One day tour report

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INTRODUCTIONThe Study Tour as per the curriculum was an exposure trip to a place of educational or historical importance. A Report of tour has to be prepared by all student-teachers. The tour programme of BNV College of Teacher Education was planned for a day. It was a journey from Thiruvananthapuram to Kanyakumari. We covered Thripparappu water falls and Padmanabhapuram Palace in between.OBJECTIVESThe expected outcome includes providing situations for the student-teachers to learn and get acquainted with the process of organizing /conducting a study tour/field work and understanding the environment around.TOUR REPORTWe gathered in our campus at around 5:30 am. Started from the college at 6:10 am with the guidance and company of our Principal Dr Valsala, other teachers Mrs Reshmi and Mrs Lekshmi Binu along with our all in all Unnikrishnan Sir and Sabu chetan. We reached our first destination, Thripparappu Waterfalls at about 8:15 am. Thripparappu WaterfallsThirparappu is famous for its waterfalls and is located in Kanyakumari District of TamilNadu in the southern part of India. Thirparappu Falls is located 42 km from Nagercoil (headquarters of Kanyakumari District), 55 km from Thiruvananthapuram (capital of Kerala) and a distance of 5 km from Kulasekaram (nearest town panchayat). This famous falls is in the Kodayar (Kothai River).The Kodayar makes its descend at Thirparappu and the water fall at this place is about 13 km. from Pechiparai dam.Thirparappu waterfalls is 300 feet long and consists of a rocky riverbed. The water falls from a height of nearly 50 feet and the water flows for about seven months in a year. The whole bed above the falls is one rocky mass which extends up to a distance of about quarter of a kilometer upstream where the famous Thirparappu weir has been constructed for supplying water to the paddy fields.On either side of the river, on the left bank of the river in between the water falls and the weir, there is a temple dedicated to Siva enclosed by strong fortification. The District Administration has recently constructed a swimming pool which is very popular among the children.A Mahadever kovil located near this fall, is the third one of the twelve Sivalaya's. The lord after destroying the yagam of dhaxan as virabhadra murthi has taken abode over here. This lord, who is very sweet for the sincere worshippers, is in a fierce form. There are many old inscriptions in this temple including the one of the pandiya king dated ninth century. This temple is built around A.D. 9th Century. This is famous for its Kerala Architecture.We had our packed breakfast from there. And re-started our voyage at 9:30 am.Padmanabhapuram PalacePadmanabhapuram Palace was our second destination. We reached there at 10:15 am. The Palace is located in at Padmanabhapuram Fort, in Padmanabhapuram, Kanyakumari District, Tamil Nadu, India. Padmanabhapuram is the former capital city of the erstwhile kingdom of Travancore. It is about 20km from Nagercoil, and about 50km from Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. The palace complex is inside an old granite fortress around four kilometers long. The palace is located at the foot of the Veli Hills, which form a part of the Western Ghats. The river Valli flows nearby.The palace was constructed around 1601 AD by Iravi Varma Kulasekhara Perumal who ruled Venad between 1592 and 1609. It is believed that the Thai Kottaram was built in 1550. The founder of modern Travancore, King Anizham Thirunal Marthanda Varma (17061758) who ruled Travancore from 1729 to 1758, rebuilt the palace in around 1750. King Marthaanda Varma dedicated the kingdom to his family deity Sree Padmanabha, a form of Lord Vishnu and ruled the kingdom as Padmanabha dasa or servant of Lord Padmanabha. Hence the name Padmanabhapuram or City of Lord Padmanabha. In the late 18th century, precisely in 1795 the capital of Travancore was shifted from here to Thiruvananthapuram, and the place lost its former glory. However, the palace complex continues to be one of the best examples of traditional Kerala architecture, and some portions of the sprawling complex are also the hallmark of traditional Kerala style architecture. StructuresThe Padmanabhapuram Palace complex consists of several structures:Mantrasala: the King's Council ChamberThai Kottaram: the Queen Mother's Palace, constructed before 1550Natakasala: the Performance HallCentral mansion: A four-storeyed mansion at the centre of the complexThekee Kottaram: the Southern PalaceOther featuresThe Padamnabhapuram Palace complex has several other interesting features: The