Norfolk Chamber Music Festival 2011 Concert Program

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Norfolk Festival 2011 Program Book

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  • When the Battell family built their Norfolk estate in the 19th century, they designed an oasis of tranquility and beauty in the midst of a troubled world. They opened their home to the community and engaged the very best musicians from around the world to perform for Norfolk audiences. Today their estate continues to be a haven where families and friends can escape the daily grind to enjoy music in a beautiful setting.

    On behalf of the Yale School of Music and the Artists, Fellows and Staff of the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival, welcome to the Battell Stoeckel Estate. If you are visiting for the first time, please be sure to say hello; and to our returning friends, it is great to see you again!

    This summer our featured composer is Charles Ives (1874-1954) courtesy of grants from the National Endowment for the Arts and the Charles Ives Society. Perhaps the most important composer in the history of American music, Ives is very much a local personality. Born in Danbury, Connecticut, he graduated from Yale, and spent most of his adult life in Hartford as a partner at Ives & Myrick, then the largest insurance agency in the country.

    We are hosting some very special guest Artists: The Kings Singers (June 12) and the Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra (August 15 -- please note the special Monday night concert). They are joined by the Tokyo Quartet and our favorite Norfolk Artists who have put together a wonderful series of programs for us. We are especially pleased to welcome the renowned

    Artis Quartet to Norfolk for the first time (July 15, 16 and 23). If you have a moment to glance at their biography in the back of the program book, you will see they have performed in just about every major venue in the world.

    As always, the heart of our program will be the Young Artists Performance Series, Thursday evenings at 7:30 pm and Saturday mornings at 10:30 am (also the first two Tuesdays in August at 7:30 pm). Some of the best young musicians from around the globe will be in residence. You can hear them free of charge all summer! You are also invited on Wednesday evenings to our free informal In Context talks or to the popular Listening Club sessions with Jim Nelson. And dont forget Family Day at the Festival, Sunday, July 31. We will begin with a childrens concert at 2:00 pm, followed by a performance by the United States Coast Guard Band at 4:00 pm. Both concerts will be free of charge, and ice cream (also free!) will be served.

    Away from the concert hall, we are very pleased that phase two of the renovation of the Battell familys historic home, Whitehouse, is beginning this summer. The work is part of our ongoing effort to preserve and restore the estate so that future generations can appreciate its beauty and enjoy great music as our patroness, Ellen Battell Stoeckel, wished.

    Before closing I should mention that, in keeping with our early American theme, the cover artist this year is Thomas Moran (1837-1926). His career, like that of Charles Ives, was devoted to adapting European techniques and traditions to specifically American subjects. His A Pond in the Meadow is part of the Battell-Stoeckel collection.

    As you settle into your seat, I want to extend our most sincere thanks to the volunteers, donors and patrons who have helped make our season possible. And a very special thanks to you for joining us tonight in this century-old tradition of Music Among Friends.

    Paul Hawkshaw,Festival Director,June 2011.

    D I R E C T O R SW E L C O M E

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  • 5Ta b l e o f C o n t e n t s

    TA b L E O fCONTENTS

    Directors Welcome

    Table of Contents

    Festival Acknowledgements

    Festival History

    Charles Ives

    Ives Timeline

    Faculty Artists

    Fellowship Recipients

    Festival Administration

    Sunday, June 12 The King's Singers

    Saturday, June 18 An Evening of Song

    Friday, June 24 Norfolk Contemporary Ensemble

    Saturday, June 25 Norfolk Contemporary Ensemble

    Friday, July 8 The Leschetizky Trio

    Saturday, July 9 Haydn, Reinecke & Schumann

    Friday, July 15 An Evening of Schubert

    Saturday, July 16 The Artis Quartet

    Friday, July 22 Gade, Schubert, Wyner & Tower

    Saturday, July 23 Piano Quartets

    Friday, July 29 The Tokyo String Quartet

    Saturday, July 30 All American Music

    Sunday, July 31 Family Day Schedule of Events

    Friday, August 5 Ives, Poulenc & Stravinsky

    Saturday, August 6 Haydn, Ives & Mendelssohn

    Friday, August 12 Brahms, Stravinsky & Schumann

    Saturday, August 13 An Evening of Mozart

    Monday, August 15 Philharmonia Baroque

    Saturday, August 20 Norfolk Choral Festival

    Music in Context Series &

    Young Artists' Performance Series

    Artist Biographies

    Festival Mission & Leadership Council

    Festival Contributors

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  • f E s T i vA LA C K N O W L E D G E M E N T S

    The Norfolk Chamber Music festival Yale school of Music wishes to express its enormous gratitude to the many

    individuals and organizations that have helped to make this season possible

    And ...

    The citizens of Norfolk whoshare their lovely community

    with our Fellows, Artistsand audiences

    The host families who graciouslyopen their homes to our Fellows

    The Battell Arts Foundation,sponsors of the Young Artists

    Performance Series

    Most of all, Ellen Battell Stoeckel, our founder & patroness

    YALE SCHOOL OF MUSIC

    Agent 16, Bill BrownBurton & Joyce AhrensLynne AddisonLiz AllynDana AstmannJohn & Astrid BaumgardnerRick & Candace BeineckeDonald BermanBotelle School, Peter Michelson, PrincipalBotelle School Parent Teacher Organization, Chaya BerlsteinSusan L. CarneyChamber Music America, Margaret Lioi, PresidentCarolyn ChildsHope ChildsLaura ChiltonKristina ChmelarDennis & Pamela CollinsKen CrillyHope Dana & John PerkinsTara DemingEd Domaney, Domaney WinesCarl & Marilee DudashSue Dyer, First Chairman, Town of NorfolkEnglish Speaking Union, Katie BrockJeff EubenSandy EvansFirst Congregational Church, Rev. Erick OlsenNicholas FanelliValerie FitchPamela Frank Adrienne GallagherPatricia GarlandNicholas GordonBill & Barbara Gridley

    Ann HavemeyerSusan HawkshawMara HazzardWallingfordDanielle HellerColeen & Brett HellermanJim & Leni Herzog Elizabeth Hilpman & Byron TuckerEmily HoweInfinity Music Hall, Dan HincksBhakti & Jim JacksonMartin Jean, Director, Yale Institute of Sacred MusicHelen & Philip JessupGregory JohnsonKrista JohnsonJeanne KazziDoreen & Michael KellyJennaClaire KemperEugene Kimball Robert King, CPAChristopher & Betsy LittleDavid Low & Dominique LahaussoisSuzanne Eggleston LovejoyM & R Liquors, Marty JohnsonLitchfield Piano WorksSusan MacEachron & Bruce PatrickJohn Martin Associates, ArchitectsSusan MathesonChris MelilloCecily MermannSamuel D. Messer, Director, Yale Summer School of ArtRoger Mitchell & Pete PetersonAnne MosesThe Norfolk Historical Society, Barry WebberThe Norfolk Library, Richard Dann Robin Yuran

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  • A b O U T T H EF E S T I VA L

    9F e s t i v a l H i s t o r y

    Music in Norfolk has a long and vibrant history, dating back to the 1890s when Ellen Battell and her husband Carl Stoeckel, son of the Yale School of Musics first professor, founded the Litchfield County Choral Union. Chamber music and choral concerts in their 35room mansion, Whitehouse, were the beginning of the Festival that, by the turn of the century, was already considered one of the countrys most prestigious. As audiences grew, the Stoeckels commissioned New York architect, E.K. Rossiter, to design the larger and acoustically superior Music Shed. Dedicated in 1906, to this day the hall retains all of its original glory and stunning acoustics. It has remained essentially unchanged since its stage was graced by such renowned musicians as Fritz Kreisler, Sergei Rachmaninoff and Jean Sibelius. Upon her death in 1939, Ellen Battell Stoeckel left her estate in a private trust with instructions that the facilities be used for Yale Universitys summer music school, ensuring an enduring artistic legacy. Now in its 70th season, the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival Yale School of Music has a dual teaching/performance purpose. Audiences from around the country come to northwest Connecticut to hear worldclass artists, such as the seventime Grammy nominee Tokyo String Quartet, which has been in residence since 1976. Boris Berman, Claude Frank, Peter Frankl, David Shifrin, William Purvis, Frank Morelli, Ani Kavafian and artists from around the world perform as part of a series of more than 30 concerts

    over a nineweek period. These professional musicians also serve as teachers and mentors to the Fellows who come to Norfolk each year to study. Young instrumentalists, singers, conductors and composers are selected through a highly competitive international admissions process to spend their summer participating in the intensive program of coaching, classes and performances. They are exposed to every aspect of their future profession: their colleagues, their mentors, and most importantly, their audience. Alumni of the Norfolk program include Alan Gilbert, Richard Stoltzman, Frederica von Stade, Pamela Frank, the Eroica Trio, So Percussion, eighth blackbird, and the Ying, Mir, Shanghai, Saint Lawrence, Cavani, Calder and Jasper quartets. A strong bond exists with the community, as residents of Norfolk and the surrounding area host the Fellows throughout their summer experience. The Fellows perform on the Norfolk Fellows' Performance Series which is offered free to the public throughout the summer. The community of music lovers supports the young performers and becomes their most enthusiastic advocate. Over the years, while Norfolk has become a symbol of quality in chamber music performance and professional study, thousands have enjoyed the picturesque environment of the Ellen Battell Stoeckel Estate and the excellence of one of Americas most distinguished musical traditions.

    The interior of the Music Shed c. 1906

    The Music Shed c. 1920(Left to Right ) Conductor Arthur Mees, soprano Alma Gluck, violinists Efrem Zimbalist and Fritz Kreisler in Almas new Ford, purchased on the way to Norfolk

    Photo courtesy of the Mees Family.

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    July0616 Hansel and Gretels Grimm Tale (Berkshire Museum)0716 The Whos Tommy (Colonial)1230 Sylvia (Fitzpatrick Main Stage)1830 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (The Mount)1930 Dutch Masters (Unicorn)22 Talib Kweli (Colonial)

    August05 Bob Weir Solo Acoustic (Colonial)0213 In The Mood (Fitzpatrick Main Stage)0927 Finians Rainbow (Unicorn)11 Tommy Tune in Steps in Time (Colonial)13 Bakin with the Boss Tour starring Buddy Valastro: The Cake Boss (Colonial)16Sept 3 Period of Adjustment (Fitzpatrick Main Stage)20 Word x Word Festival (Colonial)25 Southside Johnny and the Asbury Jukes (Colonial)30Sept 3 Birthday Boy (Unicorn)

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  • C H A R L E S I V E S b Y J A N s WA f f O R D

    11C h a r l e s I v e s

    For all his singularity, the Yankee maverick Charles Ives is among the most representative of American artists. Optimistic, idealistic, fiercely democratic, he unified the voice of the American people with the forms and traditions of European classical music. The result, in his most far-reaching work, is like nothing ever imagined before him: music at once unique and as familiar as a tune whistled in childhood, music that can conjure up the pandemonium of a small-town Fourth of July or the quiet of a New England church, music of visionary spirituality built from the humblest materials--an old gospel hymn, a patriotic tune, a sentimental parlor song. The way in which Ives pursued his goal of a democratic art, and his career of creating at the highest level of ambition while making a fortune in the life insurance business, perhaps could only have happened in the United States. And perhaps only there could such an isolated, paradoxical figure make himself into a major artist. Charles Ives was born in the small manufacturing town of Danbury, Connecticut, on October 20, 1874, two years before Brahms finished his First Symphony. During the Civil War his father George Ives had been the Union's youngest bandmaster, his band called the best in the army. When the war ended George had returned to Danbury to take up the unusual trade, in that business-oriented town, of musician. As a cornet player, band director, theater orchestra leader, choir director, and teacher, George Ives became the most influential musician in the region. Yet while Danbury prided itself during the 1880s in being called "the most musical town in Connecticut" (that in large part due to George Ives' labors), people still viewed the profession with little understanding or respect. That situation, which would have been the same in most American towns in the 19th century, had its impact on Charles Ives. Still, his family was prominent, noted for extravagant personalities and (except for George) a gift for business.

    like father, like son

    Ives told the story of his introduction to music: his father came home one day to find the five-year old banging out the Ives Band's drum parts on the piano, using his fists. George Ives' response gave the first impetus to his son's career as a musical innovator. Rather than saying, as would most parents, That's not how to play the piano, George observed instead, "It's all right to do that, Charles, if you know what you're doing," and sent the boy down the street for drum lessons. Charlie never did stop using his fists on the piano, and was eventually notorious for requiring a board to play the Concord Sonata. Thus the invention of what a later age would call "tone clusters." After receiving his first instruction in piano and other instruments from his father, Charlie was turned over to more advanced keyboard teachers. For some years George hoped his son would find a career as a concert pianist. Instead, Charlie specialized in the organ, and by age fourteen he had become the youngest salaried church organist in Connecticut. Though he worked at music with remarkable discipline for his age, he also resented the demands of his training: "As a boy I was partially ashamed of it.... When other boys... were out driving grocery carts, or doing chores, or playing ball, I felt all wrong to stay in and play piano." Needing an antidote to the isolation and social anomaly of an intense education in music, Charlie threw himself into sports. One summer day at age fifteen, he played outfield for his baseball team in the afternoon and that night played a full organ recital. In short, Ives was something of a prodigy, and reached adulthood as one of the finest American organists of his generation. He began composing at around age thirteen, his first pieces little marches, fiddle tunes, songs for church, and the like--the kind of thing he heard and played around Danbury all the time. Early works include the precocious Variations on "America" for organ, written at seventeen; it would find considerable popularity after Ives died. The charming March No. 2 shows the teenager's grasp of traditional popular genres and his lifelong propensity for weaving familiar tunes into his work: it quotes "A Song of a Gambolier." The Circus Band, from the 1890s, rivals some of Sousa's as a classic march of the era, enlivened with Ives' characteristic rhythmic quirks. A great deal of Ives' later and more innovative music also echoes his childhood. The Gong on the Hook and Ladder is a rhythmic study built from an image of the gala Firemen's Parades of his youth; the ecstatic From the Steeples and the Mountains, for brass and bells, rings with memories of Danbury church bells. The story of Charles Ives' mature music has to do with the intersection of a great inborn gift for music, a thriving musical atmosphere in Danbury--largely in vernacular forms, but including classical music from local players and visiting ensembles--and a father who raised his son with the same inquiring, iconoclastic approach to music as his own. George Ives would have his boys sing in one key while he accompanied in another; he built instruments to play quarter-tones; he played his cornet over a pond so Charlie could gauge the effect of space; he set two bands marching around a park blaring different tunes, to see what it sounded like when they approached and passed.

    Charles Edward Ives, 1947 *

  • C H A R L E S I V E S C O N T i N U E D

    from the ordinary, the profound

    Just as importantly, George Ives taught his son to respect the power of vernacular music. As a Civil War band leader he understood how sentimental tunes such as "Tenting Tonight on the Old Camp Ground," "Aura Lee," Stephen Foster songs, and marches and bugle calls were woven into the experience of war and the memories of soldiers. Much as did Gustav Mahler a continent away, Charles Ives came to associate everyday music with profound emotions and spiritual aspirations. One of his father's most resonant pieces of wisdom came when he said of a stonemason's off-key hymn singing: "Look into his face and hear the music of the ages. Don't pay too much attention to the sounds--for if you do, you may miss the music. You won't get a wild, heroic ride to heaven on pretty little sounds." Charles Ives grew up determined to find that wild, heroic ride, that music of the ages--the spiritual power he felt in the singing at outdoor camp meetings and in bands marching during holidays. It would take many years of struggle and experiment, however, before he fully possessed the musical language to transform that spirit into orchestral and chamber music. Yet the road to his maturity would be marked by a number of remarkable works, including three symphonies and dozens of songs, chamber and piano pieces. Many of Ives' innovations developed directly from ideas of his father's, though George was no composer but rather something like a Yankee tinker in music. It remained for the son to make artistic use of the father's musical experiments. By his late teens, besides the practical music he was composing for use in church and for his father's ensembles, Charles Ives had written studies in polychords and polytonality (including the bitonal "London Bridge is Fallen Down!" studies) and band variations on the hymn "Jerusalem, the Golden" that had contingents of his father's band spread around the town square, sometimes playing theme and variations at the same time.

    to the ivy

    When Charles Ives left Danbury for New Haven in 1893 to prepare for Yale at the Hopkins Grammar School, he was already an expert composer of conventional short works, a few of which would be published in the next years. At the same time, with his own experiments

    taking his father's ideas to new levels of sophistication, some of the musical consciousness that would create the mature work was already in place. What he required now was greater control of the orchestra and of musical structure--things his father could not teach him. Fortunately, after extra tutoring had allowed Charlie to squeak through the Yale entrance exam, he ended up studying with the chairman of the college's new Music Department, who may well have been the finest composition teacher in the United States at the time. This professor was Horatio Parker, a German-trained American who had recently come to fame with his high-Victorian oratorio Hora Novissima. As a teacher Parker was distant, demanding, and conservative. He and his student got off to a shaky start when Ives showed Parker a Fugue in Four Keys, the keys being simultaneous. Ives was curtly asked not to bring in any more such manifestations. Dutifully but resentfully, Charlie settled into the classroom routine of counterpoint, harmony, history, orchestration, and form. He would never admit it, but in his four years with Parker he learned a great deal about the shaping forces of music. Meanwhile, as a freshman Ives became organist of Center Church in New Haven, the most prestigious keyboard position in town. Soon after he began at Yale came the greatest blow of Charles Ives' life: his father died suddenly of a stroke. Charlie never got over it; he spoke of his father constantly to the end of his life, and seemed to feel that he was writing George Ives' music. Despite lingering depression over his loss, Ives had a spectacularly successful career at Yale, in every way but academically. His average in musical courses was a respectable B, in everything else D+. Vivacious, funny, talented, indefatigable, "Dasher" Ives became one of the best-liked figures

    Charles Edward Ives c. 1880

    The cover of Stephen Foster's "Beautiful Dreamer"

    As an undergraduate at Yale, Ives set Heinrich Heines Ich grolle nicht (Ill not complain) to music.

    C h a r l e s I v e s

  • 13C h a r l e s I v e s

    on campus. He spent his four years enjoying himself in various clubs, playing intramural sports, frequenting vaudeville theaters and sitting in for the pianists, playing ragtime and his own pieces at parties, and composing--light pieces for bands and glee clubs and church services, assigned works for his classes, and experiments. Smaller works from his college years include the scintillating March No. 6, with Here's to Good Old Yale and his sentimental tune for the Glee Club, quite a hit at the time, The Bells of Yale. His large-scale works of the Yale years reveal a developing control of form, instrumentation, and thematic development, all of it reflecting Parker's training. The First Symphony is essentially a brilliant and precocious homework assignment, a massive work in European style with echoes of Brahms, Tchaikovsky, and Dvok. As he worked on the symphony, Ives also produced the First String Quartet, which he later subtitled, half jokingly, "From the Salvation Army." It integrates gospel hymns, of the kind Ives grew up hearing in camp meetings, with the forms, textures, and thematic manipulation of European-Romantic music. Here Ives first suggests the direction of his maturity: a mediation between American and European elements, and between "high"and "low" art.

    a choice

    Ives also wrote a good deal of choral and organ music in connection with his organist job at Center Church. Most of these works, which Ives recalled as routine, were lost, but a few also showed his experimental side. More informally in his undergraduate years, in theaters and at parties Ives tried out rough superimpositions of tunes in different meters and keys. These included "stunts" such as Yale-Princeton Football

    Game that uproariously portray familiar events--something Ives would eventually do more seriously in works including Decoration Day. If he had continued on the career path of an organist/choirmaster/ composer/teacher like Horatio Parker, Ives would have gone from Yale to complete his studies in a European, probably German, conservatory. Instead, he took a path that led him into one of the most difficult and unconventional lifestyles of any major composer: acting on some of his father's last words of advice, Ives decided to forego a musical career and go into business. When he left Yale in 1898, he headed for New York to begin as a $15-a-week clerk with the Mutual Life Insurance Company. The point of this career choice, for a young man clearly talented and ambitious as an organist as well as composer, was to leave himself room to create as he wanted, without the impediment of a relentlessly conservative musical establishment. As Ives put it, if a composer "has a nice wife and some nice children, how can he let them starve on his dissonances?" During his first four years in the New York City of the "Gay Nineties," Ives held organist/choirmaster posts in two prominent churches, played recitals, and composed the church cantata The Celestial Country, tuneful and respectably Victorian (though

    the cantata also includes organ interludes with exploratory harmonies). Though most of the more conventional works of this period are lost, from his church music Ives continued to develop new pieces, notably the four Violin Sonatas that together make up the most important American contribution to that genre. All the Sonatas are suffused with memories of Danbury church services and square-dance fiddle playing. Another surviving choral work from that time, Processional: Let There Be Light, in which the divine radiance is expressed by pealing dissonances, shows that even in a church setting Ives could not entirely suppress his adventurous side.

    Charles Ives' Yale graduation photo, 1898

    The building housing the offices of Ives & Myrick, a managing agency of Mutual Life of New York. The February 17, 1917, issue of Insurance Press described Charles Ives and Julian Myrick as "young hustlers" who "succeeded in making their agency one of the greatest on the country."

    The First Church of Christ(Center Church on the Green), New Haven, CT

    A R T I S T

  • C H A R L E S I V E S C O N T i N U E D

    C h a r l e s I v e s14

    Ives' more radical new works from the first decade of the century, none of them performed or performable at that time, reveal for all their fascination no overall direction. Ives' dilemma was how to unify the separate streams of his music: the traditional European genres of symphony, string quartet, sonata, and the like, which his expressive ambitions drove him to take up; but also his love of American vernacular music, his passion for experiment, his interest in realistic and chance musical effects. His struggle toward maturity is shown in works written around the turn of the century such as the Second Symphony, which begins with a fugue of Brahmsian cast and includes snippets of Tchaikovsky, but also includes a great deal of American vernacular music, climaxing with the Stephen-Fosterish tunes of the last movement. A beautiful and compelling work, the Second was prophetic of the "Americana" style of Copland and others thirty years later.

    beyond the new

    Weary of the creative constraints of being a church organist and choirmaster, in 1902 Ives "quit music," as he put it; he resigned his organ job, the last formal connection with the musical profession he ever had. From that point his experimental side deepened, in the next years producing the transitional Third Symphony (subtitled "The Camp Meeting"), the wild, almost cubistic Four Ragtime Dances for theater orchestra, and two small but far-reaching works of 1906: Central Park in the Dark and The Unanswered Question, both of which use loose but carefully notated superimpositions of stylistically distinct material in different meters and keys. African-American vernacular music also contributed to Ives' mature work: the Ragtime Dances demonstrate a fresh rhythmic style derived from the dancing syncopations of ragtime. The ultimate point of these experimental works, however, is not technical but expressive and programmatic. In the "cosmic landscape" of The Unanswered Question, a trumpet repeatedly poses "the eternal question of existence" against a haunting background of strings, finally to be answered by an eloquent silence. By that work of 1906, Ives was over half a century ahead of his time, writing in collage-

    like planes of contrasting styles. His epic First Piano Sonata, begun in 1901, was the first large-scale work in his radical vein, and cost him at least eight years of effort. It would not find its premiere until 1949. As a kind of laboratory, Ives consistently wrote studies for piano and chamber ensembles, each designed to examine a particular technical aspect. They include the elaborately polyrhythmic In Re Con Moto et al. and the two Tone Roads, all of which sound remarkably like avant-garde works of a half century later--but with an entirely Ivesian wit and rhythmic drive. From this decade also comes the wry, ragtimey chamber work Scherzo: Over the Pavements, suggested by the walking rhythms of people passing by Ives' Manhattan apartment. At the same time as Ives was writing revolutionary pieces of mounting audacity and confidence, he continued to compose relatively conventional and quite beautiful songs, violin sonatas, and other smaller pieces. And his star rose precipitously in the insurance trade, which led to the formation of Ives & Co. in 1907, in conjunction with partner Julian Myrick. Its successor, Ives & Myrick, would become the largest agency in the country, noted not only for spectacular profits but also for Ives' innovative ideas about selling and training.

    soul mates

    Two more things of great significance happened to Ives in 1906, one ominous and the other fruitful. After living since childhood at a near-manic pace--what allowed him to compose voluminously despite working

    full-time in an office--Ives had a physical breakdown, probably a heart attack and associated depression. Also that year he began to court a settlement-house nurse named Harmony Twichell, daughter of a well-known Hartford minister. Charlie had met her during his Yale years--she was the sister of a school friend--but their romance did not kindle until a decade later. After a long Victorian courtship, during which they found a transforming spiritual rapport, Charles and Harmony were married in June 1908. Between them they created a kind of theology around their relationship, seeing their love as a reflection of divine love, his music their means of spreading that love into the world. After years of prophetic experiments, Ives' full maturity can be dated from his marriage to Harmony Twichell. Between 1908 and 1917 Ives composed at a pace hard to believe, given that his insurance agency was also burgeoning. From these years comes the completion of much of his greatest work: Three Places in New England; the symphony Holidays; the intense and mystical Second String Quartet; most of the monumental Fourth Symphony; the Second Orchestral Set; the Concord Sonata; the sprawling, raging Robert Browning Overture; many songs both progressive and traditional; and studies in various states of completion including the Tone Roads. In these works Ives found the "music of the ages" that he had been seeking since his youth--not only unifying vernacular and cultivated traditions and carrying his experiments to a prophetic level of imagination and sophistication, but finding a language to convey the

