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  • 8/6/2019 Notable Inventions and Discoveries[1]

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    Notable Inventions and DiscoveriesDate Invention Or Discovery Inventor Or Discoverer Nationality

    1250 Magnifying glass Roger Bacon English

    1450 Printing press Johann Gutenberg German1504 Pocket watch Peter Henlein German1590 Compound microscope Zacharias Janssen Dutch1593 Water thermometer Galileo Italian1608 Telescope Hans Lippershey Dutch1625 Blood transfusion Jean-Baptiste Denys French1629 Steam turbine Giovanni Branca Italian1642 Adding machine Blaise Pascal French1643 Barometer Evangelista Torricelli Italian1650 Air pump Otto von Guericke German1656 Pendulum clock Christiaan Huygens Dutch1661 Methanol Robert Boyle Irish

    1668 Reflecting telescope Isaac Newton English1671 Calculating machine Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz German1698 Steam pump Thomas Savery English1701 Seed drill Jethro Tull English1710 Piano Bartolomeo Cristofori Italian1712 Steam engine Thomas Newcomen British1714 Mercury thermometer Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit German1717 Diving bell Edmund Halley English1725 Stereotyping William Ged Scottish1745 Leyden jar (condenser) E.G. von Kleist German1752 Lightning rod Benjamin Franklin American1758 Achromatic lens John Dollond British

    1759 Marine chronometer John Harrison British1764 Spinning jenny James Hargreaves British1769 Spinning frame R. Arkwright English1769 Steam engine (with separate condenser) James Watt British1769 Automobile Nicholas-Joseph Cugnot French1775 Submarine David Bushnell American1780 Steel pen Samuel Harrison English1780 Bifocal lens Benjamin Franklin American

    1783 Balloon Joseph Michel Montgolfier andJacques tienne Montgolfier

    French

    1784 Threshing machine Andrew Meikle British1785 Power loom Edmund Cartwright British

    1786 Steamboat John Fitch American1788 Flyball governor James Watt British1791 Gas turbine John Barber British1792 Illuminating gas William Murdock Scottish1793 Cotton gin Eli Whitney American1795 Hydraulic press Joseph Bramah English1796 Lithography Aloys Senefelder German1796 Smallpox vaccination Edward Jenner British

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    1799 Fourdrinier machine (papermaking) Louis Robert French1800 Jacquard loom Joseph Marie Jacquard French1800 Electric battery Count Alessandro Volta Italian1801 Pattern loom Joseph Marie Jacquard French1804 Screw propeller John Stevens American1804 Solid-fuel rocket William Congreve British

    1804 Steam locomotive Richard Trevithick British1805 Electroplating Luigi Gasparo Brugnatelli Italian

    1810 Food preservation (by sterilization and exclusionof air)

    Franois Appert French

    1810 Printing press Frederick Koenig German1814 Railroad locomotive George Stephenson British1815 Safety lamp Sir Humphry Davy British1816 Bicycle (no pedals) Karl D. Sauerbronn German

    1819 Stethoscope Ren-Thophile-HyacintheLannec

    French

    1820 Hygrometer J.F. Daniell English

    1820 Galvanometer

    Johann Salomo Cristoph

    Schweigger German1821 Electric motor Michael Faraday British1823 Silicon J ns Jakob Berzelius Swedish1823 Electromagnet William Sturgeon British1824 Portland cement Joseph Aspdin British1827 Friction match John Walker British1829 Typewriter1 W.A. Burt American1829 Braille printing Louis Braille French1830 Platform scales Thaddeus Fairbanks American1830 Sewing machine Barthlemy Thimonnier French1831 Phosphorus match Charles Sauria French1831 Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick American1831 Dynamo Michael Faraday British1834 Electric streetcar Thomas Davenport American1835 Pistol (revolver) Samuel Colt American

    1837 Telegraph Samuel Finley Breese MorseSir Charles WheatstoneAmericanBritish

    1838 Morse code Samuel Finley Breese Morse American

    1839 Photography

    Louis Jacques Mand DaguerreandJoseph Nicphore Niepce WilliamHenry Fox Talbot

    FrenchBritish

    1839 Vulcanized rubber Charles Goodyear American1839 Steam hammer James Nasmyth Scottish

    1839 Bicycle (with pedals) Kirkpatrick MacMillan British1845 Pneumatic tire Robert William Thompson American1846 Rotary printing press Richard March Hoe American1846 Nitroglycerin Ascanio Sobrero Italian1846 Guncotton Christian Friedrich Sch nbein German1846 Ether Crawford Williamson Long American1849 Reinforced concrete F.J. Monier French1849 Safety pin Walter Hunt American

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    1849 Water turbine James Bicheno Francis American1850 Mercerized cotton John Mercer British1851 Breech-loading rifle Edward Maynard American

    1851 OpthalmoscopeHermann Ludwig Ferdinand vonHelmholtz German

    1852 Nonrigid airship Henri Giffard French

    1852 Elevator (with brake) Elisha Graves Otis American1852 Gyroscope Jean Bernard Lon Foucault French1855 Hypodermic syringe Alexander Wood Scottish1855 Safety matches J.E. Lundstrom Swedish1856 Bessemer converter (steel) Sir Henry Bessemer British1858 Harvester Charles and William Marsh American

