OB Romanian Cavalry Mid War

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  • 7/28/2019 OB Romanian Cavalry Mid War

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    By Wayne Turner and Phil Yates

    Updatedon

    3 JUly2013

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    Romanias CavalRyRomania started the war with the Soviet Union withsix Cavalry Brigades, based on 12 Rosiori and 6 ClrasiRegiments, while the other 7 ClrasiRegiments were usedor the Reconnaissance units o larger ormations. Due totheir elite nature they were some o the rst units to undergomechanisation. During the course o the war the RomanianCavalry underwent substantial organisational change, rstmotorising some units with trucks and motorcycles and thenthe expansion o the brigades into divisions in 1942.

    In 1942 each Cavalry Division had three cavalry regi-ments, two were horse mounted and one was motorised.Te Romanian cavalry were skilled mounted inantrymen,

    whether operating rom horseback or rom motor transport

    and ullled the roll o elite mobile inantry rather than tra-ditional sabre waving cavalry.

    Like most European nations to be involved in the wars othe late 19th Century, the Romanians had learnt the lessonso modern combat and retrained their cavalry as mountedinantry beore the First World War.

    CavalRyRegiments attaChments:1st Cavalry Division

    January to November 1942 with III Corps, Tird Army,ater 20 November 1942 with German XI Korps, GermanSixth Army.

    11th Clrasi Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1941, 1944-1945)

    1st Rosiori Regiment (1941-1945)

    2nd Rosiori Regiment (1941-1945)

    Gard Clare (Guard Cavalry) Regiment (1942-1943)

    5th Rosiori Regiment (1943-1945)

    5th Cavalry Division

    August to September 1942 with the Cavalry Corps, up toJanuary with the VII Corps and ater January 1943 with theFourth Army.

    6th Rosiori Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1941-44)

    7th Rosiori Regiment (1941-44)

    8th Rosiori Regiment (1941-44)

    11th Rosiori Regiment (1943-44)

    6th Cavalry Division

    February to December 1942 with Cavalry Corps, December1942 with VII Corps, January 1943 with Fourth Army, February

    to July 1943 with the German V Korpsand Romanian CavalryCorps and July 1943 with KampgruppeKress o the GermanV Korps, Seventeenth Army.

    10th Rosiori Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1941-44)

    9

    th

    Rosiori Regiment (1941-44)5th Clrasi Regiment (1941-44)

    7th Cavalry Division

    1942 attached to Tird Army reserve, in November it isattached to the II Corps, then to the German XXXXVIIIPanzerkorps, and back with the II Corps.

    In late December division was asked by Group Hollidtto take over the deence o Chernikov to protect Germandepots. It deended the position with the 11thRosiori, 11thClrasiand some German inantry. Te 7th Cavalry Divisionrepulsed all Soviet attacks and was awarded 28 German Iron

    Crosses. It deended the position until 2 January and wasthe last large unit to hold deensive lines on the Chir River.Heavily reduced in strength and missing most o it mountsit returned to Romania with just under 5000 men. It wasdisbanded in March 1943 and its troops merged with the 1stCavalry Division.

    11th Rosiori Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1941-43)

    12th Rosiori Regiment (1941)

    9th Clrasi Regiment (1941)

    11

    th

    Clrasi Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1942-43)

    8th Cavalry Division

    October 1941 to May 1942 with the German Eleventh Army,as part o the Romanian Mountain Corps, beore serving

    with the Germans under the XXX Korps. In August 1942it was under Group Mattenklott,XXXXII Korps, Eleventh

    Army. In late 1942 to early 1943 it was once again underRomanian command with the VII Corps.

    3rd Clrai Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1941-45)

    2nd Clrai Regiment (1941-45)

    4th Rosiori Regiment (1941-45)

    12th Rosiori Motorizat (Motorised Cavalry) Regiment(1943-45)

    9th Cavalry Division

    August 1942 to September 1943 with the Cavalry Corps,Tird Army. In September 1943 serving with the GermanV Korps.