    Harmony Twichell, c. 1902

  • A R T I S Tb i O G R A P H i E s

    15C h a r l e s I v e s

    Filled with quotes of music from Beethoven to Stephen Foster and American hymnodists, Ives' mature work is music about music, or rather music as a symbol of human life and striving and spirituality. For that purpose Ives used the music he grew up with, from the ceremonies and celebrations of Danbury's daily life. His intentions go far beyond nostalgia, however. Memories of his childhood are transcended, his hometown made into an image of the primal human community, where people worship and celebrate, with music a vital part of it all. Ives' portrait, say, of a Fourth of July in Danbury paints the event in all its chaotic vitality, yet it is still carefully-shaped music based on a small collection of thematic materials, it develops in a convincing musical shape, and it conveys not only the surface of the event but the emotion behind it--or rather, the many emotions of an uproarious crowd in the streets, listening to the playing of not-entirely-sober bandsmen as they march past. "Bandstuff!" Ives wrote one of his longsuffering copyists. "They didn't always play right & together and it was as good either way." Two works from the second decade of the century can stand for the method and achievement of Ives' maturity. His Decoration Day, the second of the Holidays, pictures an event Ives observed throughout his childhood on the holiday now called Memorial Day: his father's band marched to the town cemetery playing a mournful tune; as the crowds stood among the decorated graves of the war dead,

    George Ives intoned "Taps" on his trumpet; then the band marched back to town to a lively tune designed to lift people's spirits. From that narrative Ives shapes in Decoration Day an unprecedented musical stream of consciousness, in which revolutionary musical techniques are marshaled to paint a profound collective memory. When Stravinsky was asked his definition of a musical masterpiece, he answered with Decoration Day. The orchestral piece From Hanover Square North, at the End of a Tragic Day, the Voice of the People Again Arose, which concludes the three-movement Second Orchestral Set, came directly from a personal experience. On the way home from work Ives saw a crowd of people on a Manhattan train platform break into a hymn, in response to news of the sinking of the Lusitania by a torpedo. The work transforms that moment into a complex musical fabric, in which threads of the hymn gradually coalesce to the climactic proclamation of "In the Sweet By and By." The hymn sounds as rough and untutored as the voices of men and women on the street, but it is filled with overwhelming emotion: the music of the ages.

    the spirit of music

    Thus Ives' comment, echoing his father's words: "What has sound got to do with music!?" For Ives, music is not mere sound but the underlying spirit, human and divine, which the sounds express even in the inexpert playing and singing of amateurs. Thus the paradox of Ives' music, echoing his paradoxical person: he could be realistic, comic, transcendent, simple, complex, American, and European, all at the same time. If some of his music seems crowded nearly to bursting, it is a vibrant and entirely realistic portrayal of his conception of life, his sense of democracy in action, and of his own all-embracing consciousness. As Ives once said: "Music is life." Yet for all his democratic convictions, this enormous creative effort was carried on largely in private. Between the premiere of The Celestial Country in 1902 and performances in the 1920s, Ives had no real public exposure at all. Such isolation was unprecedented for an important artist, a situation unthinkable in Europe. It did allow Ives to follow his most visionary ideas, but it also distanced him from the profession. Still, during his years of obscurity Ives constantly showed his work to musicians, hired groups to play over pieces, revised the music based on what he heard, and had much of his music expertly copied. Yet, for twenty years the nearly unanimous reaction of musicians to his music was somewhere between laughter and outrage. It is no wonder that he required, as Aaron Copland put it, "the courage of a lion." By 1917 Ives had acquired an adopted child and a new obsession--working to support the American war effort (despite hisearlier outspoken objection to the war). With the strains of parenthood and campaigning for war bonds added to the already exhausting demands of his business and creative life, and with the drain of steady rejection from musicians, Ives' health collapsed. In October 1918he had a serious heart attack just before his 44th birthday. Neither he nor his work ever completely recovered.

    A portion of the May 8, 1915, issueof the The New York Herald's front page.

    Shown standing are (left -right ) the R.M.S. Lusitania's Captain, William T. Turner; Alfred G. Vanderbilt;

    Elbert Hubbards; and Charles Frohman

    Charles Ives withdaughter Edith in 1924

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  • C O N T i N U E D C H A R L E S I V E S

    17C h a r l e s I v e s

    a spirit unrelenting

    Ignoring lingering weakness from his heart attack, in the first half of the 1920s Ives kept to his usual frenetic pace, now spending a great deal of time promoting his work, cultivating friendships with musicians, joining and supporting organizations that promoted progressive music. By this time, the Modernist movement was gathering steam in the U.S., much of the musical part of it spiraling around the energetic young composer Henry Cowell, who took up Ives' cause and remained one of his champions. Starting with songs and the Violin Sonatas, Ives' music began to be played in the 20s, largely in "Ultra-Modernist" forums. But Ives' infirmities steadily eroded his energy, creative and otherwise. Finally one day around 1927 Ives came downstairs in tears and told his wife, "I can't seem to compose any more. I try and try and nothing comes out right." Three years later he resigned from the insurance agency he had built. For the rest of his life Ives was an invalid. Yet through decades of physical misery Ives remained the same optimistic, funny, gloriously eccentric, vibrant spirit he had always been. When he was able, he saw to the practical side of being a composer-- writing letters to those interested in his work, editing pieces for publication and overseeing editing by others, and supervising the copying of his pieces. The wealth he had earned in business not only supported his own work, but flowed steadily into the cause of progressive music all over the U.S.

    in misery, creation

    Periodically during his last decades, Ives would take up and add a few notes to a titanic, transcendent work he had conceived in 1915, at the same time as the end of the Fourth Symphony: the Universe Symphony, which he described as aspiring "to paint the creation, the mysterious beginnings of all things...the evolution of all life in nature, of humanity from the great roots of life to the spiritual eternities, from the great inknown to the great unknown." The symphony was a gigantic credo, and a conception unfinished and unfinishable in the world. Yet over the decades Ives returned again and again to the idea, finally conceiving it as to be presented outdoors, with orchestras in valleys and choruses on hilltops. Only 39 pages of sketches remain of the Universe; more may have been lost. Several people have made realizations and creative extensions of the material, following up on Ives' suggestion that others take up the piece. The existing sketches reveal a fascinating fragment whose elusive whisperings and giant rhythmic cycles resemble the mystical finale of the Fourth Symphony. The rise of Ives' reputation was slow, but important musicians admired him and some--Henry Cowell, Nicolas Slonimsky, and Lou Harrison among them--devoted significant parts of their lives to his work. Aaron Copland, Harrison, and pianist John Kirkpatrick gave important performances of his music in the 30s and 40s, earning Ives glowing reviews and a Pulitzer Prize (1947). Charles Ives died in May 1954, just as Henry and Sidney Cowell completed their pioneering biography of him. It was not until a decade later that the musical mainstream really began to take Ives seriously. For many, the long-posed question of whether Ives is the greatest American composer had been answered in the affirmative. Ives remains, and perhaps always will, the great maverick among Western classical composers. It is a position he would surely approve of. Yet for all the neglect that lasted to the end of his life, he felt confident that his work would reach the hearts and minds of listeners. After he met Ives in the 1940s, poet Louis Untermeyer recalled, "His presence impressed me. There are a few people who have presence per se... a kind of self-assurance. He knew what he had done. He knew what he was."

    Charles andHarmony Ives, 1946 **

    Charles Ives, 1950

    Images of Charles Ives and Ich grolle nicht courtesy of the Charles Ives Papers in the Irving S. Gilmore Music Library of Yale University* by Clara Sipprell | ** by Halley Erskine | by George Tyler

    Copyright 1998 by Peermusic, Ltd. Used by the kind permission of Peermusic Classical.

    JAN SWAFFORD is a composer and writer whose musical works range from orchestral and chamber to film and theater music and have been played around the country and abroad. Mr. Swaffords writings have appeared in Slate, Guardian International, Gramophone and Symphony Magazine and he has done musical features on NPRs Performance Today and Morning Edition. His books include The Vintage Guide to Classical Music; Charles Ives: A Life with Music (Norton) (nominated for a National Book Critics Circle award and winner of the PEN/Winship prize); and Johannes Brahms: A Biography (Knopf). He is currently writing a biography of Beethoven for Houghton Mifflin. Mr. Swafford teaches music history, theory and composition at the Boston Conservatory.

  • I N T H E T I M E O F. . .C H A R L E s i v E s

    I v e s T i m e l i n e18

    1874 Charles Ives is born

    The original Madison Square Garden opens in New York City First Chautauqua Camp held in New York Verdi Requiem & Mussorgskys Boris Godunov premiered New Compositions: Bruckner 4th Symphony; Johann Strauss Jr. Die Fledermaus; Mussorgsky Pictures at an Exhibition; Tchaikovsky 1st Piano Concerto Gustav Holst & Arnold Schoenberg are born

    1894 Ives enters Yale University

    American Academy in Rome begins Tiffany patents process for staining glass Iceberg lettuce introduced by the Burpee Company 1st Chili Pepper powder introduced Hersheys Chocolate Company incorporated New Compositions: Brahms two Clarinet Sonatas (his last instrumental works); Mahler 2nd Symphony; Debussy Prlude laprs-midi dun faun; Richard Strauss Also sprach Zarathustra; Dvok Humoresque

    1898 Ives graduates from Yale University; begins career in Insurance Industry; begins writing Central Park in the Dark for orchestraSpanish American war Goodyear Tire Co. founded Sousaphone introduced by C. G. Conn Bronx Zoo opens Pepsi-Cola introduced Nabisco formed Books: Henry James Turn of the Screw; H.G. Wells War of the Worlds New Compositions: Elgar Enigma Variations; Richard Strauss Ein Heldenleben George Gershwin is born

    1902 Ives quits music and resigns as a church organist

    AAA Founded Crayola crayons introduced Rhodes Scholars program begins 1st motion picture theater opens in Los Angeles, CA Flatiron Building opens in New York City Mt. Washington Hotel opens in New Hampshire Algonquin Hotel opens in New York City Animal Crackers introduced Teddy Bear created Books: Hound of the Baskervilles Enrico Caruso makes his first sound recording New Compositions: Mahler 5th Symphony; Debussy Pellas et Mlisande Popular songs: In the Good Ol Summertime; Bill Bailey Wont You Please Come Home; Scott Joplin Ragtime Dance & Elite Syncopation

    1906 Ives finished Central Park in the Dark

    San Francisco earthquake Dow Jones Industrials breaks 100 for the first time Excavation begins on Panama Canal 1st electric train operated out of Grand Central Terminal the word allergy is coined 1st radio broadcast of music & voice Sears Roebuck Co. started Victrola introduced Music Shed in Norfolk opens Books: Galsworthy Forsyte Saga New Compositions: R. Strauss Elektra; Schoenberg two Chamber Symphonies Dmitri Shostakovich is born Popular songs: Anchors Aweigh 1907 Ives begins Ives & Company Insurance, later to be Ives & Myrick - the largest insurance agency in U.S.

    Niemann Marcus opens first store United States motorcar production reaches 43,000, up from 25,000 in 1905 1st taxi meters in New York City Union Station in Washington, DC, opens Paris Exhibition of cubists in Paris Alice B. Toklas meets Gertrude Stein New Compositions: Mahler 8th Symphony Richard Strauss' Salome premieres at the Met (J.P. Morgan and other Met Board members condemn the opera as indecent, cancel remaining performances and refund tickets to patrons) Popular songs: Glow

    Worm; The Caissons Go Rolling Along Edvard Grieg dies

    1898, Harper & Brothers edition cover. Courtesy of Franois Beaulieu

    Original 1906 sheet music cover of "Anchors Aweigh"

    Courtesy of Answers.com plus other sources. Check our website for more cross-cultural factoids during key moments in Charles Ives lifetime.

  • 19I v e s T i m e l i n e

    1908 Ives marries Harmony Twitchell; writes Unanswered Question

    Petroleum industry begins in Middle East Ford Model T introduced First Mothers Day Tea bags introduced Melitta drip coffee maker invented President Th. Roosevelt signs into law ruling that In God We Trust is to be printed on US currency Mahler 7th Symphony premiered New Compositions: Mahler Das Lied von der Erde; Bartk 1st String Quartet; Ravel Ma mre loye; Percy Grainger Country Gardens Books: L.M. Montgomery Anne of Green Gables; K. Grahame Wind in the Willows; E.M. Forster Room With A View Elliot Carter and Olivier Messiaen are born

    1910 Ives writes Three Places in New England

    Albert Fuller (Fuller Brush Co.) advertises for first door to door salesmen Halleys comet appears Mark Twain dies Neon lighting for signs invented Unites States has 1,000 miles of concrete road, up from 144 miles in 1900 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing (3M) formed Black & Decker founded Hallmark Cards started New Compositions: Stravinsky Firebird Samuel Barber is born

    1916 Ives begins writing Concord Sonata

    First major US shopping mall opens Boeing and Lockheed both begin production 1st radio news broadcast Harvards annual tuition raised to $200 having been at $150 for 47 years Saturday Evening Post buys its first Norman Rockwell picture 1st USPGA Tournament Star Spangled Banner sung at Fenway Park for the first time at any ball game New Compositions: Prokofiev 1st Symphony (Classical) Milton Babbitt is born Popular songs: La Cucaracha; I Aint Got Nobody

    1927 Ives tells his wife, Harmony: I cant compose anymore.

    Average annual income of US wage-earners is $1,000 Middle-class families with incomes of $3,000 or more generally have domestic help 60% of US homes have electricity Charles Lindbergh flies across the Atlantic Pan American Airways founded Trans-Atlantic telephone service begins - $75 for 3 minutes (average worker earns $25 per week) Dow Jones ends year at 202.40, up from 157.20 at year end 1926 New Compositions: Rachmaninoff 4th Piano Concerto; Weill Mahagonny; Shostakovich The Nose Popular songs: Aint She Sweet; Im Lookin Over a Four Leaf Clover; SWonderful

    1947 Ives wins Pulitzer Prize

    Marshall Plan proposed UFOs first make headlines phrase Cold War coined by Bernard Baruch the Doomsday Clock is introduced on the cover of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists Meet the Press (radio version) begins Dow Jones Industrials 181.16 - up from 177.20 at end of 1946 Jackie Robinson signs with the Brooklyn Dodgers 1st World Series broadcast on television (NY Yankees win over Brooklyn Dodgers) NASCAR begins New Compositions: Varse Etude pour espace; Poulenc Flute Sonata; Barber Knoxville: Summer of 1915; Britten Albert Herring Popular entertainment: Miracle on 34th Street (film): Howdy Doody (television); Finians Rainbow; Streetcar Named Desire (Broadway)

    1954 Charles Ives dies

    Brown v. Board of Education case tried in Supreme Court Sports Illustrated magazine started Elvis Presley makes his first commercial recording (Thats All Right Mama) Marilyn Monroe marries Joe DiMaggio The Dow Jones Industrials finally surpass the previous high of 381.17 (November 23, 1929) and close the year at 404.39. (1953 closed at 280.8) New Compositions: Shostakovich Festival Overture; Cage 34 46.776 For A Pianist, for prepared piano; Britten Turn of the Screw; Bernstein Serenade

    1910 costume design for "Firebird" by Lon Bakst

    Tiffany's "Realization" - one of five panels commissioned forBattell Chapel byEllen Battell Stoeckel

  • AT O N FO R E S T An Ecosystem Research Station & Nature Preserve

    Land preservation + Scientific research of the Ecosystem + Conservation for the enhancement of Nature Welcoming our community: citizen scientist activities education programs volunteer opportunities

    AF WORKSHOPS, TALKS & OTHER EVENTS - 2011 SCHEDULE Check our website (www.atonforest.org AF Workshops) as event details become available

    Jun 11, Sat: The Afterlife of Trees a talk by John Anderson at The Doolittle Lake Clubhouse, Norfolk (free) Jun 14-15, Wed-Thu: Field Identification and Ecology of Grasses, I - 2 days, with Bill Moorhead at White Memorial Conservation Center,

    Litchfield ($)

    Jun 22, Wed: Field Identification of Willows (Salix), 1 day, with Bill Moorhead at White Memorial Conservation Center, Litchfield ($) Jul 6-7, Wed-Thu: Field Identification of Sedges (Carex), 2 days, with Bill Moorhead at White Memorial Conservation Center, Litchfield ($)

    Aug 4-5, Thu-Fri: NDAL Naturalistic Landscaping Workshop, 2 days, with Larry Weaner and John Anderson at AF and nearby ($) Aug 6, Sat: Larry Weaner talk Harmony, Rhythm, & Time: Relating the Processes of Musical Composition to Natural Landscape Design at the

    Battell Recital Hall, Norfolk Chamber Music Festival, Norfolk, 4 pm (free)

    Sep 21-22, Wed-Thu: Field Identification and Ecology of Grasses II, 2 days, with Bill Moorhead at White Memorial Conservation Center, Litchfield ($)

    Oct 1, Sat: the 9th annual Aton Forest Open House a fun day for family and friends, 10 am to 3 pm (free) Hike * Eat * Learn

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    Connecticut New York Massachusetts

    Anne Day

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  • FA C U L T YA R T i s T s

    TokYo STrIng QUarTeTMartin Beaver violinKikuei Ikeda violinKazuhide Isomura violaClive Greensmith cello

    arTIS QUarTeTPeter Schuhmayer violinJohannes Meissl violinHerbert Kefer violaOthmar Mller cello

    LeSCHeTIzkY TrIoKlara Flieder Pantillon violinChristophe Pantillon celloStanislaw Tichonow piano

    FULL ForCe DanCe THeaTreKatie StevinsonNollet, Artistic Director

    THe kIng'S SIngerS

    norFoLk FeSTIvaL CHaMber orCHeSTraanD CHorUS

    norFoLk ConTeMPorarYenSeMbLe

    PHILHarMonIa baroQUe orCHeSTra Nicholas McGegan conductor

    UnITeD STaTeS CoaST gUarD banD Kenneth W. Megan director

    FeSTIvaL arTISTSOle Akahoshi celloSyoko Aki violinJanna Baty sopranoBoris Berman pianoDonald Berman pianoRobert Blocker pianoSimon Carrington conductorEttore Causa violaHolly Chatham piano/ organ Allan Dean trumpetJeremy Denk pianoClaude Frank pianoPeter Frankl pianoScott Hartman trombone Ani Kavafian violinHumbert Lucarelli oboeJohn McDonough narratorDiana Moore mezzosopranoLisa Moore pianoFrank Morelli bassoonSusan Narucki sopranoDonald Palma double bassJoan Panetti piano/composerJulian Pellicano conductorWilliam Purvis French hornAndrMichel Schub piano David Shifrin clarinetJames Sinclair conductorDaniel Stepner violinRichard Stoltzman clarinetStephen Taylor oboeLaura Usiskin celloRansom Wilson flute/ conductorCarol Wincenc fluteRandall Wolfgang oboeWeiYi Yang piano

    RObERT bLOCkER DeanPAUL HAWksHAW Director

    Artists and programs are subject to change without notice.

    gUeST LeCTUrerS Jeremy DenkThomas MasseMatthew SteinfeldKatie StevinsonNolletJan SwaffordCarol Wincenc

    CoMPoSerS InreSIDenCeMartin Bresnick Director, New Music Workshop

    Aaron Jay Kernis Ezra LadermanDavid LangIngram MarshallChristopher TheofanidisJoan Tower

    Cover PaintingThomas Moran Pond in the Meadow, c. 1880 From the collection of the Ellen Battell Stoeckel Estate

    Photo Credits Randi BeachLucas BeckRichard BowditchDeanne ChinChristian DucasseJ. Henry FairEmily FlemBob HandelmanBernard MindichAlonso Nicholas Vincent OneppoJohn PearsonNina RobertsUlrikeSchwarz Peter SerlingMatthew SolanchCarol SteinChristian SteinerChandra VillanuevaMichael Williams

    For artist photo credits, please visit our website at www.norfolkmusic.org.

    21F a c u l t y A r t i s t s

  • F E L L O W S H I PR E C i P i E N T s

    aTTaCCa STrIng QUarTeT The Juilliard School

    Amy Schroeder violinKeiko Tokunaga violinLuke Fleming violaAndrew Yee cello

    exCaLIbUr braSS QUInTeT Yale School of Music

    David Wharton trumpet Ryan A. Olsen trumpet Jessica Lascoe French horn Matthew Russo tromboneBenjamin Firer bass trombone

    CHAMbER MUsiC sEssiON

    All Fellows receive a full scholarship covering tuition, room and board.

    23F e l l o w s h i p R e c i p i e n t s

    Dashiel Nesbitt viola Indiana University

    Esther Park piano Yale School of Music

    Yevgeniy Reznik clarinet University of Texas, Austin

    Adam Rosenblatt percussion Yale School of Music

    Gregory Robbins double bass Yale School of Music

    Brendan V. Ryan flute University of Southern California

    Edson Scheid violin Yale School of Music

    Omar Surillo composerJoHn anD aSTrID baUMgarDner

    SCHoLarSHIP

    Yale School of Music

    Emily Westell violinCLeMenT CLarke Moore

    SCHoLarSHIP

    McGill University

    Mark Baekburn Yee cello Manhattan School of Music

    Mimi Zhang French horn Yale School of Music

    Yang Jiao conductor Yale School of Music

    Dana Cullen French horn Curtis Institute of Music

    Brittany Harrington bassoon Eastman School of Music

    Eleanor Kendra James viola Yale School of Music

    Kemp Jernigan oboe The Hartt School

    Alexander Karpeyev pianoengLISH SPeakIng UnIon

    SCHoLarSHIP

    Guildhall School, England

    Paul Kerekes composerJoHn anD aSTrID baUMgarDner

    SCHoLarSHIP

    Yale School of Music

    Youngsun Kim violin Yale School of Music

    Wonkak Kim clarinet Florida State University

    Adrian Knight composerJoHn anD aSTrID baUMgarDner

    SCHoLarSHIP

    Yale School of Music

    Yoonhee Ko cello Yale School of Music

    Anouvong Liensavanh flute Yale School of Music

    Shelley Monroe Huang bassoon SUNY Stonybrook

    FaIrwaY STrIng QUarTeT

    Rachael Schlosberg violin University of Missouri, Kansas City Philip Marten violin Q Academy Kansas Tanner Menees viola Blue Valley NW High SchoolSamuel Cho cello Washburn University

    TeSLa STrIng QUarTeTLoUISe wILLSon SCHoLarSHIP

    University of Colorado, Boulder

    Ross Snyder violinMichelle Yeunhae Lee violinMegan Mason violaKimberly Patterson cello

    TeMPLe STreeT TrIo Yale College

    Jessica Oddie violinClare Monfredo celloAriel Borenzstein piano

    Kayoung An piano The Colburn Conservatory

    Claire Brazeau oboe2006 CenTenerY CoMMITTee

    SCHoLarSHIP

    The Colburn Conservatory

    Alicia Choi violin The Juilliard School

  • BATTELL ARTS FOUNDATIONIs proud to be in its 11th year of supporting the

    Norfolk Festival's Young Artists' Performance Series The Battell Arts Foundation is a philanthropic organization dedicated to the support of educational and performance events involving music, drama and the visual arts in Norfolk, Colebrook and the surrounding area. To that end, we continue to support the Norfolk Festivals Young Artists Performance Series on Thursday evenings and Saturday mornings (and the first two Tuesdays in August). We also support the Community Drawing Classes and Childrens Art Camp that are provided by the Art Division of the Yale Summer School, and we sponsor the Childrens Concert and post-concert activities on the Norfolk Festivals Family Day.

    Other recent projects include:

    Ongoing sponsorship of a three-week Drama workshop at the local Grammar school that ends in a public performance.

    Establishment of a scholarship fund for area young people to pursue further studies in their field of artistic endeavor. Support for Yale School of Music students to provide 2 workshops for local grammar school musicians. We invite you to join the Battell Arts Foundation in supporting our mission to promote education and participation in the Arts in our area. Please contact us for more information about our activities. All donations are tax deductible.

    BATTELL ARTS FOUNDATIONP O Box 661, Norfolk, CT 06058

  • NEW MUsiC WORksHOP

    Preben Antonsen composer Yale School of Music

    Thibault BertinMaghit double bass Universit de Montral (Qubc)

    Mark S. Broschinsky trombone Manhattan School of Music

    Victor Caccese percussion The Peabody Institute

    Nick DiBerardino composer The Juilliard School

    Timothy Hambourger composer Duke University

    Tim Hansen composer New York University, Steinhardt

    Gleb Kanasevich clarinet The Peabody Institute

    Edward Neeman piano The Juilliard School

    Adrianne Pope violin The Boston Conservatory

    Julia Seeholzer composer Berklee College of Music

    CHAMbER CHOiR & CHORAL CONDUCTiNG WORksHOP

    All Fellows receive a full scholarship covering tuition, room and board.

