oclc research: an overview and update for the national library of wales

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  • 1.John MacColl, European Director OCLC Research National Library of Wales 29 October 2008 OCLC Research an overview and update

2. OCLC Research 3. OCLC Research serves OCLC Membership RLG Partnership OCLC Enterprise 4. RLG/OCLC: From WorldCat to Wealth of Nations

  • The research library is the expression of the power of the aggregate
  • It draws its power from the collective wealth of libraries
  • We receive as we contribute
  • Libraries are switches for sharing
  • LocalGroupGlobal
  • Publishers within the cooperative!
  • Inversion of traditional functional arrangement
  • How do we design, engineer and lubricate this vision?
  • This is the role of OCLC Research within OCLC

5. OCLC Research

  • San Mateo, California
    • 12 Program Officers
    • Vice President
    • Administrative support
  • Dublin, Ohio
    • Communications Team
    • Vice President
    • 20 Research Scientists
    • Research Assistants
    • Administrative Support
  • St Andrews, Scotland
    • Director, Europe

6. RLG Partners - Geography Japan 1 Middle East 2 Australia and New Zealand 4 UK, Ireland &Continental Europe 27 North America 100 7. Our Partners American Academy in Rome American Antiquarian Society American Museum of Natural History American Philosophical SocietyAmerican University in CairoAmerican University of SharjahAmon Carter MuseumArizona State University Art Institute of Chicago Athenaeum of PhiladelphiaBard Graduate Center/Bard College Biblioteca Nacional de Espa a Biblioth q u e nationale de France Binghamton University, State University of New YorkBoston Public LibraryBoston University Pappas Law LibraryBrandeis UniversityBrigham Young University British Library Brooklyn MuseumJohn Carter Brown Library at Brown University California Digital Library California Historical SocietyCanadian Centre for ArchitectureCenter for Jewish HistoryChemical Heritage FoundationSterling and Francine Clark Art InstituteCleveland Museum of ArtColumbia University Cornell University Courtauld Institute of Art Direction des Archives de France Duke UniversityEmory UniversityFashion Institute of TechnologyFlorida State University Folger Shakespeare Library Fordham University Leo T. Kissam Memorial Law LibraryThe Frick Collection and Frick Art Reference LibraryGeorge Washington University Jacob Burns Law Library Getty Research Institute Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum Hagley Museum and LibraryLinda Hall Library of Science, Engineering & TechnologyHebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Imperial College of Science, Technology, and MedicineIndiana University BloomingtonInstitute for Advanced StudyInternational Institute of Social History (Netherlands) Keio University Kimbell Art Museum King's College London Library Company of Philadelphia Library of Congress Library of VirginiaLondon School of EconomicsLos Angeles County Law LibraryMetropolitan Museum of ArtMinnesota Historical SocietyMuseum of the American WestMuseum of Fine Arts, BostonMuseum of Fine Arts, Houston Museum of Modern Art National Archives and Records Administration National Gallery of Art National Gallery of Canada National Library of Australia National Library of New Zealand National Library of Scotland Natural History Museum (UK) Nelson-Atkins Museum of ArtNewberry LibraryThe New School (university)New York Academy of MedicineNew York Botanical GardenNew-York Historical Society New York Public Library New York State Office of Cultural Education New York UniversityOregon State University Pennsylvania State UniversityPhiladelphia Museum of Art Princeton University Rice UniversityRockefeller Archive Center (Rockefeller University)Royal Botanic Gardens, KewRutgers UniversitySchool of Oriental and African Studies Smithsonian Institution Southern Methodist UniversityUnderwood Law Library Stanford University Stony Brook University, State University of New YorkSt. Louis Art MuseumSwarthmore College Swiss National Library Syracuse UniversityTemple University Trinity College Dublin University of AberdeenUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of ArizonaUniversity of British Columbia Asian Library University of California, Berkeley University of California, Davis, Law LibraryUniversity of California, Los Angeles University of Cambridge University of ChicagoUniversity of EdinburghUniversity of Florida University of Glasgow University of Iowa Law LibraryUniversity of LiverpoolUniversity of ManchesterUniversity of Maryland University of Melbourne University of Miami University of Michigan University of Minnesota, Twin Cities University of Oxford University of PennsylvaniaUniversity of Southern CaliforniaUniversity of SydneyUniversity of Texas at Austin University of Toronto University of WarwickUniversity of Washington Victoria and Albert MuseumWellcome Library for the History and Understanding of MedicineYale University Yeshiva University 8. Value to existing Partners

