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    En

    The Nikon Guide to Digital Photography

    with the

    DIGITAL CAMERA

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    About This Manual

    The topics in this manual are arranged in order from easy to advanced.

    These chapters cover all you need to

    know for simple, point-and-shootphotography

    Read these chapters for a complete

    description of all aspects of cameraoperation

    Introduction (pages 113)Learn the names of camera parts and ready the camera for use.

    Setup: Shooting, Playback, and Custom Settings (pages 76100)Read this chapter for more information on Custom Set-

    tings and on shooting and playback options.

    Reference: More on Playback (pages 5167)Learn more about camera playback, transferring photo-graphs to a computer, and printing photographs.

    Reference: More on Photography (pages 3050)Play with exposure and explore the creative possibilitiesof some of the cameras more advanced settings.

    Tutorial: Photography and Playback (pages 1424)The basic operations involved in taking photographs and playing them back.

    Technical Notes (pages 101103)Read this chapter for information on camera specifications, accessories, andtroubleshooting.

    Setup: Basic Camera Settings (pages 6875)Basic camera setup, including formatting memory cards and setting the cameraclock.

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    i

    Setup

    Reference

    Introduction

    Tutorial

    More on Photography

    More on Playback

    Basic Camera Settings:The Setup Menu

    Shooting Options:

    The Shooting Menu

    Playback Options:The Playback Menu

    Custom Settings:The Custom Settings Menu

    Technical Notes

    Photography and Playback

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    ii

    To prevent damage to your Nikon product or injury to yourself or to oth-ers, read the following safety precautions in their entirety before using thisequipment. Keep these safety instructions where all those who use the

    product will read them.The consequences that could result from failure to observe the precautionslisted in this section are indicated by the following symbol:

    This icon marks warnings, information that should be read before using thisNikon product to prevent possible injury.

    WARNINGS

    Do not look at the sun through the view-finderViewing the sun or other strong lightsource through the viewfinder couldcause permanent visual impairment.

    Turn off immediately in the event ofmalfunctionShould you notice smoke or an unusualsmell coming from the equipment or

    from the AC adapter (available sep-arately), unplug the AC adapter andremove the battery immediately, tak-ing care to avoid burns. Continuedoperation could result in injury. Afterremoving the battery, take the equip-ment to a Nikon-authorized servicecenter for inspection.

    Do not use in the presence of flam-mable gasDo not use electronic equipment in thepresence of flammable gas, as this couldresult in explosion or fire.

    Do not place strap around the neck ofan infant or childPlacing the camera strap around theneck of an infant or child could resultin strangulation.

    Do not disassembleTouching the products internal partscould result in injury. In the event ofa malfunction, the product should berepaired only by a qualified technician.Should the product break open as theresult of a fall or other accident, removethe battery and/or AC adapter and thentake the product to a Nikon-authorizedservice center for inspection.

    Observe proper precautions when han-dling batteriesBatteries may leak or explode if im-properly handled. Observe the followingprecautions when handling batteries foruse in this product:

    Be sure the product is off before re-placing the battery. If you are using anAC adapter, be sure it is unplugged.

    Use only batteries approved for use inthis equipment. Do not mix old andnew batteries or batteries of differenttypes.

    Do not attempt to insert the batteryupside down or backwards.

    Do not short or disassemble the bat-tery.

    Do not expose the battery to flame or

    to excessive heat. Do not immerse in or expose to water. Replace the terminal cover when trans-

    porting the battery. Do not transport

    For Your Safety

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    iii

    or store with metal objects such asnecklaces or hairpins.

    Batteries are prone to leakage when fullydischarged. To avoid damage to theproduct, be sure to remove the batterywhen no charge remains.

    When the battery is not in use, attachthe terminal cover and store in a coolplace.

    Immediately after use, or when theproduct is used on battery power foran extended period, the battery maybecome hot. Before removing the bat-tery, turn the camera off and allow thebattery to cool.

    Discontinue use immediately should younotice any changes in the battery, suchas discoloration or deformation.

    Use appropriate cablesWhen connecting cables to the inputand output jacks, use only the cablesprovided or sold by Nikon for thepurpose, to maintain compliance withproduct regulations.

    Keep out of reach of childrenParticular care should be taken to pre-vent infants from putting the battery orother small parts into their mouths.

    CD-ROMsThe CD-ROMs on which the softwareand manuals are distributed should notbe played back on audio CD equipment.Playing CD-ROMs on an audio CD player

    could cause hearing loss or damage the

    equipment.

    Observe caution when using the flash Do not operate the flash with the flash

    window touching a person or object.Failure to observe this precaution couldresult in burns or fire.

    Using the flash close to your subjectseyes could cause temporary visualimpairment. Particular care should

    be observed if photographing infants,when the flash should be no less thanone meter (39) from the subject.

    When using the viewfinderWhen operating the diopter adjustmentcontrol with your eye to the viewfinder,care should be taken not to put yourfinger in your eye accidentally.

    Avoid contact with liquid crystal

    Should the monitor break, care shouldbe taken to avoid injury due to brokenglass and to prevent liquid crystal fromthe monitor touching the skin or en-tering the eyes or mouth.

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    iv

    No part of the manuals included withthis product may be reproduced, trans-mitted, transcribed, stored in a retrievalsystem, or translated into any language

    in any form, by any means, withoutNikons prior written permission.

    Nikon reserves the right to change thespecifications of the hardware and soft-ware described in these manuals at anytime and without prior notice.

    Nikon will not be held liable for anydamages resulting from the use of thisproduct.

    While every effort has been made to

    ensure that the information in thesemanuals is accurate and complete, wewould appreciate it were you to bringany errors or omissions to the attentionof the Nikon representative in your area(address provided separately).

    Notice for customers in the U.S.A.

    Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Radio Frequency Interference Statement

    Notices

    This equipment has been tested andfound to comply with the limits for aClass B digital device, pursuant to Part15 of the FCC rules. These limits aredesigned to provide reasonable protec-tion against harmful interference in aresidential installation. This equipmentgenerates, uses, and can radiate radiofrequency energy and, if not installed and

    used in accordance with the instructions,may cause harmful interference to radiocommunications. However, there is noguarantee that interference will not occurin a particular installation. If this equip-ment does cause harmful interference toradio or television reception, which can bedetermined by turning the equipment offand on, the user is encouraged to try to

    correct the interference by one or more ofthe following measures: Reorient or relocate the receiving an-

    tenna.

    Increase the separation between theequipment and receiver.

    Connect the equipment into an outleton a circuit different from that to whichthe receiver is connected.

    Consult the dealer or an experiencedradio/television technician for help.

    CAUTIONS

    ModificationsThe FCC requires the user to be notified

    that any changes or modifications madeto this device that are not expressly ap-proved by Nikon Corporation may voidthe users authority to operate the equip-ment.

    Interface CablesUse the interface cables sold or providedby Nikon for your equipment. Using oth-er interface cables may exceed the limits

    of Class B Part 15 of the FCC rules.

    Notice for customers in the State of CaliforniaWARNING: Handling the cord on thisproduct will expose you to lead, a chemi-cal known to the State of California tocause birth defects or other reproductiveharm. Wash hands after handling.

    Nikon Inc.,1300 Walt Whitman Road, Melville, New York

    11747-3064, U.S.A.Tel.: 631-547-4200

    D50Tested To Comply

    With FCC Standards

    FOR HOME OR OFFICE USE

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    v

    Notice for customers in Canada

    CAUTION

    This class B digital apparatus meets all re-quirements of the Canadian InterferenceCausing Equipment Regulations.

    ATTENTION

    Cet appareil numrique de la classe B res-pecte toutes les exigences du Rglementsur le matriel brouilleur du Canada.

    Notice Concerning Prohibition of Copying or Reproduction

    Note that simply being in possession of material that has been digitally copied orreproduced by means of a scanner, digital camera or other device may be punishableby law. Items prohibited by law from being

    copied or reproducedDo not copy or reproduce paper money,coins, securities, government bonds, or

    local government bonds, even if suchcopies or reproductions are stampedSample.

    The copying or reproduction of papermoney, coins, or securities which arecirculated in a foreign country is pro-hibited.

    Unless the prior permission of thegovernment has been obtained, thecopying or reproduction of unusedpostage stamps or post cards issued bythe government is prohibited.

    The copying or reproduction of stampsissued by the government and of certi-fied documents stipulated by law isprohibited.