    Margaret Carpenter soprano/conductor University of North Carolina

    Agnes Coakley soprano Schola Cantorum Baseliensis

    Raul Dominguez tenor Oklahoma City University

    Nicholas Garza tenor University of Texas, Arlington

    Eric Hannan tenor Vancouver Cantata Singers

    Amy Henderson alto/conductor Choir Director, McGill Conservatory Youth Choir

    Elliot Hines bass baritone Oberlin Conservatory of Music

    Richard Hutton tenor/conductor Westminster Choir College of Rider University

    Simon Jacobs bass baritone Yale School of Music and Institute of Sacred Music

    Daehan Kim bass baritone/conductor Westminster Choir College,

    Rider University

    Kieun Kim baritone/conductor Westminster Choir College,

    Rider University

    Allan Laino bass baritone California State University

    Clare McNamara mezzo soprano Longy School of Music

    Zerrin Martin mezzo soprano Westminster Choir College,

    Rider University

    Evan Mooney tenor/conductor Department Chair, Pioneer High School, Whittier, CA

    John Petzet bass baritone/conductor Texas Tech University

    Erin Plisco soprano Music Director, Pinecrest High School, Southern Pines, NC

    Benila Ninan mezzo soprano Vancouver Cantata Singers

    Samantha Scully mezzo soprano Westminster Choir College, Rider University

    Daniel Spratlan bass/conductor Rutgers University

    Sean Stultz tenorUniversity of Houston

    Adriana Tam mezzo soprano/conductor Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    Emi Tanaka soprano/conductor Kunitachi College of Music

    Bram Wayman tenor University of Texas, Austin

    Ellen Gilson Voth alto/conductor Western New England College

    F E L L O W S H I PC O N T i N U E D R E C i P i E N T s

    25F e l l o w s h i p R e c i p i e n t s

  • THE LITCHFIELD COUNTYCHORAL UNION, INC.

    Est. 1899Jonathan F. Babbitt, Music Director

    with

    The Litchfield County Choral Union Festival Orchestra

    presents

    HORATIO PARKERS

    HORA NOVISSIMASunday, July 24, 2011, at 3:00 p.m.

    The Music Shed at the Ellen Battell Stoeckel EstateThe Yale Summer School of Music and Art

    Route 44 in Norfolk, Connecticut

    Tickets: Adult $20.00 Senior/Student $15.00 For ticket information or reservations call: (860) 868-0739 or (860)

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  • 27F e s t i v a l A d m i n i s t r a t i o n

    A D M I N I S T R AT I O NO f T H E f E s T i vA L

    ADMiNisTRATiON & sTAffRobert Blocker DeanPaul Hawkshaw DirectorJames Nelson General ManagerDeanne Chin Associate ManagerCarol Jackson Associate Administrator

    Joel Andrus Box Office AssistantBrian Daley Piano CuratorJoseph DiBlasi Piano TunerWilliam Harold Piano CuratorJonathan Harvey Administrative AssistantRichard Henebry Production ManagerKenneth Mahoney Head ChefJason Robins Recording Engineer Jaci Wilkinson Librarian/ Directors Assistant

    YALE UNivERsiTYRichard C. Levin PresidentPeter Salovey ProvostLinda Koch Lorimer Vice President & SecretaryDorothy K. Robinson Vice President & General CounselBruce D. Alexander Vice President & Director of New Haven and State AffairsInge Theresa Reichenbach Vice President for DevelopmentEmily P. Bakemeier Deputy Provost for the Arts and HumanitiesJack Beecher Senior Director of Business OperationsRegina Starolis Executive Assistant to the President

    September MayMail: PO Box 208246, New Haven, CT 06520Street: 500 College St, Ste 301, New Haven, CT 06520Tel: / Fax: 203.432.1966 / 203.432.2136

    Email: norfolk@yale.edu Website: www.norfolkmusic.org

    June august Mail: PO Box 545, Norfolk, CT 06058Street: Ellen Battell Stoeckel Estate, Rtes. 44 & 272, Norfolk, CT 06058 Tel: / Fax: 860.542.3000 / 860.542.3004

    CONTACT THE fEsTivAL

    ELLEN bATTELL sTOECkEL TRUsTWilliam G. Gridley, Jr. TrusteePeter Salovey Trustee (Yale University) AnneMarie Soullire TrusteeJoseph Veronesi, Jr. Estate ManagerHooper Fendley Estate StaffJohn Hester Estate Staff

    NORfOLk CHAMbER MUsiC fEsTivAL LEADERsHiP COUNCiLRobert Blocker Dean Paul Hawkshaw DirectorJoyce AhrensJohn BaumgardnerKathleen KelleyChristopher LittleJames RemisAnneMarie SoullireByron TuckerSukey Wagner

  • Blackberry River InnMay all who enter as guests, leave as friends...

    538 Greenwoods Rd W Norfolk, CT 06058 860.542.5100 Antiques & Designnorfolk, ct 06058 860.542.5212 info@josephstannard.com

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    Litch eld Countys Home for THE MET!

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  • One of the worlds most celebrated ensembles, THE KINGS SINGERS have a packed schedule of concerts, recordings, media and education work that spans the globe. Championing the work of young and established composers, they remain consummate entertainers; a classact with a delightfully British wit. From Gesualdo and Gyrgy Ligeti to Michael Bubl, The Kings Singers are instantly recognisable for their spoton intonation, their impeccable vocal blend, the flawless articulation of the text and incisive timing.

    During the 201112 concert season, The Kings Singers will perform across the world in some of the worlds most beautiful concert halls including the Salle Gaveau in Paris, the Berlin Philharmonie, and the Warsaw

    Philharmonic Concert Hall. They will also travel across Europe, the US, Canada, the United Arab Emirates and Asia.

    With a discography of well over 150 recordings The Kings Singers have garnered both awards and significant critical acclaim. Their studio album Simple Gifts on Signum was awarded a Grammy in 2009. Swimming over London, a disc that aligns KS favourites with new songs and new arrangements was released in 2010, alongside a world premiere recording of Music for Vespers by Pachelbel. While touring the USA in February 2010, The Kings Singers recorded an album with renowned Concordia College Choir including KS commissions by Eric Whitacre and Bob Chilcott which will be released in 2011. Over the Christmas season, the group released J.S. Bach: Christmas Oratorio, a disc of Bachs classic work in jazz arrangements by Bill Dobbins, and recorded a performance of their Joy to the World programme at Londons Cadogan Hall, released as a live burn on the day of the concert. A DVD of their Christmas repertoire, recorded in London in January 2011 will be released later this year.

    The Kings Singers maintain a deep commitment to new choral music and have commissioned over 200 works from a host of prominent contemporary composers including Richard Rodney Bennett, Luciano Berio, Peter Maxwell Davies, Gyrgy Ligeti, Gian Carlo Menotti, Krzysztof Penderecki, Ned Rorem, John Rutter, Toru Takemitsu, and John Tavener. This season, The Kings Singers will premiere works by Elena KatsChernin and Eric Whitacre.

    The Kings Singers have an extraordinary history on television. A favourite of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, with whom they performed as part of the Winter Olympics, they appeared on the Mormon Tabernacle Choirs Christmas Concert to a combined live audience of 80,000 which was television broadcast on PBS across the US and is available on DVD. Following their televised BBC Proms performance at the Royal Albert Hall, London (also available on DVD awarded a Midem International Classical Award in January 2010), and appearances on BBC Breakfast television, The Kings Singers appeared on Songs of Praise on BBC television (BBC One) three times in 2010, including a Christmas special.

    In addition to their soldout concerts worldwide, The Kings Singers share their artistry through numerous workshops and master classes. They have clocked up phenomenal sales of sheet music with over two million pieces of print in circulation with current publisher Hal Leonard. The Kings Singers arrangements are sung by schools, college choirs and amateur and professional ensembles the world over.

    J u n e 1 2 , 2 0 1 130

    A B O U T T H E A R T I S T S

    visit www.kingssingers.com for the latest news, blog entries, video blogs, podcasts, Tweets and YouTube updates.

    The king's singers appear by arrangement with iMG Artists, LLC: Carnegie Hall Tower, 152 West 57th street, 5th floor, New York, NY 10019 212.9943500 www.imgartists.com

    The king's singers recordings are available on the signum Records, EM Records, TELARC, RCA victor & Red seal/bMG Classics, and EMi/Angel record labels.

    Recording distribution for The king's singers' American concerts: DJ Records, PO box 445, Trout Lake, WA 98650 www.djrecords.com

    in addition to sheet music and music books available from DJ Records, a comprehensive catalogue of The king's singers' choral arrangements is available from Hal Leonard Corporation: 777 West bluemound Road, Milwaukee, Wi 53212.

  • MASTER AND PUPIL 1 (Homage)William Byrd (15431623) Haec diesThomas Tallis (15051585) Te lucis ante terminumByrd Sing joyfullyTallis Hear the voice and prayerByrd Ye sacred muses

    THE QUEEN'S MUSIC (Poet and Composer) Joby Talbot (b. 1971)/ text by Katheleen Jamie (b. 1962) The wishing treeHoward Goodall (b. 1958)/ text by U A Fanthorpe (19292009) All the Queen's horsesJocelyn Pook (b. 1960)/ text by Andrew Motion (b. 1952) Mobile

    MASTER AND PUPIL 2 Edward Bairstow (18751946) Music when soft voices dieBairstow I sat down under his shadowGerald Finzi (19011956) I have loved flowersFinzi Thou didst delight mine eyesFinzi My spirit sang all day

    THE SAVOY OPERA (Gilbert and Sullivan)William Gilbert (18361911)/ Arthur Sullivan (18421900) Brightly dawns our wedding day (arr. Daryl Runswick)Gilbert/ Sullivan The sun whose rays (arr. Bob Chilcott)Gilbert/ Sullivan The Pirate King (arr. Bob Chilcott)Gilbert/ Sullivan TitWillow (arr. Bob Chilcott)Gilbert/ Sullivan The ghosts' high noon (arr. Daryl Runswick)

    LENNON AND McCARTNEYJohn Lennon (19401980)/ Paul McCartney (b. 1942)A selection of Beatles songs to be announced from the stage

    31J u n e 1 2 , 2 0 1 1

    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sUNDAY, JUNE 12, 4:00 PM

    THE KING'S SINGERS

    The king's Singers David Hurley countertenor Timothy WayneWright countertenor Paul Phoenix tenor Philip Lawson baritone Christopher Gabbitas baritone Johnathan Howard bass

    Friends

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • J u n e 1 8 , 2 0 1 132

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

    Charles Ives embodies a romantic ideal of the individualistic American composer. He pioneered experiments with tone clusters, polytonality, and polyrhythms. He adored pastiche and quotation and employed an eccentric swath of material. He carefully selected and edited others texts and penned many of his own. And he treated all material with equanimity, whether it came from high art or everyday life. Most of Ives songs in the European art-song tradition date from his Yale days. His teacher, Horatio Parker, often instructed students to write songs using texts from classical works. Songs My Mother Taught Me is taken from a poem by Adolf Heyduk that Dvok had set in German about fifteen years previously. Feldeinsamkeit (Field Solitude) was written in 1898 to the same Hermann Allmers poem that Brahms had set in 1877. When the composer George Chadwick heard it, he said: In a way almost as good as Brahms. That was high praise, considering that Brahms Feldeinsamkeit is considered one of his greatest songs. Of the other Brahms songs on tonights program, the dreamy Es Hing der Reif (Hoarfrost was hanging) hovers between C major and A minor, finally landing in the minor. Der Tod, das ist die khle Nacht (O Death, that is the cooling night) depicts the shadows between night and day, life and death. Chopins moody Nocturne in F minor (1842-1844) traverses the sweet, tranquil and stormy. The expressiveness and virtuosity of Chopins music deeply influenced other composers. The scholar David Michael Hertz observed: Underneath Ives attempt to dismiss Chopin as a sissy composer lies a begrudging admiration. Ives wrote several studies for the piano that may hearken back to Chopins tudes. The Study No. 6, Nearer My God to Thee (1912-1913), riffs on the tune Bethany, to which the hymn of the title was widely sung. The Study No. 23 shares some material with the Concord Sonata and the second of the Emerson Transcriptions. The four Emerson Transcriptions are one musical example of Ives preoccupation with Transcendentalism. The Emerson movement from the massive Piano Sonata No. 2, Concord, Mass., 18401860, is one source for the first transcription, which also quotes Beethoven and Wagner. The short Waltz-Rondo (1911) quotes a number of American songs as it builds in both energy and complexity. In 1912 Ives had written an instrumental piece The Indians inspired by Charles Spragues Centennial Ode. In 1921 he took lines from that poem and created the song The Indians with a diatonic (white-key) vocal lament set against a chromatic piano part amid shifting time signatures. Similarly, in the 1913 song Watchman!, Ives wove a complex, dissonant piano part around the singers simple hymn tune. Here, the vocal line is notated in 6/8 against the pianos 3/4 time. The Indians was one of many works where Ives arranged earlier music for a different medium. The Housatonic at Stockbridge reworks the last movement of Three Places in New England, the composers effort to capture in music a second honeymoon he had taken with his wife Harmony. Around 1914 Ives wrote an overture Down East that he then lost. A few years later, while compiling his self-published 114 Songs, he remembered enough of the material to turn it into a song, contributing his own nostalgic text and quoting a familiar line Nearer my God to Thee. The Childrens Hour (dated 1901) evokes a similarly sentimental mood. Even many years later, Ives continued to write sincere, tonal songs, such as The Greatest Man (1921) text by Anne Collins, in which a schoolboy is assigned to write about some great man and decides on his pa. Ives wrote from the boys point of view, earnest rather than sentimental, in this homage to his own father. Like a Sick Eagle is one of the few times that Ives wrote music as an immediate reaction to a tragedy of his own. In 1909, his wife Harmony miscarried and soon needed a hysterectomy. Nine days later, Ives wrote this bleak, nearly atonal song to selections from John Keats To the Elgin Marbles: Mortality/ Weights heavily upon me like unwilling sleep. General William Booth Enters Into Heaven (arr. 1914) takes its cues from the text, opening with the pianos approximation of a marching band and Booths big bass drum. Amidst this swagger Ives intersperses a quiet hymn tune. The tune becomes a single-line refrain that undergoes curious transformations before returning to its triadic beginnings. In 1917, when the United States entered World War I, Ives composed very little. He did, however, write songs that touched on the war, including The Things Our Fathers Loved (subtitled And the greatest of these was Liberty) and Tom Sails Away. The former shows Ives at his most patriotic, with sweet quotations from classic songs. Tom Sails Away begins with recollections of childhood; then innocence is interrupted when the father sail[s] away for over there. In the mesmerizing Serenity (1919), two quiet chords oscillate in the piano while the voice circles within a narrow range. Incantation was arranged in 1921 from music composed over a decade earlier. To his own complex harmonies and piano arpeggios blurred with pedal, Ives added an eerie, shadowy text by Lord Byron. Ives wrote his own text to The New River (also from 1921). Originally called The Ruined River Gas Machine Kills Housatonic!, the song is a musically wild rant against noise pollution. That same year he wrote the whimsical Ann Street which, in twenty measures, describes one of the shortest roads in New York City. One day in 1927 Ives came downstairs and told his wife that he felt unable to compose anymore: Nothing sounded right. From then on he turned his musical focus to revising earlier works for publications and performances.

    Listen to Charles Ives: Historic Interviews, a 20-minute podcast of interviews and music clips in the Oral History of American Music archiveat Yale, at itunes.yale.edu.

  • 33J u n e 1 8 , 2 0 1 1

    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sATURDAY, JUNE 18, 7:30 PM

    AN EvENiNG Of SONG

    Charles Ives (18741954) The Things Our Fathers Loved

    Ives Ann Street

    Ives The Housatonic at Stockbridge

    Ives The Indians

    Ives The New River

    Ives Emerson Transcription Number 1

    Frederic Chopin (18101849) Nocturne in f minor

    Ives Waltz Rondo

    Ives Feldeinsamkeit

    Johnnes Brahms (18331898) Es hing der Reif

    Ives Incantation

    Brahms Der Tod, das ist die khle Nacht

    Brahms Feldeinsamkeit

    Ives Watchman

    Ives Like a Sick Eagle

    Ives General William Booth Enters into Heaven

    Ives Serenity

    Ives Study No. 6 "Nearer My God to Thee"

    Ives Study No. 23

    Ives The Children's Hour

    Ives Songs My Mother Taught Me

    Ives The Greatest Man

    Ives Tom Sails Away

    Ives Down East

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

    Susan narucki soprano

    Donald berman piano

  • Tonight's program will be announced from the stage.

    J u n e 2 4 , 2 0 1 134

    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    NORFOLK CONTEMPORARY ENSEMBLEfRiDAY, JUNE 24, 7:30 PM

    Martin bresnick director

    Lisa Moore piano

    norfolk Contemporary ensemble Julian Pellicano conductor

    Gleb Kanasevich clarinet Mark S. Broschinsky trombone Edward Neeman piano Victor Caccese percussion Adrianne Pope violin Thibault BertinMaghit double bass

    Preben Antonsen (b. 1991) composer Nick DiBerardino (b. 1989) composer Timothy Hambourger (b. 1986) composer Tim Hansen (b. 1978) composer Julia Seeholzer (b. 1990) composer

  • 35J u n e 2 5 , 2 0 1 1

    Today's program will be announced from the stage.

    sATURDAY, JUNE 25, 2:00 PM

    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    NORFOLK CONTEMPORARY ENSEMBLE

    Martin bresnick director

    Lisa Moore piano

    norfolk Contemporary ensemble Julian Pellicano conductor

    Gleb Kanasevich clarinet Mark S. Broschinsky trombone

    Edward Neeman piano Victor Caccese percussion Adrianne Pope violin Thibault BertinMaghit double bass

    Preben Antonsen (b. 1991) composer Nick DiBerardino (b. 1989) composer Timothy Hambourger (b. 1986) composer Tim Hansen (b. 1978) composer Julia Seeholzer (b. 1990) composer

    After the concert please join us at 4:00 pm for the opening of the Yale summer school of Art show in the barn; and for

    the Community Picnic, also sponsored by the Art school at 6:00 pm.

  • Beethoven had a fondness for the piano trio unmatched by his predecessors. His firstpublished compositions were piano trios, and throughout his middle period, he expanded the genre to make it on par with the depth of the string quartet. His trio Opus 70, No. 2, shares its opus number with one other work, the Trio in D Major nicknamed the Ghost. Both were written in 1808 during Beethovens middle period, a time that saw some of his greatest achievements. The opening line immediately shows a harmonic freedom characteristic of this period, the cello introducing a sustained motive in an ambiguous key. The second movement is in double variation form, where two themes are presented

    and then given variations in alternation. Here the first theme is in c minor and grows increasingly powerful; the second is in C Major and becomes increasingly ornate. The third movement is a minuet whose middle section contains a call-and-response between the piano and strings with the violin consistently playing two notes at once. The triumphant fourth movement demonstrates a quintessential characteristic of Beethoven's music: an abrupt shifting between fast, motoric passages and reflective, lyrical moments. The pieces opening motive returns to bring unity and closure to this grand work.

    Tristia is a piano trio arrangement of Valle d'Obermann, the sixth piece from Liszts solo piano set Annes de Plerinage which itself comes from his solo piano work Album d'un Voyageur, Book 1. Liszts pupil Edward Lassen made the arrangement, and Liszt purportedly edited it multiple times before its publication. Valle d'Obermann is based on the eponymous character from the 1804 novel by tienne Pivert de Senancour. In the novel Obermann wanders the country to seek solace from his misfortunes. The music depicts his wandering: somber stasis in the first movement, nostalgia in the brief second movement, and unabashed emotion and impetuousness in the third. The works highly charged

    nature lends itself well to the piano trio ensemble. Liszt put the following quote from Lord Byrons Childe Harold on the cover of the manuscript as a description of Obermanns sentiments: "Could I embody and unbosom now / That which is most within me, could I wreak / My thoughts upon expression, and thus throw / Soul, heart, mind, passions, feelings, strong or weak / All that I would have sought, and all I seek, / Bear, know, feel, and yet breathe--into one word, / And that one word were lightning, I would speak; / But as it is, I live and die unheard, / With a most voiceless thought, sheathing it as a sword."

    Czech composer Bedich Smetana made an incalculable impact on the nationalist movement in his country, though his chamber works, including the Piano Trio Opus 15, take inspiration from more traditional sources. Despite his successful career, Smetanas life was also plagued with tragedy. Three of his four daughters died between 1850 and 1856, and as he grew older, Smetana went deaf and mad, his life ending in an asylum in 1884. His Piano Trio in g minor is an early work written in memoriam to his second daughter who had just died at the age of five. Accordingly, the first movement is replete with pathos. Its

    opening melody, presented by the violin, creates a mood of heaviness and despair. The movements second melody, presented by the cello, is contrastingly peaceful and calm, a variation of his daughters favorite nursery rhyme. The second movement has two slow sections sandwiched between three fast sections, making it a quasi rondo. The third movement, also a rondo, presents a breathless melody and a middle section containing the melody in a slow, funeral dirge. The piece ends optimistically in G Major, a stark contrast to the grief with which it starts.

    J u l y 8 , 2 0 1 136

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y L A U R A U s i s k i N

    Ludwig van Beethoven(17701827)

    Piano Trio in Eflat Major, Op 70, No. 2

    Franz Liszt(18111886)

    Tristia(La valle d'Obermann)

    Bedich Smetana (18241884)

    Piano Trio in g minor, Op 15

  • 37J u l y 8 , 2 0 1 1

    Leschetizky Trio Klara Flieder Pantillon violin Christophe Pantillon cello Stanislaw Tichonow piano

    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    fRiDAY, JULY 8, 8:00 PM

    THE LESCHETIZKY TRIO

    Beethoven Piano Trio in Eflat Major, Op 70, No. 2 Poco sostenuto Allegro ma non troppo

    Allegretto

    Allegretto ma non troppo

    Finale: Allegro

    Liszt Tristia (La valle d'Obermann)

    Smetana Piano Trio in g minor, Op 15 Moderato assai

    Allegro ma non agitato

    Alternativo I Alternativo II

    Finale: Presto

    Leschetizky Trio

    Leschetizky Trio

    Leschetizky Trio

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • Music for wind ensemble harkens back to medieval times when bands of pipers roved through towns entertaining at civic occasions. By the late 18th century, the ensemble had solidified into a group of players in instrumental pairs. In Prince Esterhzys court, whereHaydn was employed, a wind sextet performed when the Princes Company of Grenadiers is entering, exercising and parading. Haydn wrote his Divertimento in F, Hob II/15 around 1758, though it was not re-discovered until 1960. The work is in the standard five-movement divertimento form of two minuets and an adagio framed by an

    opening and finale. Each movement is short and charming, the adagio notable for its difficult, high-register horn writing.

    Though not as well known today as his contemporary Brahms, Carl Reinecke was an extremely successful composer, conductor, and teacher during his long and prolific life. He published hundreds of works from piano sonatas to full operas, conducted the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig for over three decades, and taught many great composers including Grieg, Bruch, and Janek. His own training came from Mendelssohn, Liszt, and Schumann, the latters influence particularly evident in his music. His Trio for Oboe, Horn and Piano is not his only work with unusual instrumentation; he wrote two other well-known piano trios that use mixed winds. In this work, he successfully unites the seemingly dissimilar instruments, allowing at times for both

    individuality and cohesiveness. The well-crafted first movement is followed by a light scherzo based on a singlenote repeated motive. The third movement deserves special attention, its touching melody passed between the oboe and horn in ever-increasing grandiosity. The final movement includes interjections of the slow movements melody within its flowing texture.

    In the typical ebb and flow of Schumanns career, few compositions came from his pen in 1846, while many appeared in 1847. His productivity is all the more impressive given that the year saw the deaths of both his 16-month-old son and his esteemed colleague Felix Mendelssohn. The Piano Trio in F Major and its companion piece, the Trio in d minor, are two works from this year. Schumann had entertained trio thoughts as early as 1846 but only found the right motivation in 1847: a birthday celebration for his wife Clara, at which the d minor trio was performed. Claras own piano trio from 1846 may have also swayed

    him; as biographer John Daverio writes, there is an obvious element of one-upmanship in both of Schumanns piano trios from that time. Bachs influence appears in many facets of Schumanns writing, and in this particular work, counterpoint comes to the fore. Fugal passages appear in the first and fourth movements, and canonic interplays infuse the middle movements. The first movement is energetic, vivacious, and includes an allusion to one of his songs. The second movement has a sublime song-like quality that moves seamlessly between varying moods, tempos, and harmonies. The third movement offers a lilting, offbeat tune reminiscent of a barcarole, and the last movements contrapuntal texture and dense piano writing drives the work to a triumphant close.

