organic gardening simple steps

of 5 /5
Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown www.cariporter.ca Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown, Organic Consultant www.cariporter.ca Spring is the preferred time of the year by many to start an organic garden. If you live in a country that is cold, and has snow and frost part of the year such as Canada, spring and summer are your best times for growing things. If you live in a warm country like Jamaica, then you can grow anytime of the year. Nevertheless, there is something magical about spring. It is as if it gives someone a new beginning, and the environment a fresh start. Many plants and animals become more present, adding to the beauty of Mother Nature. To help make organic gardening easier, as well as to get more individuals practicing organic horticulture, here are simple steps to get you started, and to be successful in your organic cultivation endeavours. Organic veggies from urban garden Compost from the City of Toronto

Author: birdsgee

Post on 12-Feb-2017

170 views

Category:

Food


2 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown www.cariporter.ca

    Organic Gardening Simple Steps

    By Leroy A. Brown, Organic Consultant

    www.cariporter.ca

    Spring is the preferred time of the year by many to start an organic garden. If you live in a

    country that is cold, and has snow and frost part of the year such as Canada, spring and

    summer are your best times for growing things. If you live in a warm country like Jamaica,

    then you can grow anytime of the year.

    Nevertheless, there is something magical about spring. It is as if it gives someone a new

    beginning, and the environment a fresh start. Many plants and animals become more

    present, adding to the beauty of Mother Nature.

    To help make organic gardening easier, as well as to get more individuals practicing organic

    horticulture, here are simple steps to get you started, and to be successful in your organic

    cultivation endeavours.

    Organic veggies from urban garden Compost from the City of Toronto

    http://www.cariporter.ca/http://www.cariporter.ca/

  • Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown www.cariporter.ca

    1. Make a plan

    Making a plan means knowing what you want to grow; knowing how much you want to

    grow; knowing how much is it going to cost you to do your gardening; knowing where you

    are going to grow your crops; knowing what each type of plant needs such as nutrient,

    and how you are going to provide it; knowing if you need a soil test; knowing what pests

    and diseases are likely for each type of plant, and how you can prevent them; and so on.

    2. Prepare the land

    Preparing the land is crucial, because if done properly, you will have less work to do, and

    more fun as you become successful.

    If you have sufficient earthworms in your soil, and the soil is more loam and humus

    than hard and clayish, then you do not have to aerate the earth, (i.e. boring holes in

    the soil for air to get in). This is because the earthworms make very small burrows that

    allow air into the soil, as they travel in and out of the soil.

    Garden layout as part of plan Preparing land

    If the soil is hard like clay, you will have to plough it, (i.e. turn the soil over usually

    with a spade or rototiller).

    If you have done a soil test, then you would know how much nutrient is present in the

    earth. If there is need for more, then adding compost is a great way to go.

    Be careful when you buy fertilizers or compost from stores, especially if they promote

    weed free and/or quick growth. They usually have conventional ingredients in them.

    http://www.cariporter.ca/

  • Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown www.cariporter.ca

    Well decomposed cow, chicken, pig or horse manure is great as compost. Worm

    castings are good for fertilizing. You may even use the broken down components in

    your homemade compost that has your plant materials such as grass cuttings, leaves,

    banana peels, discarded vegetables, onion skin, etc.

    Place these nutrients in the soil around the roots, not on the plants, especially if they

    are leafy vegetables like lettuces and mustard greens.

    Wash hands after attending to your garden, and especially after handling manure.

    3. Planting

    Remove all weeds in the area you wish to plant. This will give the crops a better

    chance of surviving.

    When planting, try to use certified organic seeds or seedlings. If not available, use

    seeds or seedlings that have not been treated with conventional chemicals.

    Earthworm Marigold

    Give your plants enough room for them to grow, and to minimize the spread of pests

    and diseases if they occur.

    Many individuals plant flowers which is good. It is also just as good to grow things that

    are edible. For example, nasturtiums are beautiful flowers that can be eaten.

    Growing edible plants can be very rewarding, such as reducing your food

    bill. And if one were to replace his or her lawn or part of it with crops that

    produce food that he or she consumes regularly such as tomatoes,

    http://www.cariporter.ca/

  • Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown www.cariporter.ca

    parsley, lettuce, etc., he or she will not only save on grocery purchases,

    but may also see cutbacks in their water bill.

    4. Watering

    Rainwater is best for plants and free. Therefore, store as much as possible from

    roof(s) and the open air. It will definitely help in making your organic gardening less

    costly, while reducing your water bill and conserving water.

    If it rains do not water! Allow your garden to get almost dry, before watering again.

    It is best to water in the mornings before the sun is fully up. This is because, plants

    need water during the day to prevent water loss, and is important for photosynthesis.

    Sprinkling the entire plant is good, however, ensure that the roots receive adequate

    water.

    Do not waterlog the soil! This can cause root disease(s) and ultimately kill the crop.

    Nasturtium edible flower Leroy with 10lb zucchinis grown in backyard

    in Toronto, Canada

    Use mulch such as grass cuttings and straw around the plant to conserve water and

    prevent weeds.

    http://www.cariporter.ca/

  • Organic Gardening Simple Steps By Leroy A. Brown www.cariporter.ca

    5. Dealing with weeds

    Get weeds out by the root before you start planting. This will help to ensure they take

    longer to grow back.

    Use mulch such as grass cuttings, straw, wood chips, egg shells, etc. around the plants

    to suppress weeds and conserve water.

    6. Dealing with pests

    Plant companion crops to help repel pests from your plants. For example, plant

    peppers (companion crop) beside tomatoes.

    You may also plant marigold that helps to get rid of pests.

    Use homemade solutions such as water and garlic to get rid of whiteflies, aphids, and

    so on. All solutions must be safe for you and the environment.

    Planting organic seedlings Weeding using spade and hands

    Practice crop rotation, which is growing plants in different locations each season. For

    example, where you plant your tomatoes and peppers this year, switch them around

    next year, or plant them in an entirely different location. This practice basically

    tricks pests.

    So go ahead and enjoy your organic gardening and like us at

    https://www.facebook.com/yesorganic for more organic information

    http://www.cariporter.ca/https://www.facebook.com/yesorganic