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Dutch Baroque 1600-1700

Author: blueriverarthistory

Post on 20-Dec-2014




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  • 1. Dutch Baroque1600-1700

2. Protestant Reformation Before the Reformation, 90% of Dutch art wasreligious in content Afterwards, this flipped to only 10%! This led to the development of brand-new seculargenres of painting 3. Popular New Genres! Portraiture (Paintings of people [this oneisnt new, but it becomes more popularthan ever]) Genre Paintings (Scenes of daily life) Landscape (Images of nature) Architecture (Church Interiors, etc.) Still Life (Arrangements of inanimateobjects) 4. New Genres Throughout Unit 2, think about how thesenew genres can convey a subtle spiritualmessage without overt religious subjectmatter. 5. Judith LeysterSelf-Portrait1635 6. Frans HalsCatherina Hooft with herNurse1619-1620Portrait 7. Frans Hals, Officers of the Haarlem Militia Company of St. Adrian,1627. Group Portrait 8. Steen, The World Turned Upside Down (Beware of Luxury),1663. Genre Scene. 9. Gerard ter BorchThe Suitors Visit1658Genre Scene 10. Jacob van RuisdaelView of Haarlem withBleaching Fields1665Landscape 11. Pieter SaenredamInterior of Saint BavosChurch, Haarlem1648Church Interior 12. Pieter Claesz., Vanitas, 1630. Still Life.Memento Mori = Reminder of death 13. Rachel RuyschFloral Still Life1700 14. Jan VermeerWoman Holding aBalance1664Genre Scene 15. Camera ObscuraA box with a lens and mirror. Predecessor of the modern camera. Did not produce aprint or fixed image but allowed user to trace images in real time on a flat surface. MAYhave been used by Vermeer and others to create convincing sense of perspective (butthere is no solid proof). 16. VermeerThe Lacemaker1665-1670 17. Rembrandt van RijnSelf-Portrait1628Rembrandt is a true innovator. Each ofhis paintings is a fresh, lively take on anexisting genre. Notice how he reversestenebrism here and plays withexperimental textures. 18. Rembrandt, Tronie, 1659 19. RembrandtSelf-Portrait1668He paints himself as anartist rather than anobleman to advance theimage of his career (whichwas not as well respected inthe north). 20. Rembrandt, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, 1632A straightforward group portrait becomes a genre painting in Rembrandts capable hands.See also The Night Watch (next slide). 21. Rembrandt, Captain Frans Banning Cocq Mustering His Troops(The Nightwatch), 1640 22. Rembrandt, Three Crosses, 1663, first state 23. Rembrandt, Three Crosses, 1663, fourth state 24. Flemish Baroque1600-1700 25. Characteristics of Flemish Art Heavily influenced by Italian Baroqueand Renaissance ideals Flanders remains Catholic Peter Paul Rubens studied in Italy Also heavily influenced by Northern tradition of depicting detailsof daily lifeLook for elements of both! 26. Rubens, Raising of the Cross, 1610 27. Van DyckCharles I at the Hunt1635