Outdoor Activities for YC

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<ul><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 1/28</p><p>Lecture 9:</p><p>CREATIVE SCIENCE FOR YOUNG CHILDREN</p><p> Science consist of two phases or parts that cannot beseparated, they are: investigation and knowledge.</p><p> IMPORTANCE OF INVESTIGATION IN SCIENCE</p><p>Investigating is very important in science becausefrom investigation we discover knowledge.</p><p> Process over product!</p><p>Investigations provide experiences that the children</p><p>need to develop scientific creativity.Teachers must understand the importance of</p><p>investigationto help children find answers toquestions about the world</p><p>Learn science</p><p>.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 2/28</p><p> Children learn through 3 types of experiences:1. Formal science2. Informal science</p><p>3. Incidental science</p><p>FORMAL SCIENCE:</p><p> Science investigations planned by teacher to developparticular skills.</p><p>INFROMAL SCIENCE</p><p> Science that children learn through daily experiences, inschool, at home or in playground, in shops, etc.</p><p> No direct instruction occur, but children usually will ask</p><p>questions to parents or teachers relating to their informalexperiences</p><p> Within the informal setting is where creative potentialdevelops.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 3/28</p><p>TYPES OF SCIENCE ACTIVITIES</p><p>INCIDENTAL SCIENCE Not planned, but happened by coincidence</p><p> E.g: During Hari Raya, children play sparkles and</p><p>fireworks display - they learn about sparkles ,</p><p>smokes, light and colours, etc Children explore and seek answers to their questions</p><p>about fireworks, fire crackers, candles, etc. Allaw</p><p>them to investigate other things that can produce</p><p>sparkles, etc. This kind of activities occur in places that were not</p><p>intended to in the teaching of science.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 4/28</p><p>DISCREPANT EVENTS</p><p>Discrepant events are occurrences which defy ourunderstanding of the world by presentingunexpected outcomes.</p><p> These phenomenon are often used in sciencedemonstrations to grab the attention of an</p><p>audience and engage visual learners particularlyyoung children.</p><p> Always encourage children to discuss what willhappen before the experiment takes place; allowthem to convince themselves they know what willhappen before surprising them with a discrepantevent.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 5/28</p><p>Discrepant events</p><p>Learning the ARCHIMEDES PRINCIPLE through</p><p>sink and float experiment</p><p>Fun with discrepant events</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 6/28</p><p>Discrepant Events : Examples</p><p>1. Why some objects cannot roll like a ball?</p><p>2. When we blow bubbles, why are they not of</p><p>the same size?</p><p>3. Ants do not have mouth or ears, but how dothey communicate?</p><p>4. The building is very tall, how could we</p><p>measure its height?</p><p>5. Give your examples....</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 7/28</p><p> RT ND SCIENCE ESTHETIC ND SCIENCE</p><p>Aesthetic means being sensitive to beauty in nature &amp; art</p><p> Such sensitivity is fostered by experiencing it in a variety of forms</p><p> For young child, nature is an especially appropriate avenue for a</p><p>sense of aesthetic.</p><p> SCIENCE ND RT CTIVITIES Children working with art materials make scientific observations.</p><p> Experimentation with art materials may lead to many other</p><p>discoveries about cause and effect.</p><p> The potential for developing science concepts is in the art materials</p><p>and in the processes-ready to be discovered and applied.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 8/28</p><p>ANIMALS LINK SCIENCE AND ART. Childrens natural love of nature is a good place to begin</p><p>when planning art activities that encourage science</p><p>experiences. Teachers create opportunities for guided learning, eg. about</p><p>where animal lives, what food they eat, how do they sleep,</p><p>or move, etc.</p><p> Learn about animal pets, etc1. Provide art media and materials for children to use.</p><p>2. Engage children in discussion about animals.</p><p>3. Read stories about animals.</p><p>4. Show pictures of animals</p><p>5. Sing songs about animals.</p><p> Science and art can be taught together easily and creatively.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 9/28</p><p>ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATIONOUTDOOR ACTIVITIES</p><p> Children need to learn about their environment becausetheir lives depend on that environment.</p><p> Activities that help children understand their environmentcan also help them become more creative thinker.</p><p> TYPES OF ENVIRONMENT</p><p>Consist of man-made and natural environment.</p><p>Nature influences people; people influence nature.</p><p>Children must be taught how to understand the influencesof both.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 10/28</p><p>The study of all elements of an environment both</p><p>living and non-living, and the interrelation of these</p><p>elements.</p><p>To truly grasp the concept of ecology, young</p><p>children need an opportunities to observe the total</p><p>process rather than just a potion of it or only the</p><p>finished product.</p><p>Children should develop an understanding of types</p><p>of resources and changes in environment.</p><p>These early experiences in ecology will provide</p><p>students an eventual understanding and</p><p>appreciation for their part in protecting the</p><p>environment.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 11/28</p><p>STUDY ABOUT WHERE ANIMAL LIVES.</p><p>WHAT OTHER ANIMALS OR PLANTS LIVE IN THE SAME AREA</p><p>HOW DO THEY HELP OR COMPETE WITH ONE ANOTHER?</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 12/28</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 13/28</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 14/28</p><p>ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVITIES IN SCHOOL</p><p>In the early childhood years, the teacher can use everyday</p><p>experience to point out to children the importance of caring forthe environment.