Paradigm Study in the New Rural Landscape Design and Innovation
Post on 17-Mar-2017
Paradigm Study In The New Rural Landscape Design and Innovation
Luoshi Road, School of Art and Design and Hua Xia College of Wuhan University of Technology,
Wuhan, Hubei, 430070, China
Key words: new rural countryside, design innovation, landscape design, design study.
Abstract: It is the starting point and destination of the planning of the new rural construction to design the new rural landscape, protect th e village environment, historical and cultural heritage,
maintain the system of grass- roots belief and establish a dynamic and harmonious society. The old
village should not be completely razed, and also it should not be completely changed by the city.
Through the patterns of the village landscape, the ecology, history, culture of the rural landscape and
the process of social life can go with continuity and regeneration.
Since the propose on of the construction of new socialism countryside at the Seventeenth National
Congress of the Communist Party of China, the government throughout the country, the planning and
design institute of the landscapes response positively and the rural landscapes all our countries have
gone an unprecedented constructed. But all of them have the same pattern when they were
investigated locally. There is neither cultural property nor folk roots. If things go on in this way it
must lead to the loss of native culture. In this paper, it mainly from the angle of landscape planning to
discuss the following aspects such as the misunderstanding, principles and contents of the landscape
design of new countrysides to try to find a correct path of new rural landscape design.
The new rural Landscape Design Status
Many overall planning projects in towns and villages are all completed by architects, planners, yet
the landscape designers rarely participate from the beginning phase which leads to the passiveness of
the landscape design. So in the landscape design of the towns and the villages, it is still in disorder,
and has no uniform landscape planning. 
1) The awareness of the majority farmers has not be formed. Through investigation, it is found that neither the government orgnazation of villages and towns
nor various types of building owners, quite a part of people have not aware the importance of rural
landscape design and their awareness is still in a drowsy state. This will directly lead to the residents
without consciousness of protecting vernacular landscape relics and folk features and it is designed
destructively by the landscape designers to the blind spots of local culture.
2) The serious "image project" "Image project" brings "beautification under upstart consciousness". The construction of new
socialist countryside is simply regards as "wide roads, ocean housing" by some leaders who are eager
in the pursuit of political cadres. And it results in irreversible destructive construction of China's rural
land ecological and native heritage landscape. The new rural construction has become a fig leaf in
certain poor rural. The rural backward mud tile- roofed house was tightly covered by the so called"
cultural landscape wall".
3) Uncivilized phenomenon of rural landscape With the development of economic strength, it appears a batch of rich villages and towns. But these
rich peasants in the process of the construction of towns and villages consist a lot of villas have not
achieve best cost- effective of the investment. And it mainly performs in space, words, advertisement
and garbage and other actions that will pollute people's visual. The visual pollution can greatly reduce
and meanwhile mislead the perception degree of rural landscape beauty. 
Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 253-255 (2013) pp 89-92Online available since 2012/Dec/13 at www.scientific.net (2013) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerlanddoi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.253-255.89
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The Principles of New Rural Landscape Design
In view of the current development of the construction of new rural and the result of on-the-spot
investigation, the demolition activities in the new rural landscape design and planning are should not
be done dramatically. Neither the economic conditions allowed, nor did it meet the scientific
philosophy of low carbon environmental. Under this background, the landscape planning of villages
and towns should be on the basis of respecting the original morphology of the country and put an end
to the ruthless destruction of natural mountains. For it should focus on the historic building repair,
maintain the original. Through years of design experience of new countryside the following
principles are summed up.
The landscape designers should actively involve in many types of multidisciplinary cooperation
during landscape planning and make the landscape planning scheme with implement.
During the process of landscape design, peoples involvement in the landscape elements not only
should be taken seriously but also the embodiment of the masses on the Sui before it should be paid
more attention to. Before the design understanding the public opinions and afterwards reflect public
opinions can not only put an end to the phenomenon of the" cultural modesty wall", but also it can
minimize the blind cultural heritage at the most. The ultimate goal of village landscape design is
providing the villagers with better space facilities and social environment in their living, work and
culture needs. The point people-oriented should be put in the construction of new rural, and the
relationship between human beings and space environment should be well handled. We should create
pleasant activity space and leisure living atmosphere. According to the order of
"people-Landscape-people" to express the design intention, study the behavioral psychology of the
relationship between the landscape and green space and meanwhile make the landscape possessed
with ecological function, recreational function and other features and find the most suitable
environment balance of these functions.
Remediation plan should highlight the village characteristics and reflect the local flavor. Many
villages have the unique geographical environment, natural landscape, cultural customs and
landscape and if these special development conditions were use or grasp properly, then a typical
characteristic can be formed to bring social and economic benefits and development foreground to the
country. Local color leaf trees, fruit trees and blossom tree species act as the courtyard and the village
green trees of each and every family in many countrysides, which was a good mining and utilization
in the embodiment of local culture landscape environment construction. The local tree species were
determined as the village trees which can be used in public activities, such as center small garden and
the landscape node. Gradually a new ecological countryside with a strong local flavor can be formed.
