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OCLC Online Computer Library Center Whats FRBR? Eric Childress OCLC Research COASIS&T Program 2005-07-21 OCLC Slide 2 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Outline Overview & history FRBR 101 First lessons FRBR 102 More FRBR Since the FRBR Study Group FRBR inspiration Slide 3 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Overview & history of FRBR Slide 4 OCLC Online Computer Library Center The FRBR model is revolutionary. The (computer) catalogue is not seen as a sequence of bibliographic records and a replica of the traditional card catalogue, but rather as a network of connected data, enabling the user to perform seamlessly all the necessary functions. -Dr. Maja umer. National and University Library, Ljubljana, Slovenia Slide 5 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Quickly FRBR = Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Developed by cataloging experts working under the auspices of IFLA (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions) FRBR is from a document issued by IFLA: Functional requirements for bibliographic records : final report (1998) FRBR is a conceptual model (not a standard!) FRBR systematically models the bibliographic universe Slide 6 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Impetus: a changing environment Automated systems for creation & processing of bibliographic data Growth of large-scale databases (national & international) Shared cataloging programs Economic pressure to reduce cataloging costs Adapting practice to accommodate new formats & a networked environment Changing user expectations and needs Slide 7 OCLC Online Computer Library Center On the shoulders of giants The heritage of cataloging theory and practice: Sir Anthony Panizzi's Rules (1841) Charles Ammi Cutters Principles (1874) S.R. Ranganathan's Five Laws (1931) The Paris Principles (1961) Seymour Lubetzkys Principles (1969) The International Standard Bibliographic Descriptions (1969-) Stockholm Seminar on Bibliographic Records (1990) Issued a resolution calling for the commissioning of a study to define the functional requirements of bibliographic records Slide 8 OCLC Online Computer Library Center The FRBR Project IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records Study (1992-1995): Against the changing environment within which cataloging principles & standards operate Conceptualize a cataloging code- and implementation- agnostic, generalized view of the bibliographic universe Deliver (1996-1998): A reference (i.e. conceptual) model A report: Functional requirements for bibliographic records : final report Mnich : K.G. Saur, 1998. [viii, 136 pages. ISBN 3-598-11382-X]Functional requirements for bibliographic records : final report Slide 9 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Value of FRBR FRBR study process and report: Fresh look at what functions bibliographic records perform FRBR systematically models the bibliographic universe Helps us answer important questions: What information is of the most value to users of the catalog? How can that most valuable information be used more effectively? Promises to inspire next generation catalogs, etc. Illuminates user tasks Clarifies how catalogs should function Slide 10 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR 101 First lessons Slide 11 OCLC Online Computer Library Center About the FRBR study Primary objectives of the FRBR study: Provide a clearly defined, structured framework for relating bibliographic data to user needs Recommend a basic level of functionality for records created by national bibliographic agencies Modeling the bibliographic universe: Utilizes an entity-relationship framework: Entities (a class of things) Relationships (associations among entities) Attributes (characteristics of the entities) Slide 12 OCLC Online Computer Library Center What FRBR says catalog users do: Four User Tasks: Find entities that match the search criteria Identify entities (confirm that the user has found what they were looking for) Select an entity that matches the users criteria Obtain access to the entity through purchase, loan, or through electronic remote access And, maybe a fifth: Navigate Slide 13 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR defines 3 groups of entities Group 1: products of intellectual or artistic endeavor that are named of described in bibliographic records work, expression, manifestation, item Group 2: entities responsible for the intellectual or artistic content, the physical production and dissemination, or the custodianship of such products person, corporate body Group 3: entities that serve as the subjects of intellectual or artistic endeavor concept, object, event, place Slide 14 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Group 1 - Bibliographic Entities Work A distinct intellectual or artistic creation Expression The intellectual or artistic realization of a work Manifestation The physical embodiment of an expression of a work Item A single example of a manifestation Slide 15 OCLC Online Computer Library Center is realized through is embodied in is exemplified by Work Expression