 3

    Openness

  • Personality with high score on opennessPersonality traits Curious. Creative. Preferring variety, doing what is new.Can be perceived as Unfocused. Too complex. Too innovative. Easily bored.

  • Source:William Maddux. Living abroad makes you more creative. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKcu_ztYCtk Openness is highly related to creativity

  • Research has found links between multiculturalism and creativity.

    One broad theme in this emerging body of work is that exposure to different cultures offers access to diverse ideas, promotes openness to new perspectives, and helps people link apparently disparate ideas to generate new ones. Sourceshttp://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/11-085.pdf Antonio, Chang, Hakuta, Kenny, Levin, & Milem, 2004.Cheng, Sanchez-Burks, & Lee, 2008. Leung & Chiu, 2008.Leung, Maddux, Galinsky, & Chiu, 2008. Maddux & Galinsky, 2009.

  • Study shows that people, who simultaneously identified with their home and host cultures while abroad came up with more ideas, and more unique ideas, than did their counterparts who identified with just one culture. Sourcehttp://blogs.wsj.com/atwork/2012/08/29/taking-a-job-overseas-do-it-right/

  • Various forms of multicultural exposure have been found to promote creativity.

    Maddux and Galinsky (2009) found evidence that living abroad and being immersed in a culture different from ones own promotes creative problem solving. Source: http://www.hbs.edu/research/pdf/11-085.pdf

  • We expect that openness to experience will be a valid predictor of one of the performance criteria, training proficiency.

    We believe that such individuals are more likely to be motivated to learn upon entry into the training program and, consequently, are more likely to benefit from the training.Source:Barrick, Murray R. & Mount, Michael K.:The big five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis.http://areadocenti.eco.unicas.it/virili/old/ApprofondimentiCO/BarrickMount%20PP91%20The%20Big%20Five%20personality%20dimensions%20and%20job%20performance%20-%20a%20meta-analysis.pdf

  • Source Guadagno, R. E. et al. Who blogs? Personality predictors of blogging. Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007.n = 89Bloggers are open

  • n = 278Source Guadagno, R. E. et al. Who blogs? Personality predictors of blogging. Computers in Human Behaviour, 2007.Bloggers are open

  • SourceFlorida, Richard: Whos your city, p. 196.OpenOpenOpenOpenOpenOpen

  • Respondents in low power distance countries tended to score higher on openness to experience than in high power distance countries.Sourcehttp://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 73.

  • Self development tips for people with high score on opennessRegulate your bouts of creativity. Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality with low score on opennessPersonality traits Pragmatic. Data driven.Can be perceived as Closed-minded. Conventional. Uncertainty avoidant. Preferring routine. Holding on to status quo.

  • Self development tips for people with low score on opennessChallenge yourself.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality dimension # 4

    Agreeableness

  • Personality with high score on agreeablenessPersonality traits Collaboration minded. Compassionate. Interested in others needs. Trusts others.Can be perceived as Nave. Easy to manipulate. Too considerate. Submissive.

  • In those occupations that involve frequent interaction or cooperation with others, we expect that two personality dimensions, extraversion and agreeableness, will be valid predictors.Source:Barrick, Murray R. & Mount, Michael K.:The big five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis.http://areadocenti.eco.unicas.it/virili/old/ApprofondimentiCO/BarrickMount%20PP91%20The%20Big%20Five%20personality%20dimensions%20and%20job%20performance%20-%20a%20meta-analysis.pdf

  • Source:http://nd.edu/~cba/Nice--JPSPInPress.pdf http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424053111904823804576502763895892974.html The researchers analyzed data collected over nearly 20 years from three different surveys, which sampled roughly 10,000 workers comprising a wide range of professions, salaries and ages. Study finds that agreeable workers earn significantly lower incomes than less agreeable ones.

    The gap is especially wide for men. Men who measured below average on agreeableness earned about 18% more - or USD 9,772 more annually in their sample - than nicer guys.