    Cautions on certain copies and re-productionsThe government has issued cautions oncopies or reproductions of securities is-

    sued by private companies (shares, bills,checks, gift certificates, etc.), commuterpasses, or coupon tickets, except whena minimum of necessary copies are tobe provided for business use by a com-pany. Also, do not copy or reproducepassports issued by the government,licenses issued by public agencies andprivate groups, ID cards, and tickets,

    such as passes and meal coupons. Comply with copyright notices

    The copying or reproduction of copy-righted creative works such as books,music, paintings, woodcut prints, maps,drawings, movies, and photographs isgoverned by national and internationalcopyright laws. Do not use this productfor the purpose of making illegal copiesor to infringe copyright laws.

    Trademark InformationMacintosh, Mac OS, and QuickTime are registered trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc. Microsoft and Windows are

    registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation. The SD logo is a trademark of the SD Card Association. Adobeand Acrobat are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Inc. PictBridge is a trademark. All other trade namesmentioned in this manual or the other documentation provided with your Nikon product are trademarks or regis-tered trademarks of their respective holders.

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    vi

    Table of Contents

    For Your Safety.............................................................................................. iiNotices ........................................................................................................... iv

    Introduction.................................................................................................... 1Getting to Know the Camera....................................................................... 2First Steps ...................................................................................................... 7

    Attaching a Lens ........................................................................................... 7Charging and Inserting the Battery................................................................ 8Basic Setup ................................................................................................... 10Inserting Memory Cards................................................................................ 11Adjusting Viewfinder Focus........................................................................... 13

    Tutorial: Photography and Playback ............................................................ 14Taking Photographs in Mode................................................................. 14

    Digital Vari-Programs ................................................................................... 19Choosing a Shooting Mode.......................................................................... 21Using the Self-timer or Remote Control...................................................... 22Basic Playback ............................................................................................... 24

    Reference........................................................................................................ 25Using Camera Menus.................................................................................... 26

    Reference: More on Photography ................................................................ 30Image Quality and Size................................................................................. 30

    Image Quality ............................................................................................... 31Image Size .................................................................................................... 32Choosing the Focus Area.............................................................................. 33Manual Focus ................................................................................................ 35Flash Sync Mode............................................................................................ 36Sensitivity (ISO Equivalency)......................................................................... 39P, S, A, and M Modes .................................................................................... 40

    Choosing an Exposure Mode......................................................................... 40P: Programmed Auto..................................................................................... 42

    S: Shutter-Priority Auto.................................................................................. 43A: Aperture-Priority Auto .............................................................................. 44M: Manual.................................................................................................... 45Exposure Compensation (P, S, A, and M Modes Only).................................... 47Optimizing Images ........................................................................................ 48White Balance............................................................................................... 49

    Restoring Default Settings ........................................................................... 50

    Reference: More on Playback........................................................................ 51Viewing Photographs ................................................................................... 51Protecting Photographs from Deletion....................................................... 56Deleting Individual Photographs................................................................. 57Viewing Photographs on TV ........................................................................ 58

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    vii

    A two-button reset (page 50) and Custom Setting R (Menu Reset; page 87) can beused to restore factory default settings.

    Viewing Photographs on a Computer......................................................... 59Printing Photographs ................................................................................... 62

    Setup............................................................................................................... 68Basic Camera Settings................................................................................... 68

    Format.......................................................................................................... 68

    CSM/Setup Menu ......................................................................................... 69Date ............................................................................................................. 69LCD Brightness ............................................................................................. 69Video Mode.................................................................................................. 69Language (LANG).......................................................................................... 70Image Comment........................................................................................... 70USB .............................................................................................................. 71Folders .......................................................................................................... 71File No. Seq................................................................................................... 73

    Mirror Lock-up .............................................................................................. 73Dust Ref Photo.............................................................................................. 74Firmware Ver. ................................................................................................ 75Image Rotation ............................................................................................. 75

    Shooting Options.......................................................................................... 76Optimize Image............................................................................................. 76Long Exp. NR ................................................................................................ 78Image Quality ............................................................................................... 78Image Size .................................................................................................... 78

    White Balance............................................................................................... 79ISO ............................................................................................................... 82

    Playback Options .......................................................................................... 83Delete........................................................................................................... 84Playback Fldr................................................................................................. 84Rotate Tall..................................................................................................... 84Slide Show.................................................................................................... 85Print Set........................................................................................................ 86Small Picture ................................................................................................. 86

    Custom Settings ............................................................................................ 87

    Technical Notes............................................................................................... 101Camera Settings ............................................................................................ 101Optional Accessories..................................................................................... 104Caring for the Camera.................................................................................. 115Troubleshooting............................................................................................ 120Appendix ....................................................................................................... 126Specifications ................................................................................................ 129

    Index .............................................................................................................. 136

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    viii

    Foreign Matter on the Low-Pass FilterNikon takes every possible precaution to prevent foreign matter from coming intocontact with the low-pass filter during production and shipping. The D50, however,is designed to be used with interchangeable lenses, and foreign matter may enter thecamera when lenses are removed or exchanged. Once inside the camera, this foreign

    matter may adhere to the low-pass filter, where it may appear in photographs takenunder certain conditions. To prevent foreign matter from entering the camera, donot exchange lenses in dusty environments. To protect the camera when no lens is inplace, be sure to replace the body cap provided with the camera, being careful to firstremove all dust and other foreign matter that may be adhering to the body cap.

    Should foreign matter find its way onto the low-pass filter, clean the low-pass filter asinstructed on pages 116117 of this manual, or have the low-pass filter cleaned byauthorized Nikon service personnel. Photographs affected by the presence of foreignmatter on the low-pass filter can be retouched using Nikon Capture 4 version 4.3 or

    later (available separately) or the clean image options available in some third-partyimaging software.

    Take Test ShotsBefore taking pictures on important occasions (for example, at weddings or beforetaking the camera with you on a trip), take a test shot to ensure that the camera isfunctioning normally. Nikon will not be held liable for damages or lost profits thatmay result from product malfunction.

    Life-Long LearningAs part of Nikons Life-Long Learning commitment to ongoing product supportand education, continually-updated information is available on-line at the followingsites: For users in the U.S.A.: http://www.nikonusa.com/ For users in Europe: http://www.europe-nikon.com/support For users in Asia, Oceania, the Middle East, and Africa: http://www.nikon-asia.com/Visit these sites to keep up-to-date with the latest product information, tips, answersto frequently-asked questions (FAQs), and general advice on digital imaging and pho-tography. Additional information may be available from the Nikon representative inyour area. See the URL below for contact information: http://nikonimaging.com/

    Replacing This ManualShould you lose this manual, replacements can be ordered, for a fee, from any autho-rized Nikon service representative.

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    1

    Thank you for your purchase of a Nikon D50 single-lens reflex (SLR) digitalcamera with interchangeable lenses. This manual has been written to help

    you enjoy taking pictures with your Nikon digital camera. Read this manualthoroughly before use, and keep it handy when using the product. The docu-mentation for this product also includes the manuals listed below. Please besure to read all instructions thoroughly to get the most from the camera. Quick Start Guide: The Quick Start Guide takes you through the process

    of unpacking and setting up your Nikon digital camera, taking your firstphotographs, and transferring them to your computer.

    PictureProject Reference Manual (on CD): The PictureProject Reference

    Manualcontains information on using the PictureProject software provid-ed with your camera. For information on viewing the reference manual,see the Quick Start Guide.

    To make it easier to find the information you need, the following symbolsand conventions are used:

    This icon indicates that more infor-mation is available elsewhere in thismanual or in the Quick Start Guide.

    This icon marks notes, informationthat should be read before usingthe camera.

    This icon marks tips, additional in-formation that may be helpful when

    using the camera.

    This icon marks cautions, informa-tion that should be read before use

    to prevent damage to the camera.

    This icon marks settings that can befine-tuned from the Custom Settingsmenu.

    This icon marks settings that can beadjusted using camera menus.

    An AF-S DX 1855 mm f/3.5-5.6G ED lens is used in this manual for illustrativepurposes. See the manual provided with the lens for more information.

    Lens

    Focal length scale Mounting index: 7

    Focus ring: 35 A-M mode switch: 15, 35

    Introduction

    CPU contacts: 105Zoom ring: 16

    Introduction

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    2

    IntroductionGettingt

    oKnowtheCamera

    Take a few moments to familiarize yourself with camera controls and dis-plays. You may find it helpful to bookmark this section and refer to it as youread through the rest of the manual.

