north africa – human geography

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  • North Africa Human GeographyDo Now:

    Look at the picture on the right.

    2) Answer the following:

    What do you see?What does it mean?How do you know?

  • North Africa - Trade650 A.D.:African goods made their way to Europe through the trade between West Africa and North Africa.

  • North Africa - TradeB. Goods:Bought from the West African traders by the North African Muslim traders were taken into southern Europe. Here they might then have been sold on to Europeans.

  • North Africa Trade C. 7th century AD: Sophisticated trade networks were established.

  • North Africa - TradeD. North Africans:Exchanged their local products like horses, books, swords and chain mail with West Africans for gold, ivory, salt and cloth.

  • North Africa Trade E. Trans-Saharan trade:Crossed the Sahara desert and included slaves. The slaves, usually captured as prisoners of war, were sold by the West Africans to the Muslim traders who came from North Africa.

  • North Africa Trade F. Formal Economies:

    Based on currency, taxes, and regulations.

    G. Informal Economies:

    Barter, trade goods, not government regulated.

  • North Africa - TradeH. Agriculture:

    Still one of the most important sectors of the economies of North Africa, both for feeding the population and for export. The number of people employed in agriculture varies by country: about 50% in Morocco, 40% in Egypt, 25% in Algeria and probably even fewer in Libya which imports close to 75% of its food.

  • North Africa Trade Crops:

    Include: oranges and other citrus fruits; grains like barley, wheat, oats and even corn; vegetables, including tomatoes that are shipped to the U.S., onions, peppers and eggplants; legumes like lentils and chickpeas; and other Mediterranean and arid produce, like nuts, olives, grapes (for eating and to produce wine), dates and figs in abundance.

  • North Africa Trade J. Livestock: Sheep, cows, goats, poultry, and, of course, camels, horses, donkeys, and mules.

  • North Africa Trade K. Minerals:Iron ore, silver, zinc, copper, lead, manganese, gold, salt, limestone, gypsum, and coal (in Morocco).

  • Recreating Trade Routes

    1) Get at least 4 different color pencils.

    2) As I go through the different tabs on the site recreate the shading and lines on your maps.

    3) Be sure to label them accurately.

  • Trade Simulation1) You should have 3 index cards with different goods on them.

    2) Your goal is to get 3 index cards with the same goods on them.

    3) You will do this by travelling around the room and bartering with other people.

    4)You must trade something with the other person to get something in return.

    5)When you have obtained all 3 of the same come and tell me.

  • Trade Simulation Open ResponseRespond to the following on a sheet of paper.

    2) I will pick this up at the end of the time allowed.

    In what ways do North Africans trade? Based on the simulation, do you think this can create issues? How so?Rubric:

    100: Answers all of the questions and is at least 4 sentences long.

    75: Answers at least two of the questions and is less than four sentences long.

    50: Answers less than two of the questions and is less than four sentences long.

    0: Nothing is answered.

  • Open Response Think, Pair, ShareThink about your answer for one minute.

    Turn to a neighbor and share your answer for one minute.

    Come back as a class and share out.

  • Exit TicketAnswer the following question on your post it:

    How do goods and ideas move throughout North Africa?

  • North Africa Human GeographyDo Now:

    1) Look at the picture on the right.

    2) Answer the following:

    What do you see?What does it mean?How do you know?

  • North Africa Morocco and AlgeriaAttitudes: Moroccans value their family, honor, dignity, generosity, hospitality, and self-control. A calm attitude gains the respect of other people.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaB. Personal Appearance:Moroccans believe that its important to be neat, look nice, and be dressed to fit the occasion they are attending so that they can gain and be treated with the respect of others.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaC. Greetings:- Moroccans generally greet each other with a handshake and if theyre friends, they ask each other how theyre doing. Its common that men greet other men and women greet other women when passing each other on the street.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaD. Gestures:- Moroccans believe that its impolite to pass items, handshake or eat with their left hands, so they do these things with either their right hands or both hands. They also believe that its impolite to point at another person with a finger, or to show them the soles of your shoes.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaE. Eating:- Moroccans eat with their fingers from one main dish, and eat only from the part of the dish thats directly in front of them. In most urban and rural areas, the main meal of the day is eaten together by the family; the attendants of this meal are expected to wash their hands before and after this meal.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaF. Dating and Marriage:

    - In rural areas, young men and women usually dont meet their future husbands/wives until theyre engaged. When a couple is engaged, the groom pays the brides father or oldest brother enough money to pay for her wedding expenses.