    1859 Spectroscope Gustav Robert Kirchhoff andRobert Wilhelm Bunsen

    German

    1860 Gas engine Jean-Joseph-tienne Lenoir French1861 Web-fed newspaper printing press Richard March Hoe American1861 Electric furnace Wilhelm Siemens British1861 Machine gun Richard Jordan Gatling American

    1861 Kinematoscope Coleman Sellers American1865 Antiseptic surgery Joseph Lister English1866 Paper (from wood pulp, sulfite process) Benjamin Chew Tilghman American1866 Dynamite Alfred Bernhard Nobel Swedish1868 Dry cell Georges Leclanch French

    1868 Typewriter Carlos Glidden andChristopher Latham Sholes American

    1868 Air brake George Westinghouse American1870 Celluloid John Wesley Hyatt and Isaiah Hyatt American1871 Continuous current dynamo Znobe-Thophile Gramme Belgian1874 Quadruplex telegraph Thomas Alva Edison American

    1876 Telephone2

    Alexander Graham BellAntonio Meucci

    AmericanItalian

    1877 Internal-combustion engine (four-cycle) Nikolaus August Otto German1877 Talking machine (phonograph) Thomas Alva Edison American1877 Microphone Emile Berliner American1877 Electric welding Elihu Thomson American1877 Refrigerator car G.F. Swift American1878 Cream separator Carl Gustav de Laval Swedish1878 Cathode ray tube Sir William Crookes British1879 Cash register James J. Ritty American

    1879 Incandescent filament lamp Thomas Alva EdisonSir Joseph Wilson Swan

    AmericanBritish

    1879 Automobile engine (two-cycle) Karl Benz German1879 Arc lamp Charles Francis Bush American1880 Linotype Ottmar Mergenthaler American1884 Steam turbine C.A. Parsons English

    1884 Rayon (nitrocellulose)Comte Hilaire Bernigaud deChardonnet French

    1884 Multiple-wheel steam turbine Sir Charles Algernon Parsons British

    1884Nipkow disk (mechanical television scanningdevice) Paul Gottlieb Nipkow German

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    1884 Fountain pen Lewis Edson Waterman American

    1885 Graphophone (dictating machine)Chichester A. Bell andCharles Sumner Tainter American

    1885 AC transformer William Stanley American1887 Air-inflated rubber tire J.B. Dunlop Scottish1887 Gramophone (disk records) Emile Berliner American

    1887 Gas mantle Baron Carl Auer von Welsbach Austrian1887 Mimeograph Albert Blake Dick American1887 Monotype Tolbert Lanston American1888 Adding machine (recording) William Seward Burroughs American1888 Kodak camera George Eastman American1889 Steam turbine C.G. de Laval Swedish1890 Rayon (cuprammonium) Louis Henri Despeissis French1891 Glider Otto Lilienthal German

    1891 Motion picture camera (kinetograph) Thomas Alva EdisonWilliam K. L. Dickson

    AmericanBritish

    1891 Motion picture viewer (kinetoscope)Thomas Alva EdisonWilliam K. L. Dickson

    AmericanBritish

    1891 Synthetic rubber Sir William Augustus Tilden British1892 AC motor Nikola Tesla American1892 Three-color camera Frederick Eugene Ives American1892 Rayon (viscose) Charles Frederick Cross British1892 Vacuum bottle (Dewar flask) Sir James Dewar British1893 Photoelectric cell Julius Elster Hans F. Geitel German1893 Diesel engine Rudolf Diesel German

    1893 Gasoline automobile Charles Edgar Duryea andJ. Frank Duryea

    American

    1894 Motion picture projectionLouis Jean Lumire and AugusteMarie LumireCharles Francis Jenkins

    French

    American

    1895 X-ray Wilhelm Konrad R ntgen German1895 Rayon (acetate) Charles Frederick Cross British1895 Wireless telegraph Marchese Guglielmo Marconi Italian1896 Experimental airplane Samuel Pierpont Langley American1898 Sensitized photographic paper Leo Hendrik Baekeland American1900 Rigid dirigible airship Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin German

    1902 RadiotelephoneValdemar PoulsenReginald Aubrey Fessenden

    DanishAmerican

    1903 Airplane Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright American1903 Windshield wipers Mary Anderson American1903 Electrocardiograph Willem Einthoven Dutch1905 Diode rectifier tube (radio) Sir John Ambrose Fleming British

    1906 Gyrocompass Hermann Anschtz-K mpfe German1907 Bakelite Leo Hendrik Baekeland American1907 Triode amplifier tube (radio) Lee De Forest American1908 Cellophane Jacques Edwin Brandenberger Swiss1908 Two-color motion picture camera C. Albert Smith British1909 Salvarsan Paul Ehrlich German1910 Hydrogenation of coal Friedrich Bergius German1910 Gyroscopic compass and stabilizer Elmer Ambrose Sperry American

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    1911 Air conditioning W.H. Carrier American1911 Vitamins Casimir Funk Polish1911 Cellophane Jacques Edwin Brandenberger Swiss1911 Neon lamp Georges Claude French1912 Mercury-vapor lamp Peter Cooper Hewitt American1913 Ramjet engine Ren Lorin French

    1913 Multigrid electron tube Irving Langmuir American1913 Cracked gasoline William Meriam Burton American1913 Heterodyne radio receiver Re

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