  • Beginning of a new phase of its existence
  • Significant work was done as RLG - in standards for cataloguing, standards for archival description, digital preservation and organisation of cultural materials
  • One of the most significant achievements was the creation of an international group of high quality research institutions
  • Wonderful foundation for the next phase
  • New phase is required because oflandscape upheaval

9. Urgency

    • The last 2-3 years have seen significant changes in the environment (Perceptions Report)
      • Respondents usesearch enginesto begin an information search (84 percent).One percentbegin an information search on alibrary web site .(Part 1.2)
      • Search engines are rated higher than librarians.(Part 2.6)
      • Respondents do not trust purchased information more than free information. The verbatim comments suggest ahigh expectation of free information.(Part 3.4)
      • Library users like to self-serve. Mostrespondents do not seek assistancewhen using library resources. ( Part 2.4 )
    • Huge impact onexpectations including those of researchers

10. Information consumer behaviours

    • Network-level aggregation of supply and demand
    • Personal collections
    • Wild users
    • Social media & social networking

11. Be where the users are Image: informationarchitects.jp/web-trend-map-2008-beta/ 12. Discovery happens elsewhereSource: alexa.com Most visited sites on the web 1st . Yahoo! 2nd.Google 3rd .YouTube 4th.WindowsLive 5th.Facebook 6th .MSN 7th .Myspace 8th.Wikipedia 9th.Blogger 10th .Yahoo! Japan .. 1,377th . Harvard Libraries 4,444th.University of Cambridge 7,999th .. worldcat.org 19,974th British Library 307,564th National Library of Scotland 598,863rd . National Library of Wales 13. One way to get into the users flow 14. The changing economics of academic library expenditure: a prediction Consolidate low-use print Pool licensing purchase power Move into research flows Curation/Preservation Locally-curateddigital content 15. Revenues of key players Source: Michael Jubb, RIN. Conference on Sustaining the Digital Library, Edinburgh, September 2007 16. The resource context

  • Profits: Microsoft ~7bn, Google ~1.8bn
  • Microsoft expenditure on R&D is equal to the UK Science Budget (3.4bn); Googles is ~1bn
  • UK national and university librariestotal expenditureis less than half Googles R&D spend
  • Even in the US and Canada, thetotal spend of the relatively well-endowed ARL libraries amounts only to 1.8bn
  • So an obvious point to make here is that, in a context where commercial companies are clearly already players in the business of developing, providing, and sustaining digital content, it would be foolish to cut ourselves off from the resources that they have available to invest
  • Source: Michael Jubb, RIN. Conference on Sustaining the Digital Library, Edinburgh, September 2007

17. Imperatives

  • Be where they are
    • Services built for them, by them get used
  • Convenience beats quality; sharing beats privacy
  • User configurability
    • People want control over their own experiences
  • Personal collections
    • Mashups, repurposing, piracy
  • Putting content out there (disclosure) so it can be consumed in many different ways

18. Being awake in a web world

  • Library services need to be rethought for the web architecture
  • Resources not repositories (Herbert Van de Sompel)
  • Usage Factor becomes the new Impact Factor
  • The reader is an e-shopper
  • Employing the hive mind; users as contributors and fact-checkers
  • Bold initiatives are better taken jointly



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