palace is located in Kanyakumari district of TamilNadu state but administered by the Government of Kerala state. The clock tower in the palace complex has a 300 year old clock, which still keeps time. A big hall now bare, which can accommodate around 1000 guests, and where ceremonial feasts were held, on auspicious occasions. A secret passage, now blocked, through which the king, his immediate family members, and their entourage could escape to another palace, located several kilometers away in the event of any emergency. Name of this palace is Charottu kottaram. A flight of steps leads to a bathing pond, which has lost its freshness due to neglect and years of disuse. The palace complex also has a section of curios and several interesting objects: An entire room filled with old Chinese jars, all gifts by Chinese merchants. A variety of weapons (which were actually used in warfare), including swords and daggers. Brass lamps, wood and stone sculpture, a variety of furniture and large mirrors made of polished metal. A gallery of paintings depicting incidents from the history of Travancore. A wooden cot made of up to 64 wooden pieces of a variety of medicinal tree trunks Polished stone cot, meant for cool effect Toilet and wellOur expedition through the mansion offered all the sights, sounds and feels of a different world. After that wonderful experience we started at about 12:15 pm and halted at a nearby restaurant for lunch. We reached our final terminus at 2:00 pm.KanyakumariThe southernmost end of the mainland of Indian subcontinent, Kanyakumari is an indispensable part of any South India tour. Kanyakumari formerly known as Cape Comorin is a town in Kanyakumari District in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Kanyakumari is unique in itself for being amongst the very few places in the country where you could watch a sunrise and also a sunset sitting in the very same spot. It is also famous for the Kanyakumari Devi temple! Kanyakumari Devi TempleThe place takes its name from the goddess Devi Kanya Kumari, considered to be a sister of Krishna. Women pray to her for marriage. The goddess is believed to be the one who removes the rigidity of our mind. The temple here is a Shakti Peetha, one of the holiest shrines of the Mother goddess. It is said that the backbone area of Sati Devis corpse fell here. This is one of the rare temples in India where Devi (Mother Goddess) is worshipped as a child (Baalaambika). Also nearby are eleven sacred theertham.Vivekananda RockMuch more than just a tourist attraction in Kanyakumari, Vivekananda rock is more of a sacred monument dedicated to one of the most revered spiritual leaders - Swami Vivekananda. Also on this rock, there is a Dhyana mandapam, an area for meditation. Swami Vivekananda came to Kanyakumari before his departure for Chicago to participate in the World Religious Conference. He sat on meditation on this rock and became a powerful spiritual leader and philosopher.Thiruvalluvar StatueA statue of Thiruvalluvar is erected near the Vivekananda rock as a memorial to the man who gave Tamil literature the 'Word that never fails'. The foundation stone for the statue was laid in 1979 and the work was completed in 1999.Thirukkural is a precious gem among the classics, unique in the deliverance of code of conduct to the mankind to follow for all time to come. Virtue, Wealth and Love: this treatise encompasses the whole gamut of human life by Thiruvalluvar. Ferry services are available to reach the memorial. The ferries transporting tourists from mainland to the islands can be seen with one returning to the mainland and the other one about to stop at the Tiruvalluvar statue after carrying over tourists from Vivekananda Rock.The Gandhi MandapamThe Gandhi Memorial has been built on the spot where the urn containing the Mahatma's ashes was kept for public viewing before immersion. Resembling central Indian Hindu temples in form, the memorial was designed in such a way that on Mahatma Gandhi's birthday, 2 October, the first rays of the sun fall on the exact place where his ashes were kept.After some shopping at the end we started our journey back to Thiruvananthapuram at 5:20 pm.CONCLUSIONThe studious attitudes and efforts got completed successfully. Thus, the BNV CTE Study Tour 2014 has come to a full circle as we touched our College campus at about 8:00 pm. Each one of were tired but contented for sure. As we slept that night we were all rejuvenated and very much ready to welcome a clear morning of vivid colours of sky and grass, the wide clear view of the horizons, the small city of Thiruvananthapuram, and the open green fields of our College grounds.