  • Morocco and Algeria G. Recreation:- Soccer is the most popular sport, but many Moroccans enjoy basketball, also, beach volleyball is getting popular.

  • Morocco and Algeria H. Commerce:

    - A market is held weekly in every town; its called a souk,This is often the only source for items like food, clothes,crafts, house-hold items, and services like hair-cutting for rural people.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaArabic:Is Algeria's primary language and is spoken by around 82% of the populace. The French colonialism experienced by the country in the past has resulted in French being the second language of many educated Algerians, and English is very rarely spoken.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaJ. Islam:- Is the official religion of Algeria and the majority of Algerians are Muslims. Since the departure of the French, Christianity is a secondary religion. Approximately one percent of Algeria's population is Jewish.

  • Morocco and AlgeriaK. Literature:Algerian literature is split between French and Arabic and the country has produced a number of famous novelists

  • Morocco and Algeria L. Music:

    The musical genre of Algeria that is best known abroad is Rai. Rai is a pop-flavored, opinionated take on folk music

  • Morocco and Algeria M. Industry:- Algeria has a thriving handicrafts industry. Part of the charm of the country is the richness of its production. From carpets to ceramics, from leather to lute making, from pottery to glass working to silverwork, the country has a tremendous variety of skills that produce goods which are sold in many other countries as well as to visiting tourists.

  • Creating a Travel FlyerGet a laptop. Visit: a travel flyer to entice tourists to come to Morocco. Also inform them of the traditions there. 4) Flyer must include at least 3 facts from each category:LanguageReligionDress CodeWomen TravelersHoly PlacesHospitality

  • Tour of Algeria

    Think about what you have seen . Pair up with a neighbor. Share what you think of Algeria with them.

  • Economic Freedom of AlgeriaVisit: for AlgeriaRecord its score and ranking. Search for AmericaRecords its ranking. Compare the two. What do you think this means?

  • Exit TicketUsing one word describe the impact that people have had on the ideas and trade in Mediterranean North Africa.

    Explain why you chose this answer.

  • North Africa: Human Geography Do Now:

    Look at the picture on the right.

    2) Answer the following:

    What do you see?What does it mean?How do you know?

  • Find Your Family SimulationYou have been given an index card.

    Your card has a family name on it.

    Your goal is to find the rest of your family and stand together somewhere in the room. Beware, you may not get to stay together.

  • ReflectionOn the post it that you have been given reflect on the activity.

    Describe what you had to do. How would you feel if you were in one of these families?

    Put your name on the back.

  • Sudan B. Issues:Fought between the Sudanese government and movements arising within Sudan, are commonly rooted in the exploitative leadership of the Government of Sudan, and the unequal distribution of power and wealth among the Sudanese population.

  • Sudan C. Internal tensions:Drove the country's decades-long civil war, which led to South Sudans secession from Sudan on July 9, 2011. These same tensions continue to underlie current conflicts in Darfur.

  • Sudan D. Darfur:In February 2003, two rebel groups, the Sudan Liberation Movement, or SLA, and the Justice and Equality Movement, or JEM, launched a full scale rebellion against the Sudanese government.

  • Sudan E. Rebellion:Prompted by ongoing economic marginalization and insecurity. Those involved in the rebellion were predominantly from Muslim sedentary tribes of the region, including the Fur and the Zaghawa.

  • SudanF. Genocide:The government promised certain tribes land