Paragarph transitions

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<ul><li> 1. Paragraphs and Transitions ENGL 121Howard Community College</li></ul> <p> 2. What is it?A paragraph is a collection of related sentences dealing with asingle topic.Purdue University OWL 3. Paragraphs: Basic RuleKeep One Idea to One ParagraphPurdue University OWL 4. Elements of a ParagraphUnity: The entire paragraph should concern itself with a single focus.Coherence: Build bridges throughout paragraphA topic sentence: A topic sentence is a sentence that indicates in a general way what idea or thesis the paragraph is going to deal with.Adequate development: next slideTransitions: more laterPurdue University OWL 5. Adequate Development ofParagraph Use examples and illustrations Cite data (facts, statistics, evidence, details, and others) Examine testimony (what other people say such as quotes andparaphrases) Use an anecdote or story Define terms in the paragraph Compare and contrast Evaluate causes and reasons Examine effects and consequences Analyze the topic Describe the topic Offer a chronology of an event (time segments) Purdue University OWL 6. When do I start a new paragraph?When you begin a new idea or point.To contrast information or ideas.When your readers need a pause.When you are ending your introduction or starting your conclusion. Purdue University OWL 7. Transitionsbridges between parts of your paper 8. Dont try this at home!DanzitionsUrban Dictionary says term was coined from The Soups host Joel McHale as a way to describe the awkward transitions on The Tony Danza showExample: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=aBqny_xQ0IE 9. How do transitions help the writer? help you carry over a thought from one sentence to another, fromone idea to another, or from one paragraph to another with wordsor phrases. transitional devices link your sentences and paragraphs togethersmoothly 10. How do they help the reader?They are cues that help the reader to interpret ideas in theway that you, as a writer, want them to understand. 11. You need transitions ifYour instructor has written comments like "choppy," "jumpy," "abrupt," "flow," "need signposts," or "how is this related?" on your papers.Your readers (instructors, friends, or classmates) tell you that they had trouble following your organization or train of thought.You tend to write the way you thinkand your brain often jumps from one idea to another pretty quickly.You wrote your paper in several discrete "chunks" and then pasted them together. http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/transitions.html 12. ExamplesTo Compare/Contrast:To Add: whereas, but, yet, on the and, again, and then, other hand, however,besides, equally nevertheless, on theimportant, finally, other hand, on thefurther, furthermore, contrary, by comparison,nor, too, next, lastly, where, compared to, upwhats more, moreover, against, balanced against,in addition, first (second, but, although,etc.) conversely, meanwhile, after all, in contrast, although this may be true 13. ExamplesTo Give an Example:To Show Exception: for example, for instance, yet, still, however, in this case, in another nevertheless, in spite of, case, on this occasion, in despite, of course, once in this situation, take the casea while, sometimes of, to demonstrate, to illustrate, as an illustration, to illustrate 14. You try!Example 1:Example 2:I have seven pairs of red Going back to college willshoes. I dont have any be difficult. I have notpurple shoes. I do notbeen in school for over 10need to buy more shoes. years. I am married withTheres no money in the four children. I will try mybank. best to balance work,family, and school.</p>