o shipwreck beach, kauai, the shipwreck beach study area (transects 0– 20) is located on the...

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  • 429001001

    429001009

    429001007

    429001002

    429001010

    428021001

    429001003

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    428020008

    42 80

    21 04

    1

    42 90

    01 00

    4

    4280289 99

    30"20" 10" 50"159o26' W 40" 159o25'10" W20"159o26'30" W

    30"20" 10" 50"159o26' W 40" 159o25'10" W20"159o26'30" W

    21 o 5

    3' N

    21 o 5

    2' 10

    " N

    40 "

    30 "

    50 "

    21 o 5

    3' 10

    " N

    20 "

    21 o53' N

    21 o52'10" N

    40" 30"

    50" 21

    o53'10" N 20"

    45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 6564 66 67 456800mE454400mE

    45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 6564 66 67 456800mE454400mE

    89 90

    91 92

    93 94

    95 96

    97 98

    99 87

    86 88

    24 20

    0 01

    02 03

    04 24

    20 50

    0m N

    85 24

    18 40

    0m N

    89 90

    91 92

    93 94

    95 96

    97 98

    99 87

    86 88

    24200 01

    02 03

    04 24205

    00m N

    85 24184

    00m N

    AREA DESCRIPTION The Shipwreck Beach study area (transects 0– 20) is located on the southeast coast of Kauai. The shoreline is composed of carbonate sand beach interrupted by basalt headlands. Overall, the area is experiencing erosion at an average rate of -1.2 ft/yr. Previous studies1 found similar trends in shoreline change for the Shipwreck Beach study area. 1 Makai Ocean Engineering and Sea Engineering, 1991 Aerial Photograph Analysis of Coastal Erosion on the Islands of Kauai, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, and Hawaii. State of Hawaii Office of Coastal Zone Management Program.

    HISTORICAL SHORELINES

    Erosion rate measurement locations (shore-normal transects)

    Historical beach positions, color coded by year, are determined using orthorectified and georefer- enced aerial photographs and National Ocean Survey (NOS) topographic survey charts. The low water mark is used as the historical shore- line, or shoreline change reference feature (SCRF).

    Movement of the SCRF along shore-normal transects (spaced every 66 ft) is used to calcu- late erosion rates.

    T-sheet 1927

    May 2000

    Apr 1975 Jan

    Mar

    1982

    1988 1987Jul

    Oct 2007

    Erosion Rate Accretion Rate

    SHORELINE CHANGE RATES

    Historical shoreline positions are measured every 66 ft along the shoreline. These sites are denoted by yellow shore-perpendicular transects. Changes in the position of the shorelines through time are used to calculate shoreline change rates (ft/yr) at each transect location.

    Annual shoreline change rates are shown on the shore-parallel graph. Red bars on the graph indicate a trend of beach erosion, while blue bars indicate a trend of accretion. Approximately every fifth transect and bar of the graph is numbered. Where necessary, transects have been purposely deleted to maintain consistent alongshore spacing. As a result transect numbering is not consecutive everywhere. The rates are smoothed alongshore using a 1-3-5-3-1 technique to normalize rate differences on adjacent transects.

    -3

    -2

    -1

    0 - 3

    -2

    -1

    0

    Shore line C

    hang e Rat

    e (ft/y r)

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    Shipwreck Beach, Kauai, Hawaii

    400 300200

    1200 900600

    100

    3000

    0100

    300

    Scale 1:3000 Meters

    Feet Contract C25514 Contract 7249

    Charles Fletcher, Matthew Barbee, Siang-Chyn Lim, Julia Ehses, Matt Dyer, and Ayesha Genz University of Hawaii Coastal Geology Group School of Ocean and Earth Sciences and Technology 1680 East West Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, U.S.A.

    The preparation of this poster was financed in part by the Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972, as amended, administered by the Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Man- agement, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, United States Department of Commerce, through the Office of Planning, State of Hawaii.

    Latitude/Longitude coordinates UTM coordinates

    159o26'30" W 2418400mN

    0

    0 10km

    10mi

    Kauai

    Shipwreck Beach

    N

    0

    5

    10

    15

    20

    Shipwreck Beach

    Keoniloa Bay

    Makawehi