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    Oracle Fusion Middleware

    Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts

    12c (12.1.3)

    E48202-01

    May 2014

    An overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware architecture andits key concepts. It also includes an introduction to OracleFusion Middleware components and tools.

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    Oracle Fusion Middleware Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts, 12c (12.1.3)

    E48202-01

    Copyright 2013, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

    Primary Authors: Helen Grembowicz, Lisa Jamen

    This software and related documentation are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions onuse and disclosure and are protected by intellectual property laws. Except as expressly permitted in your

    license agreement or allowed by law, you may not use, copy, reproduce, translate, broadcast, modify, license,transmit, distribute, exhibit, perform, publish, or display any part, in any form, or by any means. Reverseengineering, disassembly, or decompilation of this software, unless required by law for interoperability, isprohibited.

    The information contained herein is subject to change without notice and is not warranted to be error-free. Ifyou find any errors, please report them to us in writing.

    If this is software or related documentation that is delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing iton behalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable:

    U.S. GOVERNMENT END USERS: Oracle programs, including any operating system, integrated software,any programs installed on the hardware, and/or documentation, delivered to U.S. Government end usersare "commercial computer software" pursuant to the applicable Federal Acquisition Regulation andagency-specific supplemental regulations. As such, use, duplication, disclosure, modification, andadaptation of the programs, including any operating system, integrated software, any programs installed onthe hardware, and/or documentation, shall be subject to license terms and license restrictions applicable tothe programs. No other rights are granted to the U.S. Government.

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    iii

    Contents

    Preface ................................................................................................................................................................. v

    Audience....................................................................................................................................................... v

    Documentation Accessibility..................................................................................................................... v

    Related Documents ..................................................................................................................................... v

    Conventions ................................................................................................................................................. v

    What's New in This Guide ....................................................................................................................... vii

    New and Changed Features for 12c......................................................................................................... vii

    New and Deprecated Terminology for 12c ............................................................................................ vii

    1 Overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware

    1.1 About Oracle Fusion Middleware ....................................................................................1-1

    1.2 Understanding the Functions of Middleware ..................................................................1-2

    1.3 Understanding Middleware Architecture Design............................................................1-2

    1.4 Understanding the Oracle Fusion Middleware Solution..................................................1-4

    2 Understanding Key Concepts

    2.1 What is an Oracle WebLogic Server Domain? ..................................................................2-1

    2.1.1 What Is the Administration Server? ...........................................................................2-2

    2.1.2 Understanding Managed Servers and Managed Server Clusters ..............................2-3

    2.1.3 What Is a Java Component? .......................................................................................2-3

    2.1.4 What Is a System Component? .................................................................................. 2-4

    2.1.5 What Is Node Manager? ............................................................................................2-4

    2.2 What Is a Standalone Domain? .........................................................................................2-4

    2.3 What Are the Key Oracle Fusion Middleware Directories?..............................................2-5

    2.4 What Is the WebLogic Management Framework? ............................................................2-9

    2.5 What Is the Metadata Repository? ..................................................................................2-10

    3 Overview of Oracle Fusion Middleware Components

    3.1 Understanding Oracle Fusion Middleware Infrastructure ............................................... 3-1

    3.2 Understanding Oracle WebLogic Server ..........................................................................3-2

    3.3 Understanding Oracle Web Services ................................................................................3-2

    3.4 Understanding Oracle Coherence ....................................................................................3-2

    3.5 Understanding Oracle HTTP Server ................................................................................. 3-3

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    3.6 Understanding Oracle User Messaging Service ............................................................... 3-3

    3.7 Understanding Oracle Platform Security Services ........................................................... 3-3

    3.8 Understanding Oracle Data Integrator ............................................................................. 3-4

    3.9 Understanding Oracle SOA Suite ..................................................................................... 3-4

    3.10 Understanding Oracle Business Process Management Suite............................................ 3-5

    3.11 Understanding Oracle Managed File Transfer................................................................. 3-5

    3.12 Understanding Oracle Enterprise Data Quality............................................................... 3-53.13 Understanding Oracle Enterprise Scheduler ....................................................................3-5

    3.14 Understanding Oracle Event Processing .......................................................................... 3-5

    4 Using Oracle Fusion Middleware Tools

    4.1 Understanding the Installation and Configuration Tools ................................................ 4-1

    4.1.1 Oracle Universal Installer .......................................................................................... 4-1

    4.1.2 Repository Configuration Utility ...............................................................................4-1

    4.1.3 OPatch ....................................................................................................................... 4-2

    4.1.4 Configuration Wizard ................................................................................................ 4-2

    4.1.5 Reconfiguration Wizard ............................................................................................4-2

    4.1.6 Upgrade Assistant ..................................................................................................... 4-2

    4.2 Understanding the Administration Tools ........................................................................ 4-2