orchestral landmarks

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Orchestral Landmarks. Orchestral Landmarks. Classical period (1750 1800) Late Classical (1800 1830) Romantic period (1830 1900) 20 th Century (1900 2000). Classical Orchestra. Classical Orchestra. Strings dominate the sound of classical music. Melody is in the violins . - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Orchestral Landmarks

Orchestral LandmarksClassical period (1750 1800)

Late Classical (1800 1830)

Romantic period (1830 1900)

20th Century (1900 2000)

Classical OrchestraKettle DrumsFrench Horns TrumpetsFlutes Clarinets Oboes BassoonsSecond Violins Double BassesViolasFirst Violins Cellos

Classical OrchestraStrings dominate the sound of classical music.

Melody is in the violins.

Woodwind fill out the harmony (or if the play the melody they double the string parts).

Classical FeaturesBalanced 2 or 4 bar phrases.

Use of sequence, repetition and imitation.

Major or minor tonality very diatonic.

Very clear pulse with little variation of tempo.

Classical StructuresNameMovementsEnsembleNotesOverture1OrchestraIntroduction to ballet or operaSuiteN/AOrchestraIncidental music from ballet or operaConcerto3Soloist + OrchestraPiano & violin concertos were most popular.Symphony4OrchestraThe Classical SymphonyFirst MovementSecond MovementThird MovementFourth MovementBrisk & purposefulSlower & song-likeFairly fast & dance-likeFast & cheerfulFirst Movement sonata formSecond Movement ternary or variation form.Third Movement minuet or scherzo.Fourth Movement rondo, variation, or sonata form.

The Classical ConcertoFirst MovementSecond MovementThird MovementExpositionDevelopmentRecapitulationClassical concerto is in sonata form.

Cadenza orchestra drops out and soloist improvises to impress the audience.

Classical ComposersJoseph Haydn (1732-1809)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

Franz Schubert (1791-1828)

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)

Classical or non-classical?CadenzaRecapitulationTone rowBalanced phrasingMelody in the stringsSchubertWagnerProgramme musicConcertoMinimalismDissonanceExpositionClassical or non-classical?CadenzaRecapitulationTone rowBalanced phrasingMelody in the stringsSchubertWagnerProgramme musicConcertoMinimalismDissonanceExposition