    J u l y 9 , 2 0 1 138

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y L A U R A U s i s k i N

    Franz Josef Haydn(17321809)

    Divertimento in F Major, HOB II/15

    Carl Reinecke(18241910)

    Trio in a minor for Oboe and Horn and Piano,Op 188

    Robert Schumann(18101856)

    Piano Trio in F Major, Op 44

  • 39J u l y 9 , 2 0 1 1

    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sATURDAY, JULY 9, 8:00 PM

    HAYDN, REINECKE AND SCHUMANN

    Stephen Taylor oboe kemp Jernigan oboe

    Monroe Huang bassoon brittany Herrington bassoon

    william Purvis French horn Dana Cullen French horn

    Stephen Taylor oboe william Purvis French horn

    robert blocker piano

    ani kavafian violin ole akahoshi cello

    boris berman piano

    Haydn Divertimento in F Major, HOB II/15 Presto

    Minuet Trio

    Adagio

    Minuet Trio

    Finale: Presto

    Reinecke Trio in a minor for Oboe, Horn and Piano, Op 188 Allegro moderato

    Scherzo

    Adagio

    Finale: Allegro ma non troppo

    Schumann Piano Trio in F Major, Op 80 Sehr lebhaft Mit innigem Ausdruck

    In mssiger Bewegung

    Nicht zu rasch

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • In addition to over 600 songs and many other works, Schubert wrote several violin pieces including two sonatas, a rondo, and three sonatinas. The title Sonatina came from his publisher Diabelli in 1836 and suggests a smaller, less complex work than a full sonata. In some ways Schuberts sonatinas qualify, yet in others they are more substantial than the title suggests. Written in 1816 when he was only nineteen, they reveal many musical elements that would eventually become distinctively Schubertian. Ambitious modulations into far-reaching keys occur throughout the first movement of the D-Major Sonatina. The

    second movement has a song-like character unique to Schubert. The charm of the last movement rondo brings the delightful work to a fitting close.

    Schubert composed no fewer than 30 duos for piano four hands, each written for a particular occasion, friend, or teaching purpose. Many came out of the six-year period between 1818 and 1824 during which he traveled regularly to Zseliz to teach the Esterhzy daughters Marie and Caroline. The Grand Duo, written in 1824 but not published until after his death, is one of his biggest and most mature. Schubert may have written it for the two girls, but given its difficulty and equal demands on both players, he may have intended instead it to play it himself with one of his accomplished pianist friends.

    The works vast scale is more like a symphony than a chamber work. Both players share the opening theme of the first movement, and the second player initially presents the second theme. The gentle second movement begins in A-flat Major but, in typical Schubertian fashion, modulates constantly, exploring many remote keys. The third movement is heavily accented yet retains a light quality. Its middle section is smooth and spacious. The second player initially presents the opening theme in the fourth movement, while the first player plays lightning fast passagework that is later passed between the two players.

    Though Schubert wrote the majority of his most beloved chamber works at the end of his short life, the "Trout Quintet is a notable exception. Written in 1819 when he was 22 years old, it has several distinct qualities. First, its instrumentation is an unusual grouping of piano, violin, viola, cello and bass. This combination resulted from a request of Schuberts friend Paumgartner who asked for a work with the same instrumentation as Hummels Quintet, Opus 87. Schubert not only complied but embraced the ensemble. He wrote a bass part that stands alone from the cello and a piano part that is limited mainly to its upper register. Second, the work has five movements rather than the usual four. The extra

    movement was again requested by Paumgartner who wanted a theme and variations on Schuberts already-popular song Die Forelle (The Trout). The delightful first movement gives way to the song-like andante, which contains two mirror sections, the second almost note-for-note identical to the first, only in a different key. The energetic scherzo leads into the famous fourth movement that has the Trout theme with five variations. The final movement, like the second, is a two-part mirror and brings the work to an enthusiastic close.

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    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y L A U R A U s i s k i N

    Franz Schubert(17971828)

    Sonatina in D Major, Op 137, No. 1, D 384

    Schubert

    Sonata in C Major, "Grand Duo," Op posth 140, D 812

    Schubert

    Quintet for Piano and Strings in A Major, "Trout," Op 114, D 667

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    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    fRiDAY, JULY 15, 8:00 PM

    AN EvENiNG Of SCHUBERT

    Syoko aki violin Peter Frankl piano

    boris berman piano Peter Frankl piano

    Peter Schuhmayer violin Herbert kefer viola

    othmar Mller cello Donald Palma double bass

    boris berman piano

    Schubert Sonatina in D Major, Op 137, No. 1, D 384 Allegro molto

    Andante

    Allegro vivace

    Schubert Sonata in C Major, "Grand Duo," Op posth 140, D 812 Allegro moderato

    Andante

    Scherzo: Allegro vivace Trio

    Finale: Allegro vivace

    Schubert Quintet for Piano and Strings in A Major, "Trout," Op 114, D 667 Allegro vivace Andante

    Scherzo: Presto

    Thema: Andantino

    Allegro giusto

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • By the age of forty, Haydn had solidified the new form of the classical string quartet with its nearly equal yet individual participants, a four-movement structure, and the ambition and ability to express the deepest musical thoughts. The musicologist Donald Tovey wrote: With Opus 20, the historical development of Haydns quartets reaches its goal; and further progress is simply the difference between one masterpiece and the next. The first movement opens with a measured theme that reaches gently outward from a repeated D. The Allegro di molto character kicks in with the arpeggiated triplets that burst out in b minor and then grow into a richly developed thematic element. The dignified second movement, in d minor, is a theme with egalitarian variations: the first variation is for

    the second violin and viola; the second is for cello; and the third is for the first violin. Both the third and fourth movements use elements of Hungarian folk music. The alla Zingarese in the heading of the minuet means in the Gypsy style. In the whitewater rondo finale, a trove of ideas tumbles out between recurrences of the nimble opening melody. In one last surprise, Haydn ends this whirlwind showpiece not with a fanfare, but with an understated wink.

    Alexander Zemlinsky was championed by Brahms and taught counterpoint to Schoenberg, who later married Zemlinskys sister Mathilde. But Zemlinksy never earned the same renown as his colleagues. He wrote his fourth (and last) string quartet in 1936, two years before he fled Vienna for the United States. The work is dedicated to his friend Alban Berg, who had died at the age of 50 in December 1935, and adopts the six-movement structure of Bergs Lyric Suite for string quartet. Themes intertwine across movements, such as the Mathilde theme (from his previous string quartet) in the first two movements. Other

    references to previous Zemlinsky themes are also positioned across pairs of movements. Diligently crafted counterpoint adds an underlayer of complexity to much of the work. After the solemn Prelude, a chorale marked senza espressione, comes the scathing Burlesque. The brief Adagietto, which is simultaneously lyrical and contrapuntal, leads without pause into the dark dance of the Intermezzo. The Theme and Variations, labeled Barcarole, opens with an impassioned cello melody and, variation by variation, becomes more astringent. The fiery last movement is an incisive double fugue led by the second violin. Here Zemlinsky stacks and interweaves elements of the Burlesque and the Intermezzo in a whirling drive to the finish.

    Johannes Brahms exemplifies Harold Blooms concept of the anxiety of influence. Feeling that he lived and wrote in the shadows of Mozart and Beethoven, Brahms wrote and destroyed twenty string quartets (by his own count) before finally sending two to his publisher, writing: I give myself the greatest trouble and keep on hoping that something really great and difficult will occur to me, and they turn out mean and paltry! Hardly. In the Quartet in a minor, Brahms exposes his struggles to reconcile Classicism and Romanticism, while reaching back to the baroque with complex polyphonic structures. The first movement opens with the motto F A E, which stands for frei, aber einsam (free,

    but lonely)." Beneath the lyrical surface of the second movement lies a wealth of structural invention and melodic development. The third movement demonstrates more intelletual acrobatics, with an unusual multipart structure that comes together in a double canon of previous themes. The Hungarian flavor of the Finale comes from the uptempo czardas (a Hungarian dance), which alternates with a more mellow waltz. The quartet closes with a coda that echoes the main theme in canon and then accelerates to a sparkling finish.

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

    Franz Josef Haydn(17321809)

    String Quartet No. 27 in D Major, Op 20, No. 4, HOB III/34

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    Alexander von Zemlinsky(18711942)

    String Quartet No. 4 inD Major, Op 25

    Johannes Brahms (18331897)

    String Quartet in a minor, Op 51, No. 2

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    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sATURDAY, JULY 16, 8:00 PM

    THE ARTIS QUARTET

    Haydn String Quartet No. 27 in D Major, Op 20, No. 4, HOB III/34 Allegro di molto

    Un poco adagio affettuoso

    Menuetto: Allegretto alla zingarese

    Presto scherzando

    Zemlinsky String Quartet No. 4 in D Major, Op 25 Praeludium

    Burleske

    Adagietto

    Intermezzo

    Thema mit Variationen

    Finale Doppelfuge

    Brahms String Quartet in a minor, Op 51, No. 2 Allegro non troppo

    Andante moderato

    Quasi Minuetto: moderato

    Finale: Allegro non assai

    artis Quartet

    artis Quartet

    artis Quartet

    artis Quartet Peter Schuhmayer violin Johannes Meissl violin Herbert Kefer viola Othmar Mller cello

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

    The Faculty, Fellows and Staff of the Festival would like to welcome the many volunteers from throughout the Norfolk community to this evening's concert.

  • Niels Wilhelm Gade was the most prominent Danish musician of his time, not only a composer but also a conductor, organist, violinist, and educator. He mentored such figures as Edvard Grieg and Carl Nielsen. Gades music was championed by Felix Mendelssohn, and for a time Gade lived in Leipzig, where he became friends with both Mendelssohn and Robert Schumann. Schumann was the first composer to title a work Fantasy Pieces, a genre based in literature that became a mainstay of Romanticism. Gades Fantasistykker (the Danish version of the title) were written in 1864, after he had returned to Denmark. The four

    pieces are laid out like a baroque sonata, alternating slow, fast, slow, and fast, with lyricism and vigor.

    Schuberts song cycle Die schne Mllerin tells the story of a man who falls in love with the beautiful miller girl of the title, only to be rejected. In the poignant Trockne Blumen (Faded Flowers), he places in his own grave the wilted flowers that she had given him. Schubert likely wrote this set of variations for his friend Ferdinand Bogner, a flutist. After a melancholy introduction in e minor, we hear the theme itself, with minor alterations from the original vocal melody to make it more idiomatic for the flute. Schubert creates elements of symmetry: both Variations II and VI feature virtuosic passages for the flute, and Variations III and V both open with turbulence in the piano. Variation IV, at the center, features the piano and flute in close collaboration. By the sixth variation, Schubert has moved securely from e minor to sunny E Major.

    Yehudi Wyner studied at Yale (50 BA, 51 BMus, 53 MMus) and taught there from 1963 to 1977. He wrote Passover Offering in 1959 as a young man recently returned to the United States after three years in Italy. The unusual instrumentation was inspired in part by biblical instruments: the flute by the halil, the clarinet by reed instruments, and the bass trombone by signaling instruments like the shofar; the cello provides a bass voice. The slow first movement, says Wyner, is about slavery, oppression, and protest; the Energico second

    movement is about the escape through the parted sea, a battle, and a feeling of inundation. The third movement, Alla Marcia, is a desert march, at a quick pace because the sand is hot. The Grave fourth movement is a song of lamentation. Only the flute and cello play in the fifth movement, a desert prayer upon seeing the promised land.

    Wyner wrote his Trio 2009 for the musicians that commissioned and premiered it: clarinetist Richard Stoltzman, cellist Lynn Harrell, and pianist Robert Levin. After the premiere, Joshua Kosman wrote: The motivating spirit here is one of free-form fantasy, as the piece unfolds in an unpredictable but gently shifting series of episodes. In the composers words: The Trio is in one continuous movement and is typical of my music in that it proclaims no exclusive

    ideology. While the music is continuous it traverses sections of clear variety, featuring now one, now another player. There are short episodes of recitative for cello, a romantic ballad-like Cantilena for clarinet, and a brief pseudo-cadenza for piano. But most of the music moves quickly and in concerted texture. Towards the end a slow dirge-like episode darkens and deepens the expression.

    Joan Tower is the first woman to receive the prestigious Grawemeyer Award for Composition. Her quintet Rising, which Steve Smith characterized as mournful, combative, and suspenseful by turns, was written in 2009. Tower writes: I have always been interested in how music can go up. It is a simple action, but can have so many variables: slow or fast, accelerating, slowing down, getting louder or softer with thick or thin surrounding textures. For me, it is the context and the feel of the action that matters. A long climb might

    signal something important to come. A short climb might be just a hop to another phrase. One cant, however, just go up. There should be a counteracting action to provide a tension within the piece. The main theme in Rising is an ascent motion using different kinds of scales mostly octatonic or chromatic and occasionally arpeggios. These upward motions are then put through different filters, packages of time, and varying degrees of heat environments which interact with competing static and downward motions.

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    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

    Niels Gade(18171890)

    Phantasiestcke

    Franz Schubert(17971828)

    Introduction and Variations for Flute and Piano in e minor, "Trockne Blumen"

    Yehudi Wyner(b. 1929)

    Passover Offering

    Wyner

    Trio 2009

    Joan Tower(b. 1938)

    Rising

  • Gade Phantasiestcke Andantino con moto

    Allegro vivace

    Ballade Moderato

    Allegro molto vivace

    Schubert Introduction and Variations for Flute and Piano in e minor, "Trockne Blumen" Wyner Passover Offering Lento Energico

    Alla Marcia

    Grave

    Quieto

    Wyner Trio 2009

    Tower Rising

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    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    fRiDAY, JULY 22, 8:00 PM

    GADE, SCHUBERT, WYNER AND TOWER

    richard Stoltzman clarinet Peter Frankl piano

    Carol wincenc flute Peter Frankl piano

    Carol wincenc flute richard Stoltzman clarinet

    Scott Hartman trombone Laura Usiskin cello

    richard Stoltzman clarinet Laura Usiskin cello

    esther Park piano

    Carol wincenc flute Tesla Quartet

    Tesla Quartet Ross Snyder violin Michelle Yeunhae Lie violin Megan Mason viola Kimberly Patterson cello

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • Mozart revolutionized the piano quartet, which was still a new and unusual genre when he wrote his two quartets in late 1785. Until that point, the piano had played a subordinate role to string instruments, which played as soloists. Mozart gave the piano an independent voice, making all four instruments equal participants. In fact, the textures of his piano quartets often resemble that of his piano concertos as much as other chamber music groupings. The g-minor quartet opens with a stern theme in unison, which is answered by the piano and is then developed and transformed into a sunnier version of itself. After a relatively short development section, the recapitulation not only brings back the opening material but

    continues to develop it, darkening and deepening the movements emotional range. The piano opens the andante second movement, and the full ensemble repeats the reaching theme. The strings then state the second theme. Mozart continues to work with this material, shifting the textures and instrumentation. The third movement begins delicately, in G Major, and quickly picks up energy to become a light-hearted, but not lightweight, rondo finale.

    The pianist and composer Ivn Erd was born in Budapest and was musically inspired by fellow Hungarians such as Bartk and Kodly. After the violent uprising in 1956, Erd left Hungary for Vienna, where he was influenced by serial composers before renewing his interest in tonality. His Quartet for piano and strings is in six movements that flow attacca from one to the next. The foreboding slow introduction leads into the ostinato second movement, which opens with a kind of rising and falling call-and-response between the piano and tremolo strings. It then takes off into an urgent moto perpetuo in which the

    compelling rhythms and minimalistic melodic material drive forward through different textures. The instruments trade off and overlap, creating different textures and colors. The opening returns briefly before the movement sets off again into the propulsive ostinato and finally shrinks away. Fitful double- and triple-stop chords in the cello signal the beginning of the third movement, a chaconne. The viola soon joins in with the searing melody, marked molto intenso. The violin adds fierce tremolos. The piano sweeps extravagantly up and down the keyboard. The fourth-movement aria, marked andante tranquillo, opens with the piano in a serene middle register; chords lilt between major and minor. The arias calm surface and lyrical melodies belie the unsettling forces at work: constant swerves between major and minor, the asymmetrical 7/8 meter. The fifth movement, the Cadenza Seconda, jolts us into another moto perpetuo, with near-constant sixteenth notes thundering forward. Fragments of the chaconne return at the end of the fifth movement. A slow, brief cello solo signals that we are about to enter the sixth movement, a Burletta marked allegretto ironico. Erd keeps us on our toes with rhythmic games, playful glissandos and pizzicatos, and tongue-in-cheek gestures that bring us to a final flourish of C Major.

    In response to Mozarts g-minor quartet, the publisher begged the composer to write more popularly, meaning, in part, to write something that amateurs could play at home. Instead, Mozart wrote another quartet just as virtuosic and found himself another publisher. The Quartet in E-flat Major opens with assertive angularity and quickly gives way to more expansive, longer lines. The graceful theme returns, transformed, throughout the rest of the movement. The quartets placid second movement, marked larghetto, is in A-flat Major; like the first movement, it is in sonata form. With its long-spun, liquid melodies, the movement

    exemplifies Mozarts restrained elegance. In the third movement, a gently sparkling theme returns in many moods: serious, cheerful, longing, and witty. Mozarts sketches suggest that he took his time working out the movement, whose structure combines elements of both sonata and rondo form.

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    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(17561791)

    Piano Quartet in g minor, K 478

    Ivn Erd(17971828)

    Piano Quartet, Op 54

    Mozart

    Piano Quartet in EFlat Major, K 493

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    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sATURDAY, JULY 23, 8:00 PM

    PIANO QUARTETS

    Mozart Piano Quartet in g minor, K 478 Allegro

    Andante

    Rondo: Allegro

    Erd Piano Quartet, Op 54 Introduzione Lento (attacca) Ostinato Allegro risoluto (attacca)

    Cadenza Prima (Ciaccona) Allegro rubato (attacca)

    Aria Andante tranquillo (attacca)

    Cadenza Seconda (Presto)

    Burletta (Allegretto ironico)

    Mozart Piano Quartet in EFlat Major, K 493 Allegro Larghetto

    Allegretto

    Peter Schuhmayer violin Herbert kefer viola

    othmar Mller cello Peter Frankl piano

    Peter Schuhmayer violin Herbert kefer viola

    othmar Mller cello Peter Frankl piano

    Peter Schuhmayer violin Herbert kefer viola

    othmar Mller cello Peter Frankl piano

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • The last quarter of the 18th century saw innovations in the string quartet genre that changed its place in music history. These advances mainly came from dozens of quartets by Mozart and Haydn, who not only knew each other, but shared a mutual admiration. The two most likely met in 1781, though Mozart had studied Haydns scores previously, and they remained colleagues until Mozarts death ten years later. Soon after their initial meeting, Mozart began writing six quartets dedicated to his older friend. His decision to do so is noteworthy given that he usually wrote for external reasons such as concerts or commissions. These quartets, on the contrary, came from his heart; his dedication to Haydn

    says that they are the fruit of a long and laborious work. The Quartet in d minor is the second of the Haydn Quartets and the only one in a minor key. The mood of the first movement is melancholy and fatalistic. The second, in contrast, exudes satisfaction and contentment. Pessimism returns in the third movement, though its trio section presents a charming, almost yodeling tune. The last movement consists of four variations on a melancholy siciliano theme, the viola taking the melody in the third variation in a rare extended solo.

    Polish composer Szymanowski was an erudite, well-traveled writer of poetry and prose in addition to being an accomplished composer. Born in Ukraine in 1882, he had already studied music in Warsaw, Berlin and Paris by the time he wrote his String Quartet No. 1 in 1917. Two string quartets are his only chamber works; he wrote mainly symphonic and piano pieces. Szymanowskis exposure to many varying musical styles is evident in his first quartet. The first movement alone has allusions to the impressionism of Debussy, the chromaticism of Berg, and the counterpoint of Bartk. The music leaps between charged, compelling sections and uses trills, harmonics, and stratospheric registers in the first violin

    to create drama and contrast. The second movement is more melodic and has a less dense texture. The folksy imitative motive of the final movement gives the feeling of a sardonic scherzo.

    If 1840 is known as the Year of Song because Schumann wrote 168 songs, the year 1842, when he produced six outstanding chamber pieces, is his Year of Chamber Music. His String Quartet Opus 41, No. 1, is a product of a six-month period of feverish compositional activity in 1842 that also gave rise to his beloved piano quartet and quintet. Schumann was well versed in the string quartets of Mozart, Haydn, Beethoven, and Mendelssohn to whom the work is dedicated. While elements of all these composers appear throughout Opus 41, No. 1, Schumann also experiments on his own. The melancholy introduction in a minor leads unexpectedly into a warm, gracious F-Major

    section, a key relationship found also in Beethovens Opus 132. The catchy scherzo second movement alludes to the many wonderful scherzos of Mendelssohn. The third movement, however, has traits unique to Schumann. Its songful quality and many dreamy, improvisatory-like passages give it a freer, unprecedented form. The final movement contains motoric eighth notes in almost every measure, creating a constant drive. The notable exception is a sudden moment of stasis near the end, when the music pauses briefly on a drone-like passage.

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (18101856)

    String Quartet in d minor, K 421

    Karol Szymanowski (18821937) String Quartet No. 1 in C Major, Op 37

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y L A U R A U s i s k i N

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    Robert Schumann (18101856) String Quartet in a minor, Op 41, No. 1

  • N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    fRiDAY, JULY 29, 8:00 PM

    THE TOKYO STRING QUARTET

    Mozart String Quartet in d minor, K 421 (dedicated to Haydn) Allegro moderato Andante

    Menuetto: Allegretto

    Allegretto ma non troppo

    Szymanowski String Quartet No. 1 in C Major, Op 37 Lento assai

    Andantino semplice (In modo d'una canzone)

    Vivace

    Schumann String Quartet in a minor, Op 41, No. 1 Introduzione: Andante espressivo; Allegro

    Scherzo: Presto; Intermezzo

    Adagio

    Presto

    Tokyo String Quartet

    Tokyo String Quartet

    Tokyo String Quartet

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    I N T E R M I S S I O N

    Tokyo String QuartetMartin Beaver violin Kikuei Ikeda violin Kazuhide Isomura viola Clive Greensmith cello

  • The music of Charles Ives simultaneously honors tradition and turns it on its head. His single-movement Largo was originally one of two slow movements from an early violin sonata written around 1901. Ives used three of that sonatas four movements for other violin sonatas and dubbed the original the Pre-First Sonata. He arranged this movement for clarinet, violin and piano around 1934. Like many of Ives works, it takes inspiration from hymn tunes but transforms them into something else nearly unrecognizable. The piece starts out with quiet, steady chords in the piano, over which the violin sings a disjunct melody. The clarinet

    introduces a new section that becomes more animated. The opening piano chords return, along with the violin, for a searching close.

    Born in New Haven, Quincy Porter went to Yale and studied composition with Horatio Parker who had taught Ives two decades earlier. Like many musicians of the time, he studied in Paris. It was on his second trip to Paris, after winning a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1928, that Porter wrote his Clarinet Quintet. The single-movement piece opens with a brooding introduction, after which the violin introduces a yearning stepwise theme. Soon the poignant second theme emerges, descending a fifth and reaching back up. A vigorous passage brings in new harmonies and leads back to further exploration of this second theme.

    After a cadence, a new energy infuses a hopping developmental section. The first theme returns in slow mourning. A new section of lilting rhythms soon clouds over into a buildup of rhythmic and harmonic tension, which dissipates in skittering violin and clarinet lines, only to build up again to a brusque stop. The clarinet keens the second theme, now over quiet strings, to bring the piece to a contemplative close.

    Musically omnivorous, Charles Ives loved to quote and transform. It can be hard to tell whether he is serious or joking, but even when dismantling a theme or setting up dissonant clashes, he always seems to be paying tribute to his material rather than ridiculing it. He wrote his Piano Trio sometime between 1904 and 1911 and filled it with Yale frat songs, hymns and American folk tunes. He subtitled the piece "Trio Yalensia & Americana Fancy Names / Real

    Names = Yankee jaws at Mr. (or Eli) Yale's School for nice bad boys!!" The first movement opens with a 27-measure duo for cello and piano, then another for violin and piano. The three instruments finally become a trio for the last 27 measures, each one playing its previous material as if independently. The title of the second movement, TSIAJ, stands for This Scherzo Is a Joke. The movement is classic Ives: quotations and moods bubble up in giddy abundance. Contrasting ideas pile atop one another, sometimes in different keys simultaneously. The moderato last movement offers a more lyrical contrast, while Ives keeps toying with polytonality. The cello and violin quote music that Ives had written for the Yale Glee Club (which rejected it), and toward the end the cello sings out Rock of Ages.

