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  • Advanced ProtectionP A C K A G E User Manual

  • OMICRON Test Universe

    2

    Article Number VESD4003 - Manual Version: APROT.AE.9 OMICRON electronics 2007. All rights reserved.

    This manual is a publication of OMICRON electronics GmbH.

    All rights including translation reserved. Reproduction of any kind, e.g., photocopying, microfilming or storage in electronic data processing systems, requires the explicit consent of OMICRON electronics. Reprinting, wholly or in part, is not permitted.

    This manual represents the technical status at the time of writing. The product information, specifications, and all technical data contained within this manual are not contractually binding. OMICRON electronics reserves the right to make changes at any time to the technology and/or configuration without prior announcement.

    We have done our best to ensure that the material found in this publication is both useful and accurate. However, please be aware that errors may exist in this publication, and that neither the authors nor OMICRON electronics are to be held liable for statements and declarations given in this manual or in the use to which it may be put. The user is responsible for every application described in this manual and its results. OMICRON electronics explicitly exonerates itself from all liability for mistakes in this manual.

    OMICRON electronics translates this manual from its source language English into a number of other languages. Any translation of this manual is done for local requirements, and in the event of a dispute between the English and any non-English versions, the English version of this manual shall govern.

  • Table of Contents

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    Table of Contents

    1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9

    1.1 Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10

    1.2 Scope of Advanced Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11

    2 Advanced TransPlay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13

    2.1 The Advanced TransPlay Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142.1.1 Detail View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .152.1.2 Time Signal View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .172.1.3 Measurement View. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .192.1.4 Report View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20

    2.2 Example: Distance Relay with a Transient Playback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .212.2.1 Wiring Between Protection Relay and CMC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222.2.2 Starting Advanced TransPlay from the OCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222.2.3 Setting up the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .222.2.4 Configuring the Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232.2.5 Defining the Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .232.2.6 Running the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .272.2.7 Defining the Test Report Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

    3 Advanced Distance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29

    3.1 Advanced Distance Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .293.1.1 Shot, Search and Check Test Modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .293.1.2 Relative Test Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .323.1.3 Constant Source Impedance Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .323.1.4 Load Current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .323.1.5 Testing Multiple Fault Loops in one Test Module . . . . . . . . . . . .323.1.6 User Interface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

  • OMICRON Test Universe

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    3.2 Advanced Distance Example: Testing Reaches and Trip Times. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .343.2.1 Wiring Between Protection Relay and CMC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .363.2.2 Starting Advanced Distance from the OCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .373.2.3 Setting up the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .373.2.4 Configuring the Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .443.2.5 Defining the Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .443.2.6 Running the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .513.2.7 Defining the Test Report Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .513.2.8 View Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52

    3.3 CB Configuration Example with Advanced Distance Module . . . . . . . . .553.3.1 Wiring Between Relay and CMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .563.3.2 Starting the OMICRON Control Center. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .563.3.3 Setting up the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .563.3.4 Configuring the Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .563.3.5 Inserting the CB Configuration Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .573.3.6 Inserting an Advanced Distance Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .593.3.7 Viewing the results . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60

    4 Advanced Differential . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61

    4.1 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .624.1.1 The Diff Configuration Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .634.1.2 The Diff Operating Characteristic Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .634.1.3 The Diff Trip Time Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .644.1.4 The Diff Harmonic Restraint Module. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .64

    4.2 Advanced Differential Example . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .654.2.1 What should be tested? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .664.2.2 Wiring Between Relay and CMC/CMA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .684.2.3 Starting Diff Harmonic Restraint from the OCC . . . . . . . . . . . . .694.2.4 Setting up the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69

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    4.2.5 Configuring the Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .834.2.6 Testing the Relay or Protection System Configuration . . . . . . . .834.2.7 Testing the Operating Characteristic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .884.2.8 Testing the Trip Time Characteristic. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1024.2.9 Testing Harmonic Restraint . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106

    5 Synchronizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .115

    5.1 Application: Connecting a Generator to the Grid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .116

    5.2 Example: ELIN SYN3000 Digital Synchronizing Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1165.2.1 Emulation with CMC Test Set. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1185.2.2 Starting Synchronizer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1195.2.3 Setting up the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1195.2.4 Configuring the Hardware. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1225.2.5 Verifying the Wiring Between the Relay and the CMC . . . . . . .1245.2.6 Defining the Synchronizer Time Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1245.2.7 The Function Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1265.2.8 The Adjustment Test. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1335.2.9 Creating an OCC Test Document. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .139

    6 Annunciation Checker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .141

    6.1 Example: Annunciation Checker with a Digital Distance Protection Relay 7SA631 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1466.1.1 Test Task . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1466.1.2 Preparing the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1476.1.3 Defining the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1486.1.4 Specifying the Hardware Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1546.1.5 Defining the test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1546.1.6 Running the Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1636.1.7 Functional Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166

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    7 Transient Ground Fault . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .173

    7.1 Example: Ground Fault Relay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1737.1.1 Emulation with CMC Test Set. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1757.1.2 Starting Transient Ground Fault . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1757.1.3 Setting up the Test Object . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1767.1.4 Configuring the Hardware. . . . . . . .