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  • OECD Territorial Reviews

    Vienna-BratislavaAustria/Slovak RepublicComparison Regions:Lige-Maastricht-Aachen Frankfurt (Oder)-Slubice San Diego-Tijuana

    Annex

  • OECD Territorial Reviews: Vienna-Bratislava, Austria/Slovak Republic: Annex

    1

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    EUREGION MEUSE-RHINE: THE CROSS-BORDER REGION LIEGE-MAASTRICHT-AACHEN ... 5

    Introduction................................................................................................................................................. 6 Characteristics of the Meuse-Rhine Euregio............................................................................................... 6 Labour market and labour market policies................................................................................................ 13 Transport infrastructure............................................................................................................................. 20 Learning and knowledge transfer.............................................................................................................. 23 Cross-border governance .......................................................................................................................... 27

    The cross-border governance framework .............................................................................................. 27 The community initiative INTERREG of the Euregion Meuse-Rhine.................................................. 35

    ANNEXES: MEUSE-RHINE EUREGIO STATISTICAL INDICATORS................................................. 40

    Annex 1. Positioning of MHAL in Eurocorridors..................................................................................... 40 Annex 2. Socio-economic characteristics of the Euregio Meuse-Rhine ................................................... 41 Annex 3. Technological positioning of the Euregio Meuse-Rhine ........................................................... 43 Annex 4. Tourism infrastructure ............................................................................................................... 47 Annex 5. Evolution of employment and unemployment .......................................................................... 48 Annex 6. Air transport............................................................................................................................... 50

    REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................................. 52

    THE CROSS-BORDER REGION OF FRANKFURT (ODER)SLUBICE: AN ECONOMICS PERSPECTIVE ............................................................................................................................................ 53

    Introduction............................................................................................................................................... 53 Focus ..................................................................................................................................................... 53 Brief outline........................................................................................................................................... 53 Methodology.......................................................................................................................................... 54

    Trends and policies in the cross-border area............................................................................................. 55 Trends.................................................................................................................................................... 55 Implications of inequality...................................................................................................................... 62 Inequality, inefficiency, and policy ....................................................................................................... 65

    Specific policy fields................................................................................................................................. 67 Labour markets...................................................................................................................................... 67 Transport infrastructure ......................................................................................................................... 73 Learning and knowledge transfer .......................................................................................................... 75 Cross border governments ..................................................................................................................... 76

    Conclusions............................................................................................................................................... 77

    ABBREVIATIONS ...................................................................................................................................... 79

    APPENDIX .................................................................................................................................................. 80

    REFERENCES ............................................................................................................................................. 88

  • OECD Territorial Reviews: Vienna-Bratislava, Austria/Slovak Republic: Annex

    2

    THE CROSS-BORDER REGION OF SAN DIEGO/TIJUANA................................................................. 92

    Part 1: Main characteristics of the San Diego-Tijuana cross-border region ............................................. 92 Area definition....................................................................................................................................... 92 Historical background of the San Diego-Tijuana border region ........................................................... 93 Population trends and migratory flows.................................................................................................. 94 Transportation and ports of entry .......................................................................................................... 95 Water and sewage infrastructure ........................................................................................................... 97 Economic interdependence.................................................................................................................... 98 Employment and the effects of cross-border labour mobility ............................................................. 100

    Part 2: Governance.................................................................................................................................. 101 Governance on the U.S. side ............................................................................................................... 101 Governance on the Mexican side......................................................................................................... 102 Trans-border governance..................................................................................................................... 103

    Part 3: Key issue from a comparative perspective .................................................................................. 105

    ANNEX I SAN DIEGO-TIJUANA MAP................................................................................................. 110

    REFERENCES ........................................................................................................................................... 112

    Tables

    Table 1. Characteristics of the Euroregio Meuse-Rhine ....................................................................... 8 Table 2. Biotechnology companies in the Euregio ............................................................................. 12 Table 3. The Hautes Fagnes-Eifel: a trans-border natural park .......................................................... 14 Table 4. Labour market in the cross-border regions ........................................................................... 16 Table 5. Labour market in Liege......................................................................................................... 16 Table 6. Labour market in the German-speaking community of Belgium ......................................... 17 Table 7. Labour market in the Belgian Limburg ................................................................................ 18 Table 8. Labour market in the Dutch Limburg ................................................................................... 19 Table 9. Labour market in Aachen ..................................................................................................... 20 Table 10. Universities of the Euregio Meuse-Rhine............................................................................. 23 Table 11. Private research centres ........................................................................................................ 24 Table 12. Global overview of the education supply in the HORA-EST network................................. 24 Table 13. SWOT analysis of the Euregio ............................................................................................. 37 Table 14. GDP per capita (EUR15 = 100)............................................................................................ 41 Table 15. Population (in thousands) ..................................................................................................... 41 Table 16. Employment (in 1 000 persons)............................................................................................ 42 Table 17. Unemployment rates