    Camera BodyAccessory shoe: 109

    Getting to Know the Camera

    Mode dial:6

    (flash sync mode)button: 18, 36[ Flash compen-sation: 38]

    Eyelet forcamera strap:

    7

    Lens release

    button: 7

    Focus-mode selector:15, 35

    Infraredreceiver:

    28

    Power switch:14

    (exposurecompensation)button: 47[ Aperturebutton: 45][Flash compen-sation: 38]

    (self-timer / remote

    control) button: 28[Reset button: 50]

    AF-assist illuminator: 34[Self-timer lamp: 22][Red-eye reduction lamp: 36]

    Control panel: 4

    Built-in flash: 109

    Accessoryshoe cover:

    109

    Shutter-releasebutton: 17

    Connector cover

    USB connector: 60, 63

    Video connector: 58

    DC-IN connector for optionalEH-5 AC adapter: 113

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    3

    IntroductionGettingt

    oKnowtheCamera

    Camera Body (continued)

    (AE / AF lock) button:34, 97, 98

    Command dial:4345, 5155

    Memory card slotcover: 11, 12

    Battery-chambercover: 9

    Tripod socket

    Reset switch: 120

    (playback)button: 24, 51

    (menu)button: 26

    (thumbnail)button: 54

    [ISO (sensitivity)button: 39]

    (help / protect)button: 26, 56[WB (white balance)button: 49]

    (enter) button: 29[QUAL (image quality /size) button: 32][ (playback zoom)button: 55]

    (shooting mode)button: 21

    [Reset button: 50]

    Monitor: 24, 26

    Viewfinder eyepiece cup: 13Viewfinder eyepiece: 5, 13, 16

    Diopter adjustment control: 13

    Hide / display photo informationMove cursor down

    Display previous pageReturn to previous menu

    Cancel

    Display next pageDisplay sub-menu

    Make selection

    Hide/display photo informationMove cursor up

    Battery-chamber

    cover latch: 9

    Memory card ac-cess lamp: 11,12, 17

    (delete)button: 24, 57

    The multi selector is used for menu navigation and to control the display of photo

    information during playback.

    Multi selector

    Playback ( 51)Menu navigation ( 28)

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    4

    IntroductionGettingt

    oKnowtheCamera

    18

    21

    20

    19

    12

    14

    15

    17

    13

    22

    16

    Control Panel1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6 7

    8

    11

    10

    9

    1 Shutter speed ..........................4045Exposure compensation value ....... 47Flash compensation value ............. 38Sensitivity (ISO equivalency) .......... 39

    2 Sensitivity (ISO) indicator............... 39Auto sensitivity indicator......... 91, 92

    3 Battery indicator ........................... 14

    4 Flash sync mode ........................... 36

    5 Image quality................................ 31

    6 Image size .................................... 32

    7 White balance mode..................... 49

    8 Number of exposures remaining ... 14Number of shots remainingbefore memory buffer fills............. 21Preset white balance recordingindicator ....................................... 79PC mode indicator ........................ 59

    9 K (appears when memory remainsfor over 1000 exposures) ................ 5

    10 Beep indicator .......................... 88

    11 Aperture (f/-number) ...............4045PC mode indicator ........................ 60

    12 Flash compensation indicator........ 38

    13 Exposure compensation indicator.. 47

    14 Flexible program indicator............. 42

    15 Focus area .............................. 16, 33AF-area mode............................... 89

    16 AF mode....................................... 88

    17 Metering mode............................. 96

    18 Self-timer / remote controlindicator ....................................... 22

    19 Bracketing progress indicator ........ 93

    20 Bracketing indicator...................... 93

    21 Clock battery indicator.......... 10, 123

    22 Shooting mode............................. 21

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    5

    IntroductionGettingt

    oKnowtheCamera

    Large-Capacity Memory Cards

    When enough memory remains on the memory card torecord a thousand or more pictures at current settings,the number of exposures remaining will be shown inthousands, rounded down to the nearest hundred(e.g., if there is room for approximately 1,260 expo-sures, the exposure count display will show 1.2 K).

    Camera Off DisplayIf the camera is turned off with a battery and memorycard inserted, the number of exposures remaining willbe displayed in the control panel.

    The Viewfinder Display

    When the battery is totally exhausted, thedisplay in the viewfinder will dim. The view-

    finder display will return to normal when afully-charged battery is inserted.

    5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

    14 15 16 17

    1

    2

    3

    2

    4

    1 Reference circle for center-weightedmetering....................................... 96

    2 Focus brackets (focus areas).... 16, 33

    3 No memory card warning .. 11, 123

    4 Battery indicator ........................... 14

    5 Focus indicator ............... 17, 35, 123

    6 Focus area .............................. 16, 33AF-area mode............................... 89

    7 Flash value (FV) lock...................... 98

    8 Shutter speed ..........................4045

    9 Aperture (f/-number) ...............4045

    10 Flash compensation indicator........ 38

    11 Exposure compensation indicator.. 47

    12 Number of exposures remaining ... 14Number of shots remainingbefore memory buffer fills............. 21Preset white balance recordingindicator ....................................... 79Exposure compensation value ....... 47Flash compensation value ............. 38PC mode indicator .................. 59, 60

    13 Flash-ready indicator..................... 18

    14 Autoexposure (AE) lock................. 9715 Electronic analog exposure display.. 46

    Exposure compensation ................ 47

    16 Auto sensitivity indicator......... 91, 92

    17 K (appears when memory remainsfor over 1000 exposures) ................ 5

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    6

    IntroductionGettingt

    oKnowtheCamera

    The Mode DialThe D50 offers a choice of the following eleven shootingmodes:

    Advanced Modes (Exposure Modes)

    Select these modes for full control over camera settings, in-cluding shutter speed and aperture.

    P: Programmed auto ( 42)

    A: Aperture-priority auto ( 44)

    S: Shutter-priority auto ( 43)

    M: Manual ( 45)

    Point-and-Shoot Modes Digital Vari-Programs)Point-and-Shoot Modes (Digital Vari-Programs)Selecting a Digital Vari-Program automatically optimizes set-tings to suit the selected scene, making creative photographyas simple as rotating the mode dial.

    : Auto ( 14)

    : Landscape ( 20)

    : Sports ( 20)

    : Night portrait ( 20)

    : Portrait ( 19)

    : Child ( 20)

    : Close up ( 20)

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    7

    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    Attaching the Camera StrapAttach the strap as shown below.

    Detaching LensesBe sure the camera is off when removing or exchang-ing lenses. To remove the lens, press and hold the lens-release button while turning the lens clockwise.

    2Keeping the mounting index on the lens

    aligned with the mounting index on thecamera body, position the lens in the cam-eras bayonet mount. Being careful not topress the lens-release button, rotate the lenscounter-clockwise until it clicks into place.

    Attaching a LensCare should be taken to prevent dust from entering the camera when thelens is removed.

    1 Turn the camera off and remove the bodycap. Remove the rear lens cap from thelens.

    First Steps

    Aperture RingIf the lens is equipped with an aperture ring, lock aperture at the minimum setting(highest f/-number). See the lens manual for details.

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    8

    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    Charging and Inserting the BatteryUse the supplied EN-EL3 battery and MH-18a quick charger.

    1Charge the battery1.1Connect the power cord to the charger

    and plug it in.

    1.2Place the battery in the charger. TheCHARGE lamp will blink as the batterycharges. About two hours are requiredfor an exhausted battery to fully charge.

    1.3Charging is complete when the CHARGElamp stops blinking. Remove the batteryfrom the charger and unplug the char-

    ger.

    The Battery and ChargerRead and follow the warnings and cautions on pages iiiii and 118119 of thismanual, together with any warnings and instructions provided by the batterymanufacturer.

    Do not use the battery at ambient temperatures below 0 C (32 F) or above 40 C(104 F). During charging, the temperature should be in the vicinity of 535 C(4195 F). Note that the battery may become hot during use; wait for the battery tocool before charging. Failure to observe these precautions could damage the battery,impair its performance, or prevent it from charging normally.

    The supplied power cable is intended solely for use with the MH-18a and is fordomestic use only. It may be necessary to purchase another cable for use abroad;consult with a local Nikon-authorized retailer or service representative.

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    9

    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    2Insert the battery2.1After confirming that the camera is off,

    open the battery chamber cover.

    2.2Insert a fully charged battery as shown atright. Close the battery chamber cover.

    Removing the BatteryTurn the camera off before removing the battery. Replace the terminal cover whenthe battery is not in use.

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    10

    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    Basic SetupThe first time the camera is turned on, the language selection dialog shownin Step 1 will be displayed in the monitor. Follow the steps below to choosea language and set the time and date.

    3 4

    Press multi selector left or right toselect item, up or down to change.

    Display DATE menu.

    2

    Select language.

