Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts

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<ul><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 1/34</p><p>Oracle Fusion Middleware</p><p>Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p>12c (12.1.3)</p><p>E48202-01</p><p>May 2014</p><p>An overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware architecture andits key concepts. It also includes an introduction to OracleFusion Middleware components and tools.</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 2/34</p><p>Oracle Fusion Middleware Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts, 12c (12.1.3)</p><p>E48202-01</p><p>Copyright 2013, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.</p><p>Primary Authors: Helen Grembowicz, Lisa Jamen</p><p>This software and related documentation are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions onuse and disclosure and are protected by intellectual property laws. Except as expressly permitted in your</p><p>license agreement or allowed by law, you may not use, copy, reproduce, translate, broadcast, modify, license,transmit, distribute, exhibit, perform, publish, or display any part, in any form, or by any means. Reverseengineering, disassembly, or decompilation of this software, unless required by law for interoperability, isprohibited.</p><p>The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. Ifyou find any errors, please report them to us in writing.</p><p>If this is software or related documentation that is delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing iton behalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable:</p><p>U.S. GOVERNMENT END USERS: Oracle programs, including any operating system, integrated software,any programs installed on the hardware, and/or documentation, delivered to U.S. Government end usersare "commercial computer software" pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation andagency-specific supplemental regulations. As such, use, duplication, disclosure, modification, andadaptation of the programs, including any operating system, integrated software, any programs installed onthe hardware, and/or documentation, shall be subject to license terms and license restrictions applicable tothe programs. No other rights are granted to the U.S. Government.</p><p>This software or hardware is developed for general use in a variety of information managementapplications. It is not developed or intended for use in any inherently dangerous applications, includingapplications that may create a risk of personal injury. If you use this software or hardware in dangerousapplications, then you shall be responsible to take all appropriate failsafe, backup, redundancy, and othermeasures to ensure its safe use. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates disclaim any liability for any damagescaused by use of this software or hardware in dangerous applications.</p><p>Oracle and Java are registered trademarks of Oracle and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks oftheir respective owners.</p><p>Intel and Intel Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of Intel Corporation. All SPARC trademarksare used under license and are trademarks or registered trademarks of SPARC International, Inc. AMD,Opteron, the AMD logo, and the AMD Opteron logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of AdvancedMicro Devices. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group.</p><p>This software or hardware and documentation may provide access to or information on content, products,and services from third parties. Oracle Corporation and its affiliates are not responsible for and expresslydisclaim all warranties of any kind with respect to third-party content, products, and services. OracleCorporation and its affiliates will not be responsible for any loss, costs, or damages incurred due to youraccess to or use of third-party content, products, or services.</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 3/34</p><p>iii</p><p>Contents</p><p>Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. v</p><p>Audience....................................................................................................................................................... v</p><p>Documentation Accessibility..................................................................................................................... v</p><p>Related Documents ..................................................................................................................................... v</p><p>Conventions ................................................................................................................................................. v</p><p>What's New in This Guide ....................................................................................................................... vii</p><p>New and Changed Features for 12c......................................................................................................... vii</p><p>New and Deprecated Terminology for 12c ............................................................................................ vii</p><p>1 Overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware</p><p>1.1 About Oracle Fusion Middleware ....................................................................................1-1</p><p>1.2 Understanding the Functions of Middleware ..................................................................1-2</p><p>1.3 Understanding Middleware Architecture Design............................................................1-2</p><p>1.4 Understanding the Oracle Fusion Middleware Solution..................................................1-4</p><p>2 Understanding Key Concepts</p><p>2.1 What is an Oracle WebLogic Server Domain? ..................................................................2-1</p><p>2.1.1 What Is the Administration Server? ...........................................................................2-2</p><p>2.1.2 Understanding Managed Servers and Managed Server Clusters ..............................2-3</p><p>2.1.3 What Is a Java Component? .......................................................................................2-3</p><p>2.1.4 What Is a System Component? .................................................................................. 2-4</p><p>2.1.5 What Is Node Manager? ............................................................................................2-4</p><p>2.2 What Is a Standalone Domain? .........................................................................................2-4</p><p>2.3 What Are the Key Oracle Fusion Middleware Directories?..............................................2-5</p><p>2.4 What Is the WebLogic Management Framework? ............................................................2-9</p><p>2.5 What Is the Metadata Repository? ..................................................................................2-10</p><p>3 Overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware Components</p><p>3.1 Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware Infrastructure ............................................... 3-1</p><p>3.2 Understanding Oracle WebLogic Server ..........................................................................3-2</p><p>3.3 Understanding Oracle Web Services ................................................................................3-2</p><p>3.4 Understanding Oracle Coherence ....................................................................................3-2</p><p>3.5 Understanding Oracle HTTP Server ................................................................................. 3-3</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 4/34</p><p>iv</p><p>3.6 Understanding Oracle User Messaging Service ............................................................... 3-3</p><p>3.7 Understanding Oracle Platform Security Services ........................................................... 