    Washingtons Birthday (subtitled Winter) began as the first of four pieces that comprise Ives Holidays Symphony. It can also stand alone, and Ives arranged it for a chamber orchestra in 1913. The Ives scholar James Sinclair recently created this version for an even more compact ensemble. In the composers postface to the work, Ives quoted his beloved Thoreau: Cold and Solitude are friends of mine. Now is the time before the wind rises to go forth to seek the snow on the trees. The composer adds: And there is at times a bleakness without stir but penetrating, in a New England midwinter But to the younger generation, a winter holiday

    means action! and down they go, afoot or in sleighs, through the drifting snow, to a barn dance at the Centre As the party breaks up, the sentimental songs of those days are sung half in fun, half seriously.

    Coplands Appalachian Spring was born when the dancer and choreographer Martha Graham commissioned Copland to write music to a new ballet about a young pioneer couple. Copland described the musics path from the introduction of the characters to a sentiment both elated and religious. A duo for the couple is a scene of tenderness and passion, followed by square dances and country fiddlers for the Preacher and his flock. The brides solo theme encompasses extremes of joy and fear and wonder. The works most famous section, a series of variations on the Shaker melody Simple Gifts, represents everyday life. At the end,

    writes Copland, the couple are quiet and strong in their new house. Though the work is most often heard in Coplands suite for full orchestra (the version that won him the Pulitzer Prize), tonights concert features the original scoring for thirteen instruments.

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

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    Charles Ives(18741954)

    Largo

    Quincy Porter(18971966)

    Clarinet Quintet

    Ives

    Piano Trio

    Ives

    George Washington's Birthday

    Aaron Copland(19001990)

    Appalachian Spring

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    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sATURDAY, JULY 30, 8:00 PM

    ALL AMERICAN MUSIC

    Ives Largo Porter Clarinet Quintet Ives Piano Trio Moderato TSIAJ (This Scherzo Is A Joke): Presto Moderato con moto

    Ives George Washington's Birthday

    Copland Appalachian Spring Very slowly Allegro Moderato Fast Subito allegro Meno Mosso; As at first (slowly) Doppio movimento Rather Slow Very Deliberate Poco Pi Mosso A trifle slower Molto allegro ed agitato Broadly Moderato (Like A Prayer)

    David Shifrin clarinet kikuei Ikeda violin weiYi Yang piano

    David Shifrin clarinet attaca Quartet Martin beaver violin Clive greensmith cello wei-Yi Yang piano

    James Sinclair condcutor anouvong Liensavanh flute Mimi zhang French hornTesla Quartet alicia Choi violinemily westell violin Dashiel nesbitt violaMark baekburn Yee cello gregory robbins double bass

    James Sinclair condcutor brendan v. ryan flute wonkak kim clarinetbrittany Harrington bassoon attaca QuartetYoungsun kim violin edson Scheid violin eleanor kendra James viola Yoonhee ko cello gregory robbins double bass kayoung an piano

    attacca Quartet Amy Schroeder violin Keiko Tokunaga violin Luke Fleming viola Andrew Yee cello Tesla Quartet Ross Snyder violin Michelle Yeunhae Lie violin Megan Mason viola Kimberly Patterson cello

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

    Welcome to Colebrook night at the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival

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    FA M I L Y D AYs C H E D U L E O f E v E N T s

    2:00 pm Children's ConCert by Fellows of the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival

    3:00 pm iCe Cream soCial

    Children's Games & aCtivities (Sponsored by the Battell Arts Foundation)

    4:00 pm the United states Coast GUard Band

    ALL EvENTs WiLL bE HELD AT THE MUsiC sHEDAND ARE

    FREE AND OPEN TO THE PUBLIC

    sUNDAY, JULY 31

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    N O R F O L K C H A M B E R M U S I C F E S T I VA L

    sUNDAY, JULY 31, 4:00 PM

    THE US COAST GUARD BAND

    This afternoon's program will be announced from the stage.

    piccoloMU1 Laura Rakel Pirruccello San Antonio, TX

    flute

    MUC Elizabeth Detweiler Jackson Houston, TX

    oboeMUC Stephen Wade (p) Arlington, MAMU1 Carla Parodi Normal, ILMUC Barrett Seals Miami, FL

    English hornMUC Barrett Seals

    clarinetMU1 Kelly Hurrell (c) West Palm Beach, FLMUC Leah Abbott Coral Springs, FLMUC Chantal Hovendick Blair, NEMU1 Christopher Howard San Antonio, TXMU1 Noel Marcano San Juan, Puerto RicoMU1 Cedric Mayfield Houston, TXMU1 Charlie Suriyakham Chiang Mai, ThailandMUCS Jonathan Towne Danvers, MA

    bass clarinetMUCS Andrew Grenci Washington, PA

    bassoon*MU1 Brooke Allen Jacksonville, NCMU1 Stevi Rehncy Elizabethtown, KY

    alto saxophone*MU1 Greg Case Doylestown, PAMUC Joshua Thomas Plano, TX

    tenor saxophoneMUC Adam Williamson Delmar, NY

    baritone saxophoneMU1 Jeffrey Emerich Fresno, CA

    cornet/ trumpetMU1 Thomas Brown (p) Sparta, MIMUC Joel Flunker Neenah, WIMUCS Gregory Martin Raleigh, NCMUCM Carroll Potts Richmond, VAMUC Gino Villarreal Rio Grande City, TXMUC Kelly Watkins Henderson, TX

    French hornMUCS Brian Nichols (p) Bradenton, FL MUC Heather Beyrent Doughty Gilford, NHMU1 Matthew MuehlMiller Charleston, ILMU1 Bryce Nakaoka Pearl City, HIMUC Aimee Page Bloomington, IN

    tromboneMUCS Vince Yanovitch (p) East Stroudsburg, PAMU1 Karna Millen Edina, MNMU1 Sean Nelson San Antonio, TX

    bass tromboneMU1 Wesley Mayhew Glasgow, KY

    euphoniumMUC James Jackson III (p) Lexington, KYMU1 Bonnie Denton Fairfield, IL

    tubaMUC Adam Crowe (p) Guin, ALMUCS Richard Denton Monroe, CTMUC Stephen Lamb Plano, TX

    string bassMUC Mark McCormick St. Louis, MO

    percussionMUC Robert McEwan (p) Albany, NYMU1 Nathan Lassell Arlington, VAMU1 Steven Petersen Scottville, MIMU1 Christopher Smith Danbury, CTMU1 David West Buffalo, NY

    harpMU1 Megan Sesma Las Vegas, NV

    vocalistMU1 Megan Weikleenget Buffalo, NY

    Band Master Chief MU Rate Force Master ChiefMUCM Caroll PottsMUCM Select Marjorie Sturm Memphis, TN

    Audio EngineersMUC Kuljit Rehncy Baltimore, MDMU1 Robert Holtorff Omaha, NE

    Public AffairsMUCS Andrew Grenci

    RecruitingMUC Barrett Seals

    Tour CoordinatorMUCS Jonathan Towne

    Finance Manager and SchedulingMUCS Marjorie Sturm

    Supply and Travel ManagerMUCS Richard Denton

    Commander Kenneth W. Megan, DirectorChief Warrant Officer Richard E. Wyman, Assistant Director

    (p) principal chair (c) concertmaster * players rotate principal position

  • The Unanswered Question originally bore a more specific title: "A Contemplation of a Serious Matter or The Unanswered Perennial Question." For the piece, which was probably written around 1906, the iconoclastic Charles Ives not only chose an unusual combination of instruments (strings, flutes and trumpet) but also suggested that the musicians perform from unconventional locations around the audience. Strings whisper in the background throughout. A solo trumpet, in the composers description, intones 'The Perennial Question of Existence,' and states it in the same tone of voice each time. Four flutes, Ives continues, hunt for The Invisible Answer, a

    quest that becomes gradually more active, faster, and louder 'The Fighting Answerers' seem to realize a futility, and begin to mock 'The Question After they disappear, 'The Question' is asked for the last time, and the 'Silences' are heard beyond in 'Undisturbed Solitude.' Ives was not religious in the traditional sense, but he gravitated toward the mystical and the transcendental. The three distinct voices strings, trumpet and flutes hardly seem to connect with one another. On a formal level, Ives is deploying such characteristic elements as polytonality and multiple rhythmic layers: instruments play in different keys and/or rhythms, as if on separate planes. From the listeners perspective, this creates an unsettling atmosphere through which the trumpets plaintive call pierces our awareness.

    In the 1950s, after what Poulenc called his second youth, he turned to more serious works like the sacred Stabat Mater and the opera Dialogues des Carmlites. The flute sonata was commissioned by the Coolidge Foundation in memory of the chamber music patron Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge. Since its premiere in 1957 by the flutist Jean-Pierre Rampal with the composer at the piano, it has become a staple of the flute repertoire. The paradoxically named Allegro malinconico (happy, melancholic) begins and ends in a nostalgic mood, with a livelier middle section. The flute dominates the lyrical, longing Cantilena. An exuberant Presto giocoso,

    darkened only by a passing Mlancolique, closes the sonata.

    In contrast to Ives existentialist abstraction stands Poulencs profane canata Le Bal masqu. The critic Claude Rostand in 1950 described Francis Poulenc as half monk, half delinquent. In the early 1930s, when he wrote Le Bal masqu, Poulenc was still a few years away from his reconnection with the Catholic faith. The young Poulenc was already part of Les Six, a group of insouciant composers who rebelled against the turgid emotional indulgence of Wagnerism and the busy prettiness of Impressionism. Their circle included Jean Cocteau and Erik Satie; Poulenc also admired Stravinsky and the Dadaists. Much of his music at that time eschewed

    thematic development for a colorful salad of unrelated tunes and disjointed harmonies. Marie-Laure de Noailles, a friend of Poulencs who also patronized artists like Salvador Dal and Man Ray, commissioned Le Bal masqu. Poulenc chose texts from Le laboratoire central by the surrealist poet Max Jacob (18761944). The texts are drenched with puns, nonsensical rhymes, and near-homophones like le Comte d'Artois (the Count of Artois), sur le toit (on the roof), and compte dardoises (count the slates). Le Bal masqu bubbles over with all the hallmarks of the young Poulenc. Its many shades of humor include childlike delight, sly knowing and outrageous provocation. The four songs are separated by instrumental interludes, including the stand-alone movements Intermde and Bagatelle. Poulenc instructs the singer to perform with both violence and charm, and adds: Never should the singer emphasize the ironic intentions of the poet. Take literally the markings tenderly, with love, etc.

    Stravinskys LHistoire du Soldat (The Solders Tale) is a theatrical work to be played, read, and danced by minimal forces: seven players (clarinet, bassoon, cornet or trumpet, trombone, violin, double bass, and percussion), three speaking parts (the soldier, the devil and a narrator), and at least one dancer (the princess). Financially strapped, Stravinsky collaborated with the writer Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz and the conductor Ernest Ansermet to create this portable pocket theater. The Swiss philanthropist and amateur clarinetist Werner Reinhart provided vital financial support for the original production. In the Faustian story based on a Russian folk tale, a soldier sells his fiddle representing his soul to the devil for a magic book. Stravinsky called the

    piece his final break with the Russian orchestral school; the sparse instrumentation and clear textures mark the shift to neo-Classicism. Here Stravinsky also begins to experiment with more wide-ranging influences: ragtime and jazz, a Viennese waltz, a Protestant wedding chorale, and dances like the tango. Stravinsky had only encountered jazz through sheet music that Ansermet brought back from America; he hadnt yet heard it but believed he could imagine its rhythms. Opening night (Lausanne, Switzerland, September 1918) was a success, but it came just when the influenza epidemic broke out in Europe. Every public hall was closed, and the work had to wait until 1924 to be performed again.

    P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

    Charles Ives(18741954)

    The Unanswered Question

    Francis Poulenc(18991963)

    Flute Sonata

    Poulenc

    Le Bal masqu (The Masquerade Ball)

    Igor Stravinsky(18821971)

    L'Histoire du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale)

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  • Yang Jiao conductor brendan v. ryan flute

    anouvong Liensavanh flute kemp Jernigan oboe

    allan Dean trumpet Fairway String Quartet

    gregory robbins double bass

    ransom wilson flute andrMichel Schub piano

    ransom wilson conductor Janna baty soprano

    Claire brazeau oboe Yevgeniy reznik clarinet

    Shelley Monroe Huang bassoon David wharton trumpet

    Youngsun kim violin Yoonhee ko cello

    andrMichel Schub piano adam rosenblatt percussion

    ransom wilson conductor John McDonough narrator

    wonkak kim clarinet brittany Harrington bassoon

    allan Dean trumpet Matthew russo trombone

    emily westell violn gregory robbins double bass

    Full Force Dance Theatre

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    fRiDAY, AUGUsT 5, 8:00 PM

    IVES, POULENC AND STRAVINSKY

    Ives The Unanswered Question

    Poulenc Flute Sonata Allegro malinconico Cantilena: Assez lent

    Presto giocoso

    Poulenc Le Bal masqu (The Masquerade Ball) Prambule Intermde Malvina Bagatelle La Dame aveugle

    Finale

    Stravinsky L'Histoire du Soldat (The Soldier's Tale)

    Fairway String Quartet Rachael Schlosberg violin Philip Marten violin Tanner Menees viola Samuel Cho cello

    Full Force Dance Theatre Emily Zatursky dancer Nick Franco dancer Katie Stevinson-Nollet choreography Mary Sheldon costumes Jesse Riley lighting

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • P R O G R A M N O T E Sb Y D A N A A s T M A N N

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    By the time he wrote the two works that became his Opus 77, Haydn had developed the genre of the string quartet and written some eighty three examples. The amateur violinist Prince Franz Joseph Maximilian Lobkowitz commissioned six quartets from the composer who had just written the mighty oratorio The Creation, but Haydn then in his late 60s completed only two. They were his last string quartets and were published at the same time as Beethovens first set (the six Opus 18 quartets). The first movement of the Quartet in G Major, with its deceptively simple first theme and near-constant pulse, is said to resemble an old Hungarian recruitment song. This merry opening theme gives way to vigorous triplets in contary motion and the more serious tone of the development, with its foray into the minor

    mode. The slow second movement suggests c minor in its opening unison melody but soon settles into the warmth of E-flat Major. Listen for the cello to sing this opening motive throughout the movement. Though labeled a minuet, the cheerful third movement takes off with the liveliness of a scherzo and has moments of Gypsy influence. The last movement, also presto, is a dance that whirls to the finish.

    Ives wrote his first string quartet while still a student at Yale. It shows some characteristics of the composers mature work: his inventiveness, experimentation with polymeter and polytonality, and the quotation and free reworking of preexisting materials with equal parts homage and irreverence. The quartets subtitle comes from the Protestant hymns that Ives used; he reworked them into themes less symmetrical and more fruitful while retaining their original character. Ives' teacher, Horatio Parker, was appalled that Ives had brought hymn tunes into the realm of serious music. Ives also incorporated earlier music of his own, mostly organ works for his gig as a New Haven church organist. The first movement had begun as a standalone fugue, probably also a class assignment, whose subject and countersubject are both hymn tunes. The fugue was later used yet again as the third movement of Ives Fourth

    Symphony. The remaining movements, each in simple ABA form, display more harmonic and rhythmic experimentation. In the midst of the lyrical third movement, the contrasting middle section bursts into moments of spirited melody and pizzicato accompaniment. Hymns in 3/4 and 4/4 meters are layered together in the fourth movement, an early example of polymeter in Ives. Aaron Copland once said that Ives "lacked neither the talent nor the ability, nor the metier, nor the integrity of the true artist, but what he shamefully and tragically lacked was an audience." This first string quartet, written in 1898, was not performed publicly until 1957.

    Mendelssohns second string quintet was one of the last chamber works he wrote. Two years later, at the age of 38, he was dead, at least partially from working himself relentlessly as a conductor, composer, administrator, and educator. Mendelssohn tended to compose in summertime, when the demands of the concert season let up; the Quintet in B-flat Major was written in the summer of 1845. Its soloistic first violin part, most prominent in the first and last movements, is unusual for chamber music, where the voices tend to be treated equally. In the first movement the first violins melody leaps immediately through two octaves over a busy accompaniment. The first viola introduces the gracefully descending second subject. Triplets

    run through the development section. The second-movement scherzo is an elegant, restrained andante (a walking pace) rather than Mendelssohns more characteristic lightfooted, fast-paced scherzos. Pizzicatos, rhythmic shifts and harmonic variety paint the movement with a rich palette of tone colors. The heartbreaking opening of the slow, almost operatic third movement opens up to rays of warmth, lush textures, and rhythmically active accompaniment. In the lively finale, the first violin again leads the way with virtuosic energy. The movement brims over with energetic sixteenth notes and syncopations.

    Franz Josef Haydn(17321809)

    String Quartet No. 66 inG Major, Op 77, No. 1, HOB III/81

    Charles Ives(18741954)

    String Quartet No. 1 "From the Salvation Army" or "A Revival Service"

    Felix Mendelssohn(18091847)

    String Quintet in Bflat Major, Op 87

  • Haydn String Quartet No. 66 in G Major, Op 77, No. 1, HOB III/81 Allegro moderato

    Adagio

    Menuetto: Presto

    Finale: Presto

    Ives String Quartet No. 1 "From the Salvation Army" or "A Revival Service" Chorale: Andante con moto

    Prelude: Allegro Allegro con spirito Quasi andante

    Offertory: Adagio cantabile Allegretto Andante con moto Andante cantabile

    Postlude: Allegro marziale Poco andante con moto Allegro marziale

    Mendelssohn String Quintet in Bflat Major, Op 87 Allegro vivace

    Andante scherzando

    Adagio e lento

    Allegro molto vivace

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    sATURDAY, AUGUsT 6, 8:00 PM

    HAYDN, IVES AND MENDELSSOHN

    Tokyo String QuartetMartin Beaver violin Kikuei Ikeda violin Kazuhide Isomura viola Clive Greensmith cello

    Tokyo String Quartet

    Tokyo String Quartet

    Tokyo String Quartet ettore Causa viola

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • Written in 1859, Brahms Serenade No. 2 sits on the border between chamber and orchestral music. Though it includes a full wind section plus strings, the work avoids many symphonic characteristics with its the five-movement divertimento structure, small instrumentation (the omission of violins being particularly noteworthy), and informal title of serenade. Compared with his four great symphonies, the serenade is also small in scope, but is noteworthy in its own right. The five movements use the traditional divertimento form of two dance movements and an adagio framed by an opening and finale. The adagio of this serenade is of particular note, consisting of a set of variations on a chromatic bass. The works relatively small scale and

    intimate nature lends itself well to the small ensemble arrangement by Norfolk Faculty member, bassoonist Frank Morelli.

    Webern made indelible contributions to 20th-century classical music through skillfully crafted, highly condensed twelve-tone works, a technique he learned from his great teacher Arnold Schoenberg. Langsamer Satz, however, is an early, unpublished work that Webern wrote in 1905 as an assignment for Schoenberg before either of them had embarked on the twelve-tone path. It demonstrates his mastery of the more traditional elements of counterpoint and harmony. The title translates as Slow Piece, and the work is an outpouring of love, full of lush chords and soulful melodies in a late-Romantic, post-Brahmsian style. A hike he took with his soon-to-be

    fiance inspired the work, and a journal entry dating from that time summarizes his feelings: To walk forever like this among the flowers, with my dearest one beside me, to feel oneself so entirely at one with the universe, without care, free as the lark in the sky above Oh what splendorOur love rose to infinite heights and filled the universe. Two souls were enraptured."

    Composed in 1914, Three Pieces for String Quartet was one of the first works following Stravinsky's successful triumvirate of ballets Firebird, Petroushka and Rite of Spring and is one of his few works for the ensemble. The three quartet pieces are diametrically opposed to the large-scale ballets with their small ensemble and compact form. In other ways, the quartet retains much of Stravinskys musical language from the ballets, including asymmetric rhythms, meter changes, colorful timbres and folk-like melodies. The first piece, which lasts but a minute, has a folksy quality and rhythmic insistence that is both driving and repetitive at the same time. The second piece is the most colorful of the three, using slides, harmonics

    and string plucking within its disjoint sections. The third piece, longer than the others but still short, transforms the quartet into a somber liturgical choir. Later in his life, Stravinsky arranged the pieces for orchestra and included an additional fourth piece. The titles he gave these three movements in that work are "Dance," "Eccentric" and "Canticle."

    Of the many chamber music compositions Schumann wrote in 1842, his piano quintet was the best received at the time and remains one of his most popular works. Though he had models for all of the other instrumental genres from this year, the piano quintet had no precedent. The eighteenth-century Italian master Boccherini had composed several piano quintets, but Schumann was most likely unaware of them. Mozart had arranged several of his piano concertos for piano and string quartet, but these were principally solo pieces with string accompaniment. Schumanns quintet provided the impetus for the establishment of an entirely

    new genre and most likely inspired such composers as Brahms and Dvok to write their own piano quintets. The declamatory opening statement in the first movement is fresh, joyous and grandiose. The second movement, a rondo labeled in the style of a march is a funeral march rather than a civic parade. The material for the third movement comes from a simple rising major scale that is rhythmically arranged so as to eschew a clear sense of the beat. The last movement both stands on its own and brings the entire work to a satisfying close. Near the end, after a pregnant pause, the second violin regally declares the opening theme while the piano plays the principal subject from the first movement. It is a fittingly majestic close to a magnificent work.

    P R O G R A M N O T E S

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    b Y L A U R A U s i s k i N

    Anton Webern(18831945)

    Langsamer Satz

    Igor Stravinsky(18821971)

    Three Pieces for String Quartet

    Robert Schumann(18101856)

    Piano Quintet in Eflat Major, Op 44

    Johannes Brahms(18331897)

    Serenade No. 2 in A Major, Op 16

  • Brahms Serenade No. 2 in A Major, Op 16 (arr. Frank Morelli) Allegro moderato Scherzo: Vivace

    Adagio non troppo

    Quasi menuetto Trio

    Rondo: Allegro

    Webern Langsamer Satz Langsam mit bewegtem Ausdruck

    Stravinsky Three Pieces for String Quartet Danse

    Excentrique

    Cantique

    Schumann Piano Quintet in Eflat Major, Op 44 Allegro brillante

    In Modo d'una Marcia: Un poco largamente

    Scherzo: Molto vivace

    Allegro ma non troppo

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    fRiDAY, AUGUsT 12, 8:00 PM

    BRAHMS, STRAVINSKY AND SCHUMANN

    anouvong Liensavanh flute/piccolo Claire brazeau oboe

    Yvegeniy reznik clarinet Frank Morelli bassoon

    Mimi zhang French horn ettore Causa viola

    Clive greensmith cello gregory robbins double bass

    Tokyo String QuartetMartin Beaver violin Kikuei Ikeda violin Kazuhide Isomura viola Clive Greensmith cello

    Fairway String QuartetRachael Schlosberg violin Philip Marten violin Tanner Menees viola Samuel Cho cello

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

    Fairway String Quartet

    Fairway String Quartet

    Tokyo String Quartet Joan Panetti piano

  • The Quintet in B-flat Major was written in 1773 on the heels of Mozart's quartets K. 155-160. Why he wrote a quintet instead of another quartet is unclear. Some say that the string quintets of Italian composers Sammartini and Boccherini inspired him; others say that his motivation came from hearing the first string quintet of Michael Haydn (brother of the more famous Franz Josef). Regardless, Mozart handled the additional viola masterfully and enjoyed the genre enough to return to it five more times. In order to incorporate all five voices, Mozart composed mostly with melody and homophony, as opposed to the

    counterpoint he used in his quartets. After a warm, inviting first movement, the second movement begins with a singing unison line, all instruments muted. The movement ends as tenderly as it begins with another iteration of the unison passage. The Haydnesque third movement is followed by a finale which is longer and more elaborate than many of its time.

    I send my six sons to you, most celebrated and very dear friendPlease then receive them kindly and be to them a father, guide and friend! So wrote Mozart to Haydn in a letter dated 1785 that accompanied six quartet manuscripts dedicated to his colleague. Haydn was already famous as the father of the string quartet and had recently written his six Opus 33 quartets, which were strikingly innovative in their treatment of the medium. Unlike previous quartets, all four voices shared the musical discourse equally. Mozart studied these quartets

    intensely as he labored over the writing of his own pieces, which would come to be known as his Haydn Quartets. This quartet in G Major is the first of the six. One can immediately hear the equal treatment of voices in the presentation of the opening theme. The second movement has an unusual theme consisting of a rising chromatic scale that alternates loud and soft dynamics with each note. The third movement is lush, expansive, and the only one in which the first violin truly dominates. A fugal subject begins the last movement and quickly transforms into a syncopated, lilting melody. The movement drives to the finish with energy and effervescence, but at the last moment, ends calmly and sweetly.

