Paleolithic Man “The Old Stone Age” 250,000 BCE to 10,000 BCE Early Homo Sapien Life.

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  • Paleolithic ManThe Old Stone Age250,000 BCE to 10,000 BCEEarly Homo Sapien Life

  • Characteristics of Paleolithic Life IEconomy: Hunting & Gathering:Animals: bears, lions, rhinoceros, mammoths, wolves, deer, bulls, pigs, donkeys, beavers, badgers birds, fish.Gathering: berries, nuts, roots, grains, honeyWork was usually completed in 3-5 hours per day, leaving plenty of leisure time.Little surplus was acquired.People continually migrated, moving to where plants and animals were available-- nomadic life.Stone tools were used to hunt (arrowheads), process grains (grindstones), make clothes (needles).

  • Paleolithic Life

  • ToolsThe word technology refers to the ability of human beings to make things that sustain them and give them some control over their environment. The technology available at the beginning of human history was quite simple. It consisted primarily of the ability to make stone tools.

  • Paleolithic Stone and Bone Tools

  • Paleolithic Needles

  • Paleolithic Grindstone

  • Paleolithic Arrowheads

  • Characteristics of Paleolithic Life IIDemography: Low populations but steady growth100,000 years ago: 10,000 people30,000 years ago: 500,000 people10,000 years ago: 6 million peopleSocial Organization: Egalitarian: men and women were of relatively equal statusWomen gathered, providing 70% of food supplyMen hunted, providing 30% of food supplyLife span: roughly 35 years

  • Characteristics of Paleolithic Life IIICulture: A Rich Spiritual LifeLack of Writing demands attention to art and burial rituals.Evidence of Culture: (no writing means art is key)Caves were ceremonial spaces filled with art and room for religious ritualsPart-time shamans visited the spirit world by ingesting psychoactive substancesComplex burial sitesVaried religious beliefs:Some believed in a Creator God (monotheism)Some believed in levels of supernatural beings and ancestral spirits (polytheism)

  • 4 Main Areas of Discovered Cave ArtContemporary France

  • What THEMES do you detect in the following pieces of Paleolithic art?

  • What Themes did you detect?

  • Paleolithic Burial

  • Paleolithic Burial II

  • Paleolithic Burial II

  • Paleolithic Societies vs. Agricultural SocietiesBetter Nourishment, More Varied DietDidnt Work as Hard, More Leisure timeLonger life-spans, Less diseaseBetter sanitation, Less crowdingLess contact with domesticated animalsRich Cultural LifeMore Egalitarian Gender Relations

    Which logically raises what question?

    *************Pattern of red dots*Negative Hand*Positive Hand*****Deer*Bison carved into stone*Rhinocerous*horse*Horse sculpture*Lions*Panel of lions*Cheetah and Hyena*Owl*Red Bear**Dead Man*Bear skull on altar*The Sorcerer of the Chauvet Cave: A mans body with an animals head. A shaman may have dressed like this*Lion Man Sculpture***Venus with Horn*Paleolithic Goddess**Posed body (arms crossed)*Decorated Body*

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