northumbria university pgr conference 2016 (20 jun)

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The ecology of cycling

an ecology of cyclingprotected cycleways: power, politics and public perception

Katja LeyendeckerPhD researcherNorthumbria UniversityEE-ABEPGR CONFERENCE 2016

Why bother with cycling?Cycling is

Good for the environmentGood for personal health and wellbeingGood for the local economyGood for community and neighbourhoodsGood for the individuals pocketGood for public purseCycling addresses big needs of today:climate change / carbon emission reductionpublic health / obesityenvironmental sustainability

social, economic and environmental justice

What cycling?

Transport

Everyday journeysWorkSchoolShoppingVisiting friends

Photo creditright @amsterdamizeleft @carltonreid

Socio-ecological model

Barton & Grant (2006)

Whats needed?No city in Europe or North America has achieved high level of cycling without an extensive network of well-integrated bike lanes and paths that provide separation from motor vehicle traffic. [] Separate cycling facilities are a crucial first step towards increasing cycling and making it socially inclusive. Pucher & Buehler (2012:351)

It is clear from our research that most non-cyclists and recreational cyclists will only consider cycling regularly if they are segregated from [motor vehicle] traffic Pooley et al (2013:176)

Why has it not happened?Academia highlights the stranded systemSome select voices:Dominant: socio-technical system of automobility (Urry, 2005)Over decades, we have been concentrating on the individual too much and forgot systemic issues (Spotswood et al, 2015) Dynamics of neoliberal politics (Harvey, 2005)

My research

Framework

Jensen (2013)

Operationalised framework

Jensen (2013)

Investigation IDocument assessmentDiscourse of transport policies

Investigation IIIInterviews with street usersInvestigation IIStreet observations and assessment of secondary datasets

Investigation IDocument analysis of relevant current policyNewcastleGateshead, UK

Local Plan (2015)Local Transport Plan (2010)Bremen, Germany

Transport plan (Verkehrsentwicklungsplan) (2014)

Investigation IIObservation and interrogation of secondary datasets

NewcastleGatesheadBremen___________________________________________________________________Population 490,000550,000Density person/km 2,0001,700Source: WikipediaMap source: openstreetmap.org

Investigation IIIStage 115 min think-aloud (Ericsson & Simon, 1993)

Commentary on videos showing typical cycling infrastructureNewcastleGatesheadBremenCopenhagen/Amsterdam

>Transcribe>> Analyse for themes/narrativesInterviewsStage 245 min semi-structured

Uncover structural stories (Freudendal-Pedersen, 2009)Challenge perceptions

>Transcribe>> Analyse for themes/narratives

Putting it back together

Jensen (2013)

Investigation IDocument assessmentDiscourse of transport policies

Investigation IIIInterviews with street usersInvestigation IIStreet observations and assessment of secondary datasets

Putting it back together

Jensen (2013)

Investigation IDocument assessmentDiscourse of transport policies

Investigation IIIInterviews with street usersInvestigation IIStreet observations and assessment of secondary datasets

Thank youEmailkatja.leyendecker@northumbria.ac.ukBlog https://katsdekker.wordpress.com/Twitter @katsdekker

ReferencesBarton, H., & Grant, M. (2006). A health map for the local human habitat. Journal of The Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 126(6), 252-253. doi:10.1177/1466424006070466Ericsson, K. A., & Simon, H. A. (1993). Protocol Analysis: verbal reports as data - Please think aloud. Massachusetts: MIT Press.Freudendal-Pedersen, M. (2009). Mobility in daily life: between freedom and unfreedom. Burlington, VT: Ashgate.Harvey, D. (2005). A brief history of neoliberalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Jensen, O. B. (2013). Staging mobilities: Routledge.Pooley, C. G. et al. (2013). Promoting Walking and Cycling : New Perspectives on Sustainable Travel. Bristol: Policy Press.Pucher, J. R., & Buehler, R. (2012). City cycling: MIT Press.Spotswood, F. et al. (2015). Analysing cycling as a social practice: An empirical grounding for behaviour change. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 29, 22-33. doi:10.1016/j.trf.2014.12.001Urry, J. (2005). The Systems of Mobility. Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, 118, 23-35.

Northumbria University webpageComparing urban space perception in two cities, Newcastle, UK, and Bremen, Germany in particular regard to cycling infrastructureThe lack of infrastructure and the associated safety concerns are cited as the main reason for people abstaining from cycling for utility and transport in urban areas in the UK (for example, Pooley et al, 2013, Pucher & Buehler 2012). It is argued that, to increase cycling numbers, the urban environment will have to be adapted to be more conducive and inviting to cycling. By comparing two cities in different European countries and focussing on how non-cycling or occasionally-cycling users perceive cycling spaces, this research will contribute to the debates surrounding how urban traffic spaces are viewed, conceptualised and negotiated.By gaining more knowledge about the publics perception of urban cycling space it is possible to inform policy and decision-making processes.

Research SupervisorsDr Seraphim AlvanidesProf Ruth Dalton

Key PublicationsConference involvement at RGS conferences, Cycling and Society conference, Newcastles Active City Cycle City, Women and Cycling Forum (Scotland, and England)

https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/study-at-northumbria/our-students/student-profiles/l/katja-leyendecker/