    5 Exit DATE menu. Monitor turns off.

    Choosing a Language from the Setup Menu ( 68)Selecting Language (LANG) in the setup menu displays the menu shown in Step 1.Highlight an option with the multi selector and press the button to return to thesetup menu.

    Changing the Time and Date ( 68)Selecting Date in the setup menu displays the menu shown in Step 3. Set the timeand date as described in Step 4 and press the button to return to the setupmenu.

    1

    Display language-selection dialog.

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    11

    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    Inserting Memory CardsThe camera stores pictures on Secure Digital (SD) memory cards (availableseparately).

    1Insert a memory card

    1.1Before inserting or removing memorycards, turn the camera off and openthe card slot cover.

    1.2 Slide the memory card in as shown atright until it clicks into place. The mem-ory card access lamp will light for abouta second. Close the memory card slotcover.

    Front

    The Write Protect SwitchSD cards are equipped with a write protect switch toprevent accidental loss of data. When this switch is inthe lock position, the camera will display a messageto warn that photos can not be recorded or deleted

    and the memory card can not be formatted.Write

    protectswitch

    1.3Turn the camera on. If the control panelshows the number of exposures remain-

    ing, the card is ready for use.

    If the message shown at right is displayedin the monitor, the memory card must beformatted before it can be used in thecamera. Proceed to Step 2.

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    12

    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    2Format the memory cardFormatting memory cards permanently deletes all photographs andother data they may contain. Be sure all data you wish to keep havebeen copied to another storage device before formatting the card.

    2.1

    Highlight Yes.

    2.2

    Begin formatting. Do not turncamera off or remove battery ormemory card until formatting is

    complete.

    2.3Monitor turns off when formatting is complete.

    Formatting Memory CardsUse the camera Format option to format memory cards. Performance may drop ifcards are formatted in a computer.

    Removing Memory Cards

    1 Confirm that the access lamp is off.

    2 Turn the camera off and open the memory card slot cover.

    3 Press the card in to eject (). The card can then beremoved by hand ().

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    IntroductionFirstStep

    s

    Adjusting Viewfinder FocusPhotographs are framed in the viewfinder. Before shooting, make sure thatthe display in the viewfinder is in clear focus.

    1 Remove the lens cap and turn the cameraon.

    2Slide the diopter adjustment control up anddown until the focus brackets are in sharp fo-cus. When operating the diopter adjustmentcontrol with your eye to the viewfinder, becareful not to put your fingers or fingernails

    in your eye.

    Focusbrackets

    The eyepiece cup can be removed when ad-

    justing viewfinder focus.

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    TutorialTak

    ingPhotographsin

    Mode

    This section describes how to take pictures in (auto) mode, an automat-ic, point-and-shoot mode in which the majority of settings are controlledby the camera in response to shooting conditions.

    1Turn the camera on

    Taking Photographs in ModePoint-and-Shoot Photography

    1.1Remove the lens cap and turn the cameraon. The control panel will turn on and

    the display in the viewfinder will light.The monitor remains off during shoot-ing.

    1.2Check the battery level in the viewfinderor control panel.

    Controlpanel

    View-finder Description

    Battery fully charged.

    Battery partially discharged.

    Low battery. Ready fully-charged spare battery.

    (blinks) (blinks)Shutter-release disabled.Change battery.

    1.3The exposure count displays in the con-

    trol panel and viewfinder show the num-ber of photographs that can be stored onthe memory card. Check the number ofexposures remaining.

    If there is not enough memory to storeadditional photographs at current set-tings, the display will flash as shown at

    right. No further pictures can be takenuntil the memory card has been replacedor pictures have been deleted.

    Tutorial:Photography and Playback

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    ingPhotographsin

    Mode

    2Select mode and adjust camera settings

    IllustrationsIn illustrations throughout this manual, indicators in the control panel and viewfinderare relevant to the explanation in accompanying text are shown in black. Indicatorsnot mentioned in the text are shown in gray.

    2.1Rotate the mode dial to .

    2.2Rotate the focus-mode selector to AF(autofocus).

    2.3Slide the lens A-M mode switch to A(autofocus). See the lens manual for

    details.

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    TutorialTak

    ingPhotographsin

    Mode

    3Frame a photograph3.1Hold the camera as shown.

    Holding the CameraHold the handgrip in your right hand andcradle the camera body or lens with yourleft. Keep your elbows propped lightlyagainst your torso for support.

    3.2Frame a photo in the viewfinder with themain subject positioned in any of the fivefocus areas.

    Focusarea

    Using a Zoom Lens

    Use the zoom ring to zoom in on thesubject so that it fills a larger area of theframe, or zoom out to increase the areavisible in the final photograph.

    Zoomin

    Zoomout

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    TutorialTak

    ingPhotographsin

    Mode

    4Focus and shoot4.1Press the shutter-release button halfway.

    The camera will automatically select thefocus area containing the subject closest

    to the camera and focus on this subject.When the focus operation is complete,the selected focus area will be highlight-ed, a beep will sound, and the in-focusindicator () will appear in the view-finder. Focus will lock while the shutter-release button is pressed halfway.

    If the subject is dark, the AF-assist illuminator may light to assistthe focus operation and the flash may pop up.

    The Shutter-Release ButtonThe camera has a two stage shutter-release button. The camera focuses whenthe button is pressed halfway; focus locks until the button is released. To take thepicture, press the shutter-release button the rest of the way down.

    Lock focus Takephotograph

    4.2Smoothly press the shutter-release buttonthe rest of the way down to release theshutter and record the photograph. Thephotograph will be displayed in the moni-tor and the access lamp next to the cardslot cover will light. Do not eject thememory card, turn the camera off,or remove or disconnect the powersource until the lamp has gone outand recording is complete.

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    TutorialTak

    ingPhotographsin

    Mode

    The Built- in FlashIf additional lighting is required for correct exposure in

    mode, the built-in flash will pop up automaticallywhen the shutter-release is pressed halfway. Subjectsoutside the range of the flash (0.67.5 m / 2247)

    may not be properly lit. Remove lens hoods whenusing the flash.

    Once the flash is raised, it will only fire when requiredfor additional lighting. If the flash is required, pho-tographs can only be taken when the (flash-ready)indicator is displayed. Wait until the flash-ready indi-cator is displayed before shooting.

    Flash offAuto with red-eye reduction

    (see Reference)

    Flash fires whenlighting is poor

    If desired, the flash can be turned off so that it will not fire even when lightingis poor. Press the button and rotate the command dial until is displayed inthe control panel. To turn the flash back on, press the button and rotate thecommand dial until is displayed in the control panel.

    To save battery power when the flash is not in use,return it to the closed position by pressing it gentlydownward until the latch clicks into place.

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    TutorialDig

    italVari-Programs

    Digital Vari-ProgramsCreative Photography

    In addition to , the D50 offers a choice of six Digital Vari-Program modes.Selecting a program automatically optimizes settings to suit the selectedscene, making creative photography as easy as rotating the mode dial.

    Mode Description

    Portrait For portraits.Landscape For landscapes.

    Child For pictures of children.Sports For moving subjects.

    Close up For close up shots of small objects.Night portrait For portraits taken against a backdrop of night scenery.

    To take pictures in Digital Vari-Program modes:

    2Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot as described for mode.

    1Rotate the mode dial to select a Digital Vari-Program mode.

    Portrait: Bringing out a Portrait SubjectUse for portraits. Camera selects focus areacontaining subject closest to camera; this subjectstands out clearly while background details aresoftened, lending composition sense of depth.Colors are processed for soft, natural-looking

    skin tones. Degree of softening depends on amount of light available. Increase

    distance between subject and background or use telephoto lens for bestresults.

    The Built- in Flash

    If additional lighting is required for correct exposure in , , , and ,modes,the built-in flash will pop up automatically when the shutter-release is pressedhalfway. See Taking Photographs in Mode.

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    TutorialDig

    italVari-Programs

    Landscape: Capturing Natures MajestyUse for vivid landscape shots that enhance out-lines, colors, and contrast in such subjects asskyscapes and forests. Camera selects focus area containing subject

    closest to camera. Built-in flash and AF-assist illuminator turn off

    automatically.

    Child: Kid Pics in Living ColorUse for snapshots of children. Clothing andbackground details are vividly rendered whileskin tones remain soft and natural.

    Camera selects focus area containing subjectclosest to camera.

    Sports: Bodies in MotionHigh shutter speeds freeze motion for dynamic sportsshots in which main subject stands out clearly. Camera focuses continuously on subject in

    center focus area while shutter-release button

    is pressed halfway. Beep does not sound whencamera focuses.

    Built-in flash and AF-assist illuminator turn off automatically.