    5th Rosiori Motorizat Regiment (1941-45)

    3rd Rosiori Regiment (1941-45)

    9th Clrasi Regiment (1944-45)

    13th Clrasi Regiment (1941-45)

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    Batalion de Cavalerie HQ

    Maior

    Maior

    Battalion HQ

    Company CommandCavalry Rifle/MG team

    2iC CommandCavalry Rifle/MG team

    Dismounted Cavalerie Company

    Capitan

    Capitan

    HQ Section

    Command

    Rifle/MG team

    Locotenent

    Cavalerie Platoon

    Locotenent

    Sergent

    Mortar Section

    60mm Brandtmortar

    60mm Brandtmortar

    60mm Brandtmortar

    60mm Brandtmortar

    Cavalerie Platoon

    Locotenent

    Cavalerie Platoon

    Locotenent

    ZB53 HMG ZB53 HMG

    ZB53 HMG ZB53 HMG

    Machine-gunPlatoon

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    batalion

    de

    CavaleRie

    motivationand skillRomania has three armies on the Russian Front, contributing more men to the conict than any other

    Axis power except Germany. A Batalion de Cavalerie is rated asElite.

    HeadquaRteRS

    headqUaRteRs

    Battalion HQ 40 points

    option

    Replace either or both Command Cavalry Rie/MGteams with Command Cavalry Vanator de CareRie/MG teams or +5 points per team.

    batalionde CavaleRie hq

    combat companieS

    dismoUnted CavaleRie Company

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    3 Cavalerie Platoons 320 points

    2 Cavalerie Platoons 220 points

    1 Cavalerie Platoon 120 points

    options

    Replace Command Rie/MG team with a CommandVanator de Care Rie/MG team or +5 points.

    Add 60mm Brandt mortars or +20 points permortar.

    Add Machine-gun platoon or +105 points.

    Modern cavalry are not the shock arm as they were o daysgone by, though they are still more than capable o the odd

    dashing charge. Now they are like the old ashion dragoonsand ght as mounted inantry. Tey are just as comortableghting dismounted as they are on horseback.

    Tey would oten hold deensive positions alongside theinantry or, as happened during the ghting in Crimea, beorced to ght on oot because o a lack o horses.

    Romanian

    RegulaR

    elite

    Te Romanian cavalry is traditionally divided into the

    Clrasi and Rosiori, but by WWII any organisational ortraining diferences had disappeared. Te 12 Rosioriand six

    vanatoRde CaReo deal with Soviet tanks Romanian troops would oten arma ew brave men rom their company with satchel charges,anti-tank mines, Molotov cocktails and other improvisedclose-assault anti-tank weapons. Te Vanator de Care (tank

    hunter) has to be a brave man, he knows that an assault on aenemy tank could quite easily become his last.

    ClrasiRegiments made up the six cavalry divisions while

    the other seven ClrasiRegiments provided the cavalry orthe inantry and higher ormations.

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    Cavalerie Machine-gun Platoon

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    Command Cavalry Rifle team

    Machine-gunSection

    Sergent

    Machine-gunSection

    Sergent

    Cavalry ZB53 HMG

    Cavalry ZB53 HMG

    Cavalry ZB53 HMG

    Cavalry ZB53 HMG

    Cavalerie Mortar Platoon

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    CommandRifle team

    ObserverRifle team

    Sergent Sergent

    81.4mm Brandtmortar

    81.4mm Brandtmortar

    81.4mm Brandtmortar

    81.4mm Brandtmortar

    Mortar Section Mortar Section

    Cavalry limber

    Cavalry limber

    Cavalry limber

    Cavalry limber

    batalion

    de

    CavaleRie

    RomanianCavaleRie maChine-gUn platoon

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    2 Machine-gun Sections 130 points

    1 Machine-gun Section 75 points

    Te machine-gun troops o the cavalry provide an importantrole in any battle plan. Being mounted on horse allows themto keep pace with the cavalry, but they must still dismounttheir ZB53 HMGs to provide re support.

    CavaleRie moRtaRplatoon

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    2 Mortar Sections 100 points

    options

    Add Observer Rie team or +15 points.

    Add Cavalry limbers at +5 points or the platoon.Mount Command and Observer Rie teams as

    Cavalry or +5 points per team.

