patrick geurts, sita, european data link challenges

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Patrick Geurts, Senior Manager, Air Traffic Solution Business Development, spoke on European Data Link Challenges at World ATM Congress 2014

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  • 1. European Data Link Challenges WAC Aviation Arena 4/Mar/2014 By: Patrick GEURTS, Senior Manager ATM Business Development

2. 2 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 Contents 1. Quick Historical View 2. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe 3. The Challenges associated with the Implementing Rule 4. Conclusion 3. Quick Historical View 3 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 4. SITA: Operating the AIRCOM data link services for 25+ years Initially based on ACARS In support to AOC European Data Link Mandate Introducing CPDLC/ATN in European upper airspace Based on VDLm2 Sharing the same infrastructure for AOC and ATC Challenges 4 Introduction | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 5. 5 A/G Data Link for AOC Purpose Airline Operations depend on Data Link Aircraft Maintenance Engine reports via ACARS enable preventive maintenance avoiding costly in-flight breakdowns Operations Control Aircraft movement reports via ACARS key to synchronize operations through airports Flight Planning Flight plans & weather transmission to cockpit enable efficient operation of modern aircraft Airline Operations have already made the transition to Data Link | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 6. 6 SITA support for FANS & ATN 1995 : SITA supports FANS-1 usage since first certification 2000 SITA deploys VDL capability developed in 1990s 2005 SITA adds operational ATN routers for Eurocontrol 2008 SITA is ATN/VDLm2 CSP for Eurocontrol Maastricht SITA has VDL partnerships with ANSPs of Germany, France, Switzerland, Spain, Portugal, Saudi Arabia. ATC Center Airline FANS CPDLC/ ACARS/VDL ICAO CPDLC/ ATN VDL ATN Router ACARS Processor AOC ACARS/ VDL | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 7. SITA VDLm2 Coverage in Europe VDL service delivered: in Spain through partnership with AENA in Germany through partnership with DFS in France through partnership with DSNA in Portugal through partnership with NAV Portugal In Switzerland through partnership with Skyguide 7 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 8. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe 8 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 9. 9 Contents 1. Quick Historical View 2. Implementing ATN/VDLm2 in Europe 3. The Challenges associated with the Implementing Rule 4. Conclusion | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 10. VGS Partnership Model Win / Win Approach - SITA outsources the provision of its A/G communication service (AOC, ATC) to the ANSP - SITA contributes to the ANSP costs for operating the A/G infrastructure - The ANSP deploys a state-of-the art A/G datalink communication infrastructure at a fraction of the costs it would sustain if developed from scratch - The ANSP owns and operates the infrastructure and develops its know-how - The ANSP receives a cost contribution that is directly linked to the volume of AOC traffic 10 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 11. 11 ATN Service Model | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 12. The Challenges associated with the Implementing Rule 12 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 13. 13 The Challenges associated with the Mandate VDLm2 multifrequency Testing and Certifying Performance/PAs AOC/ATC Co-existence Non-AOC Operators | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 14. Performance / PAs 14 ATN Provider Abort: investigation within Data Link Implementation Service Group (Eurocontrol CRO, ANSP, CSP, airlines, aircraft and avionics manufacturers) Detected and investigated since the early implementation of ATN CPDLC during LINK2000+ PSG meeting, now DLISG. Several problems have been confirmed and corrected (CSP radio or network, VDR Deafness, CMU software) New problems appear and require further investigations. | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 15. Performance / PAs 15 An agreed service monitoring scope is required taking into account the complete end to end service delivery chain Role of the Central Reporting Office Harmonization of indicators, their metrics and the reporting process If investigations indicate frequency congestion, then stakeholders may consider to expedite multi frequency in Europe This is a dynamically changing ecosystem | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 16. Certification Framework 16 ATC usage of data link requires aviation certification authority intervention European Aviation Safety Agency plans to certify ATC use of VHF data link and in some way the VHF data link networks used impact is unclear Regulatory framework (i.e. Regulation 552/2004) applies to ATC Components or systems, but what about a service? ATC usage can create liabilities that cannot be sustained or justified by airline community VHF data link network operators ANSPs often need to comply with government policy on contractual liability which may be incompatible with airline community network operator policies Better certification harmonization is required at European Levels Avoid contradicting national requirements Streamline and optimize the certification process | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 17. Other Challenges 17 How to reach non-AOC aircraft? Rules of Engagement defined by the Link 2000+ Program Need to raise awareness of non-AOC aircraft Operators VDL Multi-frequency CSC Channel loading is increasing but still low (av. ~ 10%) If investigations conclude CSC congestion, then stakeholders may consider to expedite multi frequency in Europe Deployment of multi frequency will require close cooperation between all operators Tight Schedule Limited Resources The next deadline, February 2015, is around the corner All ANSPs in the 2015 group are knocking at the door We have to address requests in sequence | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 18. Conclusions 18 | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 19. Real time monitoring of the end to end service should be done/coordinated at European level Certification and performance requirements imposed by ATC usage of VDL should be harmonized in Europe Airlines and ANSPs need to recognize that ATC usage of VDL will fundamentally change the VHF data link network operation ATC sharing of VDL avionics is a compromise it avoids airlines needing additional avionics but the resulting sharing of VDL channels and stations requires the networks to change to meet ATC requirements SITA is keen to continue the collaboration to further investigate VDL / ATN issues, but it must be a joint effort from all communication operators (CSPs and ANSPs) as well as other parties like airframers and avionic vendors 19 Conclusion | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014 20. Thank You! 20 PSBD/ACS | European Data Link Challenges| WAC 4 Mar 2014 | SITA 2014