    Close up: Photographing Small ObjectsUse for close-up shots of flowers, insects, andother small objects. Camera focuses on subject in center focus

    area. Tripod recommended to prevent blurring at

    slow shutter speeds.

    Night Portrait: Taking Portraits at NightProvides natural balance between main subjectand background in portraits taken under lowlight. Camera selects focus area containing subject

    closest to camera. Tripod recommended to prevent blurring at

    slow shutter speeds.

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    TutorialChoosingaShootingMod

    e

    Shooting mode determines how the camera takes photographs: one at atime or continuously while the shutter-release button is held down.

    Mode Description

    Single frame(default)

    Camera takes one photograph each time shutter-release buttonis pressed.

    Continuous(burst mode)

    Camera records photographs at rate of up to about 2.5 framesper second while shutter-release button is pressed.

    To choose a shooting mode, press the buttonand rotate the command dial until the desiredmode is displayed in the control panel.

    Choosing a Shooting Mode

    The Memory Buffer

    The camera is equipped with a memory buffer for temporary storage, allowingshooting to continue while photographs are being saved to the memory card.When the buffer is full, the shutter is disabled until enough data have been trans-ferred to the memory card to make room for another photograph. In continuousmode, shooting will continue as long as the shutter-release button is held down,although the frame rate will drop once the buffer has filled.

    The number of images that can be stored in thememory buffer at current settings is shown in the

    exposure-count displays in the viewfinder and controlpanel while the shutter-release button is pressed.

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    TutorialUsi

    ngtheSelf-timerorRe

    moteControl

    The self-timer or optional ML-L3 remote control can be used for photo-graphs in which you wish to appear yourself. To use the self-timer:

    Using the Self-timer or Remote Control

    1Mount the camera on a tripod (recommend-ed) or place the camera on a stable, levelsurface.

    2The current self-timer / remote control modeis shown in the control panel. Use thebutton to select one of the following modes:

    Mode Description

    NOICON

    Timeroff

    Photos are taken when shutter-release button is pressed.

    Self-timer

    Photos are taken about 10 safter shutter-release button ispressed.

    Delayedremote

    Photos are taken about 2 s aftershutter-release button on re-mote control is pressed.

    Quick-

    responseremote

    Photos are taken when shut-

    ter-release button on remotecontrol is pressed.

    Mode SelectionThe self-timer / remote control mode can also be selected by pressing the buttonand rotating the command dial.

    3Frame the photograph.

    4To prevent light entering via the viewfinderfrom interfering with exposure, cover theviewfinder eyepiece with the supplied eye-piece cap as shown at right.

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    TutorialUsi

    ngtheSelf-timerorRe

    moteControl

    5Take the photograph.Self-timer: Press the shutter-release button all the way down to startthe self-timer. The self-timer lamp (AF-assist lamp) will blink for abouteight seconds. The lamp stops blinking two seconds before the pho-

    tograph is taken and remains lit until the shutter is released.

    Remote control: From a distance of 5 m (16)or less, point the remote control at the in-

    frared receiver on the front of the cameraand press the shutter-release button on theremote control. In delayed remote mode, theshutter will be released about two secondsafter the shutter-release button is pressed.

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    TutorialBas

    icPlayback

    Photographs are displayed automatically aftershooting. If no photograph is displayed in themonitor, the most recent picture can be viewed

    by pressing the button. Additional picturescan be displayed by rotating the command dial orpressing the multi selector left or right.

    Basic Playback

    To end playback and return to shooting mode,press the shutter-release button halfway.

    To delete the photograph currently displayed

    in the monitor, press the button. A confir-mation dialog will be displayed. Press thebutton again to delete the image and return toplayback. Press any other button to exit withoutdeleting the picture.

    Deleting Unwanted Photographs

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    Re

    ference

    This section builds on the Tutorial to cover more advanced shooting andplayback options.

    Adjust image quality and size according tohow the picture will be used

    Image Quality: 31Image Size: 32

    Choose the focus area or focus manually Choosing the Focus Area: 33Manual Focus: 35

    Control depth of field Exposure Mode A(Aperture-Priority Auto): 44

    Choose shutter speed and aperturemanually

    Exposure Mode M (Manual): 45

    Make photographs brighter or darker orenhance contrast

    Exposure Compensation: 47

    Make colors look naturalTake photos under unusual lighting

    White Balance: 49

    Viewing Photographs 51

    Take photographs where lighting is poor Flash Sync Mode: 36Flash Compensation: 38

    Sensitivity (ISO Equivalency): 39

    Let the camera choose shutter speed andaperture

    Exposure Mode P(Programmed Auto): 42

    Printing Photographs 62

    Viewing Photographs on a Computer 59

    Freeze or blur motion Exposure Mode S(Shutter-Priority Auto): 43

    Reference

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    Re

    ferenceUsingCameraMenus

    Most shooting, playback, and setup options canbe accessed from the camera menus. To view themenus, press the button.

    Using Camera Menus

    Choose from play-back, shooting, Cus-tom Settings, andsetup menus (seebelow)

    Current menu item is highlighted

    Current setting for eachoption is shown by icon

    This icon indicates that help is avail-able for current menu item. Press

    button to view help.

    Slider is displayedif more options areavailable in currentmenu

    Menu Description

    Playback Adjust playback settings and manage photos.

    Shooting Adjust shooting settings.

    Custom Settings Personalize camera settings.

    Setup Format memory cards and perform basic camera setup.

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    Re

    ferenceUsingCameraMenus

    : Press multi selector up or down

    : Press multi selector right

    Navigating the MenusTo make changes to a menu item, first select the menu from the playback,shooting, Custom Settings, and setup menus (1), then select the menu item(2), and finally select an option (3).

    Some menus may contain multiple pages. The selection for some options ismade from a sub-menu.

    (1) Choose menu

    (2) Highlight item

    (3) Choose option

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    Re

    ferenceUsingCameraMenus

    Making a SelectionThe multi selector is used to navigate through the camera menus.

    To modify menu settings:

    Move cursor upIncrease number

    Return to previous menuCancel (can also be per-formed with button)

    Display sub-menuMake selection (selectioncan also be made with

    button)

    Move cursor downDecrease number

    2

    Highlight icon for current menu

    1

    Display menus

    3

    Select menu

    5

    Highlight menu item

    4

    Position cursor in selected menu

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    Re

    ferenceUsingCameraMenus

    Menu items that are displayed in gray are not currently available. When formatting memory cards and in other cases in which user confirmation is

    required, a selection can only be made by pressing the button. A message tothis effect will appear in the display.

    To exit the menus and return to shooting mode, press the shutter-release buttonhalfway.

    7

    Highlight option

    6

    Display options

    8Make selection

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    Re

    ferenceImageQualit

    yandSize

    Image Quality and Size

    Together, image quality and size determine how much space each photo-graph occupies on the memory card. Larger, higher quality images lookbetter when printed at a larger size but also require more memory, meaningthat fewer such images can be stored on the memory card.

    Image Quality, Image Size, and File SizeSee the Appendix ( 126) for information on the number of pictures that can bestored on a memory card.

    S M L

    Image Quality and Size

    Shooting menuImage QualityShooting menuImage Size

    Controls used:

    Large

    filesize

    FINE

    NORMAL

    BASIC

    Small

    filesiz

    e

    Small Image size Large

    High

    Imagequality

    Low

    Reference:More on Photography

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    Re

    ferenceImageQualit

    yandSize

    The following options are available:

    Option Format Description

    NEF (Raw)(RAW)

    NEFRaw data from image sensor are saved in compressed NikonElectronic Format (NEF). Suitable for images that will beprocessed on a computer.

    JPEG Fine(FINE)

    JPEG

    Fine image quality, suitable for enlargements orhigh-quality prints.

    Low(1 : 4)

    C

    ompressionratio

    JPEG Normal(NORM)

    Normal image quality, suited to most applica-tions.

    Medium(1 : 8)

    JPEG Basic(BASIC)

    Smallest file size, suitable to distribution by e-mail or use in web pages.

    High(1 : 16)

    NEF+JPEGBasic

    (RAW BASIC)

    NEF+JPEG

    Two images are recorded, one NEF (RAW) image and onebasic-quality JPEG image. Image size automatically set to L;JPEG image is 3,008 2,000 pixels in size.

    The current image quality setting is displayed inthe control panel.

    Image Quality

    NEF (Raw) / NEF + JPEGNEF images can only be viewed using Nikon Capture 4 version 4.3 or later (avail-able separately) or PictureProject. When opened on a computer, NEF images are3,008 2,000 pixels in size. When photographs taken at NEF + JPEG Basic areviewed on the camera, only the JPEG image will be displayed. When photographstaken at NEF + JPEG Basicare deleted, both NEF and JPEG images will be deleted.

