perhitungan distilasi

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Data kalibrasi % etanol 0.96 air 0.04 densitas etanol 0.789 densitas air 1 gr/ml BM etanol 46 BM air 18 gr/mol 60% etanol, refluks total vol. etanol vol. air indeks bias X etanol X air 0 10 1.3300 0.0000 1.0000 1 9 1.3330 0.0307 0.9693 2 8 1.3350 0.0665 0.9335 3 7 1.3370 0.1088 0.8912 4 6 1.3385 0.1597 0.8403 5 5 1.3395 0.2218 0.7782 6 4 1.3400 0.2995 0.7005 7 3 1.3410 0.3994 0.6006 8 2 1.3415 0.5327 0.4673 9 1 1.3380 0.7195 0.2805 10 0 1.3340 1.0000 0.0000

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perhitungan distilasi,HETP

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KALIBRASIData kalibrasi% etanol0.96air0.04densitas etanol0.789densitas air1gr/mlBM etanol46BM air18gr/mol60% etanol, refluks totalvol. etanolvol. airindeks biasX etanolX air0101.33000.00001.0000191.33300.03070.9693281.33500.06650.9335371.33700.10880.8912461.33850.15970.8403551.33950.22180.7782641.34000.29950.7005731.34100.39940.6006821.34150.53270.4673911.33800.71950.28051001.33401.00000.0000

FRAKSIy = -0.035x2 + 0.036x + 1.33260%, totalsampelRef. indeksX mol etanolX mol airTdTb-0.111.1111.3280.111.32761650.8962.000082.0000-0.17508706471.175087064721.3250.17508706471.32462392390.824912935362.000082.0000-0.111.1131.3270.111.32761650.8962.000082.0000-0.15021144281.150211442841.3260.15021144281.32580266630.849788557262.000082.0000-0.19996268661.199962686651.3240.19996268661.32340186560.800037313462.000082.0000-0.17508706471.175087064761.3250.17508706471.32462392390.824912935362.000082.0000-0.17508706471.175087064771.3250.17508706471.32462392390.824912935362.000082.0000-0.15021144281.150211442881.3260.15021144281.32580266630.849788557262.000082.0000-0.15021144281.150211442891.3260.15021144281.32580266630.849788557262.000082.0000-0.15021144281.1502114428101.3260.15021144281.32580266630.849788557262.000082.0000-0.17508706471.1750870647111.3250.17508706471.32462392390.824912935362.000082.0000-0.15021144281.1502114428121.3260.15021144281.32580266630.849788557262.000082.0000-0.15594734661.1559473466ave0.15594734660.844052653462.000082.0000bottom1.33550.09817671811.33519700850.9018232819

-0.19996268661.199962686660%, parsial-0.111.11sampelindeks biasX mol etanolX mol airTdTb-0.111.1111.3240.19996268661.32340186560.80006386-0.111.1121.3270.111.32761650.89006386-0.111.1131.32750.111.32761650.89006386-0.111.1141.3280.111.32761650.89006386-0.111.1151.32750.111.32761650.89006386-0.111.1161.3270.111.32761650.89006386-0.111.1171.3270.111.32761650.89006386-0.08253094911.082530949181.32750.111.32761650.890061900.08415147270.915848527391.3280.111.32761650.890061900.05610098180.9438990182101.3290.08253094911.32879048830.917561901.0851867651111.3350.08415147271.33478160160.91585990121.3340.05610098181.33390947910.943961900.10856217420.89146287.6666666667bottom1.33550.06810782651.33428952810.931892173501-0.111.11-0.111.11-0.15021144281.1502114428-0.111.11-0.111.11-0.111.11-0.111.11-0.111.11-0.111.11-0.05502063271.0550206327-0.111.1170%, total-0.0996026731.099602673sampelindeks biasX mol etanolX mol airTdTb11.33201.3321628021.3270.111.32761650.89628031.3270.111.32761650.896280-0.111.1141.3260.15021144281.32580266630.84978855726280-0.111.1151.3270.111.32761650.896280-0.111.1161.32750.111.32761650.896280-0.111.1171.3270.111.32761650.896281-0.111.1181.32750.111.32761650.896281-0.09628610731.096286107391.3280.111.32761650.896281-0.111.11101.32750.111.32761650.896281-0.111.11111.330.05502063271.32991330280.94497936736281-0.111.11121.3280.111.32761650.896281-0.111.11ave0.0996026730.9003973276280.5-0.111.11bottom1.3420.51633519071.34125699580.4836648093-0.111.11-0.10885717561.1088571756