    The contrast between the carefree nature of Mozarts first string quintet and the despair of this sixth and final quintet could not be more striking. One reason for this dissimilarity comes from the keys of each work, g minor being more melancholy in nature than the brighter B-flat Major. Furthermore, Mozarts circumstances during the g minors conception in May 1787 add to the works gloom. His father Leopold had grown ill and would die two weeks after its completion. The g-minor quintet is one of Mozarts most personal works. In the first movement,

    the two heartrending themes and restless accompanimental figures give a feeling of unquestionable pathos. The second movement uses contrasting dynamics and offbeat chords to add anger to the despair. The wistful third movement, intensely lyrical, led Tchaikovsky to comment: No one has ever given such beautiful expression in music to the sentiment of resigned sorrow without any hope. The final movement opens with an introduction, a rarity in Mozart, that has the most tragic of melodies in the first violin, reminding the listener that the opera composer in Mozart is never far away. The following youthful and idealistic allegro brings the work to a contrastingly upbeat close.

    P R O G R A M N O T E S

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    b Y L A U R A U s i s k i N

    Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(17561791)

    String Quintet in Bflat Major, K 174

    Mozart

    String Quartet in G Major, K 387

    Mozart

    String Quntet in g minor, K 516

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    sATURDAY, AUGUsT 13, 8:00 PM

    AN EvENiNG Of MOZART

    Mozart String Quintet in Bflat Major, K 174 Allegro moderato

    Adagio

    Menuetto ma allegro

    Allegro

    Mozart String Quartet in G Major, K 387 (dedicated to Haydn) Allegro vivace assai Menuetto: Allegro

    Andante cantabile

    Molto Allegro

    Mozart String Quintet in g minor, K 516 Allegro

    Menuetto: Allegretto

    Adagio ma non troppo

    Adagio

    Allegro

    Tokyo String Quartet ettore Causa viola

    Tokyo String Quartet

    Tokyo String Quartet ettore Causa viola

    Tokyo String QuartetMartin Beaver violin Kikuei Ikeda violin Kazuhide Isomura viola Clive Greensmith cello

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • A B O U T T H E A R T I S T S

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    Since its inception in 1981, San Franciscos Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra has been dedicated to historically informed performance of baroque, classical and early-romantic music on original instruments. Under Nicholas McGegans direction since 1986, Philharmonia Baroque was named 2004 Ensemble of the Year by Musical America, and, according to the Los Angeles Times, it has become an ensemble for early music as fine as any in the world today.

    The Orchestra performs an annual subscription season in four venues in the San Francisco Bay Area, and is regularly heard on tour throughout the United States and internationally. The Orchestra has its own professional chorus, the Philharmonia Chorale, and also welcomes eminent guest conductors to its podium. Past guest conductors have included William Christie, Andrew Parrott, Jordi Savall, Gustav Leonhardt, Monica Huggett and Trevor Pinnock.

    Philharmonia Baroque has made several U.S. tours, including appearances at the Great Performers Series at Lincoln Center, the Ravinia Festival in Chicago, Segerstrom Concert Hall in Orange County, the International Chamber Orchestra Festival in Minnesota, Carnegie Hall in New York, the Festival del Sol in Californias Napa Valley, and Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles. In August, 2005, Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra made its debut at the BBC Proms in London, Snape Maltings (U.K.) and the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam. Philharmonia Baroque also appeared as the featured orchestra at the International Handel Festival in Gttingen, Germany, in 1999, 2001, 2002, and 2005.

    The Orchestra has had numerous successful collaborations with celebrated musicians, composers, and choreographers. To mark its 25th season and the 20th anniversary of Nicholas McGegans tenure as Music Director, Philharmonia premiered its first commissioned work, a one-act opera entitled To Hell and Back, in November, 2006. Written specifically for baroque instruments by Jake Heggie and with a libretto by Gene Scheer, the commission included the unique combination of soprano (Isabel Bayrakdarian) and Broadway chanteuse (Patti LuPone). To Hell and Back received high critical praise during premier performances in San Francisco and subsequent performances at the Ravinia Festival.

    In collaboration with the Mark Morris Dance Group, Philharmonia Baroque gave the U.S. premiere of Morris highly acclaimed production of Henry Purcells King Arthur. Other collaborations with the Mark Morris Dance Group include productions of Purcells Dido and Aeneas; Vivaldis Gloria; and Handels LAllegro, il penseroso ed il moderato.

    Among the most-recorded period-instrument orchestras in the United States and Europe, Philharmonia Baroque has made 24 highly praised recordings for Harmonia Mundi, Reference Recordings, and BMG. It also released a self-produced 2-CD set of music of Alessandro Scarlatti on the Avie label. The Orchestras live recording of Handels oratorio Susanna received a Grammy nomination and a 1991 Gramophone Magazine Award for best baroque vocal recording. Since 2005, Philharmonia Baroque has been issuing a series of live and archival recordings exclusively over the Internet in partnership with Magnatune.com. In spring of 2007, the Orchestra and Magnatune.com partnered with iTunes on Philharmonia Baroques live recording of Beethovens Symphony No. 9, now also available on compact disc.

    Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra was founded by harpsichordist and early music pioneer Laurette Goldberg. We are honored to have celebrated our 30th anniversary season in 2010-2011.

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    MONDAY, AUGUsT 15, 8:00 PM

    PHILHARMONIA BAROQUE ORCHEsTRA

    nicholas Mcgegan conductor

    Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741) Overture to Bajazet

    Vivaldi Armatae face et anguibus from Juditha Triumphans

    Vivaldi "Mentre dormi amor from LOlimpiade

    Vivaldi Nel profondo cieco mondo from Orlando furioso

    Diana Moore mezzo-soprano

    Arcangelo Corelli (1653-1713) Concerto Grosso Op 6, No. 4 in D Major

    George Frideric Handel (1685-1759) Va tacit from Giulio Cesare

    Handel Verdi allori from Orlando

    Handel Venti turbini from Rinaldo

    Diana Moore mezzo-soprano

    Handel Water Music Suite in F Major

    I N T E R M I S S I O N

  • degrees offeredMaster of Music Master of Musical Arts Doctor of Musical Arts Artist Diploma

    graduate study in choral conducting organ voice: art song and oratorioat Yale Institute of Sacred Music and Yale School of Music

    Full tuition scholarships for all admitted students plus additional merit-based awards available. Abundant musical and interdisciplinary opportunities.

    www.yale.edu/ism ism.admissions@yale.edu

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    sATURDAY, AUGUsT 20, 4:00 PM

    NORFOLK CHORAL FESTIVAL

    Simon Carrington conductor

    Holly Chatham organ/piano

    This concert is cosponsored by the Yale Institute of Sacred Music.

    norfolk Festival orchestraClaire Brazeau oboe/English horn Dana Cullen French horn David Wharton trumpet Adam Rosenblatt percussionMaura Valenti harp Rachael Schlosberg violin Eleanor Kendra James viola Samuel Cho cello

    Toms Luis de Victoria (1548-1611) Ecce Dominus Veniet

    Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) O ciechi, ciechi Giovanni Legrenzi (1626-1690) Salve Regina

    Franz Josef Haydn (1732-1809) Salve Regina in E Major HOB XX111/b:1 Salve Regina Ad te clamamus Eja ergo advocate Et Jesum benedictum O Clemens

    Cecilia McDowall (b. 1951) A Fancy of Folksongs Green Bushes The Rambling The Crystal O No, John

    Charles Ives (1874-1954) Serenade: Stars of the summer night

    Ives Sneak Thief

  • Free & open to the Public!

    June 22 JAN SWAFFORD Composer, author and biographer of Charles Ives and Johannes Brahms Charles Ives and the Music of the Ages

    June 29 THE NORFOLK LISTENING CLUB Led by JIM NELSON (Session with live music)

    July 6 JEREMY DENK (at the Music Shed) Pianist and Author Speaking on and performing Ives' Concord Sonata July 13 MATTHEW STEINFELD Fellow, Yale Department of Psychiatry What Does It Mean to be an Audience Member?: Concert Going as an Engaged Social Practice

    July 20 CAROL WINCENC Flutist and Faculty Artist, Norfolk Chamber Music Festival Getting High! Everything You Always Wanted to Know About the Flute and Were Afraid to Ask

    July 27 THOMAS MASSE Associate Provost for the Arts, Yale University Charles Ives' Compositional Process and the Story Behind the Largo for Clarinet, Violin and Piano

    August 10 THE NORFOLK LISTENING CLUB Led by JIM NELSON (Session with live music)

    MUSIC In ConTexTWednesdays, June 22 August 10, at 7:30 pm All events are at Battell Recital Hall unless noted

    Free & open to the Public!YoUng arTISTS' PerForManCe SerIeSSponsored by the Battell Arts Foundation

    Performance dates:CATCH A RisiNG sTAR as the Festival presents its Young Artists' Performance Series. These casual concerts are in the Music Shed and are free of charge. Throughout the years, Norfolk audiences have heard hundreds of emerging artists who have gone on to successful professional careers. Norfolk alumni perform with the most illustrious musical organizations in the world: the Metropolitan Opera Orchestra, the Chicago Symphony, the Saint Lawrence, Muir, Mir, Ying, Brentano, Shanghai and Maia string quartets; the Claremont and Eroica trios; and new music ensembles such as eighth blackbird and SO PERCUSSION. Syoko Aki, Claude Frank, Pamela Frank, Frederica von Stade, Alan Gilbert, and Richard Stoltzman are all former students of Norfolk. Whether you are an aficionado or a chamber music novice you will enjoy the wonderful performances and casual environment these programs offer. Families with children are most welcome.

    Thursday, July 7, 7:30 pmSaturday, July 9, 10:30 amThursday, July 14, 7:30 pm

    Saturday, July 16, 10:30 amThursday, July 21, 7:30 pm

    Saturday, July 23, 10:30 amThursday, July 28, 7:30 pm

    Saturday, July 30, 10:30 amTuesday, August 2, 7:30 pm

    Thursday, August 4, 7:30 pmSaturday, August 6, 10:30 am

    Tuesday, August 9, 7:30 pmThursday, August 11, 7:30 pm

    Saturday, August 13, 10:30 am

    Repertoire and ensembles are chosen weekly. Program details will be posted on the Norfolk website as they become available. Please visit us at www.norfolkmusic.org

    Concerts are held at the Music Shed

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  • A R T I S Tb i O G R A P H i E s

    A R T I S Tb i O G R A P H i E s

    German cellist OLE AKAHOSHI has concertized on four continents in recitals and as soloist with orchestras, including the Orchestra of St. Lukes under the direction of Yehudi Menuhin, Symphonisches Orchester Berlin, and the Czechoslovakian Radio Orchestra. Winner of numerous competitions, Akahoshis performances have been featured on CNN, NPR and Bayerischer Rundfunk among others. Akahoshi has performed in many major concert halls aroung the world from Carnegie Hall to Wigmore Hall in London. He has made recordings for the Albany, New World Records, Composers Recording Inc., Calliope, Bridge, and Naxos labels. At age eleven Akahoshi was the youngest student to be accepted by Pierre Fournier. He received his bachelor's from Juilliard and his master's from Yale where he studied with Aldo Parisot and received an artist diploma from Indiana University where he studied with Janos Starker. Mr. Akahoshi is the principal cellist of Sejong Soloists in New York, and is a member of Seiji Ozawas Saito Kinen Orchestra and the Tokyo Nomori Opera. He is on the faculty of the Manhattan School of Music and he has been on the faculty of the Yale University School of Music since 1997. 8th season at norfolk

    SYOKO AKI, violinist, studied the Toho Academy of Music (Japan), Hartt College, and the Yale School of Music. She has taught at the Eastman School and the State University of New York at Purchase. She has appeared as soloist with leading conductors such as Seiji Ozawa and Krzysztof Penderecki. As concertmaster and soloist with the New York Chamber Symphony, Miss Aki has recorded extensively on several major labels including Delos and Pro Arte. She has served as concertmaster of the New Japan Philharmonic, Waterloo Festival Orchestra and the New Haven and Syracuse symphonies. Miss Aki joined the Yale faculty in 1968 and became a member of the Yale String Quartet which earned international praise. With her longtime faculty colleague, pianist Joan Panetti, she has recorded on the Epson label. A highlight of their collaboration was a complete performance of Mozarts violin sonatas over two seasons as part of Yales celebration of the 250th anniversary of the composers birth. Bernard Holland of the New York Times wrote: What a pleasure it was to hear this great music portrayed with such calm and exquisite thoughtfulness. 36th season at norfolk

    Founded in Vienna in 1980, the ARTIS QUARTET (Peter Schuhmayer, violin Johannes Meissl, violin Herbert Kefer, viola Othmar Mller, cello) began their international career in 1985 with concerts at Carnegie Hall, Kennedy Center, Suntory Hall (Tokyo), the Concertgebouw (Amsterdam), Thatre des Champs-Elyses (Paris), Santa Caecilia (Rome) and many others. In Vienna they have performed an annual cycle of concerts at the Wiener Musikverein since 1988. Notable moments in their history have included an invitation to play all twenty-three Mozart quartets in both Tokyo and Vienna during the Mozart Year 1991. In 1997 they performed the complete Schubert quartets at the Concertgebouw, De Doelen (Rotterdam) and the Musikverein. They have appeared at many of the worlds major music festivals including Salzburg, Schleswig Holstein, the Berliner Festwochen, Ravinia, Bournemouth, Hong Kong and Paris. Their more than 30 CDs have won awards such as the Echo Klassik, Indie Award, Grand Prix du Disque and the Diapason dOr. Their most recent recording of quartets by Egon Wellesz, was awarded the 2009 Midem Classical Award in Cannes. Permanently resident

    in Vienna, the members of the Artis Quartet teach at the Universities of Vienna and Graz. Peter Schuhmayer plays on a violin by Johann Rombach (2001). Johannes Meissl's violin (Guarneri, 1690), Herbert Kefer's viola, (Guadagnini, 1784) and Othmar Mller's cello (Amati 1573) are on loan from the Austrian National Bank's collection of musical instruments. 1st season at norfolk www.artis-quartett.at

    Soprano JANNA BATY has appeared with the Hamburgische Staatsoper, Orchestre National du Capitole de Toulouse, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Brooklyn Philharmonic, Hartford Symphony, the Orquesta Filarmnica de Bogot (Colombia), Eugene Opera and Boston Lyric Opera. She has sung under Seiji Ozawa, Michel Plasson, Carl Davis and Robert Spano among others, and has appeared at the Aldeburgh and Britten festivals in England, the Semanas Musicales de Frutillar Festival in Chile, as well as at Tanglewood. She has won several international competitions, most notably the XXI Concurso Internacional de Ejecucin Musical Dr. Luis Sigall (Chile). She has worked with violist Nobuko Imai, pianists Claude Frank and Peter Frankl, guitarist Stephen Marchionda, Bernard Rands, Sydney Hodkinson, Peter Child, Christopher Lyndon Gee, Fred Lerdahl, Yehudi Wyner and John Harbison. Ms. Baty can also be heard on Boston Modern Orchestra Projects Naxos disc of works by Reza Vali. 3nd season at norfolk

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  • Known to audiences on six continents, pianist BORIS BERMAN regularly appears with leading orchestras and in important festivals. An active recording artist and Grammy nominee, Mr. Berman was the first pianist to record the complete solo works of Prokofiev (Chandos), and his recital of Shostakovich piano works (Ottavo) received the Edison Classic Award in Holland, the Dutch equivalent of the Grammy. The recording of three Prokofiev concertos with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra (Chandos), was named the Compact Disc of the Month by CD Review. In 1984 Mr. Berman joined the faculty of the Yale School of Music, where he chairs the Piano department and serves as music director of the Horowitz Piano Series. He was the founding director of the Yale Summer Piano Institute and of the International Summer Piano Institute in Hong Kong. In 2005 he was given the title of honorary professor of Shanghai Conservatory of Music. In 2000 Yale University Press published Mr. Bermans Notes from the Pianists Bench, which has been translated into several languages. His newest book, Prokofievs Piano Sonatas, has been published by Yale University Press. 19th season at norfolk

    Pianist DONALD BERMAN is recognized as one of the chief exponents of new works by living composers, overlooked music by 20th-century masters, and recitals that link classical and modern repertoires. He has established an extensive discography in the works of major American composers including Ives, Kernis, Ruggles, and many others. Bermans The Unknown Ives represents the only recording of the complete short piano works of Charles Ives. On The Uncovered Ruggles Mr.Berman offers premiere recordings of unpublished sketches, transcriptions and realizations of Ruggles music by John Kirkpatrick. His most recent recordings, Americans in Rome and The Light That Is Felt (Ives songs) were each named CD of the Month by BBC Music Magazine. Berman has performed to critical acclaim at major venues in the U.S., Europe and the Middle East. As an educator, Mr. Berman has presented recitals, lectures and masterclasses in Israel, Italy and throughout the U.S. He teaches at Tufts University and directs the New England Conservatory Summer Piano Institute. He lives with his wife and two children in New York City. 1st season at norfolk www.donaldbermanpiano.com

    ROBERT BLOCKER is internationally regarded as a pianist, for his leadership as an advocate for the arts, and for his extraordinary contributions to music education. A native of Charleston, South Carolina, he debuted at historic Dock Street Theater (now home to the Spoleto Chamber Music Series). He studied under the tutelage of the eminent American pianist, Richard Cass and later with George Bolet. Today, he concertizes throughout the world. Recent orchestral engagements include the Beijing and Shanghai Symphony orchestras, the Korean and Daejon Symphony orchestras, the Prague and Moscow chamber orchestras, the Monterrey Philharmonic and the Houston Symphony. His appearances at the Beethoven Festival (Warsaw) and the Great Mountains International Music Festival (Korea, with Sejong) add to his acclaim as noted in the Los Angeles Times: great skill and accomplishment, a measurable virtuoso bent and considerable musical sensitivity... In 1995, Blocker was appointed the Henry and Lucy Moses Dean of Music and Professor of Piano at Yale University and in 2006, he was named honorary Professor of Piano at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing. His

    many contributions to the music community include service on the advisory boards for the Avery Fisher Artist Program and the Stoeger Prize at Lincoln Center, the Gilmore Artist Advisory Board, and the Curatorium of the Liszt Ferenc Academy of Music in Budapest. He is a member of the American Music Center Board of Directors. Robert Blocker appears regularly on national radio and television as an artist and commentator and is active as a consultant to major educational institutions and government agencies. In 2000, Steinway and Sons featured him in a film commemorating the tercentennial year of the piano. His recent recording of three Mozart concerti appear on the Naxos label. In 2004, Yale University Press published The Robert Shaw Reader, a collection of Shaws writings edited by Robert Blocker. The volume received considerable acclaim and is now in its third printing and is presently being translated into Korean. 6th season at norfolk

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    MARTIN BRESNICKS compositions, from chamber and symphonic music to film scores and computer music, are performed throughout the world. Bresnick delights in reconciling the seemingly irreconcilable, bringing together repetitive gestures derived from minimalism with a harmonic palette that encompasses both highly chromatic sounds, consonant harmonies, and a raw power reminiscent of rock. At times his musical ideas spring from hardscrabble sources, often with a very real political import. But his compositions never descend into agitprop; one gains their meaning by the way the music itself unfolds. Bresnick received, the first Charles Ives Living Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, as well as the Rome Prize, the Berlin Prize, a Guggenheim Fellowship, and a Koussevitzky Commission. Martin Bresnicks compositions are published by Carl Fischer Music Publishers, New York; CommonMuse Music Publishers, New Haven; Bte & Bock, Berlin; and have been recorded by Cantaloupe Records, New World Records, Albany Records, Bridge Records, Composers Recordings Incorporated, Centaur and Artifact Music. 15th season at norfolk www.martinbresnick.com

    SIMON CARRINGTON has enjoyed a distinguished career as singer, double bass player and conductor, beginning in the UK where he was born. From 2003 to 2009 he was professor of choral conducting at Yale University and director of the Yale Schola Cantorum, a chamber choir which he has brought to international prominence. Previous positions include director of choral activities at the New England Conservatory, Boston at the University of Kansas. Prior to coming to the United States, he was a creative force for twentyfive years with the internationally acclaimed The Kings Singers, which he cofounded at Cambridge University. He gave 3,000 performances at many of the worlds most prestigious festivals and concert halls, made more than seventy recordings, and appeared on countless television and radio programs, including nine appearances on the Tonight Show. He had a lively career as a double bass player, first as subprincipal of the BBC Philharmonic Orchestra and then as a freelance player in London. He has played with all the major symphony and chamber orchestras under Daniel Barenboim,

    Pierre Boulez, and Georg Solti among others. Now a Yale professor emeritus he is active as a freelance conductor and choral clinician. 6th season at norfolk www.simoncarrington.com

    Since 2001, ETTORE CAUSA has served as professor of viola and chamber music at the International Menuhin Music Academy (Switzerland), and he regularly presents master classes throughout Europe and South America. Additionally, he is a member of the Aria Quartet, with whom he performs throughout the world. Mr. Causa studied at the International Menuhin Academy with Sir Yehudi Menuhin, Johannes Eskar, and Alberto Lysy as well as with Michael Tree at the Manhattan School of Music. Following his studies, Mr. Causa was appointed First Solo Viola of the Carl Nielsen Philharmonic in Denmark and was also leader of the Copenhagen Chamber Soloists. In 2000, he was awarded both the Schidlof Prize and the J. Barbirolli Prize. Since then, he has concertized in major artistic capitals of the world and performed in notable venues such as Victoria Hall (Geneva), Salle Cortot (Paris), Teatro Coln (Buenos Aires), and Tokyo Hall. He regularly performs at major festivals, including Salzburg, Tivolli, Perth, and Festival de Estorial (Portugal). He joined the Yale School of Music faculty in the 2009. 2nd season at norfolk

    Pianist HOLLY CHATHAM is much sought after for her continuo and improvisational skills on early keyboards as well as for her virtuosity on the modern piano. She has performed in such venues as Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center, and Schoenberg Hall, and has been a feature performer at festivals including the Miami Bach Festival, Ugbrooke Chamber Music Festival (UK), and at Music in the Vineyards in Napa Valley. Ms. Chatham spends each summer as keyboardist at the Carmel Bach Festival in California. She has also performed and been interviewed on WNYC's Soundcheck and National Public Radio's Performance Today and Harmonia. She performs regularly with violinist Patrick Wood at venues such as the Mexican Cultural Institute in Washington, D.C. and Catholic University of America. Ms. Chatham is the Vocal Coach and Pianist/Early Keyboardist at the Yale Institute of Sacred Music. She holds a Doctor of Musical Arts in Collaborative Piano from Rutgers University and a Master of Music degree in Harpsichord and Fortepiano Performance from the Early Music Institute at Indiana University. 1st season at norfolk www.hollychatham.com

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    ALLAN DEAN is Professor in the Practice of Trumpet at the Yale School of Music and performs with Summit Brass, St. Louis Brass and the Yale Brass Trio. In the early music field he was a founding member of Calliope: A Renaissance Band and the New York Cornet and Sackbut Ensemble. Dean was a member of the New York Brass Quintet for 18 years and freelanced in the New York City concert and recording field for over 20 years. Dean performs and teaches each summer at the Mendez Brass Institute and the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival. He is a frequent soloist with Keith Brions New Sousa Band and has appeared at the Spoleto and Casals festivals, Musiki Blekinge (Sweden), and the Curitiba Music Festival (Brazil) among others. He can be heard playing both modern trumpet and early brass on over 80 recordings on most major labels including RCA, Columbia, Nonesuch, and others. On early instruments he has recorded with Calliope, the Waverly Consort, and the Smithsonian Chamber Players. Dean served on the faculties of Indiana University, the Manhattan School of Music, The Hartt School and the Eastman School. He lives in the Berkshire Mountains with his wife, Julie

    Shapiro, an artist, and his daughter, Eloisa. He is an avid tennis player and practices hatha yoga daily. 27th season at norfolk

    Pianist JEREMY DENK has won the Young Concert Artists International Auditions, received a prestigious Avery Fisher Career Grant and appeared as soloist with many of the country's major orchestras. The versatile American pianist's repertoire ranges from the standards of the 18th and 19th centuries to twentieth-century masters, and to new works by composers of today. An avid chamber musician, Jeremy Denk has collaborated with the Mir, St. Lawrence and Vermeer string quartets. Since performing with violinist Joshua Bell at the 2004 Spoleto Festival, they have toured throughout the United States and Europe with almost eighty performances to date. Jeremy Denk keeps a weblog, Think Denk, a mixture of musical and extramusical observations, often pertaining to nothing in particular. Mr. Denk is a faculty member at the Bard College Conservatory of Music. He received a double degree in Chemistry and Piano Performance from the Oberlin College and Conservatory, a master's degree in music from Indiana University, and a doctorate in piano performance from the Juilliard School. He makes his home in New York City. 1st season at norfolk www.jeremydenk.net

    Having enjoyed one of the most distinguished careers of any pianist, CLAUDE FRANK has repeatedly appeared with the worlds foremost orchestras, chamber ensembles, major festivals and at its most prestigious universities since his debut with Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic in 1959. During recent seasons, Claude Frank has given joint recitals with his daughter, violinist Pamela Frank, throughout the United States and abroad. He also appeared with his late wife, pianist Lilian Kallir. A milestone in Claude Franks career was RCAs release of his recordings of the 32 Beethoven sonatas and his worldwide performances of the cycle. Time Magazine proclaimed it as one of the years 10 Best, and High Fidelity and Stereo Review recommended it above other renditions. A renowned teacher as well as performer, Claude Frank has been professor of piano at the Yale School of Music since 1973 and is on the faculty at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia. Claude Frank lived in Nuremberg until the age of 12, when he joined his father in Brussels. Shortly thereafter he went to live in Paris, where he studied in the Paris Conservatoire. The German occupation forced Mr. Frank to leave