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    ferenceImageQualit

    yandSize

    Image Size

    The following options are available:

    Image size Size Size (pixels) Approximate size when printed at 200 dpi

    L (3008 2000) Large 3,008 2,000 38 25 cm (15 10)M(2256 1496) 2,256 1,496 29 19 cm (11.5 7.5)

    S (1504 1000) Small 1,504 1,000 19 13 cm (7.5 5)

    The current image size setting is displayed in thecontrol panel.

    The QUAL ButtonIf the monitor is off, image quality and size can be setby pressing the (QUAL) button and rotating thecommand dial until the desired combination of imagequality and size is displayed in the control panel.

    File NamesPhotographs are stored as image files with names of the form DSC_nnnn.xxx,where nnnn is a four-digit number between 0001 and 9999 assigned automati-cally in ascending order by the camera, andxxx is one of the following three letterextensions: NEF for NEF images, JPG for JPEG images, and NDF for DustOff ref photos. The NEF and JPEG files recorded at a setting of NEF + JPEG Basichave the same file names but different extensions. Small copies created with thesmall picture option have file names beginning with SSC_ and ending with theextension .JPG (e.g., SSC_0001.JPG), while images recorded at an Optimize

    Image> Color Modesetting of II(Adobe RGB)have names that begin withan underscore, (e.g., _DSC0001.JPG, or _SSC0001.JPG for small copies ofColor Mode II pictures).

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    Re

    ferenceChoosingthe

    FocusArea

    2Press the multi selector left, right, up, ordown to select the focus area. The selectedfocus area will be displayed in the viewfinder,highlighted in red if necessary to establishcontrast with the background. The selectedfocus area is also shown in the control paneland viewfinder status display.

    The D50 offers a choice of five focus areas that together cover a wide areaof the frame. By default, the camera selects the focus area automaticallyor focuses on the subject in the center focus area. The focus area can alsobe selected manually to allow photographs to be composed with the mainsubject almost anywhere in the frame.

    Manual Focus Area Selection

    Choosing the Focus Area

    Controls used: Multi selector

    1Select Single Area or Dynamic Area forCustom Setting 3 (AF-Area Mode). Man-ual focus area selection is not available withClosest Subjct, which is the default settingin , , , , and modes.

    Advanced Settings3: AF-Area Modecontrols focus-area selection ( 89). 8: AF Area Illmde-

    termines when the active focus area is highlighted ( 91).

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    Re

    ferenceChoosingthe

    FocusArea

    Focus LockFocus lock can be used to focus on a subject that will not be in one of the fivefocus areas in the final composition. It can also be used when the autofocus

    system is unable to focus ( 121). Single or dynamic area AF is recommendedwhen using focus lock ( 89).

    The AF-Assist IlluminatorIf the subject is poorly lit, the AF-assist illuminator willlight to assist the focus operation when the shutter-release button is pressed halfway. The AF-assist illumi-nator is not available in or mode or when Off is

    selected for Custom Setting 7 (AF Assist).

    For the AF-assist illuminator to function correctly, the lens must have a focallength of 24200 mm and the subject must be in range of the illuminator (0.53 m/18910). Lens hoods should be removed.

    1Position the subject in the center focus area andpress the shutter-release button halfway.

    2Check that the in-focus indicator () appears in

    the viewfinder. Focus will lock when the in-focusindicator appears, and remain locked while theshutter-release button is pressed halfway. Focuscan also be locked by pressing the AE-L/AF-Lbut-ton while the shutter-release button is pressedhalfway. Focus will remain locked while the AE-L/AF-Lbutton is pressed, even if you later removeyour finger from the shutter-release button.

    3Recompose the photograph and shoot. Do notchange the distance between the camera andsubject while focus lock is in effect.

    Taking Multiple Photographs Without RefocusingFocus will remain locked between shots if the shutter-release button is keptpressed halfway. In continuous mode ( 21), focus will remain locked if the AE-L/AF-Lbutton is kept pressed between shots.

    Advanced Settings14: AE-L/AF-Lcontrols the function performed by the AE-L/AF-Lbutton ( 98).

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    Re

    ferenceManualFocus

    The Electronic Range Finder

    If the lens has a maximum aperture of f/5.6 or faster,the viewfinder focus indicator can be used to confirmwhether the subject in the selected focus area is infocus. After positioning the subject in the active focusarea, press the shutter-release button halfway androtate the lens focus ring until the in-focus indicator() is displayed.

    Focal Plane Position

    To determine the distance between your subject andthe camera, measure from the focal plane mark on thecamera body.

    Manual focus is available for manual focus lensesor when autofocus does not produce the desiredresults. To focus manually, set the focus-modeselector to M and rotate the lens focus ring untilthe image displayed on the clear matte field inthe viewfinder is in focus. Photographs can betaken at any time, even when the image is notin focus.

    A-M Selection/Autofocus with Manual Priority

    When using a lens that offers A-M selection, select M when focusing manu-ally. With lenses that support M/A (autofocus with manual priority), focuscan be adjusted manually with the lens set to M or M/A. See the documen-tation provided with your lens for details.

    Manual Focus

    Controls used: Focus-mode selectorLens focus ring

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    Re

    ferenceFlashSyncM

    ode

    Flash Sync Mode

    Choose a flash sync mode according to shootingconditions. The current flash mode is displayed inthe control panel as shown below. is displayedwhen the flash is off.

    Controls used: button + command dial

    The flash sync modes available depend on the mode currently selected with

    the mode dial.

    Auto+red-eye

    reduction

    , , ,

    Auto

    Off Off

    Auto slow sync

    Auto slowsync+

    red-eyereduction

    Use for portraits. AF-assist lamp lightsbefore flash fires, reducing red-eye.

    : Red-eye reduction

    Flash fires just before shutter closes, cre-ating stream of light effect behind moving subjects. If this icon isnot displayed, flash will fire immediately after shutter opens.

    REAR: Rear-curtain sync

    When lighting is poor or subject is back lit,flash pops up automatically when shutter-release button ispressed halfway and fires as required. If this icon is not dis-

    played, flash will only pop up when button is pressed.

    AUTO: Auto flash

    Shutter speed slows automatically to capturebackground lighting at night or under low light.

    SLOW: Slow sync

    P, A

    Fill flash

    Red-eyereduction

    Rearcurtain+slowsync *

    Slow sync+

    red-eyereduction Slow sync

    * SLOW is displayed after command dial is released.

    Red-eyereduction

    S, M

    Fill flash

    Rear-curtainsync

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    ferenceFlashSyncM

    ode

    Choosing a Flash Sync ModePress the button and rotate the command dial.The current flash sync mode is displayed in thecontrol panel.

    Using the Built-in Flash, , , , and modes: Choose the flash syncmode as described on the preceding page. Theflash will pop-up as required when the shutter-pressed halfway, and fire when a photograph istaken.

    P, S, A, and M modes: Press the button to raise the built in flash and thenchoose a flash sync mode as described on the preceding page. Select ametering method and set exposure before taking photographs.

    Lowering the Built-in FlashTo save battery power when the flash is not in use, press it gently down-ward until the latch clicks into place.

    Using the Built- in FlashUse with lenses with a focal length of 18300 mm (CPU lenses; the maximum focallength when the built-in flash is used with non-CPU lenses is 200 mm) and removelens hoods to prevent them from casting shadows on the subject. The flash has aminimum range of 60 cm (2), and can not be used in the macro range of macrozoom lenses. See Optional Accessories ( 108) for details.

    If the flash is used in continuous shooting mode ( 21), only one picture will betaken each time the shutter-release button is pressed.

    After the built-in flash has been used for several consecutive shots, the shutter re-lease may be briefly disabled to protect the flash. The flash can be used again aftera short pause.

    See the Appendix for information on the type of flash control used by the built-inSpeedlight ( 127).

    Optional Flash Units (Speedlights)See Optional Accessories for information on using optional flash units ( 109).

    Advanced SettingsSee FV Lock for information on locking flash output for a selected subject ( 98).

    10: ISO Autocan be used to adjust sensitivity for optimal flash output ( 92).16: Flash Modecan be used for manual control of flash output ( 99).

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    ferenceFlashSyncM

    ode

    Flash Compensation (P, S, A, and M Modes Only)

    Controls used: and buttons + command dial

    Flash compensation can be used to increase or reduce flash output fromthe level chosen by the cameras flash control system. Flash output can beincreased to make the main subject appear brighter, or reduced to preventunwanted highlights or reflections.