1) The harmony principle between human beings and nature It will be in mutual coordination and harmonious coexistence between human beings and nature
through environmental design and create a high-quality living environment, thus enhance the quality
of life. In addition, we must avoid the contending for land and farm land with farmers, only can we
use the idle wasteland, roads, canals, lakes and courtyards outside the farmland to carry out the
construction. The best work of the garden courtyard is the organic combination of the three
2) The sustainable economic development principle The construction of rural landscape is always in an awkward, neglected status largely due to
economic reasons. Practical considerations in construction are regards as of importance in all
The paradigm study of the new rural landscape design innovation
Rural characteristic economy gets a swift and sharp development and the industrial structure is
optimized ceaselessly, the agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, aquaculture and orchard planting
modes ripen gradually. It should reflects the characteristics of ecological environmental protection
and rich civilization and the regional property in the new rural landscape planning. A new rural
landscape pattern is being formed by new rural ecological landscape, new rural production and new
rural settlement landscape.
90 Sustainable Development of Urban Infrastructure
We should suit our measures to local conditions, in the light of its general trend to maintain the
original species composition, the integrity of ecological system and construct a typical ecology
landscape according to the geographic conditions, geological conditions and climate of the specific
new rural environment.
1) new countryside landscape design in plain type The areas of plain farmland has the open vision, the regular rectangular farmland landscape is the
background of the new rural landscape. A small number of villages and planting surrounding the
houses are the plaque of the new rural landscape, the arranged irrigation canals in a crisscross pattern
are the corridor. Such as the farmland ecological security, farmland productivity, biodiversity
conservation, sustainable land use, landscape and leisure experience. It requires increasing the
landscape ecological engineering construction content, consolidating the relationship between
agricultural production and land sustainable utilization in the developing process of the new rural
farmland landscape planning. And also we should maintain farmland biodiversity, construct new
2) New rural productive landscape design Rural area is mainly based on the agricultural production. The productive landscape of the new
countryside is critical to human survival. Human beings and nature should be in harmony in the
transform process and the natural peace, "the unity of heaven and man" should be reflected. In these
days, the concept of green and ecological environmental protection is in ceaseless day by day, the
status of agriculture and tourism are promoted increasingly and go sightseeing agriculture
development road has become "green economy" mainstream. 
3) New rural area of planting landscape design The unique agricultural planting should be restored, new rural plantation landscape should be
developed, concentrated planting plaque should be protected in the construction of new rural. The
plaque reduction trend due to human activities should be changed. Meanwhile we should return the
original ecological landscape structure to the land. The sound natural features and the relative
stability of the balance of ecological environment of new countryside should be developed. New
socialist countryside has a variety of vegetation, and in the whole consideration of land utilization,
biological and time resources and other aspects.
4) New rural aquaculture landscape design New rural breeding landscape brings rich content and interests to the new rural landscape. And the
rural breeding landscape consists of animal landscape and fishery landscape. In the former landscape,
animal is the main component of animal resources, Water sources should be protected and fish habitat
can be provided if proper artificial waters are excavated and achieve the purpose of the richness for
the new rural landscape. The new rural landscape should be known by us and the rural pastoral life be
experienced. Rural tourism economy should be developed combination with production, life and
ecological. Then we can feel the sheep hillside, chickens and ducks in courtyard. We can experience
the exciting and wonderful of catching fish, appreciate the pictures of compete of fish, shrimp and
turtle for food. 5) New rural settlement landscape design
The locations of traditional village settlement in China are mostly close to the mountains and rivers which represents the Chinese traditional culture and values. Standing in the North and with its face to the South, and meanwhile with its face to water and mountain on the back is the basic pattern of Chinese traditional settlement and location of buildings. Following this, the village settlement formed is combined skillfully with the natural environment into an organic object of typical ecological significance. Different forms and styles reflect the diversity characteristics of national culture. The new rural landscape construction should be strengthened, the ancient villages and ancient ruins with historical and cultural value should be protected. The connotation and characteristics of the new rural village must be fully taped. The rural characteristics, local characteristics and national features should be paid attention to. In this paper, the new rural landscape is analyzed. Under the promotion of new thought, new materials and the use of new technology, the form of new rural settlement needs to follow local traditions, realize the inheriting of tradition perfectly, and carry forward the modern mission besides meeting the modern lifestyle.
Applied Mechanics and Materials Vols. 253-255 91
The new rural landscape has simple and natural beauty and keeps a direct and close contact with
people's ordinary life. The new rural landscape is comprehensively composed of the rural ecological
landscape, rural production landscape and the rural settlement landscape, which is the development
direction of the modern new rural landscape. Using scientific theory to guide the planning of new
rural landscape is promoted, and a new rural landscape pattern with regional characteristics of the
resources and features in one accord. At the same time a settlement environment of sustainable
development should be constructed and this pace of new rural area construction been advanced. The
exploration on the innovation paradigm study of rural landscape design under the background of new
countryside construction plays an important part in the new rural landscape construction throughout
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92 Sustainable Development of Urban Infrastructure
Sustainable Development of Urban Infrastructure 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.253-255 Paradigm Study in the New Rural Landscape Design and Innovation 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.253-255.89