Norwegian Socio-Economic Traditional Roles of Men dh...Norwegian Socio-Economic Class Structure in 1879 Traditional Roles of Men and Women Nikpreet Singh, ... Traditional Roles of Men Discussion Questions .

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  • Norwegian Socio-Economic Class Structure in 1879 &

    Traditional Roles of Men and Women

    Nikpreet Singh, Muaz Abdul-Aziz, Julian Stanley, Tiffany Ma

    Ms. Brewington; Period 222 September 2015

  • Contents

    Norwegian Socio-Economic Structure

    Characters and Classes

    Traditional Roles of Women

    Traditional Roles of Men

    Discussion Questions

  • Norwegian Socio-Economic Structure

    Patriarchal society

    Women were dependent on men, marriage, and motherhood

    Gender bias

    Conservative, formal

  • Characters and Classes

    UPPER CLASS

    UPPER-MIDDLE CLASS

    LOWER CLASS

    MIDDLE CLASS

    Bourgeois respectability

    Financial success, upward mobility,

    freedom from financial debt, secure

    family

  • Traditional Roles of Women

    Patriarchy; women were expected to stay in the home and be housewives.

    Women were represented as passive and open to exploitation by men.

    They were seen as the nurturing figure, responsible for bearing/raising children. Many Norwegian women hired maids to raise children.

    Overall purpose for women was to appease the men.

  • Nora: "Tell me, is it really true that you werent in love with your husband? Why did you marry him then?"

    Mrs. Linde: "My mother was still alive, but bedridden and helpless, and I had my two younger brothers to look after. In all conscience, I didnt think I could turn him down" (2191)

  • Traditional Roles of MenMen were seen as powerful and responsible of the public sphere, rather than confined to the private sphere.

    Men were seen as the financial backbone of the family.

    "You're joking, my little Nora! You won'tyou won't? Am I not your husband?" (3.143)

  • Do you agree?

    "I would gladly work night and day for you [] But no man would sacrifice his honour for the one he loves." (3.345)

    Would most men agree?

    Whats more valuable: honor or love?

  • Discussion Questions

    1. How does the patriarchy affect Ibsens technique in writing the play? Cite specific examples.

    2. In 1879, the Norwegian society feared change in the social structure. Fill in the Venn diagram. What were the major changes in the socio-economic structure from 1879 to 2015?

    3. Is Ibsens work more of a repudiation of the traditional roles of men and women or an acceptance and glorification of them? Find quotes to support your answer.

  • How does the patriarchy affect Ibsens technique in writing the play? Cite specific examples.

    Ibsen used this technique to show the oppression of women in marriage. Even though he believed that women should only fulfil the roles of mothers and wives, he knew about the injustices in marriage.

    You and I both would have to transform ourselves to the point that-- Oh, Torvald, Ive stopped believing in miracles...That our living together could be a true marriage (2233).

    Nora is a typical wife and mother, but by the end of the play, she realizes that she has been disillusioned with her husband.

  • In 1879, the Norwegian society feared change in the social structure. Fill in the Venn diagram. What were the major changes in the socio-economic structure from 1879 to 2015?

    Nora, Nora, how like a woman! No, but seriously, Nora, you know what I think about that. No debts! Now, now, the little larks wings mustnt droop. Come on, don't be a sulky squirrel (2187).

    Women are granted the same rights and opportunities as men Men are not always the head of the house

    Other examples...

    Similarity: Middle class holds the most people (then and now) Difference: Upper class (rising up the social ladder)

  • Is Ibsens work more of a repudiation of the traditional roles of men and women or an acceptance and glorification of them? Find quotes to support your answer.

    It could go both ways, one could consider the play an acceptance of the patriarchy because the first half of the story shows Nora accepting her condition, but one could consider it empowering women because of the way that Nora resolves her conflict at the end of the story

    .

  • Works Cited Boundless. "Class Structure in the U.S. - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.

    Cron, Shannon. "Menu." Theater 271. WordPress and Portfolio, n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2015.

    "JiffyNotes: Doll's House, A: Summary: Historical Context." JiffyNotes: Doll's House, A: Summary: Historical Context. N.p., n.d. Web.

    20 Sept. 2015.

    Kim, Jae Hyun. "Class Recorder Notes." Sfs.haikulearning. N.p., 19 Feb. 2013. Web. 20 Sept. 2015.