Other jewish literature of the first century

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<ul><li> 1. OTHER JEWISHLITERATURE OF THEFIRST CENTURY</li></ul> <p> 2. EXTRA CANONICALBOOKS RABBINIC LITERATURE JOSEPHUS PHILO OF ALEXANDRIA 3. EXTRA-CANONICALBOOKS Everything of a biblical naturethat is not included in the Bible isextra-canonical. These are:-a. Apocryphal writingsb. Pseudepigraphal writings 4. ApocryphaBooks that are not part of theProtestant biblical canon:a) 1 Esdras (Ezra)b) 2 Esdrasc) Tobitd) Judithe) Additions to Esther 5. h) Wisdom (of Solomon)i) Sirach (Ecclesiasticus)j) Baruch and the Epistle of Jeremiahk) Prayer of Azariah/Song of the ThreeChildren (Daniel)l) Susanna (Daniel)m) The Idol Bel and the Dragon (Daniel)n) Prayer of Manasseho) 1 Maccabeesp) 2 Maccabees 6. PseudepigraphaFalsely attributed works:-a) 3 Maccabeesb) 4 Maccabeesc) Assumption of Mosesd) Ethiopic Book of Enoch (1Enoch)e) Slavonic Book of Enoch (2Enoch)f) Book of Jubilees 7. g) Greek Apocalypse of Baruch (3Baruch)h) Letter of Aristeasi) Life of Adam and Evej) Martyrdom and Ascension ofIsaiahk) Psalms of Solomonl) Sibylline Oraclesm)Syriac Apocalypse of Baruch (2Baruch)n) Testaments of the TwelvePatriarchs 8. RABBINIC LITERATURE1. Talmudim2. Midrash 9. Talmud Second to the Torah. Shas ) ), Hebrewabbreviation of shisha sedarim(the "six orders" of the OralLaw of Judaism). 10. The whole Talmud consists of 63tractates, and in standard print isover 6,200 pages long. It is written in Tannaitic Hebrewand Aramaic. The Talmud is opinions ofthousands of rabbis on law, ethics,philosophy, customs, history,theology, etc. The Talmud is the compendium ofJewish laws/traditions. 11. It has two components:-a) Mishnah (Judaism's OralLaw).b) Gemara ( Explanation ofMishnah and relatedTannaitic writings). 12. Midrash A compilation of Midrashicteachings, in the form of legal,exegetical, homiletical, or narrativewriting, commentating on the Bibleor Mishnah. Midrash is a way of interpretingbiblical stories that fills in manygaps in the biblical narrativeregarding events and personalities. 13. Josephus Josephus was born inJerusalem to a father of priestlydescent and a mother who claim tobe of royal ancestry. His name at birth was Yosef benMatityyahu ( Hebrew). He was granted citizenship inRome. 14. He became an advisor andtranslator to Titus and given anew family name Flavius. Josephus recorded Jewishhistory. He was known as a lawobservant Jew who believed inJudaism and Graeco-Romanthought. 15. He has written on hisfindings of the discovering ofHerod`s Tomb via excavation. He was well known throughout Judea, Greece and Rome asa scholar. He was married for the fourthtime to a Greek-Jewish womanand had a happy marriage andtwo sons . He died at a young age of 37years in c100 16. Philo of Alexandria He lived in Alexandria whichincluded a large Jewishcommunity outside of Palestine. He came from a wealthyprominent family and appears tobe a leader in his community. 17. He visited Jerusalem andthe temple, as he himselfstated in Prov. 2.64. Philos brother, Alexander,was a wealthy, prominentRoman government official. He donated money toplate the gates of the templein Jerusalem with gold andsilver. 18. He also made loans to HerodAgrippa I, and the grandson ofHerod the Great. Jewish tradition wasuninterested in Philos thoughtand did not preserve it. Philo was thoroughlyeducated in Greek philosophyand culture. He had a deep reverence forPlato and referred to him as themost holy Plato )Prob.13). 19. Philos philosophyrepresented contemporaryPlatonism which was its revisedversion incorporating Stoicdoctrine and terminology viaAntiochus of Ascalon (ca 90B.C.E.) and Eudorus ofAlexandria, as well as elementsof Aristotelian logic and ethicsand Pythagorean ideas. 20. A Hellenized Jew (Greekinfluenced) also called JudaeusPhilo. In the first century B.C.E. hetried to develop speculative andphilosophical justification forJudaism in terms of Greekphilosophy. Philo produced a synthesis ofboth traditions developing conceptsfor future Hellenistic interpretation ofmessianic Hebrew thought. 21. BIBLOGRAPHY http://www.apologeticspress.org http://www.wikipedia.org </p>