Manifestation Item recursive one many Physical Intellectual/Artistic Group 1 Slide 16 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR Entity Levels From: Tillett, Barbara "AACR2's Strategic Plan and IFLA Work towards an International Cataloguing Code (2002)Tillett, Barbara "AACR2's Strategic Plan and IFLA Work towards an International Cataloguing Code (2002) Group 1 Slide 17 Slide 18 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR Entity Levels revisited Group 1 From: Tillett, Barbara "AACR2's Strategic Plan and IFLA Work towards an International Cataloguing Code (2002)Tillett, Barbara "AACR2's Strategic Plan and IFLA Work towards an International Cataloguing Code (2002) Slide 19 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Group 1 Slide 20 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Attributes A set of characteristics that serve as the basis for formulating queries and interpreting responses Can be either inherent or externally applied E.g., inherent: the physical medium and dimension of an object E.g., externally sourced: assigned identifiers (e. g., thematic catalog numbers for musical compositions) Slide 21 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Attributes of Group 1 Entities Work Work title, form or genre, date, performance medium, intended audience Expression Expression title, form of the expression, language of the expression, type of score, scale of a map Manifestation Manifestation title, publisher, date of publication, form of carrier, dimensions, manifestation identifier (e.g. ISBN), terms of availability Item Location or call number, barcode, provenance, condition, access restrictions on an item Slide 22 OCLC Online Computer Library Center FRBR 102 More FRBR Slide 23 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Group 2 Responsible Entities Entities responsible for the intellectual or artistic content, the physical production and dissemination, or the custodianship of such products Group 2 entities: Person Corporate Body And perhaps a third Family Slide 24 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Attributes of Group 2 Entities Attributes of Group 2 entities: Person Names, dates, titles or other designations Corporate body Name, number, place, date, other designation Slide 25 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Group 3 - Subject Entities Entities that serve as the subjects of intellectual or artistic endeavor Group 3 entities: Concept: topical subject heading Object: name for an object Event: name for an event Place: name for a place Plus the Group 1 and 2 Entities: Works about Works/Expressions/Manifestations/Items Works about Persons and/or Corporate Entities Slide 26 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Attributes of Group 3 Entities Attributes of Group 3 entities: Concept term Object term Event term Place term Slide 27 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Relationships Link entities to one another Entities of different groups (person and work) Entities of the same group (work and expression) Collocation and navigation Slide 28 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Relationships (between different FRBR groups) Work Person Expression Person Manifestation Corporate body Item Corporate body Concept Work Created by Translated by Produced by Owned by Is subject of Slide 29 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Relationships (within a group) Work to work Successor Supplement Complement Summarization Adaptation Transformation Imitation Work to work Whole/part Slide 30 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Making Relationships Uniform titles In cataloging, historically: Not consistently applied over time Not consistently applied to all materials Role and function identifiers In cataloging, historically: Not consistently applied Buried in natural language Slide 31 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Authority Bibliographic Holding Item Work/ Expression Uniform Title Concept Manifestation Person Series (work/expression) Uniform Title Scenario A (Now) Slide 32 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Scenario B (Future) Work/ Expression Uniform Title Manifestation Authority Bibliographic Holding Concept Item Person Series (work/expression) Uniform Title Slide 33 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Since the FRBR Study Group Slide 34 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Paris Principles reborn Statement of International Cataloguing Principles Approved by the IFLA Meeting of Experts on an International Cataloguging Code (Frankfurt, 2003) Statement of International Cataloguing Principles Adapts and expands the Paris Principles (1961) Expands scope from: Textual works to all types of materials Choice and form of entry to all aspects of bibliographic & authority records First principle remains: Serve the convenience of the users of the catalogue Slide 35 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Working the FRBR/FRANAR framework All work now under the FRBR Review Group:FRBR Review Group Group 1 entities [bibliographic]: The IFLA St

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