  • Self development tips for people with high score on agreeablenessChange your mindset from I want to be liked to I want to be perceived as fair. Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality with low score on agreeablenessPersonality traits Competition minded. Challenging.

    Can be perceived as only interested in own needs. Self promoting. Aggressive. Uncaring. Suspicious. Untrustworthy.

  • Uncertainty avoidance is associated with lower subjective well-being and higher xenophobia suggesting less agreeable mindsets.Sourcehttp://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 74.

  • Disagreeable people are not really interested in others and/or other peoples problems.Source: http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm

  • Study found that customers who scored lower in agreeableness and lower in emotional stability were more influenced by the positive emotion of the staff. Sourcehttp://bps-research-digest.blogspot.ch/2012/09/when-sales-staff-smile-everyone-wins.html

  • Self development tips for people with low score on agreeableness Articulate whats in it for others. Use humor. Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality dimension # 5

    Conscien-tiousness

  • Personality with high score on conscientiousneesPersonality traits Persistent. Self disciplined. Systematic. Thorough. Careful. Orderly.Can be perceived as Stubborn. Obsessive. Losing sight of the big picture. Risking to get a burn-out.

  • Source: http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm Conscientuous people are always prepared.

  • Sourcehttp://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~johnlab/pdfs/2008chapter.pdf p. 120.Examples of conscientious behaviour Arrive early or on time for meetings. Double check papers for spelling.

  • Conscientiousness is associated with high power distance.

    Respondents from poor countries tended to describe themselves as more conscientious than those from wealthier countries. Sourcehttp://www.psy.ed.ac.uk/people/awei/courses/folder.2008-11-03.1677181083/hofstede%20mccrae%20cross%20cult%20res%202004.pdf, p. 74 and 80.

  • Conscientiuous people tend to be happier with themselves and do what they think is right according to the cultural context. Source: http://hbr.org/2011/07/the-unselfish-gene/ar/4

  • Self development tips for people with high score on conscientiousnessAsk questions.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Personality with low score on conscientiousnessPersonality traits Flexible. Spontaneous.Can be perceived as Careless. Disorderly. Sloppy. Unreliable.

  • Self development tips for people with low score on conscientiousness Sleep on it before making a decision. Consult a devils advocate.Sourcehttp://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/

  • Part # 6

    How large a part of your personality is learned?

  • How large a part of your personality is learned?

    _____%How large a part of your personality is inherited?

    _____%

  • Personality traits are on average between 42% and 57% heritable.Source: Studies by Thomas Bouchard and Matt McGue.http://hbr.org/2011/07/the-unselfish-gene/ar/4

  • 6 creativity studies of identical twins show that 25% to 40% of what we do innovatively stems from genetics.

    That means that roughly 2/3 of our innovation skills come through learning.SourceDyer, Jeff; Gregersen, Hal & Christensen, Clayton M: The Innovators DNA: Mastering the Five Skills of Disruptive Innovators. Location 311.

  • Other sources related to the five factor model

    http://ipip.ori.org/newBigFive5broadKey.htm http://pages.uoregon.edu/sanjay/bigfive.html http://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~johnlab/pdfs/2008chapter.pdf http://blogs.hbr.org/cs/2012/02/are_successful_people_nice.html http://sloanreview.mit.edu/the-magazine/2012-spring/53312/how-to-become-a-better-leader/ http://www.outofservice.com/bigfive/ http://www.123test.com/personality-test/ http://test.personality-project.org/survey/consentform.html http://drphil.com/shows/bigfivepersonalityquiz http://youtu.be/Ar1kEN_ZPNM

    http://books.google.com/books?id=Fy9gXBgREtQC&pg=PA324&lpg=PA324&dq=social+competence+%22five+factor+model%22&source=bl&ots=lppSqReGKy&sig=JtFPbGY0N9QQRRi-YfvGPh31cBI&hl=en&ei=FgfXTMO2G4zvsgbG2-GPCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=8&ved=0CEcQ6AEwBw#v=onepage&q=social%20competence%20%22five%20factor%20model%22&f=false