noun phrase, part 2 noun phrase articles: a, an, the, o
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Slide 2 Noun Phrase, Part 2 Noun Phrase Articles: a, an, the, O Slide 3 With all countable and uncountable nouns Nouns Proper NounsPronounsCountable NounsUncountable Nouns think about determiners. Slide 4 Noun Phrases, Part 2 determiners a, an, the my, his, theirs, etc this, that, these, those some, any other, another such Noun (head word) = a noun phrase + Slide 5 Noun phrases Noun (head word) dog sister friend dictionaries noun phrase my dog a sister this friend some dictionaries Slide 6 Longer noun phrases my sweet little dog an older sister this really, old friend of mine some very old, electronic dictionaries Slide 7 Whats a noun phrase? Tell your partner now! A noun phrase is a group of words with a noun as the head-word. Slide 8 The most common determiners are articles Slide 9 What are articles? a an the (= Nothing at all!) Slide 10 So which article should I use? Ask yourself these three questions: a. Is my noun countable or uncountable? b. Is my noun singular or plural? c. Does the listener know this noun? Slide 11 Use a or an when Q1: countable Q2 : singular Q3 : The listener DOESNT KNOW. Ex: I bought a new CD yesterday. Are we going to a movie or a restaurant? You didnt know this Slide 12 Use a or an when Heres a tip A singular, countable noun must always, always, always have a determiner in front of it Slide 13 determiner + singular countable noun Find the singular, countable noun and put a determiner in front of it. a. She has dog. b. I told joke. c. Friend lives in Seattle. d. There is coffee shop on corner. Slide 14 determiner + singular, countable noun Find the singular, countable noun and put a determiner in front of it. a. She has a dog. b. I told a joke. c. My friend lives in Seattle. d. There is a coffee shop on the corner. Slide 15 Use the when the noun is Q1: countable or uncountable Q2: singular or plural Q3: The listener KNOWS. Slide 16 How do you know if the listener knows? The sun is bright today. The prime minister of Japan is speaking. He is the cutest guy in the class. Theres only one, so the listener knows which one. Slide 17 I have to go to the grocery store. Theres only one that we go to, so we both know which one. The doctor called. Lets go to the park. How do you know if the listener knows? Slide 18 Theres only one guy I met last night, so they know which one. Theres only one pen on the table, so they know which one. The guy I met last night is going to call me. The pen on the table is purple. How do you know if the listener knows? Slide 19 How do they know? The dog is called Guapo. I have a dog. Now they know which one. They dont know which one. After I tell them, they know Slide 20 How do you know? After I tell you, you know Now you know which one. You dont know which one. Theres a new movie I want to see. The movie is supposed to be really good. This is the first time This is the second time Slide 21 Why should we use the? The Eiffel Tower Theres only one in the world. Slide 22 the zoo Theres only one in the area that we go to. Why should we use the? Slide 23 the beach the yellow hat the towel the umbrella Theres only one that we can see right now. Why should we use the? Slide 24 the dog There is only one dog (that I told you about before). Why should we use the? Slide 25 What three questions should you ask when choosing an article? Tell your partner now! Slide 26 1. countable or uncountable? 2. singular or plural? 3. Does the listener know this noun? Three questions Slide 27 a/an Countable = singular I ate a banana. THE LISTENER DOESNT KNOW. countable = singular or plural uncountable I ate the banana. I ate the bananas. I ate the fruit. THE LISTENER KNOWS. the ? Slide 28 Use when Q1: countable plural Q2: uncountable Q3: The speaker means in general. Slide 29 + plural, countable noun + uncountable noun Find the plural, countable noun or uncountable noun. Underline it then change the sentence to make it correct. a. Banana is delicious. b. His father and grandfather were a lawyer. c. I like a fresh airs. d. The pop music is my favorite. Slide 30 + plural, countable noun + uncountable noun Find the plural, countable noun or uncountable noun. Underline it then change the sentence to make it correct. a. Bananas are delicious. b. His father and grandfather were a lawyers. c. I like a fresh airs. d. The pop music is my favorite. Slide 31 a/an countable singular I ate a banana. THE LISTENER DOESNT KNOW. countable = singular / plural uncountable I ate the banana. I ate the bananas. I ate the fruit. THE LISTENER KNOWS. the countable plural uncountable Bananas are yellow. Fruit is good for you. IN GENERAL Slide 32 Now you try Use a/an or a. _____ bird has wings. b. _____ birds have wings. c. _____ student is a person who studies. d. _____ basketball is round. e. _____ basketball is a sport. f. _____ homework is important. g. _____ dog is a good pet. h. _____ my dogs name is Guapo. Slide 33 Answers a. A bird has wings. b. Birds have wings. ( ) c. A student is a person who studies. d. A basketball is round. e. Basketball is a sport. ( ) f. Homework is important. ( ) g. A dog is a good pet. h. My dogs name is Guapo. ( ) Slide 34 Now you try Use a/an or the a. I have _____ idea! Lets go on _____ picnic tomorrow. b. Did you have fun at _____ picnic yesterday? c. _____ front wheel of my bicycle is flat. d. Your blue shirt is in _____ washing machine. e. We need to get _____ new phone. f. Yuki, could you answer _____ phone, please? g. Chieko wants to be _____ flight attendant. h. Keiko was _____ flight attendant who helped me. Slide 35 Now you try Use a/an or the a. I have an idea! Lets go on a picnic tomorrow. b. Did you have fun at the picnic yesterday? c. The front wheel of my bicycle is flat. d. Your blue shirt is in the washing machine. e. We need to get a new phone. f. Yuki, could you answer the phone, please? g. Chieko wants to be a flight attendant. h. Keiko was the flight attendant who helped me. Slide 36 How are you doing so far? GREAT!GREAT! Slide 37 Okay, that was Determiners 101. Now for Determiners 201 Slide 38 AGAIN How do you know which article to use? Have a look. Slide 39 Lets think about countable nouns AND Slide 40 singular, countable nouns use a or an When you mean dogs in general Slide 41 plural, countable nouns can use When you mean dogs in general Slide 42 But wait. A dog makes a good pet. Dog s make good pets. Whats the difference? Nothing. Slide 43 singular, countable nouns use a or an When the listener doesnt know Slide 44 singular, countable nouns use the When the listener knows Slide 45 plural, countable nouns use the When the listener knows Slide 46 Now lets think about uncountable nouns AND Slide 47 uncountable nouns use When you mean fruit in general Slide 48 uncountable nouns use the When the listener knows Slide 49 What about quantifiers? Slide 50 Quantifiers all none countable every all most a lot of many some How many? uncountable every all most a lot of much some How much? several not many a few few (not) any no; none not much a little little (not) any no; none Slide 51 Tricky Quantifiers How many? How much? much / many are used with questions and negatives. Question: How many books do you have ? How much money do you have ? Negative: I do n t have many.I do nt have much. There are nt many books.There is nt much water. For everything else, use a lot of or lots of. I have a lot of books. I have lots of money. Slide 52 BUT Many can also be used in positive sentences and much ______. Example: Many people came to the party. (correct) Example: Much snow fell last night. (NOT correct.) Slide 53 GUESS WHAT? Were Finished! Slide 54 Homework Its the same as usual... Grammar Card(s): KEY WORDS ~ Noun Phrases, Determiners, Quantifiers Homework Pages... Dont wait until the last minute to check your homework! If you have homework mistakes, ask yourself, What is my mistake? Do I understand how to fix it?