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  • 1. Paper Clips
    A common item with an uncommon story

2. Early Paper Fasteners
Fastening papers has been found as early as the 13th century
Before paper clips, most people used sewing pins to fasten papers
Inventor John Ireland Howe is invented a machine to mass produce these pins in 1835
3. Early Paper Clips
There are over 50 patents for devices that claim to fasten papers together
The first paper clips showed up in the 1860s
There are three people commonly credited for inventing the paper clip
4. George McGill
One of the most know inventors of paper clips. Due largely to the fact that he was granted 15 different patents from 1888 to 1903.
His patent from 1903 is similar to the common paper clip today. However, he doesnt receive credit inventing it because that design had already been invented and patented years earlier.
5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Paper Clips Project
Linda Hooper, a middle school teacher in Whitewell, TN, wanted her students to truly understand how vast the number of Jews executed during the Holocaust was.
How did she do it?
15. Paper Clips
Produced by Joe Fab
Shown for the first time in 2003 in Whitewell
Officially released in 2004
Won many awards at various film festivals
16. Six Million Paper Clips
Written by Peter Schroeder and Dagmar Schroeder- Hildebrand
Copyrighted in 2004
17. Clippit
Introduced in Microsoft Office 97
Nicknamed Clippy
Meant to provide help and tips for Microsoft Office users
Sadly,Clippy was laid to rest after Microsoft Office 2004
18. Origin
Johan Vaaler is commonly credited with inventing the paper clip.
However, William Middlebrook created the common paper clip.
Cushman and Dennison bought Middlebrooks patent in 1899 and began selling it as the Gem clip.
The Gem clip is the best selling paper clip in the US.
19. One Red Paper Clip
On July 14, 2005, Kyle MacDonald traded a red paper clip for a fish shaped pen.
This began a year long journey during which MacDonald eventually bartered his way up to a house.
20. Cultural Impact
Middle school students collected well over 6 million paper clips to represent the 6 million executed during the Holocaust in what was called the Paper Clips Project.
This resulted in a documentary and a book about the project.
Clippit, or Clippy was a Microsoft Office program that helped users become familiar with Office.