70%, parsialsampelindeks biasX mol etanolX mol airTdTb11.3280.111.32761650.89628121.32750.111.32761650.89628131.32750.111.32761650.89628141.32750.111.32761650.89628151.3280.111.32761650.89628161.32850.09628610731.32820921460.9037138927628171.3270.111.32761650.89628281.3280.111.32761650.89628291.3280.111.32761650.896282101.3280.111.32761650.896282111.3280.111.32761650.896282121.3270.111.32761650.896282ave0.10885717560.89114282446281.5bottom1.3420.51633519071.34125699580.4836648093

UNIC, 60, tot dis1PERHITUNGAN UNIQUACetanol 60%refluks totalTb335MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.62696430380.40839420272110.62696430380.4083942027150.05261383770.052613837711.9815524379170.01955883140.01955883140.34811448251

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.82703136190.82703136190.49189644770.171903028220.40839420270.40839420271.98155243791

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.155947346610.0834203194X air0.844052653420.0531214298150.1180476217170.7454106291JiLiJ12.1860157537L11.6325341624J20.7808714787L20.8831328545kskA1A2A3A410.51497477361-0.0212534526-0.01353403820.58381095440.162369935220.514974773620.06615542460.04212727510.14598844260.7077769884151.6023018565170.7891753129ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.57673485880.74691388380.1701790251.18551706952-0.85642021550.4040492416-0.45237097390.6361181427

UNIC, 60, tot botPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb355

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.64367368590.42952710882110.64367368590.4295271088150.06210844930.062108449311.9066582696170.02441210760.02441210760.369437151

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.83477914340.83477914340.49698861190.184392807320.42952710880.42952710881.90665826961

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.068107826510.0389999089X air0.931892173520.0248348476150.0551885503170.8809766931

JiLiJ12.4938211071L11.747571651J20.8908233037L20.9453633352

kskA1A2A3A410.4777615461-0.1147124484-0.07304802140.59649666270.179910837820.47776154620.03506250820.02232754060.06051367840.8735761738151.7388747254170.9029237348

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.5694924821.06458148430.49508900241.64064425382-0.99379789410.5758941569-0.41790373720.6584256072

UNIC, 60, par disPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb335

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.62696430380.40839420272110.62696430380.4083942027150.05261383770.052613837711.9815524379170.01955883140.01955883140.34811448251

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.82703136190.82703136190.49189644770.171903028220.40839420270.40839420271.98155243791

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.108562174210.0602108684X air0.891437825820.0383418266150.0852040591170.8162432458

JiLiJ12.3419498065L11.6926406972J20.8365730235L20.9156479815

kskA1A2A3A410.48532160821-0.0720514657-0.04588182950.60168334330.16549829920.485321608220.05066695810.03226433660.09886082850.7976689352151.7078180883170.8478315883

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.5796131270.90774527770.32813215071.38837243452-0.9295574760.491052314-0.4385051620.6449998711

UNIC, 60, par botPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb360.67

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.6481472330.4352715072110.6481472330.435271507150.06488185420.064881854211.8874122267170.02587934720.02587934720.37526593981

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.83685343110.83685343110.49847604860.18788240420.4352715070.4352715071.88741222671

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.068107826510.0389999089X air0.931892173520.0248348476150.0551885503170.8809766931

JiLiJ12.4938211071L11.747571651J20.8908233037L20.9453633352

kskA1A2A3A410.48306911561-0.112486822-0.07163075930.59081661580.183231328120.483069115620.03514103590.02237754640.06048647550.8735874554151.7220964497170.9033390782

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.5694924821.06126022160.49176773971.6352042822-0.99379789410.5740974924-0.41970040180.6572436994

UNIC, 70, tot disPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb335

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.62696430380.40839420272110.62696430380.4083942027150.05261383770.052613837711.9815524379170.01955883140.01955883140.34811448251

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.82703136190.82703136190.49189644770.171903028220.40839420270.40839420271.98155243791

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.09960267310.0556289998X air0.90039732720.0354241272150.0787202828170.8302265902

JiLiJ12.3739685293L11.7045065637J20.8480105016L20.9220669201

kskA1A2A3A410.47946766071-0.0826783177-0.05264892880.60516393340.166065409320.479467660720.0473828850.03017306360.09023718340.81453338151.728648461170.8594111534

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.57851302420.9422853750.36377235081.43874664742-0.94366029630.5097370653-0.43392323090.647961997

UNIC, 70, tot botPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb353.5

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.64247150420.42798963792110.64247150420.4279896379150.06138039580.061380395811.9118866384170.02403053450.02403053450.36787944121