    France. While in Spain illegally, he was invited to perform at a party given by the Brazilian ambassador. There, he won his first feea visa to come to the United States granted by the American Consul, who attended the party. 25th season at norfolk

    PETER FRANKL, piano, made his London debut in 1962 and his New York debut with the Cleveland Orchestra under George Szell in 1967. Since that time he has performed with some of the worlds finest orchestras including the Royal Concertgebouw, Israel Philharmonic, Orchestre de Paris, all the London orchestras and the major American orchestras. He has collaborated with such eminent conductors as Ashkenazy, Boulez, Maazel, Muti, and Solti. World tours have taken him to Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa, and he has appeared at many European and American festivals. His many chamber music partners have included the Tokyo, Takacs, and Guarneri quartets. Among his recordings are the complete works for piano by Schumann, Debussy, a Hungarian Anthology, Concerti and fourhand works by Mozart.In recognition of his artistic achievements, he was awarded the Officers Cross and Middle Cross by the Hungarian Republic. He is Honorary Professor at the Liszt Academy. He joined the Yale faculty in 1987. 25th season at norfolk

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    FULL FORCE DANCE THEATRE (Katie Stevinson-Nollet, Director) has presented modern dance to audiences of all ages, coast to coast since 1992. Originally formed in San Diego, California, its mission has been to present high quality, creative and innovative work by both professionally distinguished choreographers as well as up and coming young artists in accessible and affordable programs; to explore the creative process of dance making; to develop the collaborative process between dancers, choreographer and musicians; and to provide professional experience, training and performance opportunities to local Hartford dancers. The company has provided professional experiences to over thirty young dancers. Some have gone on to perform with major companies such as the Paul Taylor Dance Company, San Diego Dance Theatre and Janis Brenner. FFDT has presented ten full evening programs in twelve venues with multiple performances at various festivals, such as the International Arts Festival in New Haven, the Los Angeles Kaleidoscope Festival, and venues such as Trinity College and

    the 92nd Street Y. 1st season at norfolk

    SCOTT HARTMAN, trombone, began his chamber music career by joining the Empire Brass Quintet and the Boston University faculty in 1984. His performing career has been primarily as a chamber musician and soloist. Mr. Hartman has taught and played concerts throughout the world and in all fifty states. He now performs and records regularly with numerous ensembles including Proteus 7, Millennium Brass, the Brass Band of Battle Creek, the Yale Brass Trio and Four of a Kind. He has recorded for the Angel/EMI, Sony, Telarc, Summit and Dorian labels. Mr. Hartman is a clinician for the Bach instrument company and has served as a member of the faculties of Indiana University and the New England Conservatory. He grew up in Elmira, New York, and attended the Eastman School of Music where he received his bachelor and masters degrees. Mr. Hartman joined the faculty of the Yale School of Music in 2001. 11th season at norfolk www.slushpump.com

    PAUL HAWKSHAW is Professor in the Practice of Music History and Deputy Dean at the Yale School of Music as well as Director of the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival. An authority on the music of Anton Bruckner he has edited seven volumes of the composer's Collected Works (Vienna) which are performed by major orchestras and choruses throughout the world. His articles have appeared in The Musical Quarterly, Nineteenth-Century Music and the Oesterreichische Musikzeitschrift, and he wrote the Bruckner Biography for Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians. In 1996 he was awarded the special honor of an invitation from the Austrian National Library, Vienna, to give the commemorative address celebrating the centenary of the composer's death. Since coming to Yale in 1984, Professor Hawkshaw has taken an active interest in community affairs and public education in New Haven. He was co-founder of a program involving Yale Music Faculty and students in the curriculum at the local Co-operative High School for the Arts. In 1998 the program was recognized by Secretary of Education Richard W. Riley as a model of how music plays an integral role in improving overall

    education standards. Dr. Hawkshaw has also helped organize and participated in a number of teacher training initiatives for New Haven Public School teachers on the Yale Campus. He worked with the local Board of Education and the Yale University Class of '57 to establish an experimental music and literacy program at the Lincoln Bassett School, an elementary inner city public school in New Haven, Connecticut. In May 2007 the Class announced the establishment of an endowment of $6,000,000.00 at the Yale School of Music to support Music Education and public school music education. Professor Hawkshaw has been publicly recognized for his contribution to the New Haven Schools by an official proclamation of Mayor John DeStefano and, in the spring of 2000, he was awarded the Yale School of Music's highest honor, the Simon Sanford Medal, for his scholarship and community service. Born in Toronto, Canada, Professor Hawkshaw received his Ph. D. in Musicology from Columbia University in 1984. He has recently been appointed to the Editorial Boards of both the new Bruckner Edition published by the International Bruckner Society, and Wiener Bruckner Studien published under the auspices of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. In the spring of 2011 he was awarded the Kilenyi Medal of Honor by the American Bruckner Society. Past recipients have included Karl Boehm, Bernhard Haitink, Paul Hindemith, Serge Koussevitzky, Robert Simpson, Georg Solti, Georg Tintner, Arturo Toscanini and Bruno Walter. Dr. Hawkshaw has been Director of the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival since 2004. 8th season at norfolk

  • ANI KAVAFIAN, violin, has performed with virtually all of America's leading orchestras including the New York Philharmonic and the San Francisco Symphony. Ms. Kavafian appears frequently as an Artist-Member of the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center and is in demand at numerous festivals including the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival and Chamber Music Northwest. Ms. Kavafian's list of prestigious awards includes the Avery Fisher Prize and the Young Concert Artists International Auditions. She has appeared at the White House on three separate occasions and has been featured on many network and PBS television specials. Her recordings can be heard on the Nonesuch, RCA, Columbia and Musical Heritage Society labels. Born in Istanbul, Turkey, of Armenian descent, Ani Kavafian began her musical studies with piano lessons at the age of three. At age nine, shortly after her family moved to the United States, she began the study of the violin and, at 16, won first prize in both the piano and violin competitions at the National Music Camp in Interlochen, Michigan. Two years later, she began violin studies at The Juilliard School. She

    joined the Yale School of Music faculty in 2006. 4th season at norfolk

    A winner of the coveted 2002 Grawemeyer Award for Music Composition and one of the youngest composers ever awarded the Pulitzer Prize, AARON KERNIS has taught composition at the Yale School of Music since 2003. His music figures prominently on orchestral, chamber, and recital programs worldwide and he has been commissioned by many of Americas foremost performing artists, including sopranos Rene Fleming and Dawn Upshaw, violinists Joshua Bell and Nadja SalernoSonnenberg, and guitarist Sharon Isbin, and by institutions including the New York Philharmonic, San Francisco Symphony, Minnesota Orchestra, Saint Paul chamber orchestras, the Walt Disney Company, and the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center. He was awarded the Stoeger Prize from the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Rome Prize, and he received Grammy nominations for Air and his Second Symphony. Since 1998, he has served as new music adviser to the Minnesota Orchestra and is chairman and codirector of the Minnesota Orchestra Composer Institute. His music is available on Nonesuch,

    Phoenix, New Albion, Argo and CRI. 4th season at norfolk

    EZRA LADERMAN is a distinguished and widely performed composer. His commissions have included works for the New York Philharmonic, Chicago Symphony, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Philadelphia Orchestra and Pittsburgh Symphony. He has written works for numerous chamber ensembles, and for soloists including YoYo Ma, JeanPierre Rampal, Emanuel Ax, and Ronald Roseman among many others. In February 2003, the Pittsburgh Symphony, with Gunter Herbig conducting and Richard Page as soloist, premiered Mr. Ladermans Concerto for Bass Clarinet and Orchestra. Mr. Laderman is the recipient of three Guggenheim Fellowships, the Prix de Rome, and Rockefeller and Ford Foundation grants. He has served as president of the National Music Council, chair of the American Composers Orchestra, director of the NEA Music Program, and president of the American Music Center. Mr. Laderman was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1989, and became its president in 2006. From 1989 to 1995 he served as Dean of the Yale School of Music, where he is currently professor of composition. 8th season at norfolk

    The music of DAVID LANG has been performed by major music, dance, and theater organizations throughout the world, and has been performed in the most renowned concert halls and festivals in the United States and Europe. He is the cofounder and coartistic director of New Yorks legendary music festival Bang on a Can. In 2008 Lang was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Music for The Little Match Girl Passion, commissioned by Carnegie Hall. His many other honors include the Rome Prize, the Revson Fellowship with the New York Philharmonic, and grants from the Guggenheim Foundation, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the American Academy of Arts and Letters. His work is recorded on the Sony Classical, Teldec, BMG, Point, Chandos, Argo/Decca, Caprice, Koch, Albany, CRI, and Cantaloupe labels. David Lang holds degrees from Stanford University and the University of Iowa, and received the D.M.A. from the Yale School of Music. His music is published by Red Poppy (ASCAP) and is distributed worldwide by G. Schirmer, Inc. Lang joined the Yale School of Music faculty in 2008. 3rd season at norfolk www.davidlangmusic.com

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    Three musicians with different geographical (Russian, Viennese and Swiss-American), cultural and professional backgrounds met in Vienna. Their joint creation, the LESCHETIZKY TRIO (Klara Flieder, violin - Christophe David Pantillon, cello - Stanislaw Tichonow, piano), bundles their respective experience, interests and ambition. The Trio is named after Theodor Leschetizky (1830-1915), pianist, piano pedagogue, composer and conductor, who was an important figure in the Viennese musical life of the late 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century. His international fame was a valuable asset to the multicultural and artistic reputation of the Habsburg Empire. The Leschetizky Trio made its debut at the Schubert-Saal of the Vienna Konzerthaus in November 2003. It has appeared in Austria, Germany, Switzerland, Belgium, France, the US and the Ukraine. Since the summer of 2006, the Trio has been invited to the Norfolk Festival. The Trios first CD (Preiser Records) was released in September 2004; the second, with works by Shostakovitch and Weinberg (Cascavelle VEL 3104) appeared in

    November 2006, and received the Pasticcio Prize from Austrian radio for the best recording of the month, as well as excellent reviews from all over the world. In addition to their work with the Trio, Stanislaw Tichonow is a Professor of Piano at the Eisenstadt Haydn Conservatory; Klara Flieder is Professor of Violin at the Mozarteum University in Salzburg and is a member of the Hyperion Ensemble Salzburg; and Christophe David Pantillon is a founding member of the Aron Quartet, the quartet-in-residence at the Arnold Schnberg Center in Vienna. 4th season at norfolk

    HUMBERT LUCARELLI, hailed as Americas leading oboe recitalist by the New York Times, has performed extensively throughout the United States, Canada, Mexico, South America, Europe, Japan, Australia, and Asia. Chamber music collaborations have included the Original Bach Aria Group and the American, Emerson, Leontovich, Manhattan, Muir, Panocha, and Philadelphia string quartets. In the summer of 2002, Mr. Lucarelli was the first American oboist to be invited to perform and teach at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing, China. He has performed and recorded with some of the worlds leading conductors including Leonard Bernstein, Arthur Fiedler, James Levine, Georg Solti, Leopold Stokowski and Igor Stravinsky among others. Mr. Lucarelli has recorded for Koch International, Lyrichord, MCA Classics, Musical Heritage Society, Pantheon, and Stradivari. Professor of Oboe at The Hartt School and the Conservatory of Music at SUNYPurchase, he has been the recipient of a Solo Recitalists Fellowship, Consortium Commissioning and Music Recording grants from the National Endowment for the Arts. 6th season at norfolk

    Composer INGRAM MARSHALL lived and worked in the San Francisco Bay Area from 1973 to 1985 and in Washington State, where he taught at Evergreen State College, until 1989. Currently he serves as Visiting Lecturer in Composition at the Yale School of Music. He studied at Columbia University and California Institute of the Arts, where he received an M.F.A., and has been a student of Indonesian gamelan music, the influence of which may be heard in the sloweddown sense of time and use of melodic repetition found in many of his pieces. His music has been performed by ensembles and orchestras including Kronos Quartet, Los Angeles Philharmonic and San Francisco Symphony. He has received awards from the National Endowment for the Arts, Rockefeller Foundation, Fromm Foundation, Guggenheim Foundation and the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Recent recordings are on Nonesuch (Kingdom Come) and New Albion (Savage Waters). 4th season at norfolk www.ingrammarshall.com

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    A r t i s t B i o g r a p h i e s74

    All of my work comes from a musical point of view," says narrator JOHN MCDONOUGH, explaining that his first reading of a book is like the first listening of a piece of music. "You have to be completely free. As you read and think about the piece, you hear voices, and it starts to take on life." John feels a serious responsibility for each book because the performance will affect listeners for years to come a feeling shared by musical performers. Outside his audiobook work, John has performed with Garrison Keillor and recently starred in the revival of Captain Kangaroo on the Fox network. John has also been an ambassador to Reading Is Fundamental, which took him to dozens of elementary schools for reading aloud programs. John has a magical knack with children's stories. He brings twinkling humor Robert McCloskey's Centerburg Tales; amazing facility for animal characters try any one of Walter Brooks' Freddy series; and grandfatherly assurance Commander-In-Chief Abraham Lincoln And The Civil War by Albert Marrin. John loves the books for children because he knows that young kids want the story "totally." 3rd season at norfolk

    For the New Yorker magazine, British conductor NICHOLAS MCGEGAN is "an expert in 18th-century style." McGregan is known throughout the world for performances that match authority with enthusiasm. In more than two decades as its music director, McGegan has established the San Francisco-based Philharmonia Baroque Orchestra and Philharmonia Chorale as the leading period-performance ensemble in America. Has defined an approach to period style that sets the current standard: probing, serious but not dogmatic, and recognizing that the music of the past does not belong in a museum or academia, but in vigorous engagement with an audience, for pleasure and delight on both sides of the platform edge. He is a pioneer in the process of exporting historically informed practice to the wider one of conventional symphonic forces, guest-conducting with the Concertgebouw, Halle, and Philadelphia orchestras as well as Covent Garden, among many others. McGegan was principal conductor in 1993-1996 of Sweden's 18th-century theater of Drottingholm. His discography includes over 100 releases and includes both a Gramophone Award and a Grammy nomination. On June 12, 2010, he was appointed an Officer of

    the Order of the British Empire by Elizabeth II. The honor cited McGegan's "services to music overseas." 1st season at norfolk

    Mezzo-soprano DIANA MOORE manages a varied and international career of opera, oratorio and concert performances and is a popular soloist at many major music festivals. Diana is developing a reputation for being a leading exponent of English song. She is a regular participant at the Weekend of English Song at Ludlow and represented England in the recital series for International Young Artists at Opera de Lille. Recent engagements include Bach's St. Matthew Passion at the Luzern Festival, Handel's Orlando at Drottningholm Court Theatre, Mahler's Symphony No. 2 "Resurrection", and the title role in Handel's Rinaldo at the National Theatre in Prague and the Opera Royale de Versailles. Future plans include Handel's Orlando at venues including the Tanglewood Festival and Lincoln Centre, New York. Diana's recent recording of Handel's Parnasso in Festa with The King's Consort was released to universal acclaim and won the 2009 Stanley Sadie Handel Recording Prize. 1st season at norfolk www.dianamoore.co.uk

    Australian-American pianist LISA MOORE is based in New York City where she has lived since 1985, collaborating with a large and diverse range of musicians and artists. The New York Times claims "her energy is illuminating." She has released 5 solo discs (on Cantaloupe Music and Tall Poppies) and 30 collaborative discs (on Sony, Nonesuch, DG, CRI, BMG, Point, New World, ABC Classics, Albany and New Albion). Lisa Moore has performed with the New York City Ballet, London Sinfonietta, Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, Australian Chamber Orchestra, La Scala, the Musikverein, the Sydney Opera House ,and Carnegie Hall among many others. Lisa Moore won the silver medal in the 1981 Carnegie Hall International American Music Competition. She was the founding pianist for the Bang On A Can All-Stars -- the New York based electro-acoustic sextet and winner of Musical America's 2005 "Ensemble of the Year" Award. Raised in Australia and London, Moore is a graduate of the University of Illinois, Eastman School of Music and SUNY Stonybrook. 6th season at norfolk www.lisamoore.org

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    75A r t i s t B i o g r a p h i e s

    FRANK MORELLI, was the first bassoonist awarded a doctorate by The Juilliard School. With over 150 recordings for major labels to his credit, the Orpheus CD Shadow Dances, featuring Frank Morelli, won a 2001 Grammy Award. He has made nine appearances as a soloist in New Yorks Carnegie Hall and has appeared with the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center on numerous occasions, including at the White House for the final state dinner of the Clinton presidency. A member, Windscape, an ensemble in residence at the Manhattan School of Music, he also serves on the faculties of The Juilliard School, Yale School of Music and SUNY Stony Brook. He is coprincipal bassoonist of the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra. Frank Morelli has released three solo recordings on MSR Classics: Romance and Caprice; Bassoon Brasileiro and Baroque Fireworks. Gramophone Magazine has said that Morellis playing is a joy to behold. He has published several transcriptions for bassoon and woodwind quintet, and compiled the first collection of Stravinskys music for the bassoon, entitled Stravinsky: Difficult Passages. 18th season at norfolk www.morellibassoon.com

    Grammy Award-winning soprano SUSAN NARUCKI is a familiar presence in the worlds major concert halls and opera houses, with recent performances includinding the Great Performers series at Lincoln Center in Louis Andreissens opera De Materie, with the Schoenberg and Asko Ensembles; revivals of Andriessens Writing to Vermeer (Netherlands Opera) and Rves dun Marco Polo, and in a new opera by James Dillon at festivals in Oporto, Strasbourg and throughout France. Nominated in the Best Classical Vocal Performance category for a 2002 Grammy, her extensive discography reflects the exceptional range of her activities. In addition to her 2001 Grammy Award-winning disc of George Crumbs Star-Child with the Warsaw Philharmonic, and her Cannes Award-winning CD for Best Recording of Works by a Living Composer (works of Crumb with Speculum Musicae)she may be heard on Sony Classical, Philips, Angel, Chandos, Nonesuch, Decca and many othera. Ms. Narucki currently serves as Professor of Music at the University of California, San Diego, where she directs the ensemble kallisti. 7th season at norfolk www.susannarucki.net

    JOAN PANETTI, pianist and composer, garnered first prizes at the Peabody Conservatory and the Conservatoire de Musique in Paris. She holds degrees from Smith College and the Yale School of Music. She taught at Swarthmore College, Princeton University, and the Department of Music at Yale University before joining the faculty of the Yale School of Music. Among her principal mentors were Olivier Messiaen, Alvin Etler, Mel Powell and Donald Currier. She has toured extensively in the United States and Europe and performs frequently in chamber music ensembles. She has recently recorded a disc of works (Epson) with violinist Syoko Aki. Among her most recent compositions are a piano quintet, commissioned by Music Accord, which she performed with the Tokyo String Quartet; a piano trio, commissioned by the St. Lukes Chamber Ensemble, and performed by members of the ensemble with the composer at the piano. A renowned teacher, Ms. Panetti has developed a nationally recognized course, that emphasizes the interaction between performers and composers. In 2007, she conducted an interactive workshop at the National Conference of Chamber Music America and taught and coached at the Central Conservatory in Beijing, China.

    She is the recipient of the Luise Voschergian Award from Harvard University, the Nadia Boulanger Award from the Longy School of Music, and the Ian Minninberg Distinguished Alumni Award from the Yale School of Music. She was named the Sylvia and Leonard Marx Professor of Music at Yale University in 2004 and served as Director of the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival from 1981 to 2003. 31st season at norfolk

    JULIAN PELLICANO earned Bachelors degrees in percussion and philosophy from the Peabody Conservatory and Johns Hopkins University and a Graduate Performance Diploma in percussion from the Royal College of Music in Stockholm, Sweden. He then entered the Yale School of Music as a percussion major and was simultaneously appointed Assistant Conductor of the Yale Philharmonia. Upon earning his Master of Music degree in percussion, Pellicano became an orchestral conducting fellow. His additional training includes a Fellowship in Conducting at the Centre Acanthes. His honors include the 2008 Presser Music Award and the Yale School of Musics Philip F. Nelson Prize. Pellicano has also participated in the Kurt Masur Conducting Seminar, as one of thirteen conductors selected from around the world. He has served as assistant conductor of the Daejeon Philharmonic Orchestra of South Korea, assistant conductor of the New Britain (CT) Symphony, and appeared as guest conductor of the Tuscaloosa Symphony Orchestra. Pellicano serves as the Longy School of Music Artistic Director of Large Ensembles and principal conductor of Longy Chamber Orchestra and Longy Chamber Winds. 3nd season at norfolk

  • A native of Pennsylvania, WILLIAM PURVIS, French horn, pursues career in the U.S. and abroad as soloist, chamber musician, conductor, and educator. A passionate advocate of new music, he has participated in numerous premieres as hornist and conductor. Mr. Purvis is a member of the New York Woodwind Quintet, Orchestra of St. Lukes, Yale Brass Trio and Triton Horn Trio, and is an emeritus member of Orpheus. A frequent guest artist with the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center, he has also collaborated with the Tokyo, Juilliard, and Orion string quartets. His extensive list of recordings spans from original instrument performance and standard repertoire through contemporary solo and chamber music to recordings of contemporary music as conductor. His recent recording of Peter Lieberson's Horn Cocnerto (Bridge) received a Grammy and a WQXR Gramophone Award. Mr. Purvis is currently a faculty member at the Yale School of Music and The Juilliard School. At Yale, he is coordinator of winds and brass and was recently appointed interim director of the Yale Collection of Musical Instruments. 26th season at norfolk

    Pianist ANDRMICHEL SCHUBS recent appearances have included orchestras in Memphis, Santa Barbara, and Williamsburg, Virginia, and solo recitals in Washington and Phoenix. He has also performed joint recitals with violinist ChoLiang Lin and trio concerts with David Shifrin and Ani Kavafian and completed a recording project of Mozarts music to commemorate the tenth season of the Virginia Arts Festival. Winner of the 1974 Naumburg International Piano Competition, recipient of the 1977 Avery Fisher Career Grant, and grand prize winner of the 1981 Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, Mr. Schub has been the Artistic Director of the Virginia Arts Festival Chamber Music Series since 1997. He appears as guest artist at Mostly Mozart, Tanglewood, Ravinia, the Blossom Festival, Wolf Trap, and the Casals Festival in Puerto Rico. He has performed with the Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Dallas, Detroit, St. Louis and Milwaukee symphonies; the Cleveland and Philadelphia orchestras; the Los Angeles, New York, and Rochester philharmonics; the Royal Concertgebouw; the Bournemouth Symphony and the New York Pops in Carnegie Hall. 5th season at norfolk

    DAVID SHIFRIN, clarinet, has appeared as soloist with the Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Houston, Dallas, Denver, Kansas City, Milwaukee, Calgary, and Edmonton symphony orchestras, lOrchestre de la Suisse Romande, the Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra, and the New York Chamber Symphony. Currently music director of Chamber Music Northwest, Mr. Shifrin was awarded an Avery Fisher Career Grant in May 1987. He is also the recipient of a Solo Recitalist Fellowship from the NEA. His recording for Delos of the Mozart Clarinet Concerto received a 1987 RecordoftheYear award from Stereo Review, and he was nominated for a Grammy as Best Classical Soloist with Orchestra for his 1989 recording of the Copland Clarinet Concerto on Angel/EMI. Since 1989, he has been an artist member of the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center and from 19922004 he was its Artistic Director. Mr. Shifrin also serves as Artistic Director of the Yale School of Musics Chamber Music Society and Yale in New York series. 11th season at norfolk

    JAMES SINCLAIR is among the world's pre-eminent scholars and champions of the music of Charles Ives, serving on the Board of Directors and as Executive Editor for the Charles Ives Society. He served as Music Director for four PBS television documentaries, including the Peabody Award-winning film about Ives, A Good Dissonance Like a Man. In 1999, Yale University Press published Sinclair's 800-page A Descriptive Catalogue of the Music of Charles Ives, which the Association of American Publishers cited as the best publication of the year in arts scholarship. In 1999, Naxos commissioned Sinclair to record the complete orchestral works of Charles Ives. At Yale University, he oversees both the John Kirkpatrick and the Charles Ives Papers, supervises the Berkeley College Orchestra and is an advisor to the Saybrook College Orchestra. Sinclair has served as the Music Director of Orchestra New England since the orchestras founding in 1974. A Washington, D.C. native, Sinclair graduated from Indiana University and served on the faculty of the University of Hawaii. In 1999, Sinclair was awarded an honorary

    Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of New Haven. 1st season at norfolk

