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Penalty Enforcement. Status of Ball and Plays - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Penalty Enforcement

Status of Ball and Plays

Status of the ball there are only two possibilities its either a live ball foul or a dead ball foul. Unsportsmanlike fouls may occur while the ball is live or dead. Whatever the status of the ball, unsportsmanlike fouls are enforced as if they occurred after the play was over.

When the ball is live, one of two types of plays occurs: a loose ball play or running play.A loose ball play is action during a free kick or scrimmage kick, a legal forward pass, a backward pass (including the snap), an illegal kick or fumble by team A from in or behind the neutral zone prior to a change of team possession. The run or runs that proceed a legal or illegal kick, legal forward pass, backward pass or fumble is considered part of a loose ball play.A post-scrimmage kick (PSK) foul is a special king of loose ball play and has special enforcement.

Any other play is considered a running play.

SPOTSPrevious Spot is just what the name implies point at which the ball was last put in play by snap or free kick.

Succeeding Spot point at which ball will next be put in play either by snap or free kick.

Basic Spot point of reference for penalty enforcement. For a loose ball play other than PSK, the basic spot is the previous spot. The basic spot is the end of the run for a running play.

Dead Ball Spot spot under the foremost point of the ball when it becomes dead by rule.

PSK Spot where the kick ends.

All But One PrincipalFor many fouls, the enforcement spot is given as part of the statement of the penalty. Example encroachment, illegal shift, illegal motion are always enforced from the previous spot. But for many fouls, the rule book refers to the basic spot, not a specific location on the field. Those penalties are enforced according to the three-and-one principal, referred to as the all-but-one principal.

All-but-one determines the spot from which the penalty is stepped off. Key to using that principal if the notion of the basic spot. The basic spot is not a fixed location on the field; its a benchmark for locating the enforcement spot and varies according to the type of play.

The basic spot (except for PSK) can only be either the previous spot of the end of the run; there are no other candidatesAll But One PrincipalFor running plays in which the run ends beyond the neutral zone, the basic spot is the end of the run. Same is true for running plays when there is no neutral zone, kick returns, interception returns and other plays involving change of team possessionFor running plays which end behind the neutral zone, the basic spot is the end of the runFor legal forward pass plays and for kick plays that do not involve PSK, the basic spot is the previous spot.If the team that does not have the ball commits a foul, enforce the penalty from the basic spot regardless of where the foul happens.If the team in possession commits a foul, the enforcement spot depends on where the foul was committed. If it happens beyond the basic spot, go back to basic spot for enforcement. If it occurs behind the basic spot, enforce from the spot of the foul.

All But One Principal

Applying the all-but-one principal is easy when you follow the recipe: Where is the basic spot, and where did the foul occur in relation to the basic spot? Answering those questions will allow you to correctly enforce any penalty that is governed by the all-but-one principal.Live Ball Foul by Team AAt or beyond end of the runBehind end of the runPenalty enforced from end of the runPenalty enforced from spot of the foul End of the run or foul in team As end zoneSafetyFouls During Running PlaysLive Ball Foul by Team BPenalty enforced from end of the runAnywhereEnd of the run or foul in team As end zoneEnforce from team As goal lineIfIfRunning Play Team A FoulsFirst and 10 for team A from its own 20. A1 carries to team A 35 yard line. A2 is flagged for holding at team A 25 yard line.

Is this all-but-one enforcement?Where is basic spot?Penalize from spot of foul 1st and 15 for from A 15.

Same play but team fouls at team A 40.Is this all-but-one enforcement?Where is basic spot?Enforce from end of run, 1st and 5 for A from 25.Running Plays Team B FoulsBasic rule is to enforce any defensive foul on a running play from the end of the run.

First and 10 for team A from its own 20. A1 carries to As 35. B2 is flagged for grabbing but not twisting As facemask. Foul occurs at teams A 25.

Ball loose behind lineTeam As foul occurs behind lineTeam As foul occurs beyond linePenalty enforced from spot of the foulPenalty enforced from Previous spot Spot of the foul is team As end zoneSafetyFouls During a Backward Pass, Fumble or Legal Forward PassBall loose beyond lineTeam As foul occurs behind spot of fumble or backward passTeam As foul occurs beyond spot of fumble or backward passPenalty enforced from spot of the foulPenalty enforced from spot of fumble or backward pass Spot of the foul is team As end zoneSafetyIfIfFirst and 10 for A from its 30. A1 legal forward pass is incomplete beyond line. Holding is called at team A 45 on (a) A2 or (b) B3.In either case the penalty is enforced from the previous spot.

