palio and archaic period

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  • 1. The First People ofNorth America Unit 2

2. SS8H1 The student will evaluate thedevelopment of Native American cultures and the impact of European exploration and settlement on the Native American cultures in Georgia.a. Describe the evolution of NativeAmerican cultures (Paleo, Archaic,Woodland and Mississippian) prior to European contact. 3. EQ: What do weknow aboutancient Americans? 4. EQ: How did we find out about them? 5. EQ: How did theancient Americans survive? 6. EQ: Whathappened to theancientAmericans? 7. EQ: How did theenvironment impact the development of eachprehistoric NativeAmerican culture? 8. EQ: How did thevarious improvementsof inventions assist the advancement of earlyNative Americans? 9. Where did they come from? The first theory is that they camefrom Asia during the last ice age.(12,000 years ago) During the last ice age the oceanlevels dropped and created a landbridge between Asia and America. This land bridge is known asBERINGIA. 10. ASIA North America Beringia Land Bridge 11. Humans migrated acrossa land bridge known asBeringia, now The BeringStrait, following prey. Prehistoric man reached the Southeast about 12,000 years ago 12. Where did they come from? Some scientists alsobelieve that early manmight have come toAmerica much earlierand by other routes,including by boat. 13. How do we learn about them? Scientists calledARCHAEOLOGISTS studythe first people of America. They study them throughARTIFACTS. 14. How do we learn about the NativeAmericans? Artifacts - objects that are left byprehistoric cultures that helparchaeologists understand them. Prehistoric - is the time before writtenhistory. Culture - a way of life shared bypeople with similar arts, beliefs, andcustoms. 15. The Paleo-Indians This is the earliest inhabitants of NorthAmerica. They are thought to have come toAmerica across Beringia. This period began as the glaciers fromthe last ice age started to melt. 16. The Paleo Indians The Paleo Indians were nomadic.Nomadic - moving from place to place following the animal herds.1. They used spears to hunt the animals.2. The animals that they hunted were wooly mammoths, large bison (buffalos), and elk.3. They used the animals they killed for food, clothing, and tools. (their form of Wal- Mart) 17. Clovis PointFirst known type of spear pointfound in North America 18. Paleo Indians The group is rarest of the prehistoricNative Americans They traveled in very small groups. They were nomadic. There are very few sites that archeologists canuse to learn about their everyday lives. 19. ATLATL 20. Tools that the Paleo Indians Used 21. Animals of the Paleo-Indian Period. Columbian Mammoth 22. Animals of the Paleo-Indian Period.Wooly Mammoth 23. Animals of the Paleo-Indian Period.Mastodon 24. Animals of the Paleo-Indian Period. Saber Tooth Tiger 25. The Paleo Indians As the ice age ended, the herdsbegan to shrink. The extinction of the large animalschanged the lives of the PaleoIndians. There have been no settlements fromthe Paleo-Indian period found inGeorgia, but there have been a fewartifacts found in GA. 26. The Archaic Period As the ice age ended forests beganto replace the open plains from theice ages. During this time the Paleo-Indianswere slowly replaced by theArchaic Indians. This new time period lasted from8000B.C.E to around 1000B.C.E 27. The Archaic Indians1. They adapted to their changing environment by improving techniques in fishing, hunting, and gathering.2. They started making tools and bowls from stone.3. They also began trading with other regions. 28. Types of Shellfish that the Archaic Indians would have eaten. 29. The Archaic Indians During this period the earlyhumans began to settle into smallgroups of people. They lived in rock shelters and pithouses. They also started hunting smallanimals and the beginning stagesof agriculture can be seen. 30. Grooved Axe

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