    Pressing the and buttons, rotate the com-mand dial and confirm flash compensation in thecontrol panel or viewfinder. Flash compensationcan be set to values between 3 EV (darker) and+1 EV (brighter) in increments of 1/3or EV. Atvalues other than 0, a icon will be displayedin the control panel and viewfinder after the but-tons are released.

    Normal flash output can be restored by settingflash compensation to 0.0. Flash compensationis not reset when the camera is turned off.

    6: Flash Level ( 90)

    This option can be used to select a value for flash compensation from a menu.

    Advanced Settings11: EV Stepcontrols the size of the increments for flash compensation ( 92).

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    Re

    ferenceSensitivity(ISOEquivalency)

    Sensitivity (ISO Equivalency)

    Photographs taken at slow shutter speeds are prone to blurring. If sensitiv-ity is raised above the default value of ISO 200 equivalent, the same expo-sure can be achieved at faster shutter speeds, preventing blur. Sensitivitycan be set to values between ISO 200 and ISO 1600 in steps of 1 EV.

    Controls used: Shooting menuISO

    The ISO ButtonIf the monitor is off, sensitivity can be set by press-ing the (ISO) button and rotating the command

    dial until the desired value is displayed in the controlpanel.

    SensitivitySensitivity is the digital equivalent of film speed. The higher the sensitivity, the

    less light needed to make an exposure, allowing higher shutter speeds or smallerapertures. Just as higher speed films tend to be grainy, pictures taken at highsensitivities are prone to mottling.

    Digital Vari-Program ModesAt default settings, manual sensitivity adjustment is not available in , , ,

    , , , and modes. Instead, the camera adjusts sensitivity automatically. Toadjust sensitivity manually, select Off for Custom Setting 9 (ISO Control; 91).

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    Re

    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    P, S, A, and Mmodes offer varying degrees of control over shutter speedand aperture.

    Mode Description

    PProgrammed

    auto

    Camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal exposure.Recommended for snapshots and in other situations in which

    little time is available for adjusting camera settings.

    SShutter-priorityauto

    User chooses shutter speed; camera selects aperture for bestresults. Use to freeze or blur motion.

    AAperture-priorityauto

    User chooses aperture; camera selects shutter speed for bestresults. Use to blur background or bring both foreground andbackground into focus.

    M ManualUser controls both shutter speed and aperture. Set shutterspeed to bulb for long time-exposures.

    P, S, A, and Mmodes offer control over a variety of advanced settings, in-cluding shutter speed, aperture, and white balance.

    Choosing an Exposure Mode

    P, S, A, and M Modes

    Controls used: Mode dial

    P, S, A, and M ModesWhen using a CPU lens equipped with an aperture ring, lock the aperture ring at theminimum aperture (highest f/-number). Non-CPU lenses can only be used in mode

    M, when aperture can be adjusted manually using the lens aperture ring. The cam-era exposure meter can not be used. See Optional Accessories ( 105).

    If the limits of the exposure metering system are exceeded, one of the following indi-cators will be displayed in the control panel and viewfinder:

    Indicator Description

    Subject too bright. Lower sensitivity or use optional Neutral Density (ND) filter.

    Subject too dark. Raise sensitivity or use flash.

    Advanced Settings11: EV Stepcontrols the size of the increments for shutter speed and aperture

    ( 92). 12: BKT SETcan be used to vary exposure automatically over a series ofphotographs ( 93). Exposure can be locked using AE lock ( 97).

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    ExposureExposure controls the brightness of photographs. The same exposure can beachieved with different combinations of shutter speed and aperture, allowing youto blur or freeze motion or control depth of field. The following figure shows howshutter speed and aperture affect exposure.

    Ove

    rexp

    osed

    (bright)

    Unde

    rex-

    posed(dark)

    Slow Shutter speed Fast

    Small

    (highf/-numbers)

    Aperture

    Wide

    (lo

    wf/-numbers)

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    P: Programmed AutoIn this mode, the camera sets shutter speed and aperture for optimal ex-posure. This mode is recommended for snapshots and other situations inwhich little time is available for adjusting camera settings.

    1Rotate the mode dial to P.

    2Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

    Flexible ProgramIn mode P, different combinations of shutter speedand aperture can be selected by rotating the com-mand dial (flexible program). All combinationsproduce the same exposure. While flexible programis in effect, a icon appears in the control panel. To

    restore the default shutter speed and aperture, rotatethe command dial until the icon is no longer dis-played.

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    S: Shutter-Priority AutoIn mode S, you choose the shutter speed while the camera automaticallyselects the aperture that will produce optimal exposure. Use slow shutterspeeds to suggest motion by blurring moving objects, high shutter speedsto freeze motion.

    1Rotate the mode dial to S.

    2Rotate the command dial to choose a shutterspeed between 30 s and ,000s.

    3

    Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

    Shutter Speed and Camera ShakeTo prevent blurring caused by camera shake, the shutter speed should be fasterthan the inverse of the focal length of the lens, in seconds (for example, if a lenshas a focal length of 300 mm, shutter speed should be faster than 1/300s). Use of

    a tripod is recommended when shooting at slower shutter speeds. To preventblur, try increasing sensitivity ( 39), using the built-in flash ( 18), mounting thecamera on a tripod, or attaching a VR lens.

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    A: Aperture-Priority AutoIn mode A, you choose the aperture while the camera controls shutterspeed for optimal exposure. Small apertures (high f/-numbers) increasedepth of field, bringing both the main subject and background into focus.Large apertures (low f/-numbers) soften background details and let morelight into the camera, increasing the range of the flash and making photo-graphs less susceptible to blurring.

    1Rotate the mode dial to A.

    2Rotate the command dial to choose the de-sired aperture.

    3Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    M: ManualIn mode M, the user controls both shutter speed and aperture. Shutterspeed can be set to values between 30 s and ,000s, or the shutter can beheld open indefinitely for a long time-exposure ( ). Aperture can beset to values between the minimum and maximum values for the lens.

    1Rotate the mode dial to M.

    2Rotate the command dial to choose a shutter speed. To set aperture,rotate the command dial while pressing the ( ) button. Checkexposure in the electronic analog exposure display (see followingpage), and continue to adjust shutter speed and aperture until thedesired exposure is achieved.

    3Frame a photograph, focus, and shoot.

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    Long Time-ExposuresAt a shutter speed of , the shutter will remain open while the camerashutter-release button is held down. In delayed remote and quick-responseremote modes, is displayed instead of ; the shutter opens whenthe shutter-release button on the optional ML-L3 remote control is pressed (2 s

    after the button is pressed in delayed remote mode) and remains open untilthe remote-control shutter-release button is pressed a second time (maximum30 minutes). Nikon recommends using a fully-charged battery or an optional EH-5AC adapter to prevent loss of power while the shutter is open. Note that if theshutter is open for more than approximately 1 s at any setting, noise in the formof randomly-spaced, brightly-colored pixels may appear in the final photograph.Noise can be reduced by turning long exposure noise reduction on before takingphotographs ( 78).

    Electronic Analog Exposure DisplayThe electronic analog exposure display in the viewfinder shows whether the pho-tograph would be under- or over-exposed at current settings. Depending on theoption chosen for Custom Setting 11 (EV Step), the amount of under- or over-exposure is shown in increments of 1/3EV or EV. If the limits of the exposuremetering system are exceeded, the display will flash.

    EV Step set to 1/3 Step EV Step set to 1/2 Step

    Optimal exposure Optimal exposure

    Underexposed by 1/3EV Underexposed by EV

    Overexposed by more than 2 EV Overexposed by more than 3 EV

    The electronic analog exposure display is not shown when is selected forshutter speed or a non-CPU lens is attached.

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    Modes

    Exposure Compensation (P, S, A, and M Modes Only)

    Controls used: button + command dial

    To obtain the desired results with certain subject compositions, it may benecessary to use exposure compensation to alter exposure from the valuesuggested by the camera. As a rule of thumb, positive compensationmay be needed when the main subject is darker than the background,negative values when the main subject is brighter than the background.Center-weighted or spot metering is recommended when using exposurecompensation.

    Pressing the button, rotate the main com-mand dial and confirm exposure compensationin the control panel or the electronic analogexposure display. Exposure compensation canbe set to values between 5 EV (underexposure)and +5 EV (overexposure) in increments of 1/3or EV.

    The current value for exposure compensationis displayed in the control panel and viewfinder

    when the button is pressed.

    0.3 EV

    +2.0 EV

    Normal exposure can be restored by setting exposure compensation to0. Exposure compensation is not reset when the camera is turned off.