3-3</p><p>3.8 Understanding Oracle Data Integrator ............................................................................. 3-4</p><p>3.9 Understanding Oracle SOA Suite ..................................................................................... 3-4</p><p>3.10 Understanding Oracle Business Process Management Suite............................................ 3-5</p><p>3.11 Understanding Oracle Managed File Transfer................................................................. 3-5</p><p>3.12 Understanding Oracle Enterprise Data Quality............................................................... 3-53.13 Understanding Oracle Enterprise Scheduler ....................................................................3-5</p><p>3.14 Understanding Oracle Event Processing .......................................................................... 3-5</p><p>4 Using Oracle Fusion Middleware Tools</p><p>4.1 Understanding the Installation and Configuration Tools ................................................ 4-1</p><p>4.1.1 Oracle Universal Installer .......................................................................................... 4-1</p><p>4.1.2 Repository Configuration Utility ...............................................................................4-1</p><p>4.1.3 OPatch ....................................................................................................................... 4-2</p><p>4.1.4 Configuration Wizard ................................................................................................ 4-2</p><p>4.1.5 Reconfiguration Wizard ............................................................................................4-2</p><p>4.1.6 Upgrade Assistant ..................................................................................................... 4-2</p><p>4.2 Understanding the Administration Tools ........................................................................ 4-2</p><p>4.2.1 Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control........................................... 4-3</p><p>4.2.2 Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console ..................................................... 4-3</p><p>4.2.3 Oracle WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST)................................................................... 4-4</p><p>4.2.4 Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control................................................................ 4-4</p><p>4.3 Understanding the Development Tools ........................................................................... 4-5</p><p>4.3.1 Oracle JDeveloper ......................................................................................................4-5</p><p>4.3.2 Oracle Application Development Framework........................................................... 4-5</p><p>4.3.3 Oracle TopLink .......................................................................................................... 4-6</p><p>4.3.4 Oracle Help ................................................................................................................ 4-6</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 5/34</p><p>v</p><p>Preface</p><p>This preface includes the following topics:</p><p> Audience</p><p> Documentation Accessibility</p><p> Related Documents</p><p> Conventions</p><p>AudienceThis guide is intended for anyone interested in an overview of the key concepts andarchitecture of Oracle Fusion Middleware.</p><p>Documentation AccessibilityFor information about Oracle's commitment to accessibility, visit the OracleAccessibility Program website athttp://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&amp;id=docacc .</p><p>Access to Oracle Support</p><p>Oracle customers have access to electronic support through My Oracle Support. Forinformation, visithttp://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&amp;id=info or visithttp://www.oracle.com/pls/topic/lookup?ctx=acc&amp;id=trs if you arehearing impaired.</p><p>Related DocumentsFor more information, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Documentation Library 12c(12.1.3), especially the following:</p><p> Understanding Oracle WebLogic Server</p><p> Administering Oracle Fusion Middleware</p><p>ConventionsThe following text conventions are used in this guide:</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 6/34</p><p>vi</p><p>Convention Meaning</p><p>boldface Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associatedwith an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.</p><p>italic Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables forwhich you supply particular values.</p><p>monospace Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, codein examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 7/34</p><p>vii</p><p>What's New in This Guide</p><p>For existing Oracle Fusion Middleware users, this preface introduces the new andchanged concepts and features of Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c.</p><p> New and Changed Features for 12c</p><p> New and Deprecated Terminology for 12c</p><p>New and Changed Features for 12cOracle Fusion Middleware 12c includes the following new and changed concepts andfeatures from previous Oracle Fusion Middleware releases:</p><p> Middleware topology changes. See Section 1.3.</p><p> OPMN is no longer used in Oracle Fusion Middleware. Instead, systemcomponents are managed by the WebLogic Management Framework. SeeSection 2.4.</p><p> Redefining of the Oracle home and elimination of the Middleware home. See Newand Deprecated Terminology for 12c.</p><p> Support for a "per domain" Node Manager. See Section 2.1.5. Oracle Web Cache is no longer available. Oracle Web Cache 11gwas its last release.</p><p>New and Deprecated Terminology for 12c</p><p>Terminology Used in 11g Terminology Used in 12c</p><p>Middleware home</p><p>MW_HOME</p><p>In 11gthe Middleware home is acontainer for the Oracle WebLogic</p><p>Server home, and, optionally, one OracleCommon home and one or more Oraclehomes.</p><p>This term is eliminated in 12c.</p><p>Oracle home</p><p>ORACLE_HOME</p><p>The Oracle home that is created for all the OracleFusion Middleware products on a host computer. It</p><p>includes binary and library files, the Oracle commondirectory and the individual product directories foreach Oracle Fusion Middleware product you install.</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 8/34</p><p>viii</p><p>Oracle home</p><p>PRODUCT_ORACLE_HOME</p><p>Product directory</p><p>PRODUCT_DIR</p><p>The product directories within the Middlewarehome are no longer Oracle homes. They are simplydirectories within the Oracle home that are created</p><p>for all the Oracle Fusion Middleware products. MostOracle Fusion Middleware components should beinstalled in the same Oracle home. The names of theproduct homes are predefined and can no longer bemodified by the user during the installation.</p><p>Oracle instance</p><p>This term is eliminated in 12c.</p><p>The installer will no longer create a separate instancedirectory for system components, such as OracleHTTP Server. Instead, you can use the FusionMiddleware Configuration Wizard to configure yoursystem components, just as you do for Javacomponents. Instance information about eachsystem component will be stored in the domainhome.</p><p>Oracle Fusion Middleware farm</p><p>This term is eliminated in 12c.</p><p>The term "farm" is no longer necessary for 12c. It</p><p>was used in 11gto refer to a container for a WLSdomain and its associated system componentinstances when presented in Fusion MiddlewareControl.</p><p>Terminology Used in 11g Terminology Used in 12c</p></li><li><p>7/24/2019 Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts</p><p> 9/34</p><p>1</p><p>Overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware 1-1</p><p>1</p><p>Overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware</p><p>Oracle Fusion Middleware is a comprehensive family of products ranging fromapplication develo...</p></li></ul>