Fouls During a Backward Pass, Fumble or Legal Forward PassTeam B fouls while ball is loose; loose ball occurs beyond lineTeam B fouls while ball is loose; loose ball occurs behind linePenalty enforced from spot of fumble or backward passPenalty enforced from previous spotFirst and 10 for team A from team B 30 yard line. Team A legal forward pass from behind line is complete to A33 to B 10. Team B is flagged for holding on team B 25.

Where is enforcement?

Roughing the passer complete passChange of possession, run ends behind neutral zone or play resultsRun ends beyond neutral zone, no change of possessionPenalty enforced from previous spotPenalty enforced from dead ball spotRoughing the Passer on Legal Forward PassesRoughing the passer incomplete passFirst and 10 for A from its 40. Legal forward pass to A2 is complete to B 45. A2 fumbles at B45 but recovers at B 40. Roughing passer is called on B2.

Where is dead ball spot?Either team fouls during the kickPenalty enforced from previous spot.Fouls on Free Kick PlaysEither team fouls after the kick ends (ball does not become loose during the run)Foul occurs behind end of the runFoul occurs beyond end of the runFoul by team KPenalty enforced from end of the runFoul by team RPenalty enforced from spot of the foulPenalty enforced from end of the runK free kicks from its own 40. R5 catches kick on own 5 and returns to team A 40. During run, R6 clips at team Rs 10.

Fouls that occur after the receivers catch or recover the free kick are fouls during a running play. Enforce team R foul from spot of foul.

Team K free kicks from its 40. R1 holds while ball is in flight. R2 catches ball on 5 and returns to team R 20.

Type of play?K will re kick after 10 yd penalty is enforced from previous spot. If K declines, teams R ball 1st and 10 from 20.

Foul before change PSK not involvedTeam B foulsTeam As foulsRunning PlayTeam B must decline penalty to keep ballPenalty enforced from spot of fumble or backward passPenalty enforced from previous spotFouls on Change of Possession PlaysTeam last gaining possession must decline penalty to keep ballBoth Teams FoulTeam last gaining possession fouled before final changeTeam last gaining possession did not foul before final changeFouls offset, replay downLoose Ball PlayIf B fouls prior to change of possession, the ball is returned to team A and team Bs foul is enforced form spot of fumble or backward pass.

First and 10 for team A from its 40. A1 advances to A 45 when B2 grabs and twist A1 facemask. A1 reaches 50 and fumbles, where B3 recovers the loose ball.

Because B fouled prior to gaining possession, it cannot keep the ball. Ball is returned to A and penalty is enforced from the spot of the fumble. Team A ball first and 10 from B 35. Team A fouls after Team B has possessionDead ball in field of playBall dead in team Bs end zonePenalty enforced from end of runTouchback enforce from team Bs 20 yardlineFouls on Change of Possession PlaysBall dead in team Bs end zoneTeam B provided the forcePenalty enforced from the goallineTeam A provided the forceThird and 5 for Team A from As 30. A8 legal forward pass is intercepted by B41 at 50. During Bs return to 10 yard line, A8 is flagged for block below waist at Bs 25.

What type of play?? Penalty is enforced from end of team B run. 1st and goal for B at 5.

Team B fouls after team B has possessionTeam B fouls in the field of playTeam B fouls in its own end zonePenalty enforced using all-but-oneSafety for team ABall dead in the field of playFouls on Change of Possession PlaysTeam B fouls after team B has possessionBall dead in team Bs end zoneTeam A provided the forceTeam B fouls in team Bs end zoneSafety for team ABasic spot is team Bs 20 yardlineFouls on Change of Possession PlaysSafety for team ATeam B provided the forceTeam B fouls in the field of playTeam B fouls in team Bs end zoneSafety for team ATeam B fouls in the field of playTeam K foulsFrom snap until kick endsFoul occurs at or beyond linePenalty enforced from previous spotFouls on Scrimmage Kick PlaysSpot of foul is in team Ks end zoneFoul occurs behind linePenalty enforced using all but oneSafetyIfException: If team K commits kick-catching interference, team R may choose a 15 yard penalty from the previous spot or an awarded fair catch at he spot of the foul. Team K foulsAfter Kick EndsFouls on Scrimmage Kick PlaysPenalty Enforced from End of RunTeam R fouls(PSK)Foul occurs behind end of kickPenalty enforced using all but oneFouls on Scrimmage Kick Play

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