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.83422171750.83422171750.49659814120.183465885420.42798963790.42798963791.91188663841

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.516335190710.2174684077X air0.483664809320.1384822407150.3077383127170.3363110388

JiLiJ11.4511552238L11.2853839387J20.5183703381L20.6953390704

kskA1A2A3A410.697601384810.20145453220.12828472570.46880066150.13469750420.697601384820.13342035590.08496107570.6049513871-0.0465388144150.972575286170.4580753217

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.35198472890.1727815481-0.17920318080.8359360362-0.39750812460.0934676072-0.30404051740.7378309709

UNIC, 70, par disPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb335

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.62696430380.40839420272110.62696430380.4083942027150.05261383770.052613837711.9815524379170.01955883140.01955883140.34811448251

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.82703136190.82703136190.49189644770.171903028220.40839420270.40839420271.98155243791

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.108857175610.060360647X air0.891142824420.0384372044150.0854160098170.8157861388

JiLiJ12.3409102356L11.6922528092J20.8362016761L20.9154381503

kskA1A2A3A410.48551297021-0.0717075982-0.04566285740.60156929150.165479498920.485512970220.05077297580.03233184780.09914628240.7971130039151.707137156170.8474530594

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.57963939390.90663246960.32699307571.38679187452-0.92909447890.4904503313-0.43864414760.6449102317

UNIC, 70, par botPERHITUNGAN UNIQUAC

etanol 60%refluks totalTb354.5

MolekulMain GroupKRkQkVk (1)Vk (2)CH3110.90110.84810CH2120.67440.5410OH51511.210H2O7170.921.401

Nilai rNilai qr (1)2.5755q (1)2.588r (2)0.92q (2)1.4

ekiamkki=1i=2km=1m=1m=5m=710.32766615150100156.430020.20865533230200156.4300150.4636785162015986.5986.50-229.117011713181318353.50

T amkkm=1m=1m=5m=71110.64327383960.42901545232110.64327383960.4290154523150.06186549630.061865496311.9083945547170.02428460780.02428460780.36891864791

Beta ikik=1k=2k=15k=1710.83459374330.83459374330.4968583110.184084008220.42901545230.42901545231.90839455471

FraksikTeta kX etanol0.516335190710.2174684077X air0.483664809320.1384822407150.3077383127170.3363110388

JiLiJ11.4511552238L11.2853839387J20.5183703381L20.6953390704

kskA1A2A3A410.698193286910.20148174970.12830205760.46832438560.135030389220.698193286920.13362676070.08509251270.6044690405-0.0463005674150.9715735315170.458485563

ln gama Cln gama Rln gamagama1-0.35198472890.1730373497-0.17894737930.83614989712-0.39750812460.0936059851-0.30390213940.7379330775

FENSKEPERHITUNGAN FENSKENilai AntoinekomonenABCI16.89583795.17230.918II16.38723885.7230.17variasiFraksiTemperaturGamma distilatGamma bottomX distilatX bottomT distilatT bottomGamma 1Gamma 2Gamma 1Gamma 2etanol 60% refluks total0.15594734660.068107826562821.18551706950.63611814271.64064425380.6584256072etanol 60% refluks parsial0.10856217420.06810782656287.671.38837243450.64499987111.6352042820.6572436994etanol 70% refluks total0.0996026730.51633519076280.51.43874664740.6479619970.8359360360.7378309709etanol 70% refluks parsial0.10885717560.51633519076281.51.38679187450.64491023170.83614989710.7379330775P sat AntoinRelatif VolatilityNmP1 distilatP2 distilatP3 bottomP4 bottoma distilata bottomave a51.386491933721.9277081413117.622323411851.40911863284.36742803244.26402384594.3157259392-22.945037061151.386491933721.9277081413145.959615315864.19122370055.04431364864.89444451674.9693790826-23.5352051251.386491933721.9277081413110.947890221448.41047300525.20343959645.08878979315.1461146948-3.98215652851.386491933721.9277081413115.361241476550.39271946895.03927140584.92270880374.9809901047-3.9849759334

Sheet4PERHITUNGAN EFISIENSI

diameter packing0.08cmh packing139cmHETP1.44cm

variasiNmh calculate% efisiensi% efisiensi mutlaketanol 60% refluks total-22.9450370611-33.040853368-23.770398106523.7703981065etanol 60% refluks parsial-23.53520512-33.8906953727-24.381795232224.3817952322etanol 70% refluks total-3.982156528-5.7343054004-4.12539956864.1253995686etanol 70% refluks parsial-3.9849759334-5.7383653441-4.12832039144.1283203914

Sheet5