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  • 77A r t i s t B i o g r a p h i e s

    A R T I S Tb i O G R A P H i E s

    DANIEL STEPNER, violin, has performed and recorded a wide range of music on period and contemporary instruments. He has been first violinist of the Lydian String Quartet, in residence at Brandeis University, since 1987; he is also a founding member of the Boston Museum Trio, resident at the Museum of Fine Arts; for twenty-four years, he served as concertmaster of the Handel and Haydn Society. He is the Artistic Director of the Aston Magna Festival and is also a Preceptor in Music at Harvard University, where he team-teaches a course in chamber music with Professor Robert Levin. Mr. Stepners has recorded the violin sonatas of Bach, Vivaldi and Telemann; chamber music of Mozart, Schubert, Brahms, Yehudi Wyner and John Harbison; and the complete violin sonatas of Charles Ives, with pianist John Kirkpatrick among many others. He has conducted recordings of Handels The Triumph of Time and Truth and Monteverdis Orfeo (Centaur). Mr. Stepner hails from Wisconsin, and studied with Steven Staryk, Nadia Boulanger and Broadus Erle. He earned a Doctor of Musical Arts degree from Yale in 1978. 1st season at norfolk

    KATIE STEVINSON-NOLLET, a native Californian, is a seasoned dancer and choreographer. After a rewarding career with San Diego's leading modern dance company, and successful reviews as a choreographer, Katie returned to school acquiring an MFA degree in Dance at the University of Michigan. She also holds a BA from San Diego State University and a Certificate from the London Contemporary School of Dance. For the past ten years Katie has presented her work within her own company, Full Force Dance Theatre. Her work has been commissioned by the Pensacola Ballet and San Diego State University, and presented by The Florida Dance Festival, the International Arts Festival and the Kaleidoscope Festival in Los Angeles. Katie has taught in many schools and colleges including the Hartford Ballet School, Center for Creative Youth at Wesleyan, Mills College, the Greater Hartford Academy of the Arts, the University of Hartford, San Diego State University and California Ballet among others. Presently she is a full time BFA faculty member with the University of Hartford/ Hartt School/ School of Dance Connecticut. 1st season at norfolk

    Clarinetist RICHARD STOLTZMANS virtuosity, musicianship and sheer personal magnetism have made this twotime Grammy Award winner one of todays most soughtafter concert artists. As soloist with more than 100 orchestras, as a captivating recitalist and chamber music performer (performing the first clarinet recitals in the histories of both the Hollywood Bowl and Carnegie Hall), and as an innovative jazz artist, Stoltzman has defied categorization, dazzling critics and audiences alike while bringing the clarinet to the forefront as a solo instrument. A prolific recording artist, Stoltzmans acclaimed releases can be heard on BMG/RCA, SONY Classical, MMC, Naxos and other labels, and include the Grammy winning recordings of Brahms sonatas with Richard Goode; and trios of Beethoven, Brahms and Mozart with Emanuel Ax and YoYo Ma; as well as Hartkes Landscapes with Blues, a New York Times Best of 2003. He performed Rautavaaras Clarinet Concerto (which was written for him) at the Norfolk Festival in 2008. 5th season at norfolk www.richardstoltzman.com

    Oboist STEPHEN TAYLOR holds the Mrs. John D. Rockefeller III solo oboe chair with the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center. He is also solo oboe with the New York Woodwind Quintet, the Orchestra of St. Lukes, the St. Lukes Chamber Ensemble (where he is codirector of chamber music), and the American Composers Orchestra among others. He also plays as coprincipal oboe with the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra. He appears regularly as soloist and chamber musician at such major festivals as Spoleto, Chamber Music Northwest, and SchleswigHolstein. Stereo Review named his recording on Deutsche Grammophon with Orpheus of Mozarts Sinfonia Concertante for winds as the Best New Classical Recording. Included among his more than 200 other recordings is the premieres of Elliott Carters Oboe Quartet, for which Mr. Taylor received a Grammy nomination. Mr. Taylor a faculty member of The Juilliard School. He also teaches at SUNY Stony Brook and the Manhattan School of Music. The Fromm Music Foundation at Harvard University awarded him a performers grant in 1981. Mr. Taylor joined the faculty of the Yale School of Music in the fall of 2005. 5th season at norfolk

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    A R T I S Tb i O G R A P H i E s C O N T i N U E D

    Composer CHRISTOPHER THEOFANIDIS has had performances by many leading orchestras from around the world, including the National Symphony, the London Symphony, the Oslo Philharmonic, the Orchestre Philharmonique de MonteCarlo, and the California Symphony (for which he was composerinresidence from 1994 to 1996). He holds degrees from Yale, the Eastman School of Music, and the University of Houston, and has been the recipient of the Masterprize, the Rome Prize, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Barlow Prize, six ASCAP Gould Prizes, a Fulbright Fellowship to France, a Tanglewood Fellowship, and the American Academy of Arts and Letters Charles Ives Fellowship. Theofanidis recent projects include an opera for the Houston Grand Opera, a ballet for the American Ballet Theatre, and a work for the Atlanta Symphony and Chorus based on the poetry of Rumi. He has served as a delegate to the U.S.Japan Foundations Leadership Program. He has been on the faculty of the Peabody Conservatory at Johns Hopkins University and The Juilliard School. He joined the Yale School of Music faculty in 2008. 3rd season at norfolk www.theofanidismusic.com

    Since its founding over 30 years ago the TOKYO STRING QUARTET (Martin Beaver, violin Kikuei Ikeda, violin Kazuhide Isomura, viola Clive Greensmith, cello) has collaborated with a remarkable array of artists and composers, built a comprehensive catalogue of critically acclaimed recordings and established a distinguished teaching record. Performing well over a hundred concerts worldwide each season, the Tokyo String Quartet has a devoted international following that not only includes the major capitals of the world but also reaches all four corners, from Australia to Estonia to Scandinavia and the Far East. The members of the Tokyo String Quartet have served on the faculty of the Yale School of Music since 1976 as quartetinresidence. Deeply committed to teaching young string quartets, they devote a considerable amount of time to Yale during the academic year and to the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival in the summer. An exclusive contract with Deutsche Grammophon firmly established the Quartet as one of the worlds leading chamber music ensembles, and it has since released more than 30 landmark recordings on DG, BMG/RCA Victor Red Seal, AngelEMI, CBS Masterworks and Vox Cum

    Laude. The Quartets recordings have earned such honors as the Grand Prix du Disque and Montreux, Best Chamber Music Recording of the Year awards from Stereo Review and Gramophone magazines, as well as seven Grammy nominations. The Tokyo String Quartet performs on The Paganini Quartet, a group of renowned Stradivarius instruments named for legendary virtuoso Niccol Paganini, who acquired and played them during the 19th century. The instruments have been loaned to the ensemble by the Nippon Music Foundation since 1995, when they were purchased from the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington. Officially formed in 1969 at The Juilliard School of Music, the Tokyo String Quartet traces its origins to the Toho School of Music in Tokyo, where the founding members were profoundly influenced by Professor Hideo Saito. Instilled with a deep commitment to chamber music, the original members of what would become the Tokyo String Quartet eventually came to America for further study with Robert Mann, Raphael Hillyer and Claus Adam. Soon after its creation, the Quartet won First Prize at the Coleman and Munich Competitions and the Young Concert Artists International Auditions. 34rd season at norfolk www.tokyoquartet.com

    Cellist LAURA USISKIN (Norfolk '09) has performed throughout the United States and Europe in solo, chamber, and orchestral capacities, including at the Kennedy Center, Alice Tully Hall, Weill Hall, Barge Music, Bostons Symphony Hall and many others. In 2008, she received the Aldo Parisot Prize from Yale University, awarded to a cellist showing promise for a solo career. Miss Usiskins musical interests are diverse, spanning early baroque to 21st century. She has premiered many new works and played with several new music ensembles. She has also participated in many early music ensembles. She completed a fellowship with the Yale Baroque Ensemble under the direction of violinist Robert Mealy in 2010. Miss Usiskin completed her doctoral coursework at Yale in 2009. She graduated from Columbia cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts in Neuroscience and Behavior and from the Juilliard School with a Master of Music. Miss Usiskin is currently living in Montgomery, AL, where she has begun a fellowship with the Montgomery Symphony Orchestra. 1st season at norfolk www.laurausiskin.com

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    RANSOM WILSON, flute/condcutor, studied at the North Carolina School of the Arts and The Juilliard School, before working with JeanPierre Rampal. As soloist he has appeared with the Israel Philharmonic, the English Chamber Orchestra, the London Symphony Orchestra, I Solisti Veneti, the Prague Chamber Orchestra and the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra, among others. He is an Artist Member of the Chamber Music Society of Lincoln Center. An active conductor, Mr. Wilson is Music Director of Solisti New York and has held that position with Opera Omaha, the San Francisco Chamber Symphony, and the OK Mozart Festival in Oklahoma. He founded the Mozart Festival at Sea, and received the Republic of Austrias Award of Merit in Gold for his efforts on behalf of Mozarts music in America. More recently he has conducted at the Metropolitan Opera and the New York City Opera. A supporter of contemporary music, he has had works composed for him by Steve Reich, Peter Schickele, Joseph Schwantner, John Harbison, Jean Franaix, JeanMichel Damase, George Tsontakis, Tania Lon and Deborah Drattel. 11th season at norfolk www.ransomwilson.com

    CAROL WINCENC, flute, was First Prize Winner of the Walter W. Naumburg Solo Flute Competition. She has appeared as a soloist with such ensembles as the Chicago and London symphonies; the BBC and Buffalo philharmonics; the Saint Paul and Stuttgart chamber orchestras; and the New York Woodwind Quintet. She has performed in the Mostly Mozart Festival and music festivals in Aldeburgh, Budapest, Frankfurt, Santa Fe, Spoleto and Marlboro. Ms. Wincenc has premiered numerous works written for her by many of todays most prominent composers including Christopher Rouse, Henryk Gorecki, and Joan Tower. In great demand as a chamber musician, Ms. Wincenc has collaborated with the Guarneri, Emerson, and Tokyo string quartets, and performed with Jessye Norman, Emanuel Ax and YoYo Ma. She has recorded for Nonesuch, London/Decca, Deutsche Grammophon and Telarc. Ms. Wincenc created and directed a series of International Flute Festivals in St. Paul, Minnesota, featuring such diverse artists as JeanPierre Rampal, Herbie Mann and the American Indian flutist, R. Carlos Nakai. Ms. Wincenc is currently teaching at The Juilliard School. 10th season at norfolk

    Internationally acclaimed pianist WEIYI YANG enjoys a flourishing career, appearing throughout the world in solo recitals, chamber music concerts and with symphony orchestras. Winner of the Gold Medal and Grand Prize in the fifth San Antonio International Piano Competition, Mr. Yang has performed in such prestigious venues as Carnegie Hall, Lincoln Center, the Kennedy Center, and the Royal Scottish Academy of Music, among many others. An avid chamber musician, Mr. Yang has performed with members of some of the worlds finest ensembles, including the New York Philharmonic, the Philadelphia Orchestra, Chicago Symphony, and the London Symphony. Born in Taiwan of Chinese and Japanese heritage, Mr. Yang cofounded the awardwinning Soyulla Ensemble, which debuted at Alice Tully Hall, toured Korea, and released a CD (Renegade Classics). Mr. Yangs performances have been featured around the globe via international television, radio, and web broadcasting medias. Mr. Yang will served on the selection jury for the 2009 San Antonio International Piano Competition. WeiYi Yang joined the faculty at Yale University in 2005. 4th season at norfolk

  • 80 F e s t i v a l M i s s i o n

    1. To provide artistic and academic preparation for the most gifted graduatelevel performers and composers from around the world under the tutelage of an international faculty

    2. To support and extend the Yale School of Musics internationally recognized music programs by serving as a pedagogical and performance venue for faculty and fellows as well as provide opportunities for the development of special projects consistent with YSM activities

    3. To foster the creation of new chamber music through commissions, concerts, workshops, competitions and residencies for established and student composers from around the world

    4. To seek new possibilities for the international cultivation of chamber music through exchange programs as well as by developing new media and performance venues

    5. To invite audiences to discover, explore and appreciate chamber music through concerts, lectures, listening clubs, school programs and creative outreach activities

    The Leadership Council is an advisory board which works with the Director to advance the mission of the Norfolk Chamber Music Festival through support, advocacy, participation in its educational activities and fundraising. Council members contribute in a variety of ways including helping to develop new audiences, implementing fundraising initiatives and providing advice and counsel. The Dean of the Yale School of Music serves on the Leadership Council ex officio.

    COUNCIL MEMBERS

    Robert Blocker, DeanPaul Hawkshaw, Director

    Joyce AhrensJohn Baumgardner

    Kathleen KelleyChristopher Little

    James RemisAnneMarie Soullire

    Byron TuckerSukey Wagner

    f E s T i vA LM I S S I O N

    f E s T i vA LL E A D E R S H I P C O U N C I L

  • 81F e s t i v a l C o n t r i b u t o r s

    L E A D i N GC O N T R I B U T O R S

    AnonymousJoyce & Burton Ahrens

    Battell Arts Foundation, Inc.Astrid & John BaumgardnerCentenary Scholarship Fund

    Anonymous in Memory of Wm. Hale Charch & Ruth Heidrick CharchCommunity Foundation of Northwest ConnecticutConnecticut Commission on Culture and Tourism

    Charlotte CurrierPerry DeAngelis

    Rohit & Kay DesaiChristopher di BonaventuraEllen Battell Stoeckel Trust

    Elizabeth R. Hilpman & Byron TuckerThe Charles Ives Society, Inc.

    Clement Clarke Moore Scholarship FundNational Endowment for the Arts

    Ronald & Susan NetterJim & Nancy Remis

    Richard & Sandy RippeRoger & Jerry TillesTokyo String Quartet

    Sukey WagnerLouise Willson Scholarship Fund

    We wish to thank the many individuals and organizations who,through their support, have made this season possible.

    (Gifts received through May 10, 2011)

  • 82 L e a d i n g C o n t r i b u t o r s

    f E s T i vA LC O N T R I B U T O R S

    MUsiCiANs' CiRCLEAnonymous

    Anonymous

    Robert & Ann Buxbaum

    Hope Childs

    Herbert & Jeanine Coyne

    Michael Emont &

    Margo Rappoport

    Mrs. John T. Gallagher

    Barbara & Bill Gridley

    Leila and Daniel Javitch

    Robert Loper &

    Robert Dance

    John Perkins & Hope Dana

    Kathy & Curtis Robb

    Mary & Don Roberts

    Frank & Jacqueline Samuel

    Shirley & Ben Sanders

    Anne-Marie Soulliere &

    Lindsey C. Y. Kiang

    Carol Stein

    Anthony Angarano

    The Astmann Family

    Peter & Amy Bernstein

    Serena & Robert Blocker

    Sally Carr & Larry Hannafin

    Donald R. Crawshaw &

    Matthew D. Hoffman

    John & Helen Davis

    Drew S. Days, III &

    Ann R. Langdon

    Ruah Donnelly &

    Steven Dinkelaker

    James Edwards

    Adrienne Gallagher &

    James Nelson

    John Garrels & Deborah Foord

    Brett & Coleen Hellerman

    Fred & Marcie Imberman

    Philip & Helen Jessup

    John & Catherine Keenum

    Kathleen Kelley

    PATRONs

    Janine King & Stweven Paganuzz

    Christopher & Betsy Little

    Tom Martin & Susan Spiggle

    Annette McEvoy &

    Harold Bronheim

    Roger Mitchell & Pete Peterson

    David & Katherine Moore

    Grant Mudge

    Ingegerd Mundheim

    Patricia Nooy & Roger Miller

    Aldo & Elizabeth Parisot

    Barbara & John Rutledge

    The Marvin & Joyce S.

    Schwartz Fund

    Barbara Shailor & Harry Blair

    Cameron O. Smith

    Howard Sobel & Ileene Smith

    Pat & Kurt Steele

    Christina Hoyt Vanderlip

    Nancy R. Wadhams

    Mark & Tania Walker

  • CONTRibUTORsAnonymous

    Mr. & Mrs. Samuel Anderson

    Caroline & Vincent Andrus

    Joanna Aversa

    Ivan Backer

    Bank of America

    Francis Baudry, MD

    Barbara & Malcolm Bayliss

    David & Carolyn Belt

    Mr. & Mrs. Warren Bender

    Jonathan & Anne Marie Berger

    Donald A. Bickford

    Gayle H. Blakeslee

    Mr. & Mrs. Edward H. Boehner

    Elizabeth Borden

    Wes & Joan Boyd

    Everett & Sally Briggs

    John & Denise Buchanan

    Bernard & Awilda Buchholz

    Cynthia & Burton Budick

    Francesca Turchiano &

    Bob Bumcrot

    Mr. & Mrs. David Burgin

    Karen Burlingame &

    Anders Bolang

    Ralph C. Burr &

    Andrew E. Cushing

    Laura & Wheaton Byers

    Steven Callahan &

    Randall Dwenger

    Jill Campbell &

    Forrester Hammer

    Jane & Oscar Chase

    Ted & Victory Chase

    Marcia & Peter Chesler

    Mr. & Mrs. Starling W. Childs, III

    Peter N. Coffeen

    Sara & Lewis G. Cole

    Dennis & Pamela Collins

    Beth & Patrick Crossman

    Joe & Phyllis Crowley

    Jeffrey P. Cunard

    Andrew G. De Rocco

    Allan Dean & Julie Shapiro

    Donald K. Deitch

    Joseph S. Dobrowolski

    Tony Dobrowolski

    in honor of Joseph &

    Martha Dobrowolski

    Judith & Paul Dorphley

    Bob & Eiko Engling

    f E s T i vA LC O N T R I B U T O R S

    83F e s t i v a l C o n t r i b u t o r s

    sUsTAiNiNG CONTRibUTORsAnonymous

    Barbara & Malcolm Bayliss

    Frank & Linda Bell

    David & Carolyn Belt

    Erzsebet & Donald Black

    Botelle School PTO

    Drs. Lawrence & Maria Briggs

    Elizabeth & Blake Cabot

    Dennis & Pamela Collins

    Louise Ducas

    Dalton & Roshanak Dwyer

    Susan A. & Jon Eisenhandler

    Gil Eisner & Kate Wenner

    Hon. Bonnie & Clifford Eisler

    Michael & Carole Fleisher

    John Garrels

    Dotty & Lionel Goldfrank

    Morton & Judith Grosz

    Carol Camper & John Hartje

    Robert Helfand

    Dr. Suzanne M. Hertel

    Jim & Leni Herzog

    Anita Holmes

    Daphne Hurford & Sandy Padwe

    David Hurvitz & Martha Klein

    Colta & Gary Ives

    Paul E. Jagger

    Michael & Doreen Kelly

    Peter L. Kennard

    In memory of David C. Knapp

    Eileen & Edgar Koerner

    Mr. & Mrs. Michael Lesch

    Kim & Judy Maxwell

    Mr. & Mrs. James R. Miller

    Ingrid & Michael Morley

    Richard & Lois Pace

    Charitable and Cultural Fund

    of the Jewish Communal Fund

    J. & T. Papachristou

    Charles Perrow &

    Barbara Wareck

    Ned & Karen DiYanni Peterson

    Linda & Frank Pizzica

    Andrew & Sally Quale

    Caren & Barry Roseman

    Dr. Andrew Ricci, Jr. &

    Jacqueline Ann Muschiano

    Mary & Walter Simons

    Linda B. Sonnenblick

    Graham Taylor

    Alex & Patricia Vance

    Betsy Vandeventer

    Abby N. Wells

    Sally & William Charitable Fund

    Raynard & Pierce, Inc.

    Claudia & Eliot Feldman

    George K. Fenn, Jr.

    Susan Fish & Robert Richardson

    Mary Kay & Woody Flowers

    Judith Friedlander in memory of

    Erwin Fleissner

    John & Suzanne Funchion

    John J. Gaffney

    Lloyd Garrison

    Kerry Garside

    John Gillespie

    Ellen D. Glass, M.D.

    Jerald & Madelon Grobman

    Jim & Lois Harris

    Molly Butler Hart &

    Michael D. Griffin

  • Rev. Mary N. Hawkes

    Peter S. Heller

    Dr. Suzanne M. Hertel

    Mr. and Mrs. Gerald Hess

    Sarah & Dan Hincks

    Peter Ermacora &

    Evan G. Hughes

    Daphne Hurford & Sandy Padwe

    Arthur & Meredith Hurst

    Elaine & Jon Hyman

    Loftus & Charbra Jestin

    Ted & Nancy Johnson

    Mr. & Mrs. Abraham Kaufman

    Holly & Roger Ketron

    King, King & Associates, CPAs

    Larry S. King

    Marilyn & Jay Koslow

    Roberta & Larry Krakoff

    Dr. & Mrs. Robert Lapkin

    Evelyn & Marcel Laufer

    Carlene & Henry Laughlin

    Peter & Suzanna Lengyel

    CONTRibUTORs

    f E s T i vA LC O N T R I B U T O R S C O N T i N U E D

    84 F e s t i v a l C o n t r i b u t o r s

    Roz & Vic Leviatin

    Lincoln Financial Matching Gifts

    Gerald & Selma Lotenberg

    Lenore Mand

    Roberta & Steve Margolis

    Leta Marks

    Mary Ann McGourty

    Ronnie & Jerry McNamara

    Zdenek & Zuzana Meistrick

    Mrs. Gwen E. Melvin

    Merck Partnership for Giving

    Alan & Cecily Mermann

    Mr. & Mrs. James R. Miller

    Robert M. & Andrea

    Seigerman Milstein

    Jeanne & Jim Moye

    Norman R. Nelson

    Norfolk Artists & Friends

    Diane L. Northrop

    Kevin M. O'Connor

    Ruthann Olsson

    David Owen & Anne Batterson

    Jill Pellett Levine,

    in memory of Jesse Levine

    Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Perkins

    Mrs. Barbara J. Perkins

    Vivian Perlis

    Florence D. Persons

    Eileen E. Reed &

    C.A. Polnitsky, M.D.

    Edward Potter

    Anitra M. Powers

    Christopher & Elizabeth Reinhart

    Mr. and Mrs. Peter Restler

    Belle K. Ribicoff

    Naomi Rosenblum

    Frederick Russell

    Tom Schactman & Harriet Shelare

    Anthony & Helen Scoville

    Dee & Stan Shapiro

    Jacqueline Silver &

    Philip Sapienza

    Sylvia Silver,

    in honor of David Hurvitz

    Ethel Silver Sorokin,

    in honor of David Hurvitz

    Chris & Frank Silvestri

    Rita & Harvey Simon

    Robert H. & Sharon Smith

    Dr. J.W. Streett

    Gretchen & Richard Swibold

    Maija Lutz & Peter Tassia

    Linda & William Terry

    Nicholas & Sally Thacher

    Alyson & Tony Thomson

    Bill Tilles

    Richard & Sandra Tombaugh

    Shelley Harms & David Torrey

    Rosanna Trestman

    Mr. & Mrs. Courtland W. Troutman

    Sandra & David Van Buren

    Peter & Edwina Vosburgh

    Nancy H. Wadelton

    Beatrice & Edgar Wolf

    Mrs. Jeppy Yarensky

  • Dinner & A ShowNorfolk

    Festival Style!

    Bistro Style!Dine in at the award-winning Infinity Bistro

    Picnic Style!Bistro Box Dinners available for takeout

    860-542-5531 or InfinityHall.com

  • Over 200 concerts every year, most of them free and open to the public, many streaming live online!

    From early music to new music, from opera to jazz, featuring Norfolks favorite performers in chamber music, solo recitals, opera, orchestra, and countless other concerts.

    oneppo chamber music seriesFeaturing the Kalichstein-Laredo-Robinson Trio, the Brentano String Quartet, the American Brass Quintet, and more

    horowitz piano seriesRecitals by Yefim Bronfman, Mikhail Rudy, and Yale faculty

    collection of musical instrumentsPeriod performances from acclaimed visiting artists in the intimate space of Yales unparalleled Collection

    yale operaOpera at the Shubert Theatre, plus Opera Scenes, Liederabend, and springtime one-acts

    ellington jazz seriesBringing a rich variety of jazz performers to New Haven audiences

    yale in new yorkThe School of Musics critically-acclaimed series at Carnegie Hall

    philharmonia orchestra of yaleOne of Americas foremost music school ensembles

    faculty artist seriesPerformances from Yales distinguished faculty, including Peter Frankl, Janna Baty, Wendy Sharp, Ole Akahoshi, and many more

    new music new havenPresenting contemporary works by distinguished guests and up-and-coming composers

    music.yale.eduoffice of concerts & media 203 432-4158

    St. Lawrence String Quartet

    Yefim Bronfman, piano

    Yale Opera

    Tokyo String Quartet

    Norfolk_2011Book_Covers 1Norfolk_2011Book_Covers 2Norfolk_2011Book_AllpagesNorfolk_2011Book_Covers 3Norfolk_2011Book_Covers 4

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