</p><p>GETTING STARTED</p><p> Getting young children outdoors to touch and experience nature is thestarting point for learning about ecology and the environment.</p><p> Small reading groups, project work, other academic work, along withmusic, dance, art activities can be effectively carried out in the outdoors.</p><p>TEACHERS ROLE</p><p> The teachers most important role is sharing enthusiasm, curiosity, and</p><p>wonder When ideas, feelings are shared with children, it encourages exploration</p><p>and child-adult conversation.</p><p> In middle and upper elementary grades, as children become morefamiliar with their world, the teacher can guide them to observe changes</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 15/28</p><p>ART AND ECOLOGYArt, music, dance, movement, and storytelling all provide opportunities for</p><p>children to express their interests and discoveries in learning science. This</p><p>can be done through outdoor environmental education.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 16/28</p><p>OUTDOOR SCIENCE</p><p> BEGINNING ACTIVITIES</p><p> Children learn different things about nature by beingoutdoors.</p><p> Young children also need to realize that nature is all</p><p>around them and that wildlife can be found anywhere.</p><p> Ideas on how to begin with simple experiences include:1. Watch a seed sprout</p><p>2. Play with soil or mud in the river/pond.</p><p>3. Watch birds and squirrels</p><p>4. Walk barefoot on the grass and sand before wading in a</p><p>shallow stream.</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 17/28</p><p>INTRODUCING NATURE-RELATED MATERIALS INTO CLASSROOM Materials form the outdoors also make wonderful addition to the art</p><p>corner. Audiotapes of sounds from the nature can be added to music orlistening corner. The dramatic play area too, can be enriched with outdoor</p><p>materials.</p><p> GARDENING</p><p> Grow seed or plant in school garden.</p><p> They can record growth of the plant. Some plants need more sunlight than others</p><p> BIRD FEEDER</p><p> Children can try to design bird feeders and build them in some way, or they</p><p>can design the feeder and their parents can help them build the structures.</p><p> Children can experiment with the kind of food to attract various birds.</p><p> Older children enjoy learning the names of the birds they see at the feeder.</p><p>OUTDOOR SCIENCE</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 18/28</p><p> CLOUD AND SKY WATCHING</p><p>Children can lie on the ground and look for different shapesof the cloud.</p><p>Teacher can support their learning by answering theirquestions and asking them to make up a story aboutclouds.</p><p> THE SOUND OF NATURE</p><p>Walking in the woods or along a busy street can be madeexciting by listening to the sounds.</p><p>WHAT HAPPENS TO RAIN WATER, WHERE DO</p><p>THEY GO?</p><p>WHERE ARE ANIMAL HIDING PLACES?</p><p>OUTDOOR SCIENCE</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 19/28</p><p> Under bushes, trees</p><p> Thick grasses, large rocks</p><p> Great time to ask questions about animals</p><p> Get the children to think like an animal, andthey could answer questions as if they werethat animal</p><p> If you were a rabbit, why would you hideunder the bush?</p><p>Outdoor Animal Hiding Places</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 20/28</p><p> Walking in the woods, on the sidewalk, to</p><p>hear the sounds of nature</p><p> Use a tape recorder for later activities</p><p> Again, ask questions as you do this activity</p><p>Sounds of Nature</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 21/28</p><p> On nice days, take the children outside to lay</p><p>on their backs to view the clouds</p><p> Ask questions!!</p><p> The cloud looked like spilled milk!</p><p> The cloud looked like cotton blown away by</p><p>wind!</p><p> Follow up with it</p><p>Cloud and Sky Watching</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 22/28</p><p> After a rainstorm, take the children outside to</p><p>observe how the rain water flows on:</p><p> Pavement/grass/flower bed in the garden</p><p> Road and pathway</p><p> Erosion</p><p>Rain and rainstorm</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 23/28 </p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 24/28</p><p>Explore the outdoors to experience plantsfirsthand</p><p> Find the tallest tree, roughest bark,needles, pinecones, etc.</p><p> Experience vegetables, eat the results!</p><p> Compare plants (leaves, seeds, size, etc.)</p><p> Plant some plants in a garden plot or inplastic baggies</p><p>Plants in the Environment</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 25/28</p><p>WATER PLAY EXPERIENCES</p><p> Objects that lead the child to science experiencesmight include the following:</p><p>1. Sponges, corks, and light pieces of wood.</p><p>2. Funnels strainers, colander, plastic tubing, and siphons.</p><p>3. Spray containers, sprinklers, squeeze bottle, water gun.4. Paintbrushes, paint rollers and washcloth</p><p>5. Spoon, dipper, plastic syringe</p><p> Safety tips Always have an adult with the children in any water play.</p><p> Never use breakable materials.</p><p> Develop water play rules with the children</p><p>OUTDOOR SCIENCE</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 26/28</p><p> May use a large wading pool for experiments</p><p>outside</p><p> Following items for water play experiences:</p><p> Sponges, corks, light pieces of wood</p><p> Funnels, strainers, plastic tubing</p><p> Spray containers, squeeze bottles</p><p> Plastic containers, paintbrushes</p><p> Spoons, dippers</p><p>Water Play Experiences</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 27/28</p><p> Limit the number of children</p><p> Use only unbreakable items for water play</p><p>Develop water rules with the children Water stays in the tub vs. NO Splashing</p><p> Keep water in the containers</p><p> Have towels available for spills</p><p> Children wipe up or mop up spills immediately</p><p>Safety Tips for Water Play</p></li><li><p>8/13/2019 Outdoor Activities for YC</p><p> 28/28</p></li></ul>