    Te mortar platoons provide mobile artillery support or acavalry battalion. When limbered they are able to keep up

    with the cavalry. Tey dismount and deliver supporting rewhen they need to.

    A Cavalerie Machine-gun Platoon may make CombatAttachments to Cavalerie Companies.

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    Cavalerie Anti-tank Company

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    Command Rifle team

    Sergent

    Anti-tank Section

    Sergent

    Anti-tank Section

    Anti-tank Section

    TAC 37 45mm gun

    Sergent

    Cavalry limber

    Cavalry limber

    TAC 37 45mm gun

    TAC 37 45mm gun

    Cavalry limber

    Cavalry limber

    TAC 37 45mm gun

    Cavalry limber

    TAC 37 45mm gun

    Cavalry limber

    TAC 37 45mm gun

    WeaponS platoonS

    CavaleRie anti-tankCompany

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    6 TAC 37 45mm (45mm obr 1937) 170 points

    4 TAC 37 45mm (45mm obr 1937) 115 points

    2 TAC 37 45mm (45mm obr 1937) 60 points

    option

    Add cavalry limbers at no cost.

    Mount Command Rie teams as Cavalry or

    +5 points.

    Te Romanians armed the anti-tank platoons o theircavalry with Soviet 45mm obr 1937 anti-tank guns capturedin 1941.

    A Cavalerie Anti-tank Company uses the Horse Artillerymovement special rule (page 118 o the rulebook).

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    Locotenent

    Tancuri Platoon

    Command T-38

    HQ Section

    Locotenent

    Tank Section

    Sergent

    T-38 T-38

    platoon

    3 T-38 (Panzer 38(t)) 125 points

    tanCURi platoon

    In March 1943 a tank battalion, equipped with 50 oldGerman -38 tanks (CKD L VZ 38 or Panzer 38 (t) tanks),

    was sent to the ront to reinorce the Cavalry Corps and theMountain Corps in the Kuban region east o Crimea.

    It had three companies (51st, 52nd and 53rd) each 15 tanksstrong. Five tanks were kept in reserve or replacements asthese old tanks had seen a lot o service and were not alwaysreliable. Ater the retreat rom the aman bridgehead, thebattalion was used in the ghting in Crimea in late 1943. Itreturned to Romania in early in 1944, with only ten tanksstill operational.

    motivationand skillRomanias Cavalry Divisions are their very best inantry and ght with great determination. Divisional

    Support Platoons are rated asElite.

    divisionalsUppoRt

    Romanian

    RegulaR

    elite

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    0

    Vanatori de Munte Company

    Capitan

    Capitan

    HQ Section

    Command

    Rifle/MG team

    Locotenent

    Vanatori Platoon

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Locotenent

    Locotenent Locotenent

    Machine-gun

    Platoon

    Sergent

    Mortar Section

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    ZB53 HMG ZB53 HMG

    ZB53 HMG ZB53 HMG

    60mm Brandtmortar

    60mm Brandtmortar

    Vanatori Platoon

    Vanatori Platoon

    Motorised Cavalry Platoon

    Locotenent

    Sergent

    Cavalry Squad

    Rifle/MG team

    Sergent

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Cavalry Squad

    Sergent

    Cavalry Squad

    Rifle/MG team Rifle/MG team

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    Command Rifle/MG team

    1.5-ton truck 1.5-ton truck

    1.5-ton truck

    vanatoRide mUnte Company

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    3 Vanatori Platoons 320 points

    2 Vanatori Platoons 220 points

    1 Vanatori Platoon 120 points

    options

    Replace Command Rie/MG team with a CommandVanator de Care Rie/MG team or +5 points.

    Add 60mm Brandt mortars or +20 points permortar.

    Add Machine-gun platoon or +105 points.

    Te hard ghting Vanatori de Munte o the mountaininantry are equipped with ries and ZB30 light machine-guns. Each company also has supporting ZB53 heavymachine-guns and 60mm mortars.

    While ghting in the Crimea the Vanatori de Munte oughtwith honour alongside their German allies. Teir higherlevels o moral and training allow them to be more exibleand aggressive on attack or deence.