    Advanced Settings11: EV Stepcontrols the size of the increments for exposure compensation (

    92).

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    ferenceP,S,A,andM

    Modes

    The options in the Optimize Image menu control sharpening, contrast,saturation, and hue.

    Option Description

    N Normal(default) Recommended for most situations.

    VI VividEnhances saturation, contrast, and sharpness to produce vividimages with vibrant reds, greens, and blues.

    SH Sharper Sharpens outlines.

    SF SofterSoftens outlines. Use to ensure soft, natural-looking flesh tonesin portrait subjects or when taking pictures that will be sharp-ened in image application.

    DP Direct PrintOptimizes images for printing as is via direct USB connection

    ( 62). Images will be sharp and clear even when enlarged.

    PO PortraitLowers contrast while lending natural texture and rounded feelto skin of portrait subjects.

    LA LandscapeEnhances saturation and sharpness to produce landscapes withvibrant greens and blues.

    CustomCustomize sharpness, contrast, color reproduction, saturation,and hue ( 76).

    Controls used: Shooting menuOptimize Image

    Optimizing Images

    At Settings Other than CustomAt settings other than Custom: Photographs are optimized for current shooting conditions. Results will vary with

    exposure and the position of the subject in the frame, even in scenes of the sametype.

    Photographs are recorded in the sRGB color space. Use a type G or D lens for best results ( 105).

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    Modes

    White balance ensures that colors appear natural regardless of the color ofthe light source. Auto white balance is recommended in most situations,but it may necessary to choose another option if colors seem too cold orwarm.

    Option Description

    Auto(default)

    White balance automatically adjusted to suit lighting condi-tions. Recommended for most situations.

    Incandescent Use under incandescent lighting.

    Fluorescent Use under fluorescent lighting.Dir. sunlight Use with subjects lit by direct sunlight.Flash Use with the built-in flash or optional Nikon flash units.

    Cloudy Use in daylight under overcast skies.

    Shade Use in daylight with subjects in the shade.

    PresetUse gray or white object or existing photograph as referencefor white balance ( 79).

    The current white balance setting is shown in thecontrol panel.

    Controls used: Shooting menuWhite Balance

    White Balance

    The WB ButtonIf the monitor is off, white balance can be set by press-ing the (WB) button and rotating the commanddial until the desired setting is displayed in the controlpanel.

    Advanced Settings12: BKT SET can be used to vary white balance automatically over a series of

    photographs ( 93).

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    ferenceRestoringDe

    faultSettings

    The camera settings listed below can be restoredto default values by holding the and but-tons down together for more than two seconds(these buttons are marked by a green dot). Themonitor will turn off briefly while these settingsare reset. Other settings are unaffected.

    Restoring Default SettingsTwo-Button Reset

    Controls used: button + button

    Option Description

    Shooting mode

    ( 21) SingleSelf-timer /

    remote control( 22)

    Off

    Image quality( 31)

    JPEG Normal

    Image size ( 32) L

    Focus area ( 33) Center

    Flash sync mode ( 36)Mode

    , , , Auto

    Auto slow sync

    P, S, A, M Fill flash

    ISO ( 39) 200

    Option Description

    Flexible program

    ( 42) OffExposure

    compensation( 47)

    Off (0.0)

    Optimize image( 48)

    Normal

    White balance( 49)

    Auto

    AE lock ( 97) OffFV lock ( 98) OffCustom

    Settings

    6: Flash Level( 90)

    0

    12: BKT Set( 93)

    Off

    13: Metering( 96)

    Matrix

    DefaultsSee pages 101103 for more information on default settings.

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    ReferenceViewingPhotographs

    Photographs can be viewed in the monitor one at a time (single-imageplayback) or in contact sheets of up to nine images (thumbnail play-back).

    Single-Image PlaybackPress the button to view the most recentphotograph in the monitor. Photographs taken

    in tall (portrait) orientation are displayed in tallorientation.

    The following operations can be performed insingle-image playback:

    To Use Description

    Viewadditional

    photos

    or

    Press multi selector right or rotate command dialright to view photographs in order recorded.

    Press multi selector left or rotate command dialleft to view photographs in reverse order.

    View photoinformation

    Press multi selector up or down to view infor-mation about current photograph ( 52).

    Zoom in onphoto

    ( )Press button for enlarged view of currentphotograph ( 55).

    Delete photo Delete photograph ( 57).

    Protect photo Protect photograph ( 56).

    View

    thumbnails View thumbnail display ( 54).Return toshooting

    mode

    Shutter release /To turn monitor off and return to shootingmode, press button or press shutter-releasebutton halfway.

    Displaymenus

    Display menus ( 26).

    Viewing Photographs

    Reference: More on Playback

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    ReferenceViewingPhotographs

    Photo InformationPhoto information is superimposed on imagesdisplayed in single-image playback. Press themulti-selector up or down to cycle through photoinformation as follows: File InformationShoot-ing Data Page 1Shooting Data Page 2High-lightsHistogramFile Information.

    File Information

    1 Protect status...........56 2 Frame number / total

    number of images 3 Folder name ............71

    4 File name.................32 5 Image size ...............32 6 Image quality...........31

    Shooting Data, Page 1 1 Protect status...........56 2 Frame number / total

    number of images 3 Camera name 4 Date of recording.....10

    5 Time of recording ....10 6 Metering .................96

    7 Shutter speed ..........40 8 Aperture..................40 9 Mode ........................6

    Exposurecompensation..........47

    10 Focal length...............111 Flash control ............36

    Shooting Data, Page 2 1 Protect status...........56 2 Frame number / total

    number of images 3 Image optimization..48 4 Sensitivity

    (ISO equivalency)1

    ....39 5 White balance .........49 6 Image size ...............32

    Image quality...........31

    7 Sharpening ..............76 8 Tone compensation..77 9 Color mode .............77

    Hue .........................7810 Saturation................77

    11 Image comment2

    .....70

    1 Displayed in red if Custom Setting 10 (ISO Auto) wason when photograph was taken and sensitivity wasaltered from value selected by user.

    2 Only first twelve letters appear in photo informationdisplay.

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    ReferenceViewingPhotographs

    Highlights 1 Protect status...................................................... 56 2 Image highlights (brightest areas of image) are

    marked by a flashing border. 3 Frame number / total number of images

    Histogram 1 Protect status...................................................... 56 2 Frame number / total number of images 3 Histogram showing the distribution of tones in the

    image. The horizontal axis corresponds to pixelbrightness, with dark tones to the left and brighttones to the right. The vertical axis shows the num-

    ber of pixels of each brightness in the image. Notethat camera histogram is intended as guide only andmay differ from histograms displayed in imaging ap-plications.

    Advanced Settings Rotate Tall controls whether tall (portrait-orientation) photographs are dis-

    played in tall orientation during playback ( 84). 5: Image Review controlswhether photographs are automatically displayed in the monitor after shooting (90). 17: Monitor Offcontrols how long the monitor will remain on when nooperations are performed ( 100).

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    ReferenceViewingPhotographs

    Viewing Multiple Images: Thumbnail PlaybackTo display images in contact sheets of four ornine images, press the button in single-imageplayback. The following operations can be per-formed while thumbnails are displayed:

    To Use Description

    View additionalpages of photos

    Rotate command dial right to view photographsin order recorded, left to view photographs inreverse order.

    Change num-ber of images

    displayed

    Press button to switch between four-thumb-nail display, nine-thumbnail display, and single-image playback.

    Highlightphotographs

    Press multi selector up, right, left, or down tohighlight thumbnails.

    Zoom in onphotograph

    ( )Press button for enlarged view of highlightedphotograph ( 55).

    Delete photo Delete highlighted photograph ( 57).

    Protect photo Protect highlighted photograph ( 56).

    Return toshooting mode

    Shutter release /To turn monitor off and return to shootingmode, press button or press shutter-releasebutton halfway.

    Display menus Display menus ( 26).

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    ReferenceViewingPhotographs

    Taking a Closer Look: Playback ZoomPress the button to zoom in on the imagedisplayed in single-image playback or on the im-age currently highlighted in thumbnail playback.The following operations can be performed whilezoom is in effect:

    To Use Description

    Change zoomratio / navigate

    to other areasof image

    +

    Press button to display frameshowing area currently zoomedin. While button is pressed,multi selector can be used tomove frame and command dialcan be used to control size offramerotate dial counterclockwise to zoom out,clockwise to zoom in to maximum of approximately4.7 (large images), 3.5 (medium images), or 2.4(small images). Release button to magnify se-lected area to fill monitor.

    View otherimages

    Rotate command dial to view same area of other im-ages at cur