overview of poetic elements part ii. 5 more poetic elements ► symbol ► paradox ► overstatement...

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Overview of Poetic Overview of Poetic Elements Elements Part II Part II

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  • Overview of Poetic Elements Part II

  • 5 More Poetic ElementsSymbolParadoxOverstatement (hyperbole)


  • Figurative Language Part IISymbol Symbol: Something that means more than what it is.Image: means what it isA shaggy brown dog was rubbing its back against a white picket fence.Metaphor: means something other than what it isSome dirty dog stole my wallet.Symbol: means what it is and something more, tooYou cant teach an old dog new tricks.

  • The Road Not Taken (p. 734) is an example of the use of symbol.The literal meaning describes an experience by a traveler in a wood.The symbolic meaning describes any major choice in life and the feelings surrounding it.

  • Other Poems Which Use SymbolStopping by Woods on a Snowy Eveningby Robert Frost (p. 793)To the Virgins to Make Much of Time by Robert Herrick (p. 742)Fire and Ice by Robert Frost (p. 746)The Writer by Richard Wilbur (p. 751)Because I could not stop for Death by Emily Dickinson (p. 752)

  • ParadoxAn apparent contradiction that is nevertheless somehow true

  • Examples of ParadoxMuch Madness is Divinest Sense by Emily Dickinson (p. 757)Batter my heart, three-personed God by John Donne (p. 766)Nor ever chaste, except you ravish me.A Considerable Speck by Robert Frost (p. 771)Also employs the use of irony

  • Overstatement/Understatementhyperbole = exaggerationUnderstatement = saying less than one meansExamples of hyperbole:The Road Not Taken (p. 734)I shall be telling this ages and ages hence Incident by Countee Cullen (p. 769)Thats all that I remember

  • More Examples of Overstatement/UnderstatementFire and Ice by Robert Frost (p.746)for destruction/ice is also great/and will sufficeUnderstatementSorting Laundry by Elisavietta Ritchie (p. 767)Overstatement: a mountain of unsorted washThe Sun Rising by John Donne (p. 759)Overstatementalso employs extended use of apostrophe

  • Verbal IronySaying the opposite of what one meansTo every woman a happy ending.ExampleBarbie Doll by Marge Piercy (p. 762)

  • Dramatic IronyDiscrepancy between the speakers meaning and the poems meaningExampleThe Chimney Sweeper by William Blake(p. 763)

  • Another Example of Dramatic IronyMy Last Duchess by Robert Browning (p. 775)Click on link for a full-screen version of the poemhttp://barney.gonzaga.edu/~jdavis6/poem.html

  • Irony of SituationSomething unexpected happensOzymandias (p. 764) Poem on next slide

  • Read each, and discuss the symbols.