    Vanatori de Munte Companies are Mountaineers, see page61 o the rulebook.

    vanatoRde CaReo deal with Soviet tanks Romanian troops would oten arma ew brave men rom their company with satchel charges,anti-tank mines, Molotov cocktails and other improvisedclose-assault anti-tank weapons. Te Vanator de Care (tankhunter) has to be a brave man, he knows that an assault on aenemy tank could quite easily become his last.

    motoRised CavalRyplatoon

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    3 Cavalry Squads 125 points

    2 Cavalry Squads 90 points

    options

    Replace Command Rie/MG team with a CommandVanator de Care Rie/MG team or +5 points.

    Replace all 1.5-ton trucks with motorcycle & side-cars per Rie/MG team or +5 points.

    In 1941 the Romanians started a plan to motorise theircavalry. By 1942 the motorised cavalry brigades consisted othree cavalry regiments, two o horse-mounted cavalry andone o cavalry with trucks and motorcycles.

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    Cavalerie Scout Platoon

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    Command Cavalry

    Rifle/MG team

    Sergent Sergent

    Cavalry Rifle/MG team

    Cavalry Rifle/MG team

    Cavalry Rifle/MG team

    Cavalry Rifle/MG team

    Cavalry Rifle/MG team

    Cavalry Rifle/MG team

    Scout Squad Scout Squad

    Pioneer Platoon

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    Command PioneerRifle/MG team

    Sergent

    Pioneer Squad

    Pioneer Rifle team

    Pioneer Rifle team

    Sergent

    Pioneer Squad

    Sergent

    Pioneer Squad

    Pioneer Rifle team

    Pioneer Rifle team

    Pioneer Rifle team Pioneer Rifle team 3-ton truck

    3-ton truck3-ton truck

    Pioneer Supply3-ton truck

    CavaleRie sCoUt platoon

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    2 Scout Squads 180 points

    1 Scout Squad 100 points

    option

    Replace Command Cavalry Rie/MG team with aCommand Cavalry Vanator de Care Rie/MG teamor +5 points.

    Te mounted scouts provide the reconnaissance or thecavalry divisions. Tese hand picked mounted troopers areast and can seek out the enemys intentions and uncover hisambushes with expert observation.

    pioneeRplatoon

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    3 Pioneer Squads 130 points

    2 Pioneer Squads 95 points

    options

    Replace all Pioneer Rie teams with Pioneer Rie/MGteams or +10 points per Pioneer Squad.

    Replace all Pioneer Rie teams with Pioneer SMGteams or +10 points per Pioneer Squad.

    Add 3-ton trucks or +5 points or the platoon.

    Add Pioneer Supply 3-ton truck or +25 points.

    You may replace up to one Pioneer Rie, Rie/MG or SMGteam per Pioneer Squad with a Flame-thrower team at thestart o the game beore deployment.

    Romanias motorised combat pioneers are some o the besttrained and equipped troops in service. Tey can knockoutbunkers, destroy tanks or clear mineelds.

    A Cavalerie Scout Platoon is a Reconnaissance Platoon.

    divisionalsUppoRt

    Romanian

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    Cavalerie Heavy Mortar Company

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    CommandRifle team

    ObserverRifle team

    Sergent Sergent

    120mm Resitamortar

    Cavalry wagon

    120mm Resitamortar

    Cavalry wagon

    120mm Resitamortar

    Cavalry wagon

    120mm Resitamortar

    Cavalry wagon

    Mortar Section Mortar Section

    Sergent

    Cavalry wagon120mm Resitamortar Cavalry wagon120mm Resitamortar

    Mortar Section

    Cavalerie Anti-aircraft Platoon

    Locotenent

    Locotenent

    HQ Section

    Command Rifle team

    Sergent Sergent

    Anti-Aircraft Section Anti-Aircraft Section

    13.2mm Hotchkiss AA MG

    13.2mm Hotchkiss AA MG

    Cavalry wagon

    Cavalry wagon

    13.2mm Hotchkiss AA MG

    13.2mm Hotchkiss AA MG

    Cavalry wagon

    Cavalry wagon

    Locotenent

    Air Support

    Flight

    Aircraft

    Locotenent

    CavaleRie heavymoRtaRCompany

    platoon

    HQ Section with:

    3 Mortar...

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